Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release image can be found at:

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).


Oracle Java 8


debian repo:


sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer


debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_33"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_33-b05)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.33-b05, mixed mode)

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

sudo dpkg -i oracle-java8-installer_8u31%2b8u33arm-1~bpo70%2b20150121%2b1_all.deb

TI PRU Code Generation Tools


sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

chmod +x
sudo ./


Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To setup the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup.

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./
sudo reboot

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been setup to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:


slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:


slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)


add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"


By default this image is setup to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata


echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list


deb [arch=armhf] wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] wheezy-bbb main


#deb [arch=armhf] wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable:

Download archive-keyring:

sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.01.28~bpo70%2b20150213%2b1_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm --reinstall

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://
cd image-builder

Debian Releases


2015-03-01 Release Notes

* U-Boot: v2015.01
** U-Boot UMS (USB Mass Storage) enabled [ums 0 mmc 1]
* Kernel: 3.8.13-bone70

Simpler Kernel Upgrades:

sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-bone70 ; sudo reboot

Kernel Headers included:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-3.8.13-bone70

3rd party module list:

sudo apt-get install mt7601u-modules-3.8.13-bone70

3rd party repo added:

dart-1.8 (stable 1.8 branch)
dart-edge (git master branch)

BBB Rev C (4GB eMMC) 4GB eMMC Flasher

Flasher: (lxde-4gb)

md5sum: 38bedfc81de00907ff2913b04bdc6fe9

BBB (All Revs) eMMC Flashers

Flasher: (lxde) (159Mb free on 2GB eMMC) (Due to limited space, the default Web Browser is NOT installed in the 2GB image.)

md5sum: 66b613cbbde282520f940a12ecf7f6a8

Flasher: (console)

md5sum: 81585efeaf183106d6dcc6d39127e190

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Standalone

microSD/Standalone: (lxde)

md5sum: c848627722b7a5f7bc89791cc8949e3b

microSD/Standalone: (console)

md5sum: 10823cb21e6fc4536ff87605dc50ea6e

Debian Image Testing Snapshots


BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit)

md5sum: db06bc77a3a81c9011312cfc413b5728

Jessie Snapshot lxqt

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone Black 4GB eMMC)

md5sum: 03dd7abe7676420947433816bd42a8ff

Flasher: (lxqt-2gb) (BeagleBone Black 2GB eMMC)

md5sum: d45677c12f0ad5dd7873ef6f20c94184

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard/BeagleBoard xM)

md5sum: bb007aa295740b3f444d2095200fbd57

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black)

md5sum: fa3fae25cf13e4da6a2ab7fffa3cdcb9

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

md5sum: 6556b0eb6419e0806e4a751f41e05dbd

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (omap5-uevm)

md5sum: 327857d82610503a296be901d3dc2a6f

Jessie Snapshot console

Flasher: (console) (BeagleBone Black eMMC)

md5sum: 69a4f6739fdc5a1a74e013396f00af49

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBoard/BeagleBoard xM)

md5sum: a8f7904739f4880b0357d31d2422cce1

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black)

md5sum: e15459747ade06cbff3684e47849c78f

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

md5sum: 7aa296927d60c74ac05757d60738d239

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (omap5-uevm)

md5sum: 66cafcd438d8381da05080e5787ac343

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

3.8.x patchset:

3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 3.8.13-bone
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-boneX

3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 3.8.13-xenomai
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.8.13-xenomai-rX

3.14.x-ti patchset:

Based on:;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-3.14.y

3.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep ti-r | grep -v ti-rt
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.14.XX-ti-rX

3.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep ti-rt
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.14.XX-ti-rtX

3.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep ti-xenomai
sudo apt-get install linux-image-3.14.XX-ti-xenomai-rX


4.0.x BeagleBoard / BeagleBoard xM

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 4.0 | grep armv7 | grep -v lpae
sudo apt-get install linux-image-4.0.XX-armv7-rX

4.0.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 4.0 | grep bone
sudo apt-get install linux-image-4.0.XX-boneX

4.0.x BeagleBoard-X15

sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep 4.0 | grep lpae
sudo apt-get install linux-image-4.0.XX-armv7-lpae-rX

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp