BeagleBoardDebian

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This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.

Help

If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall

Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
BeagleBoard xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB

Debian 8 (jessie)

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro jessie

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro jessie
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v4.1.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.1.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Debian (jessie)

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2015-07-08
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
  • 2015-05-08
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.0.2-armv7-x2 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) debian@192.168.7.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: debian pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/elinux/debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08.tar.xz
7cdb18fc781a89e0b6355e515efb8af8  debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08.tar.xz
cd debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • BeagleBone/Black - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2015.07 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_jessie_armhf

Testing:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_stretch_armhf

Debian Testing (stretch)

Image Updated:

  • 2015-07-08
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
  • 2015-05-08
    • Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.0.2-armv7-x2 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/elinux/debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-07-08.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-07-08.tar.xz
2c39b9cd5cb788bc795f4dd8f27df87f  debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-07-08.tar.xz

Unpack image:

tar xf debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-07-08.tar.xz
cd debian-stretch-console-armhf-2015-07-08

Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...

Flasher

eMMC: BeagleBone Black

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
  • 2015-05-08
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb*
286cf798eac3ec35809f1c0697e66e70  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap
42e6c6bf5bd00183e107c4cceb92b36c  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap \
BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard (classic)

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-07-08
    • Beagle: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • Beagle: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel
  • 2015-05-08
    • Beagle: v4.0.2-armv7-x2 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb*
aa2ac2b9ae93433ed1eba4d6002857a5  bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap
aa2ac2b9ae93433ed1eba4d6002857a5  bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap \
bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bb-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-07-08
    • Beagle xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • Beagle xM: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel
  • 2015-05-08
    • Beagle xM: v4.0.2-armv7-x2 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb*
a2803bc4dfba81ad8c6cd0d3181373f1  bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap
b8957064f685ec170a502d15469db1f9  bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap \
bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbxm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
  • 2015-05-08
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb*
c012289ceee7afe204758f1e348559f1  bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap
24c9cba824396b44f2f8edcd3e7b94bb  bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap \
bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bone-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

OMAP5432 uEVM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
  • 2015-05-08
    • BeagleBone Black: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb*
40695db74493b2273757812669479994  omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap
eb8426b962b8bfb5a9ff252cb53dc404  omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap \
omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
  • 2015-06-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
  • 2015-05-08
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.41-ti-r63 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-07-08/microsd/bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb*
723b966a25169c553caf0593b7cbdcbe  bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap
5e2aeb239a37cbb27309eebd750d3767  bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.bmap \
bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbx15-debian-8.1-console-armhf-2015-07-08-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

Debian Configuration

Install Latest Kernel Image

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull

Stable:

./update_kernel.sh

Testing:

./update_kernel.sh --beta-kernel

Custom: (has to be on rcn-ee.net)

./update_kernel.sh --kernel v3.8.13-bone69

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install sgx modules (3.14.x-ti or 4.1.x kernel):

sudo apt-get install ti-sgx-es8-modules-`uname -r`
sudo depmod -a `uname -r`
sudo update-initramfs -uk `uname -r`

Build SGX userspace for 3.14.x-ti (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev/
git checkout origin/ti-linux-3.14.y -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade