About this site
This is the official Wiki for embedded Tegra & the Jetson TK1 board, maintained by both the community and NVIDIA.
The other embedded Tegra community sites with official NVIDIA support are:
- The forum for discussing embedded Tegra & Jetson TK1 issues with the community & NVIDIA.
- The blog to stay updated with the latest news & plans for embedded Tegra & Jetson TK1 from NVIDIA.
About Tegra K1
Tegra K1 is NVIDIA's first mobile processor to have the same advanced features & architecture as a modern desktop GPU while still using the low power draw of a mobile chip. Therefore Tegra K1 allows embedded devices to use the exact same CUDA code that would also run on a desktop GPU (used by over 100,000 developers), with similar levels of GPU-accelerated performance as a desktop.
About Jetson TK1
Jetson TK1 is NVIDIA's embedded Linux development platform featuring a Tegra K1 SOC (CPU+GPU+ISP in a single chip), selling for $192 USD. Jetson TK1 comes pre-installed with Linux4Tegra OS (basically Ubuntu 14.04 with pre-configured drivers). There is also some official support for running other distributions using the mainline kernel, discussed further in the Distributions and Mainline kernel sections below.
Besides the quad-core 2.3GHz ARM Cortex-A15 CPU and the revolutionary Tegra K1 GPU, the Jetson TK1 board includes similar features as a Raspberry Pi but also some PC-oriented features such as SATA, mini-PCIe and a fan to allow continuous operation under heavy workloads:
- Dimensions: 5" x 5" (127mm x 127mm) board
- Tegra K1 SOC (CPU+GPU+ISP in a single chip, with typical power consumption between 1 to 5 Watts):
- DRAM: 2GB DDR3L 933MHz EMC x16 using 64-bit data width
- Storage: 16GB fast eMMC 4.51 (routed to SDMMC4)
- mini-PCIe: a half-height single-lane PEX slot (such as for Wifi, SSD RAID, FireWire or Ethernet addon cards)
- SD/MMC card: a full-size slot (routed to SDMMC3)
- USB 3.0: a full-size Type-A female socket
- USB 2.0: a micro-AB female socket (for connecting to a PC, but can also be used as a spare USB 2.0 port using a micro-B male to female Type-A adapter that is sometimes included)
- HDMI: a full-size port
- RS232: a full-size DB9 serial port (routed to UART4)
- Audio: an ALC5639 Realtek HD Audio codec with Mic in and Line out jacks (routed to DAP2)
- Ethernet: a RTL8111GS Realtek 10/100/1000Base-T Gigabit LAN port using PEX
- SATA: a full-size port that supports 2.5" and 3.5" disks, but is not hot-pluggable. (Turn off the power before plugging in SATA disk drives)
- JTAG: a 2x10-pin 0.1" port for professional debugging
- Power: a 12V DC barrel power jack and a 4-pin PC IDE power connector, using AS3722 PMIC
- Fan: a fan-heatsink running on 12V (to allow safely running intense workloads continuously, but can usually be replaced by a heat-spreader or heatsink)
The following signals are available through the 125-pin 2mm-pitch expansion port:
- Camera ports: 2 fast CSI-2 MIPI camera ports (one 4-lane and one 1-lane)
- LCD port: LVDS and eDP Display Panel
- Touchscreen ports: Touch SPI 1 x 4-lane + 1 x 1-lane CSI-2
- I2C: 3 ports
- GPIO: 7 x GPIO pins (1.8V). Camera CSI pins can also be used for extra GPIO if you don't use both cameras.
Front panel connector:
- Green - Power LED
- Orange - HDD LED
- Red - Power Button
- Purple / Blue - Reset Button
Hardware-accelerated APIs supported:
- CUDA 6.0 (SM3.2, roughly the same as desktop SM3.5)
- OpenGL 4.4
- OpenGL ES 3.1
- OpenMAX IL multimedia codec including H.264, VC-1 and VP8 through Gstreamer
- NPP (CUDA optimized NVIDIA Performance Primitives)
- OpenCV4Tegra (NEON + GLSL + quad-core CPU optimizations)
Where can I get one and for how much?
- Visit the NVIDIA store then choose a distributor in USA, or click on "International Orders" to see other countries it is available from including UK, Germany, France, Italy, Japan, Russia, China, Singapore, and Australia.
- Jetson TK1 costs $192 in USA.
- The package includes a power supply (with a detachable US mains cord), a USB micro-B cable for connecting it to a PC, and usually a USB micro-B to female USB-A adapter allowing you to have 2 regular USB ports.
- There are a large number of optional accessories you can add to Jetson such as Cameras, SATA hard-disks and mini-PCIe devices.
Setting up a new board
To configure a new board, or factory reset an existing Jetson, visit the official Get Started On Jetson page, particularly to read the Quick Start guides to "flash" your device (wipe it clean and install Linux onto it). And if you will want to do software development for your Jetson, such as to build CUDA code, you should install the JetPack (Jetson Development Package) as mentioned in the Quick Start Guides to install a graphical IDE with cross-compilation, debugging & visual profiling tools.
Get access to the entire eMMC storage space of Jetson
The eMMC that stores all the files in the Jetson TK1 has a capacity of 16GB, however some instructions or boards only use 8GB of the drive (or 12GB, see discussion) so you don't have to wait another 30 minutes during flashing. If you think you will want more disk space in your rootfs such as for installing toolkits or compiling large projects or storing videos, when you flash the Jetson (from a Linux desktop) you can modify the flash command to use the whole filesystem (note that this will erase all data on the Jetson TK1, and it takes roughly 1 hour to flash the whole eMMC!):
[user@host Linux_for_Tegra]$ sudo ./flash.sh -S 14580MiB jetson-tk1 mmcblk0p1 ... sending file: system.img / 15032385536/15032385536 bytes sent system.img sent successfully ... Create, format and download took 2791 Secs Time taken for flashing 2792 Secs
The maximum value of the
flash.sh -S flag that works successfully is 14580MiB. Greater values (like 16GiB) are beyond the capacity of the eMMC when the other system-required partitions are included.
Basic setup steps to access the board and access internet
Whether you want to sew your embedded Tegra into a backpack or put it in a robot or simply use it as an ultra powerful media center, the first thing you should do with a new Jetson TK1 board is attach it to a HDMI monitor & keyboard & mouse to make sure it works and get familiar with it for a few minutes.
Note: the micro-USB port on Jetson TK1 can be used as a second USB port if you use the supplied adapter.
The device can be accessed in 2 possible ways, depending on whether you want to plug a keyboard & mouse & monitor directly into the Jetson TK1 board or you want to plug an Ethernet cable between your device and a PC or laptop or router and access it through a network:
Direct access to a Jetson board using its own keyboard & mouse & monitor
The Jetson TK1 Quick Start Guide (included as a booklet with your Jetson TK1) shows how to use the Jetson TK1 board as a mini standalone computer. Basically, you plug in a HDMI monitor or TV, plug a keyboard into the USB3.0 port, plug a mouse into the included micro-B to female USB adapter and plug that into the micro-B USB2.0 port on the board. Then plug the 12V power supply in, press the small POWER button, then watch it boot up into Linux4Tegra (Ubuntu 14.04 with some drivers pre-configured). When it asks for the password for user "ubuntu", just type "ubuntu" to log in. If you have an Ethernet router then simply plug an Ethernet cable from the board into your router (or plug in a USB Wifi dongle) to have internet access, and you are ready.
To access the board remotely through a local network from a PC or laptop, follow the Remote Access instructions so you can control the device from the keyboard & mouse & monitor on your PC or laptop and share your desktop's Wifi or Ethernet internet access to the attached device.
An important step before connecting the Jetson to Internet
It is really important to tell "apt" not to overwrite the file "libglx.so" if you upgrade the system. "libglx.so" is a specific file in NVIDIA's graphics driver that might get replaced by an incorrect version from Ubuntu that stops you from being able to boot into the graphical environment! So please execute this command on your Jetson before you connect it to Internet or perform an update:
sudo apt-mark hold xserver-xorg-core
Now you can allow Ubuntu to update itself automatically or you can run "sudo apt-get upgrade" without problems. You can get more information about this issue on the official development forum. Note: Is this only a problem for L4T Rel-19 only? It seems fixed in Rel-21.
Note on passwords
Jetson with L4T is a complete computer, capable of remote login. Based on Ubuntu, the user name "ubuntu" and password "ubuntu" are standardized. Everyone in the world will know this password. If you decide to make your Jetson visible over an unsecured network, be sure to change the password of "ubuntu" to avoid malicious logins. For example, click on the user settings, or run "passwd" in a shell terminal to set your new password.
Recommended first steps now that your board has internet access
Open a command-line terminal to perform some initial operations. If you are using the Jetson TK1's graphical environment then click on the top-left icon in Ubuntu Unity and type "terminal" to open a command shell, or if you have remote access to the device through a network then open an SSH command shell into your device from your desktop such as by running "ssh ubuntu@tegra-ubuntu". Now you are ready for initial configuration.
Add the Universe package repositories, since you will often need packages from Universe for code development:
sudo apt-add-repository universe sudo apt-get update
If you will use the shell command-line a lot
Install "bash-completion" (it allows you to hit the "Tab" key to auto-complete your shell commands) and "command-not-found" (it shows which package you probably need to install if you run an unavailable command). These 2 tools are extremely useful when using the commandline, but were not installed by default in Ubuntu 14.04. Run this to install them:
sudo apt-get install bash-completion command-not-found sudo apt-file update &>/dev/null sudo update-command-not-found &>/dev/null exit
Note: now you need to log back in for it to start using bash-completion and command-not-found.
It is also highly recommended to change the shell prompt (by adjusting "PS1" in the "~/.bashrc" file in your home directory) to be more useful, such as getting the shell prompt to have a different color than regular commands, and make it obvious if a command returned with an error.
For a simple colored shell prompt that also shows the error number from the previous command, you can also execute this or add it to the bottom of your ~/.bashrc file:
PS1="\[\e[0;44m\]\u@\h: \w (\$?) \$\[\e[0m\] "
There are thousands of custom .bashrc configurations on the web, including Shervin's that provides a different colored shell prompt depending on whether a command was successful or returned an error.
If you will use the graphical environment (Unity) a lot
You might want to try some suggestions at "http://itsfoss.com/things-to-do-after-installing-ubuntu-14-04/" or similar, such as to turn off the desktop shopping suggestions that are enabled by default in Ubuntu 14.04 (despite the spyware concerns discussed by huge numbers of people) by running this:
gsettings set com.canonical.Unity.Lenses disabled-scopes "['more_suggestions-amazon.scope', \ 'more_suggestions-u1ms.scope', 'more_suggestions-populartracks.scope', 'music-musicstore.scope', \ 'more_suggestions-ebay.scope', 'more_suggestions-ubuntushop.scope', 'more_suggestions-skimlinks.scope']"
More recommended Linux tips for a Jetson TK1
Some more tips (such as how to speed up SSH logins, login automatically, share your keyboard & mouse, etc, are in a forum discussion.
Shutting down Jetson TK1 safely
Just like any Linux computer, the recommended way to shut-down or turn off Jetson TK1 is to click Shutdown in the GUI or run this in a terminal, to ensure the filesystem will not be corrupt:
sudo shutdown -h now
Tutorials for developing with Jetson TK1
The following are tutorial projects for hardware and/or software development. They show the easiest way to do a certain task, while the Reference Information section below has more detailed pages. If you have something useful to contribute about Jetson TK1 or embedded Tegra then please do so.
|Tutorial||Description||Programming Difficulty||Electronics Difficulty|
|Hello World||Create a simple program that prints "Hello World!", by compiling code directly on your device||#|
|CUDA||Install CUDA then build & run some CUDA sample projects||#|
|Nsight||Documentation and tutorials on GPU debugging and profiling with Nsight, which is installed with CUDA||#|
|OpenCV||Install OpenCV then grab camera frames or build & run some OpenCV samples||#|
|OpenGL||Links to many OpenGL and OpenGL ES sample projects||#|
|Full Body Detection||Shows how to perform full body detection (something that even desktop CPUs are too slow for!) from a webcam and display the face, using OpenCV||#|
|GPIO Input & Output||Turn on an LED or send a signal to an Arduino microcontroller using GPIO||#||#|
|Vision-controlled GPIO||Turn on an LED whenever a face is detected in your camera||#||#|
|Battery Power||Power your Jetson TK1 from a battery pack||#|
|Automatic Pan Tilt||Build an autonomous pan-tilt face tracking camera, that tracks faces as they move around||#||#|
|Optical Flow Motion||Generate the optical flow motion vectors to see how things are moving||##|
|Video Stabilization||Real-time video stabilization such as for a robot's onboard camera||##|
|Program An Arduino||Program an Arduino microcontroller from your Jetson TK1 (instead of from a PC)||##|
|Communicate To An Arduino||Connect an Arduino board to a Jetson TK1 board, with communication between then||##||##|
|Follower Robot||Get a wheeled robot to drive towards the nearest person||##||##|
|Walking Follower Robot||Get a 2-legged robot to walk towards the nearest person||###||##|
Jetson TK1 Reference Information (more detailed than the tutorials above)
- Official Jetson TK1 website.
- Official Jetson TK1 software development page, including L4T and all the Linux kernel source changes.
- System Info: Find out the hardware info & what is available on the Jetson TK1 such as disk space, RAM, and devices.
- Cloning & Backup Save the Jetson's eMMC (system.img) via the flash port and restore it to other Jetson boards.
- Trace32 / JTAG Debugging Attaching a professional debugger module for very low-level access to the Tegra.
- Wifi & Ethernet Adapters: Discusses which Wifi or Ethernet cards have been tested on Jetson TK1.
- Remote Access: Control the device from your PC or laptop, and share your desktop's Wifi or Ethernet internet access to the attached device.
- CUDA Installation: How to install the CUDA toolkit.
- VisionWorks Installation: How to install the VisionWorks toolkit.
- OpenCV Installation: How to install OpenCV, including building from source.
- ArrayFire Installation: How to install ArrayFire for Tegra and getting started.
- Kodi (XBMC) Installation: How to install XBMC Media Center such as for a green HTPC.
- Plex Media Server Installation: How to install Plex Media Server such as for a green HTPC.
- Libraries: Libraries that have been tested on Jetson TK1.
- Web Browsers: How to get web browsers working, including Flash for watching youtube videos in Chromium.
- H.264 Video Codec: Hardware-accelerated video encoder/decoder for H.264 and other multimedia formats.
- cuDNN: GPU-accelerated Machine Learning & Deep Neural Network library.
- JavaFX installation: How to install JavaFX for the Jetson TK1
Performance and Power Topics
- Performance: How to maximize or minimize CPU & GPU clocks for different performance & power draw.
- Power Management: Electrical power related issues, such as powering the board from a battery or seeing how much power is drawn.
- Thermal: How to replace the fan with a heat-spreader or heatsink, and measure the board's temperatures.
- Graphics Performance: Discusses graphics performance of the Tegra TK1 on the board, including comparison with competing solutions.
- Computer Vision Performance & Power Draw: Describes the different Tegra hardware optimizations in OpenCV, and shows power & perf measurements for many computer vision applications in OpenCV, CUDA and VisionWorks.
Hardware Expansion Topics
- Expansion board: Discusses a full function expansion board, designed by "http://dcac.taobao.com".
- Cameras & Webcams: Discusses USB cameras and CSI cameras, stereo cameras and Time-Of-Flight 3D depth cameras.
- mini-PCIe Add-on Cards: Shows some possible add-on cards that can be used in the mini-PCIe port.
- GPIO: How to control digital output pins and read input data pins on Jetson TK1.
- PWM: How to control the spped of motors & servos or LED brightness using Jetson TK1.
- I2C: How to communicate between microcontrollers & devices using I2C on Jetson TK1.
- Bluetooth: Use wireless Bluetooth devices such as keyboards, mice & speakers, or communicate to a smartphone or tablet.
- Enclosures & Cases: Various cases that are available to protect a Jetson TK1.
- Audio: Issues related to audio input or output, such as microphones or speakers.
- RTC: Add battery backup RTC and support it using the Grinch Custom Kernel.
Projects using Jetson TK1
The following are descriptions, photos and/or videos of projects featuring Jetson TK1. Feel free to add your own!
Add you project based on Jetson TK1 to our Hackster community
Upstream Linux 3.15 + Wayland + Weston + Nouveau running a 100% open-source OS on Jetson TK1, by CodeThink in UK. If you want to try a similar setup on your Jetson TK1, read this and this.
NVIDIA's SCOL "Super-Computer-On-Legs" robot, by Shervin Emami in Australia. Performs Optical Flow video stabilization and HOG person detection to walk towards nearby people. Operator Manual.
Jetson TK1 Lidar range finder + camera Optical Flow robotics demo by General Electric Intelligent Platforms in USA. GE IP are developing a ruggedized Tegra K1 based module.
MyzharBot by Walter Lucetti in Italy is a crawler robot made to study Navigation algorithms based on Computer Vision, Machine Learning and 3D Sensors. The project is open source and open hardware and has its own blog where you can find every information to replicate it. MyzharBot has partecipated to GTC2015 conference running for 3 days between the legs of the attendants of the Nvidia's booth in the exhibit area.
Project TURBO (TK1 Unmanned Reconnaissance Bot) is a low-cost mobile research platform developed by GE Intelligent Platforms, exploring CUDA-accelerated autonomy, sensing & perception powered by Tegra K1.
Several users are building cluster computers using a handful of Jetson TK1's:
A user is using CUDA accelerated computer vision to find balloons (or other red round things). This article explains the algorithm and has a link to the source.
TR4Tegra. Smart-glasses with a depth camera, connected to Jetson TK1 in a backpack, detects object location and notifies a blind user with a ~25x25 neural implant info
Monocular Visual Odometry for UAV using ROS on JETSON TK1 Project Info
A low cost vision based development platform based on the Nvidia Jetson TK1. Project info
Cluster of 8 Sparkle TK1 SOM boards inside a PC case. Project info
|place projects here|
Linux distributions running on Tegra
Jetson TK1 comes preloaded with NVIDIA's Linux4Tegra (L4T) distribution. However it is possible to install other distributions on a Tegra device:
- Linux4Tegra (L4T) distribution: basically Ubuntu 14.04 with pre-configured drivers for bootloader, kernel, OpenGL, X.Org, Multimedia, etc.
- Fedora Linux: install Fedora on Jetson TK1 plus a minimal XFCE desktop.
- openSUSE Linux: install openSUSE on Jetson TK1 plus a minimal XFCE desktop.
- openSUSE Linux from SD or SATA: run openSUSE directly from an SD-card or SATA without modifying the eMMC storage.
- Debian: Debian has installer and kernel support for the Jetson TK1 and provides a u-boot binary.
- Arch Linux: install Arch Linux on Jetson TK1 for a minimal Linux system.
- Gentoo Linux from SD: run Gentoo directly on an SD-card without modifying the contents of the eMMC storage.
- Gentoo Linux: run Gentoo Linux (from eMMC) instead of Ubuntu Linux.
- Busybox: create a very minimal root filesystem with Busybox.
- Android lollipop: Android Lollipop port for Jetson TK1, including support from e-Con Systems.
- Slackware ARM Project: Running custom mainline kernel with Slackware.
- Example of Yocto based distro: Another Yocto-based distro for Jetson TK1.
- AGL distro for jetson TK1: AGL distro for Jetson TK1.
Upstream/mainline OS & kernel system software on Tegra
NVIDIA's Tegra SoCs are well supported by mainline OSS such as Linux and U-Boot. This section contains an index of topics related to running mainline software on Tegra.
- Linux kernel.
- Nouveau driver.
- Issues specific to running mainline Linux on the Jetson TK1 board.
Jetson TK1 and Tegra K1 Hardware Documents
The official Jetson TK1 Hardware Design and Development page contains the open-source hardware documents, allowing you to inspect your Jetson board or even design your own custom board based on Tegra K1 or Jetson TK1, including:
- Jetson TK1 DevKit Specification
- Jetson TK1 Schematics
- Jetson TK1 PCB Board Files (Gerbers)
- Jetson TK1 2D CAD file with layers (.DXF)
- Jetson TK1 Bill of Materials (BOM)
- Tegra K1 SOC Technical Reference Manual (TRM)
- Tegra K1 Embedded Platform Design Guide
- Tegra K1 Memory Approved Vendor List
- Jetson TK1 Pin Mux
- Jetson TK1 Allegro Design File
- Jetson TK1 PCB Stack Up Details
- Jetson TK1 ValorODB++ Database
- Jetson TK1 Datasheet Orcad Schematics
- Jetson TK1 Board Orcad Schematics
- Jetson TK1 PCB Assembly Drawing
- Jetson TK1 RS274x Gerber Data
- Jetson TK1 Autocad DXF Format Design File
- Jetson TK1 PCB Mentor PADS ASCII Format Layout
Other embedded Tegra boards created by NVIDIA
Jetson TK1 was the first embedded board that NVIDIA created for the general public, but there have also been some other Tegra boards, including the automotive-grade Tegra-K1 based Visual Compute Module and the Jetson Pro development platform, both for the automotive industry (requires an NDA and large sales figures, etc).
3rd-party embedded Tegra K1 boards
There are several embedded dev boards featuring a Tegra K1, such as NVIDIA's Jetson TK1 as well as several other boards:
- NVIDIA Jetson TK1, NVIDIA's official dev board for Tegra K1. It is relatively large and includes many accessory ports and is officially supported, thus is the recommended board for most users.
- eSOMTK1 - e-con systems' compact form factor Computer on Module is based on nVIDIA® Tegra® K1 CPU. Suitable for Deep Learning & Imaging Applications.
- Colorado Engineering TK1-SOM, a small American Tegra K1 board with many accessories soon to include a CSI MIPI camera module.
- EmbSom Sparkle TK1-SOM, a small Taiwanese Tegra K1 board.
- Avionic Design Tegra K1 COM, a small German Tegra K1 module that is more suited to mass-production.
- GE mCOM10-K1 Mini COM Express A small American Tegra K1 module that is more suited to mass-production.
- DJI Manifold, an enclosed drone / flight computer with similar size as Jetson TK1 but designed specifically for adding to the DJI Matrice 100 quadcopter. (Broken Link)
- Toradex Apalis TK1 is a small form-factor System on Module, ideal for building high-end embedded products in the areas of vision and computing.
This Wiki site is designed for Jetson TK1, but almost everything that applies to Jetson TK1 will also apply to the 3rd party dev boards, so this site is useful for any Tegra K1 based dev board.
Other SOCs created by NVIDIA
SOCs: NVIDIA made several previous generations of Tegra SOCs for the mobile, automotive and MP3 player industries.
Jetson & Embedded Tegra Communities
- Jetson community on Hackster.io
- Jetson community on Google+
- Official Jetson blog on Google+
- Official Jetson discussion forum
Emulators for developing with Jetson TK1
- Emulators: which Windows, OSX, Linux or SteamOS products with a powerful Nvidia GPU are economic and suitable for developing Jetson software?
Explore your Jetson TK1 (e-book)
The JetPack Cookbook (proposed)
- Resources is a list of links to Tegra-related documentation and code outside of this wiki, such as TRMs and mainline kernel links.