Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_60"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_60-b27)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.60-b23, mixed mode)

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To setup the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup. *Note, img files with the words "eMMC-flasher" already had this enabled...*

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been setup to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

sudo sh -c "echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

Timezone

By default this image is setup to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.10.22~bpo70+20151022+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2015.10.22~bpo70+20151022+1_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Adding bb.org-overlays to jessie console image

Currently by default, the console image doesn't include the *.dtbo overlays.

Install build requirements: (add's 145Mb to the console image)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core device-tree-compiler

Clone bb.org-overlays repo:

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
cd ./bb.org-overlays/
./install.sh

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Output of the autobuilder can be found at http://builds.beagleboard.org.

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

BeagleBoard-X15 weekly

Bug tracker: http://bugs.elinux.org/projects/beagleboard-x15

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15) Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb*
a67b727d3baac9c9083758a5c5345ecace12df903813436852606c7bb56e17e5  bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap
c765012af2100e54a294abb2e75a9a2ff7b83a610af05f3768581b61c68d4eb8  bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

Historical Archive mirror (not as fast as rcn-ee.com (linode))

https://rcn-ee.online/rootfs/bb.org/testing/


2016-04-25

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Classic

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-10/machinekit/bone-debian-7.10-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-10-4gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-10/machinekit/bone-debian-7.10-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-10-4gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-7.10-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-10-4gb*
c6f74f2240ecbf77f5ee79f5963893b118a100fa5dd7f3d6d6b29e9513bc9762  bone-debian-7.10-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-10-4gb.bmap
d1ccdae7562ac346d78f74d048aef05a831becbef5b14128ec838db52e9e1ee5  bone-debian-7.10-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-10-4gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bone-debian-7.10-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-10-4gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-7.10-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-10-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Based on Debian Jessie (new)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/machinekit/bone-debian-8.4-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/machinekit/bone-debian-8.4-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.4-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb*
8de97087b73d3f3236d5375d85320f8a6225cbf0dbe7b8405ab1a011249240f8  bone-debian-8.4-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap
0194c9768a7731805e036391fc5bcf044e45738b680b4e1913e0de8b048bb8f4  bone-debian-8.4-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bone-debian-8.4-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.4-machinekit-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot lxqt

2016-04-25 notes

* U-Boot: v2016.03
* Kernel: 4.1.22-ti-r59

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBone Green)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb*
aa57753c9351fe654aa3536c5ede8e375a681c0dac7aa9ca659c1289e7878ebb  bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap
536d69f567cba1dea3e675afc478411c011e0c5be6a621be097db388d8ccdc1b  bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb*
a67b727d3baac9c9083758a5c5345ecace12df903813436852606c7bb56e17e5  bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap
c765012af2100e54a294abb2e75a9a2ff7b83a610af05f3768581b61c68d4eb8  bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.4-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-2gb) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBone Green)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/lxqt-2gb/bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/lxqt-2gb/bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb*
b6f3937688e282d19bf7b8f1383cf7100d321405fe28605644ff69935d579330  bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap
8abdf1bbc3859345f79414994ba2cdb69aca6d272a941e02f92958b6f2399cdf  bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.4-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot iot

microSD/Standalone: (iot) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBone Green)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/iot/bone-debian-8.4-iot-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/iot/bone-debian-8.4-iot-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.4-iot-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb*
d91b364574ba125edc1b7cfe461ff3cf5f13cd8ff5068e96ef9627fdfcf7b13c  bone-debian-8.4-iot-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.bmap
499d83fcbd1c1ea1d6755092a8290138fb861d4036d326e32890353d11ba0b94  bone-debian-8.4-iot-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bone-debian-8.4-iot-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.4-iot-armhf-2016-04-25-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot console

Flasher: (console) (BeagleBone Black/Green eMMC)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/console/BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb*
63bb37988198d6763df1167714708f5b6d0eaee486b95902f8277c8efe5429dc  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap
c0c2e5ac40fcab1fcd4f439d2e07d17d01896a00552525d961b142adff830495  BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBone Green)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/console/bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/console/bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb*
f591c9bbd38460da4b437f4be23c5303ecc394f81cc507a3f7fb9cd81c61fcdb  bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap
1543561753534c6672ffe4aa7e48795f060ab7cd5552f2e73fb59c872b42e993  bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Flasher: (console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/console/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/console/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb*
ff25b77b78e19370f9a47f09a41363f474e62865923f0bdd716c766408d78c30  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap
f9fb455353f21a6a5dcf67557f87b68ef5b399de0093b8c3c859cf37a236022a  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-eMMC-flasher-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/console/bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-04-25/console/bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb*
aa914813f556312ca696ccb96a9a727d5179ed9e2c8133f3af9aed4cf3a1b33a  bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.bmap
7eea3e8f5038723330d392e86ce7337954a73301f66c313698cad419da54f9fe  bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.4-console-armhf-2016-04-25-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.1.x-ti

This is slated to replace the v3.8.x tree in Debian Jessie, cape manager support is enabled.

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.1
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.1.y
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_1
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_1

Mainline (4.1.x lts)

4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_1
4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_1

Mainline (4.4.x lts)

4.4.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_4
4.4.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_4

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp