Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-arm-downloads-2187472.html

debian repo:

https://github.com/rcn-ee/repos/tree/master/oracle-java8-installer

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_06"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_06-b23)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.6-b23, mixed mode)

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.0/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.0_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.0_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.0_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To setup the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup.

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been setup to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is setup to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.net/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2014.11.20~bpo70%2b20141201%2b1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2014.11.20~bpo70%2b20141201%2b1_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.net/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm --reinstall

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

2014-12-11

2014-12-11 Release Notes

U-Boot: v2015.01-rc3
Kernel: 3.8.13-bone68

Simpler Kernel Upgrades:

sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-bone68 ; sudo reboot

Kernel Headers included:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-3.8.13-bone68

3rd party module list:

sudo apt-get install mt7601u-modules-3.8.13-bone68

3rd party repo added: https://github.com/rcn-ee/repos

am335x-pru-package
ap-hotspot
dart-1.8 (stable 1.8 branch)
dart-edge (git master branch)
oracle-java8-installer
ti-pru-cgt-installer
xenomai-runtime

BBB Rev C (4GB eMMC)

Flasher: lxde: (1.7GB Free on 4GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-12-11/lxde-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.7-lxde-4gb-armhf-2014-12-11-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: b1d981d04d161df33a9d990f1fc73f66

BBB (All Revs) eMMC Flashers

Flasher: lxde: (145MB Free on 2GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-12-11/lxde/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.7-lxde-armhf-2014-12-11-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 80f05cbb58b60aee14e3a39f8781d7a2

Console: Flasher: (177MB used)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-12-11/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.7-console-armhf-2014-12-11-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 5c35a3c09d6c0d3ec731710df153c3e4

BBW/BBB (All Revs)

microSD/Standalone: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-12-11/lxde-4gb/bone-debian-7.7-lxde-4gb-armhf-2014-12-11-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: ed584cc268473690eaae6b8e9866cee7

Console: microSD/Standalone: (177MB used)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-12-11/console/bone-debian-7.7-console-armhf-2014-12-11-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 40aee85c0c9b09be04b3672b22e50da2

Jessie Snapshot

Flasher: lxqt: (117MB Free on 2GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-12-11/lxqt/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-jessie-lxqt-armhf-2014-12-11-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: ee749ff2b7d3238bcc7e8cfaccd652fa

2014-12-11 Changes

U-Boot: v2015.01-rc3
Wheezy: 3.8.13-bone68
bone101: updated to git master (http://beaglebone.local) generated by jeykll
dart-1.8: sudo apt-get install dart-1.8
xenomai-2.6: sudo apt-get install xenomai-runtime

2014-11-19

BBB Rev C (4GB eMMC)

Flasher: lxde: x.yG Free

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-11-19/lxde-4gb/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.7-lxde-4gb-armhf-2014-11-19-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 1bcd90ebe1e979bc94a299ec64cac769

BBW/BBB (All Revs)

Flasher: lxde: (xyzMb Free on 2GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-11-19/lxde/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.7-lxde-armhf-2014-11-19-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: f93a8cdaec59a06198fbc9095320cc2d

microSD/Standalone: (lxde)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-11-19/lxde-4gb/bone-debian-7.7-lxde-4gb-armhf-2014-11-19-4gb.img.xz
md5sum: 7a513f4ebf767fe71ab753898f289b9c

Console: Flasher: (xyzMb used)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-11-19/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.7-console-armhf-2014-11-19-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: be30840d5ecf601785734fd0c61326ef

Console: microSD/Standalone: (xyzMb used)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-11-19/console/bone-debian-7.7-console-armhf-2014-11-19-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: c89483a113bab8ee9df8f5c473316c34

Jessie Snapshot

Flasher: lxqt: (xyzMB Free on 2GB eMMC)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-11-19/lxqt/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-jessie-lxqt-armhf-2014-11-19-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: a4115e708ac43835134884416ac5bbea

omap5-uevm: lxqt: (for developers)

wget https://rcn-ee.net/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2014-11-19/lxqt/omap5-uevm-debian-jessie-lxqt-armhf-2014-11-19-2gb.img.xz
md5sum: 869b57f5185fec43ee50e98ff650aabb

2014-11-19 Changes

U-Boot v2014.10

wheezy kernel: 3.8.13-bone67
jessie kernel: 3.14.23-ti-r33 (+BeagleBoard-x15 support)
https://www.dartlang.org/ is now packaged:
dart-1.7: sudo apt-get install dart-1.7
dart-1.8: sudo apt-get install dart-1.8
dart-dev: sudo apt-get install dart-edge
jessie: lxqt: 0.8.0
bone101 works again: http://beaglebone.local/Support/bone101/
Bootloader: MLO/u-boot.img no longer in fat partition. (FAT partition isn't even required anymore..)
microSD/Standalone: better compatibility with older bootloaders in eMMC 
Windows 8 certified drivers
better nfs support (see nfs-uEnv.txt in boot partition)
http://elinux.org/Beagleboard:U-boot_partitioning_layout_2.0#nfs_support
xenomai: added xenomai and kmem groups
Simpler kernel updates: ( sudo apt-get install linux-image-xyz ; sudo reboot )
Console = around 200Mb's installed
Improved flashing script
New Partition setup: http://elinux.org/Beagleboard:U-boot_partitioning_layout_2.0

2014-05-14

Flasher:

wget https://s3.amazonaws.com/debian.beagleboard.org/images/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-2014-05-14-2gb.img.xz
(mirror) https://rcn-ee.net/deb/testing/2014-05-14/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-2014-05-14-2gb.img.xz
md5sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-2014-05-14-2gb.img.xz
74615fb680af8f252c034d3807c9b4ae  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-7.5-2014-05-14-2gb.img.xz

microSD/Standalone:

wget https://s3.amazonaws.com/debian.beagleboard.org/images/bone-debian-7.5-2014-05-14-2gb.img.xz
(mirror) https://rcn-ee.net/deb/testing/2014-05-14/bone-debian-7.5-2014-05-14-2gb.img.xz
md5sum bone-debian-7.5-2014-05-14-2gb.img.xz
35877ce21e8ed0eb1bdc6819ad71c317  bone-debian-7.5-2014-05-14-2gb.img.xz