BeagleBoardDebian

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This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.

Help

If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall

Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
BeagleBoard-xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
BeagleBoard-X15 --dtb am57xx-beagle-x15
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB

Debian 8 (jessie)

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro jessie

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro jessie
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v4.5.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.4.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Debian (jessie)

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-04-07
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.5.0-armv7-x2 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2016-03-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.4.4-armv7-x5 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
  • 2016-02-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.4.1-armv7-x5 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.17-ti-rt-r47 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.17-ti-rt-r47 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.17-ti-rt-r47 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) debian@192.168.7.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: debian pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/elinux/debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07.tar.xz
3cb6efb6f619ed63e4a0502e0e82ef2f510984c4a4f04e6ba9a71587c2f791d9  debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07.tar.xz
cd debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • BeagleBone White/Black/Green - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2016.04 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_jessie_armhf

Testing:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_stretch_armhf

Debian Testing (stretch)

Image Updated:

  • 2016-04-07
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.5.0-armv7-x2 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2016-03-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.4.4-armv7-x5 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/elinux/debian-stretch-console-armhf-2016-04-07.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum debian-stretch-console-armhf-2016-04-07.tar.xz
cbf9d1124b9d38e5d3b707fa3e2c57cac3e34d566668b6ed701c1f23d2e20780  debian-stretch-console-armhf-2016-04-07.tar.xz

Unpack image:

tar xf debian-stretch-console-armhf-2016-04-07.tar.xz
cd debian-stretch-console-armhf-2016-04-07

Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...

Flasher

eMMC: BeagleBone Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-04-07
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2016-03-11
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
  • 2016-02-11
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.17-ti-rt-r47 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb*
3be4029c77e2e5cb90b54d880acc863ea492251997cc4cffb0a98f739a31b2dd  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap
13b3c86f867698dadeeb751c2d1cda4846bae33149648a2b8f43da1b534942bf  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-04-07
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2016-03-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
  • 2016-02-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.17-ti-rt-r47 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb*
3acd89816b521687eb1f22997f2ac636cc28ef5810ce288a8433d2b86ce1f527  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap
d7d62881a83a35cfed9bd9ff24c20a7d013795a2e0551bd820b96bca22325bad  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-04-07
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.5.0-armv7-x2 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/microsd/bbxm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/microsd/bbxm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb*
3acd89816b521687eb1f22997f2ac636cc28ef5810ce288a8433d2b86ce1f527  bbxm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap
d7d62881a83a35cfed9bd9ff24c20a7d013795a2e0551bd820b96bca22325bad  bbxm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bbxm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBone White/Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-04-07
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2016-03-11
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
  • 2016-02-11
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.17-ti-rt-r47 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/microsd/bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/microsd/bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb*
1ba25ee443a9b872edd76c95d73b78c142f4027709b2e788017ac7457c8ad8d8  bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap
786df47a308095462b129a6ff2e5fc7bbe90442441ffa8739c338bbee7d8b321  bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

OMAP5432 uEVM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-04-07
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2016-03-11
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
  • 2016-02-11
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.17-ti-rt-r47 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/microsd/omap5-uevm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/microsd/omap5-uevm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum omap5-uevm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb*
9f9e15b70a0c6a0e4f4d7646d69d288437eaa05fd968d03f5a0c6f68b1d6e9b0  omap5-uevm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap
89feea1b7703d4ecdd42f2b85c35c216972872873e4bb07abf1eb033118e7240  omap5-uevm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy omap5-uevm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat omap5-uevm-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-04-07
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2016-03-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.18-ti-r52 kernel
  • 2016-02-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.17-ti-rt-r47 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/microsd/bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-04-07/microsd/bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb*
4b861a450f1e67f80c789f433100473423ea215fa2d92524a1166b66c771a66e  bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.bmap
a89793977176eb4abe049e1c4af86a9ca5f76f4d3946613b4b9572dd50e222b2  bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-07-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Debian Configuration

Install Latest Kernel Image

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.1.x-ti

This is slated to replace the v3.8.x tree in Debian Jessie, cape manager support is enabled.

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.1
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.1.y
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --stable
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --stable

Mainline (lts)

4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + SGX
--bone-kernel --lts
4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT + SGX
--bone-rt-kernel --lts

Mainline

4.3.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --testing

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install the "4.1.x" lts/bone kernel: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardDebian#Mainline_.28lts.29

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade