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Difference between revisions of "RPi VerifiedPeripherals"

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(USB to Parallel Port/Printer Adapters: Now working with upgraded Wheezy. Link updated)
m (USB to Parallel Port/Printer Adapters: Link corrected)
Line 1,606: Line 1,606:
 
=== USB to Parallel Port/Printer Adapters ===
 
=== USB to Parallel Port/Printer Adapters ===
 
*'''Prolific'''
 
*'''Prolific'''
**PL2305 Chipset with Centronics 36w connector. Originally purchased for use with a netbook and connected to an old Canon BJC-250 printer. Worked fine under [[RPi_Distributions#RISC_OS| RISC OS Raspberry Pi]] with its in-built BJC-250 driver. Could not install the CUPS drivers etc. for Wheezy-Raspbian initially, but was able to do so for Wheezy-armel. Once I'd updated/upgraded Wheezy all was fine.(See notes at [http://www.cpmspectrepi.webspace.virginmedia.com/raspberry_pi/MoinMoinExport/raspberry_pi/MoinMoinExport/USBtoParPrntAdapter.html CPM-Spectre-Pi...USBtoParPrntAdapter] for more info.)
+
**PL2305 Chipset with Centronics 36w connector. Originally purchased for use with a netbook and connected to an old Canon BJC-250 printer. Worked fine under [[RPi_Distributions#RISC_OS| RISC OS Raspberry Pi]] with its in-built BJC-250 driver. Could not install the CUPS drivers etc. for Wheezy-Raspbian initially, but was able to do so for Wheezy-armel. Once I'd updated/upgraded Wheezy all was fine.(See notes at [http://www.cpmspectrepi.webspace.virginmedia.com/raspberry_pi/MoinMoinExport/USBtoParPrntAdapter.html CPM-Spectre-Pi...USBtoParPrntAdapter] for more info.)
  
 
=== USB to SATA ===
 
=== USB to SATA ===

Revision as of 22:11, 4 December 2012


Contents

Back to the Hub.


Hardware & Peripherals:

Hardware and Hardware History.

Low-level Peripherals and Expansion Boards.

Screens, Cases and Other Peripherals.


A note about this page: For USB devices, please specify if they required a powered hub

Notes

19-Apr-2012: Now that the Model B board is shipping, details added should relate to this board and the default Debian distribution unless stated otherwise. A suggested suffix markup scheme is as follows:

  • (A) - Relates to model A production board
  • (B) - Relates to model B production board
  • (!) - Information from alpha and beta board days -- beta board verified peripherals should still apply to production boards for the most part, but the alpha board is fairly different
  • No markup - relates to all production boards

Discuss: http://www.raspberrypi.org/forum/?mingleforumaction=viewtopic&t=247

If you are adding to a product list it would help clarity if entries are kept/added in alphabetical order.

Power Usage Notes

Warning Warning: Adding peripherals may increase the loading on the power supply to your board and this, in turn, may affect the voltage presented to the Raspberry Pi. If the Raspberry Pi's supply voltage falls below a certain value (anecdotally stated as around 4.75 V), or it begins to fluctuate, your setup may become unstable. There is a Wiki section about this issue which is worth a read.

Model B Hardware Revisions and USB Power limits Hardware Revision 1.0 The original Model B board had current limiting polyfuses which limited the power output of each USB port to approximatly 100 mA. USB devices using more than 100 mA had to be connected via a powered hub. The Raspberry Pi's PSU was chosen with a power budget of 700 mA of which 200 mA were assigned to the USB ports, so the Raspberry Pi's (poly)fuses were designed only for devices up to 100 mA, and typical 140 mA polyfuses will have as much as 0.6 volt across them when drawing currents near the 100 mA limit. As a consequence the USB ports are only directly suitable for "single current unit" USB devices which, according to USB specifications, are designed to work with just 4.4 Volt. Not only do non single current unit devices draw more current (causing greater Voltage drops, and greater stress on the fuses), they also might require 4.75 Volt to work.

Model B Hardware Revision 2.0 and Revision 1.0 with ECN0001 change This had the polyfuses removed, removing the 100 mA current limitation for each USB port (but leaving the main fuse F3 intact). Users should still ensure their power supply can power the Raspberry Pi and the USB peripherals. Revision 2.0 was released in August 2012.

Linux Driver Issues

Shortly after the Raspberry Pi was released it was confirmed that there were a number of issues with the Linux USB driver for the SMSC95xx chip. These included problems with USB 1.x peripherals that use split transactions, a fixed number of channels (causing problems with Kinect) and the way the ARM processor handles the SMSC95xx interrupts. [1] [2] A large number of fixes were included in the 2012-08-19-Wheezy-raspbian Linux image.

Powered USB Hubs

A number of low-cost powered USB hubs are known to have caused problems. Members of the Raspberry Pi forums have reported low power or no power at all in some cases. The following is a list of specific Powered USB Hubs which appear to be fault-free. Please note that these do not take into account powering the Raspberry Pi from the hub, in addition to its peripherals.

If you use a powered hub and the Raspberry Pi PSU together consider powering them from the same power bar with switch, so you can turn them on simultaneously., especially if the HUB tries to feed the Raspberry Pi through their interconnect cable, due to the 100 mA limiting fuse in the Raspberry Pi, the Raspberry Pi will be partially powered which may cause problems (unwanted writes to the SD card).

Working USB Hubs

Brand Name Model Number Hardware ID USB Version Number of Ports Power Rating* Powers Raspberry Pi Additional Information


Belkin 4-Port Ultra-Slim Desktop Hub F4U040 05e3:0608 USB 2.0 4-Port 5 V - 2.6 A Not Verified
Belkin Hi-Speed USB 2.0 4-Port Hub F5U224 USB 2.0 4-Port 5 V - 500 mA per Port Not Verified
Belkin TetraHub™ USB 2.0 4-Port Hub F5U231 USB 2.0 4-Port 5 V - 500 mA per Port Verified
Belkin Hi-Speed USB 2.0 4-Port Hub F5U234 USB 2.0 4-Port 5 V - 500 mA per Port Verified
Belkin Hi-Speed USB 2.0 7-Port Hub F5U237 USB 2.0 7-Port 5 V - 3.8 A Verified
Belkin MyEssentials 7-Port High-Speed USB 2.0 Hub F5U259-ME USB 2.0 7-Port Verified
Belkin Hi-Speed USB 2.0 4-Port Lighted Hub F5U403 USB 2.0 4-Port Not Verified
Belkin Hi-Speed USB 2.0 7-Port Lighted Hub F5U700 USB 2.0 7-Port Verified
Belkin Hub 2-en-1 F5U706ea USB 2.0 7-Port Not Verified
Belkin Hi-Speed USB 2.0 7-Port Hub F5U237v1 USB 2.0 7-Port 5 V - 2.5 A Not Verified
Belkin Ultra-Slim Desktop Hub F4U039qukAPL 05e3:0608 USB 2.0 7-Port Verified
Benq E2220HD USB 2.0 4-Port Verified Monitor with built in Hub
Biltema 23-924 USB 2.0 4-Port 2.0 A Verified
C3 Tech USB 2.0 7-Port 5 V - 2.0 A Not Verified Backpowering - Mod hub or cut red wire in uplink cable.
Cyberpower High-speed Hub CP-H720P 0409:0050 USB 2.0 7-Port 3.6 A Verified May Contain dual 05e3:0608 instead of 0409:0050
Dell 2001FP USB 2.0 4-Port Not Verified Monitor with built in Hub
Dell SP2309W USB 2.0 4-Port Not Verified Monitor with built in Hub
Dell 2407FWP USB 2.0 4-Port Not Verified Monitor with built-in hub - 6-in-1 card reader Works, but it cannot read SDXC
Dell U3011 USB 2.0 4-Port Not Verified Monitor with built in Hub - Card Reader Works - May work with SDXC
Delock B/N61393 USB 2.0 4-Port 2.0 A Verified
Deltaco UH-715 Rev 2 USB 2.0 7-Port 2.0 A Not Verified
Dynex 0409:0050 USB 2.0 7-Port 2.0 A Not Verified
D-Link DUB-H7 High Speed USB 2.0 7-Port Hub BUBH7A A5 USB 2.0 7-Port 2.0 A Not Verified [3]
D-Link DUB-4 High Speed USB 2.0 7-Port Hub DUB-H4 USB 2.0 4-Port 2.0 A Verified [4] Charging port doesn't power Raspberry Pi
Digicom USB 2.0 4-Port 5 V - 2.0 A Not Verified [5]
Monoprice Aquagate USB Hub 5328 2.0 7-port 2.0 A Verified Has separate USB In port, in theory should prevent backfeeding (but that is not verified). get about 4.9V across TP1/TP2 when idling with Raspbian. [6]


'*' Power Ratings may not be completely accurate, use as rough guideline rather than fact.


  • Acme
    • USB 2.0 hub 4 port (ACME) Based on NEC μPD720114 USB2.0 Hub Controller USB ID 0409:005a NOTE! It is bus-powered hub, but it is very cheap and small and works after a small modding: on USB-hub board you have 4 holes: V, D+, D- and GND. Connect GND, D+ and D- to the Raspberry Pi, and additionally connect GND and +5 V from power supply to the same holes on USB-hub GND and V. Now there is common contacts: GND, D+ and D- between Raspberry Pi and hub needed to work, and additional power for USB devices, connected to the hub. Tested on my Raspberry Pi.


  • Digitus
    • 7-port USB2.0 Powered Hub. Model DA-70226.
  • Eminent
    • [7] EM1102 4 Port USB 2.0 Hub with 1 A power adapter. It's able to power the Raspberry Pi, external HDD and other peripherals.
    • [8] EM1107 7 Port USB 2.0 Hub with 2 A power adapter. It's able to power the Raspberry Pi, external HDD and other peripherals.
  • GearHead
    • [9] GearHead 4 Port Hub with Energy Saving Power Switch (5 V, 1 A)
  • Gembird
    • Gembird UHS 242 4-port USB 2.0 Hub 1.8 Amps
  • Genesys Logic (sold at Fry's)
    • Genesys Logic 4-Port USB 2.0 Hub (ID 05e3:0608) (Other brands include Gigaware and Belkin, same ID shows up in lsusb)
    • Genesys Logic 4-Port USB 2.0 Hub (ID 05e3:0606) (Other brands include i-Rocks, same ID shows up in lsusb)
  • Hama
    • Hama 4-way USB 2.0 Hub
  • HP
    • HP ZR2240w 21.5" Monitor with built in 2-Port USB Hub (B)
  • König Electronic
    • CMP-USB2HUB55 - 7 port USB2.0 HUB, (ID 1a40:0201 Terminus Technology Inc. Hub) 2.0 A power supply, backpowers Raspberry Pi well.
  • Laser
    • "7 port USB hub with AC adapter Version 2.0". 5 V 1 A (found at Harvey Norman Australia for $24.95 and Australia Post Shops for $9.95). You can power the Raspberry Pi by connecting both the main USB connector to the Raspberry Pi USB port, and from a spare USB port back to the power micro USB socket. If you don't do both, boot-loops are likely to occur.
  • Logik
    • [10] LP4HUB10 4-Port USB Hub. Throws errors when used with Fedora remix 14
    • Logik L4THUB10 4 Port powered hub works fine under Raspbian/Wheezy/model B. Captive USB cable, 2 A power supply, convenient single top mounted USB socket. Unlike my last hub, will power Wi-Fi!
  • LogiLink
    • UA0085 USB 2.0 Hub, 4-Port with PSU 5 V, 2 A
    • UA0091 USB 3.0 Hub, 4-Port with PSU 5 V, 4 A. Connected with USB2.0 cable. 1 A per port, able to support USB HDD drives and other power hungry devices. Tested with kernel 3.1.9-cutdown, Wheezy.
    • UA0096 USB 2.0 Hub, 10-Port with PSU 5 V, 3.5 A (Not suitable for powering Raspberry Pi because it doesn't work unless there is working USB input present even with PSU plugged in.)
    • UA0160 USB 2.0 Hub, 4-Port with PSU 5 V, 2 A. Able to power the Raspberry Pi, keyboard, mouse and LogiLink UA0144 USB Ethernet adapter. (More testing to come.)
  • Macally
    • [11] Hi-Speed 7-Port USB 2.0 Powered Micro HUB, AC Powered. Includes a 2000 mA wall-wart (US style)
  • Manhattan
    • [12] (#160612) Hi-Speed USB 2.0 Micro HUB, AC Powered (identifies as ID 05e3:0608 Genesys Logic) Includes a 1000 mA wall-wart (US style)
    • [13] (#161718) MondoHub 28 Port USB 3.0 & USB 2.0 HUB (24 USB 2 ports @500 mA each) + (4 USB 3.0 Ports @900 mA each) Power Switches on each port, AC Powered and Includes a 5 V 4 A wall-wart (US style)
  • Newlink
    • NLUSB2-224P 4 port USB 2.0 Mini hub with PSU 5 V 1 A
    • NLUSB2-222P 4 port USB 2.0 Hub with 5 V 2 A PSU (Available From | ModMyPi)
  • Nilox
    • Nilox USB 2.0 4port HUB model HUB4USB2AC with PSU 5 V 1.0 A
  • Plugable
    • [14] USB2-HUB4BC 4 Port USB 2.0 Hub with BC 1.1 Fast Charging. 5 V 2.5 A power supply. Powering Raspberry Pi via microUSB from a hub port. USB Audio peripheral tested and working.
    • [15] USB2-HUB-AG7 7 Port USB 2.0 Hub with 5 V 3 A power supply. There are US and UK power supply versions and it can be ordered in US and (for the UK version) many countries in Europe. There is a video showing this hub powering both the Raspberry Pi several peripherals at once[16].
  • Pluscom
    • Pluscom 7 Port USB 2.0 Hub Model U7PH-3A with 3 A PSU. USB ID 1a40:0101. Powering Raspberry Pi via microUSB from a hub port. Internally two 4 Port switches linked. Leaks power back up USB data cable to Raspberry Pi, but it is not really a problem when powering Raspberry Pi at the same time.
  • Satechi
    • ST-UH12P 12 port powered hub with 2 Control Switches. Also works while powering the Raspberry Pi.
  • Staples (Business Depot) (Bureau EN GROS)
    • Staples 4-port hub Item 607477-CA
  • StarTech.com
    • StarTech.com 7-port Compact USB 2.0 Hub (ST7202USB). Comes with 5 V 2 A supply. Shows in lsusb as two Genesys Logic, Inc. USB-2.0 4-Port HUBs (05e3:0608). Back powers Raspberry Pi (just, voltage across TP1 & TP2 is a little low when powered from this hub).
  • SumVision
    • Sumvision Slim 4 Port High Speed USB 2.0 HUB with PSU 5 V 1.0 A (from | 7dayshop )
  • Sitecom
    • CN-032 4 Port USB 2.0 Pocket Hub. Works for powering the Raspberry Pi, an USB WLAN Adapter, wireless Kbd+Mouse. Using an 2500 mA Voltcraft
    • CN-060 4 Port USB 2.0 Hub powered with AC Adapter (1 A). Powering Raspberry Pi via microUSB from a hub port.
    • CN-061 7 Port USB 2.0 Hub powered with AC Adapter. There is a voltage problem on the left half of the hub (4 ports) that do not deliver enough current to feed a wifi dongle (tested with an RTL8191S). The remaining 3 ports on the right half are instead working as expected.
  • Sweex
    • US014 4 Port USB 2.0 Hub
  • Targus
    • ACH81xx 7-port powered hub. 5 V 3 A power supply, with 2 high power ports. (possible conflicting behaviour with USB keyboard / Wi-Fi Dongles)
    • ACH63EU 4-port. Using a 5 V 2 A power supply, which isn't supplied with the hub, it is able to power the Raspberry Pi as well.
  • The Pi Hut
  • Trendnet
    • [17] TU2-700 7 Port Powered USB 2.0 Hub with AC Adapter (5 V 2 A)
  • Tripp-Lite
    • [18] U222-007-R 7 Port Powered USB 2.0 Hub with AC Adapter (5 V 2.5 A) Powering Raspberry Pi from the hub works.
  • Ultron
    • [19] UHN-710 7-port powered hub with PSU 5 V, 3 A. USB ID 1a40:0201.
  • VANTEC
    • 4 Port USB 2.0 Powered Hub Model: UGT-MH304. 5 V 2 A AC/DC adapter. Go 2.0 Mini hub.
  • Z-TEK
    • Z-TEK 7-port powered hub with PSU 5 V, 4 A. USB ID 1a40:0201.
  • "Unknown"
    • 10(7-4) port hub idVendor=1a40, idProduct=0201 / idVendor=1a40, idProduct=0101 works

Problem USB Hubs

Please check known workarounds here before adding to the list

  • Addon
    • 7-Port Powered Hub - labelled ADDUH070P - Gives constant Eth0 errors on boot.
  • Belkin
    • 7-Port Powered Mobile Hub - device labelled F4U018, packaging labelled F5U701. lsusb reveals it to be two Genesys Logic 4-port hubs based on the GL850G chipset (vendor: 0x05e3 product: 0x0608) ganged together. Yields a lot of "handle_hc_chhltd_intr_dma:: XactErr without NYET/NAK/ACK" errors and device resets in /var/log/messages. Low speed devices such as keyboards work OK, Wi-Fi/mass storage is unreliable or broken. -- No error messages with the latest kernel, but it is still unstable with mass storage devices. Also, leaks current back to the Raspberry Pi (can be fixed by overtaping GND and +5 V pinouts)
    • F4U022 7-Port powered USB hub (powered 5 V, 2.6 A), same as F4U018
    • 7-Port Powered Hub - device labled F5U237 Rev.3 - ID 050d:0237 Wired Ethernet fails to connect; gives "DWC OTG HCD URB enqueue failed adding QTD. Error status -4008" Result is same as DUB-H7 below.
    • F5U404 Hi-Speed USB 2.0 4-Port Mobile Hub. Faulty/bad design; Leaks current back up the cable to the Raspberry Pi.
    • F5U307 Hi-Speed USB 2.0 7-Port Hub (Powered, able to apply power to Raspberry Pi via micro USB from this hub at same time) It work's sometimes. (Works always without powering the Raspberry Pi, haven't tried that)
  • Dell
    • Dell U2410 Monitor Built-in 4 Port Hub - Shows up as a pair with 0424:2514 and 0424:2640. Standard Microsystems Corp. USB 2.0 Hub. When connecting some devices it kills the Ethernet with "smsc95xx 1-1.1:1.0: eth0: Failed to read register index 0x0000011X" errors. It did work for a keyboard and webcam. Bluetooth that works connected directly to the Raspberry Pi triggers the error.
  • DELTACO
    • 7-Port USB Hub UH-713 Rev 3. This one consists also of two 05e3:0608 Genesys Logic, Inc. USB-2.0 4-Port HUBs connected together. The power supply is rated at 5 V 2 A. It kills Ethernet when X11 is started.
  • Dynex
    • 7-Port USB Hub - Does not work in Debian 19-04 image.
    • DX-HB7PT 7-Port USB Hub - As per the Gear Head below, it's 2 daisy-chained Genesys Logic 05e3:0608 devices. Appears to result in significant slow downs when the USB is under load, such as running the root filesystem from a USB drive.
  • Dynamode
    • 7-Port USB 2.0 Hub (Silver and black). Feeds power back up the interconnect to the Raspberry Pi causing the power LED to light on the Raspberry Pi if the hub is powered on, but the Raspberry Pi is not. The Raspberry Pi also fails to boot when powered off this hub, with or without the interconnect plugged in. Stops the network from working when connected to the Raspberry Pi after booting the Raspberry Pi - cannot ssh to the Raspberry Pi. Best avoided. :-( Shows up in lsusb as a pair of ID 05e3:0608 Genesys Logic, Inc. USB-2.0 4-Port HUB which is interesting. - Confirmed. This hub also appears unable to power an external USB drive using a y-cable as it gives the error -71 message in dmesg (when providing external power to the Raspberry Pi).
    • 4-Port High-Speed USB 2.0 Hub (USB-H40-A2.0), came with with a 1 A power supply. Leaks power to the Raspberry Pi through the uplink. Doesn't work with Raspberry Pi, unless the Raspberry Pi is powered by a second power source. This hub is completely generic and I've seen it being sold under different brand names as well. Therefore, a picture is included for easy identification.
  • D-Link
    • 7-Port USB Hub DUB-H7 (Crashes USB stack, including Ethernet, when plugging / using some peripherals). (See note above, it works with some distros and/or with latest firmware)
  • E-Solution
    • 4-Port 2 A Supply (Does not detect at all during boot or after boot- no messages) [IC = Alcor Micro Corp (AU6254)]
  • Fosmon
    • 7-Port USB 2.0 Hub with 1 A Power Supply (Causes interference with other USB devices and sends enough power to light up the Raspberry Pi with it's Micro USB cable unplugged).
  • Gear Head
    • UH7250MAC 7-port powered hub. Internally, two daisy-chained Genesys Logic 05e3:0608 devices. Causes Ethernet instability when used under very specific circumstances, in X11.
    • UH5200T 4-port powered hub. As of 2012-08-16 Wheezy, if any USB 1.x device (a keyboard, for example) is plugged into this hub, Ethernet stops, and USB interrupts for other devices get dropped (keys repeating forever), etc. Occurs even if power is not attached (not a power leakage problem). Appears working after a bootloader and/or firmware update on 9/12. Also, turned out to be somewhat more specific to the combination of two particular low-speed devices.
  • Hama
    • 4-Port USB 2.0 "bus hub", model 78496 (?). Only works for low power devices (card readers?), but it does not work for power hungry devices (HDD and WLAN). It doesn't boot when hub connected to Raspberry Pi. The funniest thing is that Raspberry Pi powers on when I plug in this hub to normal size USB port (not that small dedicated port). idVendor=05e3, idProduct=0608
  • Kensington
    • 7-Port Dome Hub model no 1500129 (Possible problems with malfunctioning keyboard, kills mouse when GUI started).
  • iBall
    • Piano 423 4-Port USB hub. Listed in lsusb as Genesys Logic. Fails to deliver enough power to connected devices even when using AC power suply.
  • Inland
    • 4-Port USB 2.0 Cable Hub model no 480426 (Some devices work, some don't, cheap unshielded untwisted wire design)
  • Logik
    • LP7HUB11 7-Port USB Hub. (Ethernet failed, slow response, in LXDE. Happened whether or not the hub's independent power supply was connected to the hub.)
  • Soniq
    • 4-Port 5 V supply. Model number CUH100. (B). Appears to draw power away from the Raspberry Pi, even when the Raspberry Pi has an isolated power line. Netgear WNA1100 Wi-Fi Adapter (which is known to work in other setups is recognized, but it is unresponsive).
  • Targus
    • ACH115EU 7-port powered hub. 5 V 3 A power supply. Arduino communicates with Raspberry Pi when connected directly to Raspberry Pi's USB port, but it hangs as soon as if connected via ACH115. Also sometimes smsc95xx eth0 Failed to read register index 0x00000114 etc. errors in syslog when used.
  • TCM
    • Model 234298 s/n T634007737 powered hub. 4 ports plus card reader. 1 A power supply. Model B, Wheezy Raspbian works OK with keyboard/mouse, but there are problems with Wi-Fi no connects. (insufficient power?)
  • Trust
    • 10-port USB 2.0 Hub (powered). Prevents Ethernet from being recognised.
    • SliZe 7 port USB 2.0 Hub (powered) - Item number 17080 (Barcode 8 713439 170801). Prevents Ethernet from being recognised. Keyboard sends multiple characters.
  • Unbranded / Multiple Brands
    • 7-port silver/black hub. Also sold elsewhere under brands such as 'EX-Pro', 'Trixes' and 'Xentra' -- This is probably due to an inadequate power supply. -- I replaced the terrible power supply with a very good one, kept getting "DEBUG: handle_hc_chhltd_intr_dma:: XactErr without NYET/NAK/ACK" in dmesg, with no devices plugged in to the hub (with or without the power supply in). Measurements by TrevorGowen (talk) of the power loading behaviour of an example of this type of hub and its supplied PSU are logged at CPM-Spectre-Pi...PoweredUSBHubs, together with similar measurements of other devices.
    • Generic 7-port black hub with Genesys Logic GL850A chipset
    • Cerulian 10 Port USB 2.0 Top Loading Hub with 2 A supply (kills mouse and network port)[1]
    • USB 2.0 4 PORT INT/EXT DUAL HUB BAY -- Genesys Chipset -- idVendor=05e3, idProduct=0607 -- low speed devices worked, but there are strange USB failures when X session started. High speed devices such as hard drives had failures.

USB Remotes

  • ATI Remote Wonder (X10 Wireless Technology, Inc. X10 Receiver) — ID 0bc7:0004 — appears as a joystick-like 2 button mouse and a 0-9 keypad without drivers on console and X.
  • iPazzport mini 2.4 GHz wireless keyboard and touchpad.
  • PKB 1800 Wireless Smart Pad ad Mini Keyboard. The pad works as a mouse, but not multi touch features. The keyboard works.

USB Keyboards

USB keyboards that present themselves as a standard HID (Human Interface Device) device should work. Please be aware that some of these keyboards were probably used with a powered hub

Working USB Keyboards

The following is a list of specific keyboards known to work and which appear to work fault-free.

  • A4 Tech
    • Model KL-5 USB Keyboard, 20 mA.
  • ABS
    • M1 Heavy Duty Professional Gaming Mechanical Keyboard (B)
  • Action Star
    • ACK-5010U Mini Keyboard And Mouse
  • Accuratus
    • KYB-Toughball-HI
  • Acer
    • KG-0917 Wireless Keyboard And Mouse Bundle (B)
    • KU-0906 Compact Keyboard (B) (Also known as Genius LuxeMate i200 Keyboard)
    • SK-9625 Multimedia Keyboard (B) (multimedia functions not tested)
  • Adesso
    • PS/2 to USB Adapter ADP-PU21, 100 mA (tested only with keyboards) Any PS/2 keyboard will work only if it will work with a reduced operating voltage.
    • Model AKB-410UB. Keyboard with Touchpad.
  • Asda
    • Basic Wired Keyboard HK2026 (B)
    • Basic Wired Keyboard HK3014
      • (Please note when I put this keyboard through Newlink USB hub, it didn't work as expected)
    • Premium Wireless Keyboard (white keys, silver back) HK8028
    • Wireless Multimedia Deskset (keyboard, mouse and USB dongle) Model: HKM8016B (Note: Shown on Asda Website as HK8016B) (B)
  • Asus
    • KS-631U (comes with Asus Vento KM-63 keyboard/mouse set, not using powered hub) (B)
  • BTC - Behavior Tech Computer Corp.
    • Wired Portable Keyboard Model 6100 US (86+9 keys)
      • Works with or without a powered hub
    • Wireless Multimedia Keyboard with build in pointer/mouse Model 9029URF III (86+17 keys) (B)
    • Wired Multimedia keyboard 6311U/6310U - rated at 5 V/100 mA, works directly
  • Bush
    • Wired Slimline Keyboard KU-0833
      • This does not require a USB hub in order to work with the Raspberry Pi
      • In the UK, it is available from Argos for £9.99
  • Cerulian
    • Mini wireless keyboard and mouse deskset (B)
  • Cherry
    • CyMotion Master Linux (B)
    • RS 6000 USB ON
    • G84-4100PTMUS (B) (Compact keyboard. Rated 100 mA. Works directly in Raspberry Pi)
  • Compaq
    • Compaq Internet Keyboard KU-9978 (049f:000e). Rated 5 V 100 mA. Works directly connected to Raspberry Pi
  • Das Keyboard
    • Model S Professional Keyboard (Built in USB hub not tested) (B)
    • Model S Ultimate Keyboard (Built in USB hub working) (B)
  • Dell
    • SK-8115 (B) (Rated 100 mA. Works directly in Raspberry Pi)
    • L100 (B)
    • RT7D50 (75 mA) (run "sudo dpkg-reconfigure keyboard-configuration")
    • KB1421 (100 mA)
    • KB2521 (100 mA)
    • KB212-B (Works directly in Raspberry Pi, without powered hub)
    • 1HF2Y (Works directly in Raspberry Pi)
    • Bluetooth Wireless Keyboard and Mouse Bundle (B), Bluetooth USB dongle C-UV35 (Rated 500 mA, but it works great), Keyboard Y-RAQ-DEL2, Mouse M-RBB-DEL4
  • Delux
    • K8050
  • Dynex
    • DX_-WKBD (60 mA) (B)
    • DX_-WKBDSL (Hot keys not yet tested with Debian) (tested through non-powered 3 dongle USB hub) (B)
  • EAPPLY
    • EBO-013 Wireless 2.4 GHz compact keyboard with touchpad. Rated <40 mA works directly from Raspberry Pi. eBay ref 260962010276 from Shenzen, China.
  • Emprex
    • Wireless Media Control Keyboard With Trackball 9039ARF III (Media functions untested)
  • Fujitsu Siemens
    • KB SC USB UK (!)
    • KB910 USB, with led light on the highest level (B)
    • KB400 USB US
  • GE
    • 98139 Rev.K1 (Power Keyboard) (lsusb shows it as "0b38:0010 Gear Head 107-Key Keyboard") - works without a hub (i.e. directly connected) (B)
  • Gear Head
    • KB3700TP (USB Mini Smart Touch Touchpad Keyboard) (B)
    • KB3800TP (Wireless Touch Mini Touchpad Keyboard with Smart Touch) (B)
      • Works when plugged directly into Raspberry Pi, did not work with powered hub (could be a hub issue)
    • KB3800TPW (Windows Smart Touch Wireless Keyboard with Touchpad) (B)RASPBMC supported
    • KB4950TPW (Wireless Touch II Touchpad Keyboard) (B)
    • KB1500U (USB Mini Keyboard) (B)
    • KB5150 (2.4 GHz wireless keyboard/mouse Combo) (B)
      • Works well with a powered hub
  • Genius
    • Ergomedia 700 (GK-04008/C) used without Hub
    • KB-06XE (K639) (B)
    • Slimstar 8000 wireless keyboard
  • Gigabyte
    • GK-KM7580 2.4 GHz Wireless Multimedia Keyboard & Mouse
  • HP
    • KG-1061
    • KG-0851 Wireless Keyboard and Mouse
    • KU-0316 (B)
    • LV290AA#ABA Wireless Keyboard and Mouse
    • PR1101U (available from Sainsbury's in the UK, £8, July 2012)
    • SK-2880
  • Hyundai
    • HY-K201
  • iConcepts
    • 2.4 GHz Wireless Keyboard and Optical Mouse Model 62550
      • (saves a USB port since keyboard and mouse share one transceiver, $14.99 at Fry's Electronics)
  • Imation
    • KBD-702 Multi-media Wired Keyboard
      • (works after the firmware update via rpi-update as of 06/27/2012)
  • IOGEAR
    • IOGEAR GKM561R Wireless HTPC Multimedia Keyboard with Trackball
    • IOGEAR GKM681R 2.4 GHz Wireless Compact Keyboard with Optical Trackball and Scroll Wheel
  • iPazzPort
  • i.t.works
    • KC04 (direct and by USB hub)
    • KC Silicone (only tested directly)
  • Jenkins
    • Jenkins Wireless Desktop Set Blue (B)
  • KeySonic
    • ACK-540RF (Wireless USB keyboard with built-in trackpad); works fine on Debian Squeeze plugged directly into Raspberry Pi. Also works with Raspbmc with powered hub.
    • ACK-540RF+ (UK) Wi-Fi keyboard incl. touchpad with USB Wi-Fi dongle works fb with on model B/Raspbian/Wheezy via powered hub
    • ACK-3700C
    • ACK-340U+(DE)
    • ACK-3400U (UK) mini keyboard
    • ACK-612RF (GER) Wireless Mini-Keyboard; works fine with its wireless adpater plugged directly into Raspberry Pi
  • Laptopmate
    • AK-98UNTN7-UBRII Laptopmate RII Touch N7 Mini Wireless Keyboard with touchpad
  • LC-Power
    • K1000BMW (lsusb: ID 1241:f767 Belkin; dmesg: HOLTEK Wireless 2.4 GHz Trackball Keyboard) tested with Debian 6.0.4
  • Lenovo
    • SK-8825 UK (B)
    • Lenovo Enhanced Multimedia Remote with backlit keyboard N5902 (US)
    • Lenovo Mini Wireless Keyboard N5901 (US)
  • Lindy
    • 21840 (Wireless RF 2.4 GHz Micro Keyboard with built-in optical touchpad/trackpad, USB); works fine on model B/Raspbian/Wheezy - the supplied Lindy USB nano dongle transceiver plugged directly into Raspberry Pi USB port.
  • Logik
    • Ultra slim keyboard LKBWSL11 (B) >> This is also listed under Problem USB Keyboards?
  • Logitech
    • Comfort Wave 450, labeled 100 mA (M/N Y-U0001, P/N 820-001725, PID SC951C40001)
    • diNovo Mini wireless keyboard with media controls and clickpad 920-000586 (B)
    • diNovo Edge Keyboard, Windows edition, built-in TouchDisc track-pad, Bluetooth with USB mini-receiver 967685-0403 (B)
    • Wii wireless keyboard KG-0802 (!)
    • C-BG17-Dual Wireless keyboard and mouse with wired USB receiver (B)
    • Deluxe 250 Keyboard
    • Internet 350 (M/N 967740-0403)
    • Internet Navigator Keyboard
    • MK120 wired keyboard and mouse
    • MK220 wireless keyboard and mouse
    • MK250 wireless keyboard and mouse (no hub needed)
    • MK260 wireless keyboard and mouse (no hub needed)
    • MK300 wireless keyboard and mouse
    • MK320 wireless keyboard and mouse [20]
    • MK350 wireless keyboard (using Unifying receiver)
    • MK520 wireless keyboard and mouse
    • MK550 wireless keyboard and mouse (B)
    • MX3200 wireless keyboard and mouse (B)
    • MX5000 Bluetooth keyboard and mouse (B) The Logitech Bluetooth dongle also does proprietary wireless so it works without Bluetooth drivers.
    • EX100 Cordless Desktop, Wireless Keyboard and Mouse (B)
    • EX110 Cordless Desktop, wireless keyboard and mouse (B)
    • C-SF17 Cordless Desktop Express, Wireless Keyboard and Mouse (B) PS/2 Interface. Tested using PS/2 to USB Banbridge CPA4002 Adapter
    • K120 Keyboard (B)
    • K200 Keyboard (B)
    • K230 Wireless Keyboard (Unifying receiver, no powered hub) (B)
    • K340 Wireless Keyboard (Unifying receiver, no powered hub) (B)
    • K350 Wireless Keyboard (B)
    • K400 wireless keyboard with touchpad - also listed under "problematic". Works for weeks with openelec and Raspbian without any problems. Worked out of the box - the on/off switch needs to be "on" for it to function correctly. Highly recommended if you are "working from the sofa".
    • K520 Keyboard (B)
    • K700 Wireless Keyboard with Touchpad and unifying receiver
    • K750 Wireless Solar Keyboard (B) (Mac version works too. (B) )
    • LX 710 - works fine with receiver plugged directly into the Raspberry Pi (accompanying mouse works fine too).
    • S510 wireless keyboard and mouse (B)
    • Ultra-Flat Keyboard (M/N Y-BP62A P/N 820-000245 PID SY126UK)labelled 100 mA. OK direct into Model B Raspberry Pi.
    • G19 Gaming Keyboard, works fine with no external power. Illumination with external power. Powered hum in back of keyboard works too.
    • G15 Gaming keyboard, as long as you press the backlight button twice to turn off the backlight (it says below it dosen't work with backlight on.
    • V470 Bluetooth Laser Mouse

Keyboards and mice also together with Unifying receiver

  • Microsoft
    • Microsoft Comfort Curve Keyboard 2000
    • Microsoft Comfort Curve Keyboard 3000 for Business
    • Microsoft Digital Media Pro Keyboard Model: 1031 (Debian 13-Apr-2012)
    • Microsoft Natural Ergonomic Keyboard 4000 (B) (Debian "Wheezy" beta 18-June-2012)
    • Microsoft Wired Keyboard 600 Model 1366 (Debian 28-May-2012 on Production Model B)
    • Microsoft Wireless Desktop 700 Keyboard v2.0 (Raspbian Pisces image 08-June-2012 on Production Model B)
    • Microsoft Wireless Photo Keyboard (Model 1027) Unifying receiver, no hub
    • Microsoft Wireless Natural Multimedia Keyboard (Raspbian Pisces 08-July-2012) (B)
    • Microsoft Windows 2000 Keyboard (KB-USBK110610)
    • Microsoft Wired Keyboard 600. The keyboard is rated at 5 V/100 mA (Wheezy 5-Sept-2012)
  • Mikomi
    • Wireless Deskset KM80545 Keyboard and mouse (it works, but the range is terrible less than a metre) (B)
  • Monoprice
  • Motorola
    • Bluetooth wireless ultra slim keyboard and mouse combo (sold as for the "Atrix" phone) work in combination with the Technika Bluetooth adaptor listed below
  • ONN
    • ONN Keyboard Stock No: ONA11HO089 (from Walmart). Seems to work fine, even without a hub.
    • ONN Keyboard Stock No: ONA11HO087 (from Walmart). Combination keyboard and mouse package with nano receiver. Be sure to configure keyboard layout.
  • Ortek
    • Ortek Technology, Inc. WKB-2000S Wireless Keyboard with Touchpad works fine on Raspbian Wheezy and Raspbmc. Wireless USB receiver (device ID 05a4:2000) is recognised automatically. Connected directly to Raspberry Pi USB port, no powered hub used.
  • Perixx
    • Periboard 716 Wireless Ultra-Slim Keyboard with Touchpad (Debian 07-Jun-2012 on Production Model B)
    • PERIBOARD-502 wired keyboard inc built in touchpad (model B/Raspbian Wheezy)
    • Periduo-707 Plus (Wireless Keyboard and Mouse) works fine most of the time. Does suffer from dropouts and glitches though. Usual "drawing too much power from USB" problems show up as well - dropped key presses or constant autorepeats. These can be cured by pulling out and reinserting the dongle in the USB socket. The keyboard sometimes hangs after power on when used with my laptop - it seems to need 30 seconds of non-use before it works fine. Again, remove and insert the dongle cures it. Works fine vi my Benq monitor's USB Hub.
  • Philips
    • Wired Multimedia Keyboard SPK3700BC/97 (Debian 19-Apr-2012 on Production Model B)
  • Rapoo
    • Rapoo E9080 Wireless Ultra-Slim Keyboard with Touchpad
    • Rapoo Wireless Multi-media Touchpad Keyboard E2700 [21]
    • Rapoo Ultra-Slim Wireless Multimedia Keyboard and Mouse E9060 (works proper on powered USB Hub)
  • Riitek
    • RT-MWK03 mini wireless keyboard & trackpad
    • RT-MWK02+ mini Bluetooth keyboard & trackpad. Followed instructions from this page: [22] and it worked, connection persists across reboots, no problem with either builtin USB or powered USB hub.
    • RT-MWK01 mini wireless 2.4 GHz Keyboard-mouse Combo, also known as Digicom WKEYPE01, and Prodige Nanox
  • Rosewill
    • RK-200 Standard Keyboard
  • Saitek
    • Eclipse II Backlit Keyboard PK02AU (B)
    • Eclipse Backlit Keyboard PZ30AV (B) - works fine when connected directly to Raspberry Pi rev.1 and 2 USB port. No powered hub used.
    • Expression Keyboard (US)
    • Cyborg V.5 (B)
  • SelecLine
    • WK11P & WM11P-SP-PP. Keyboard and mouse set. (B)
  • SIIG
    • SIIG Wireless Multi-Touchpad Mini Keyboard 02-1286A v1.0 (B)
  • Silvercrest
    • MTS2219 Wireless Keyboard and mouse set. Powered hub NOT used. (B)
  • SolidTek
    • Solid Tek KB-P3100BU ASK-3100U.
  • Sony
    • Keyboard for PlayStation 2 (PS2) Linux. Works without powered hub with 5 V 1 A supply, requires manual keyboard remapping with Debian Squeeze to USA 101-key layout.
  • SteelSeries
    • Merc keyboard (B)
  • Sun Microsystems
    • Model: Type 7, SUN PN: 320-1348-02 (Danish key layout)
    • Model: Type 6, SUN PN: 320-1279-01 (Danish key layout)
  • Sweex
    • KB060UK Wired Multimedia Keyboard
  • Technika
    • WKEY03 (B)
    • TKD-211
  • Tesco
    • Value Keyboard VK109 (B)
    • Multimedia K211 Wired Keyboard (B)
  • Unbranded
    • AK-601 Wireless Mini Keyboard and Trackball (with laser pointer) - sourced from eBay Chinese seller
  • Unicomp
    • USB Endurapro - keyboard and trackpoint work perfectly from powered hub
  • Q-Connect
    • AK-808 (B)
  • Xenta
    • 2.4 GHz Wireless Multimedia Entertainment Keyboard with Touchpad (B)
    • Mini Multimedia Keyboard (Model no.: 808M) (B)

Problem USB Keyboards

Note that generally PS/2 keyboards with an USB adapter will not work directly on a Raspberry Pi port, due to the fact that PS/2 keyboards are designed for normal 5 V +-5% range, while USB keyboards must be designed to work with 4.4 Volt, and generally USB devices on the Raspberry Pi may receive less than 4.75 Volt. PS/2 + USB adapter keyboards might work behind a powered hub, which does provide the full 5.0 V. Some of these keyboards work when running the latest Raspbian, but not when using the overclocked XBMC version of Raspbmc, probably due to the overclocking drawing more power away from the rest of the support system devices.

  • A4 Tech
    • Model GL-6 USB Keyboard, 20 mA. Part of wireless keyboard/mouse bundle GL-6630 (GL-6 + G7-630 + RN-10B) - suffers from USB flakeyness. Even on a powered hub. No problems on other computers I have tested it with.
  • Accuratus
    • Accuratus KYBAC100-101USBBLK causes kernel panic (rated 100 mA). Tested with 1000 mA cheap unbranded and Nokia 1200 mA power adaptors.
  • Apple
  • Argos
    • Argos Value Wired Keyboard causes kernel panic
  • Choidy
    • Identifiers from usb-devices: Vendor=1a2c ProdID=0002 Rev=01.10 Product=USB Keykoard (yes, 'Keykoard') causes kernel panic
  • Cit
    • KB-1807UB Causes kernel panic (rated <200 mA)
  • Dell
    • SK-8135 (B) (Rated 1.5 A. Takes too much power from Raspberry Pi even when not used as USB hub. Symptom = repeated keystrokes)
    • SK-8115 causes kernel panic (rated 100 mA) Debian 6-19-04-2012 (B)
    • Y-U0003-DEL5 Sticky / Non-responsive keys
  • Gear Head
    • KB2300U - Causes kernel panic (B)
  • GMYLE
    • Wired USB Slim Chocolate Multimedia Media Typing Keyboard With 3 USB Port hub (B) - Kernel Panic on startup if plugged in. If plugged in at login prompt then freeze. [23]
  • Inland
    • Inland USB Keyboard Model #70010
  • Jeway
    • JK-8170 "The Hunter" - causes kernel oops (Debian6-19-04-2012) (B)
  • Labtec
    • ultra-flat wireless desktop USB - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys. Tested both debian6-19-04-2012 and archlinuxarm-13-06-2012 (B)
  • Logik
    • Wired Multimedia Keyboard Model: LKBWMM11 - causes kernel panic (on Debian 190412 distro) (B)
    • Wired Ultra Slim Keyboard Model: LKBWSL11 - causes USB power issues. Not reliable. Causes other USB devices to fail (B) >> This is also listed under Working USB Keyboards??
  • Logitech
    • Logitech Illuminated Keyboard (unstable; not working with led light on; tested both US and NO layouts with both Apple iPad 2 and Asus TF-101 USB chargers)
    • G110 Gaming Keyboard - only works with illumination off, otherwise unresponsive. Once failed it needs reconnecting before another attempt. (B)
    • G15 Gaming Keyboard - LCD and key backlights flicker, 95% unresponsive to typing. I don't know of a way to turn the illumination off. (B)
    • K360 Wireless Keyboard - Occasional sticky keys. (B)
    • K400 wireless keyboard with touchpad (completely non-functional on debian6-19-04-2012)
    • G510 Gaming Keyboard - lagging or unresponsive keys.
    • MX5500 wireless keyboard and mouse with USB Bluetooth reciever - Unstable, looses connection without prior notice
    • EX100 Cordless Desktop, wireless keyboard and mouse. Mouse and keyboard hangs every few minutes (with or without hub).
  • Microsoft
    • Wireless Desktop 800 - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys. (B)
    • Wireless Entertainment Keyboard - No key input recognized (possibly connectivity issue as pairing devices does not seem to work)
    • Wireless Optical Desktop 1000 - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys (B)
    • Wireless Keyboard 2000 - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys. (B)
    • Wireless Desktop 3000 - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys.
    • Arc wireless - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys. (B)
    • Sidewinder X4 - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys. (B)
    • Sidewinder X6 - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys. (B)
    • Wireless Comfort Keyboard 5000 - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys. (B)
    • Razer Reclusa - Keyboard has 'sticky' keys. (B rev 2.0)
  • Novatech
    • NOV-KEY2 - Causes kernel panic (B)[2]
  • PC World Essentials
    • PKBW11 Wired Keyboard - no power to keyboard, no error messages on both Arch 29-04-2012 and Debian6-19-04-2012, the same Raspberry Pi works with Asda keyboard. Me too, but it caused a kernel panic -- tested on powered hub and direct.
  • Razer
    • Razer Tarantula gaming keyboard - sticky keys, could be power issue as is programmable with host powered USB hub and audio jacks.
    • Razer BlackWidow - Sticky keys, could be a power related issue due to illuminated logo (Blue LED).
    • Razer Arctosa - Sticky keys, most probably power related issue since it states it's rated at 5 V 500 mA. (B)
  • SIIG
    • Wireless Ultra Slim Multimedia Mini Keyboard JK-WR0612-S1 - Unresponsive and sticky keys.
  • Texet
    • MB-768B standard keyboard (Rated 5 V 1.5 A (!), so probably too much power drain. Kernel panic, Debian6-19-04-2012)
  • Trust
    • TRUST GXT 18 Gaming Keyboard - No power to keyboard, could be a driver issue - no error messages.
  • Unbranded
    • Compuparts
    • model no. HK-6106 (B) [3]
    • LK-890 (Multimedia keyboard & Optical Mouse) - kernel panic on Debian Squeeze, ArchLinux and Qtonpi.
  • Verbatim
  • Wilkinsons / TEXET
    • Model MB-768B causes kernel panic on debian6-19-04-2012.
  • Xenta
    • HK-6106 - causes kernel panic (on Debian 190412 distro)(B)
    • Multimedia Wireless Keyboard and Mouse Set (Keyboard Model: HK3518B + Mouse Model HM3301) (B) - occasional sticky keys, and occasional complete lock-up

USB Mouse devices

USB mouse devices that present themselves as a standard HID (Human Interface Device) device should work, however some hardware requires special drivers or additional software, usually only compatible with Windows operating systems.

Working USB Mouse Devices

The following is a list of specific mouse devices known to work and which appear to be fault-free.

  • A4Tech
    • OP-530NU Padless Wired Mouse
  • Asda
    • HM5058 (Smart Price) Wired Mouse
    • Wireless Multimedia Deskset (keyboard, mouse and USB dongle) Model: HKM8016B (Note: Shown on Asda Website as HK8016B) (B)
  • ASUS
    • MS-511U (comes with Asus Vento KM-63 keyboard/mouse combo) (B)
    • MG-0919 (wireless)
  • Belkin
    • F8E882-OPT (B)
  • Dell
    • M-UVDEL1 (B)
    • MOC5UO (100 mA)
    • M056U0A (B)
    • DZL-MS111-L (B) (100 mA)
    • MS-111P (100 mA)
    • Bluetooth Wireless Keyboard and Mouse Bundle (B), Bluetooth USB dongle C-UV35 (Rated 500 mA, but it works great), Keyboard Y-RAQ-DEL2, Mouse M-RBB-DEL4
  • Dynex
    • DX-WMSE (100 mA) (B)
  • Fellowes
    • 99928 USB Micro Track Ball (works without a hub, directly plugged in) (B)
  • Filand
    • OP-102i Mini Optical Mouse
  • Genius
    • GM-04003A (B)
    • Slimstar 8000 wireless mouse (Can be intermitent. Mouse pointer sometimes is irratic.)
    • Traveler 515 Laser
  • HP
    • MN-UAE96 (The basic stock HP wired mouse)(B)
  • iConcepts
    • 2.4 GHz Wireless Keyboard and Optical Mouse Model 62550
      • (saves a USB port since keyboard and mouse share one transceiver, $14.99 at Fry's Electronics)
  • Jenkins
    • Jenkins Wireless Desktop Set Blue (B)
  • Kensington
    • Kensington Expert Mouse Trackball K64325
    • Kensington Expert Mouse "Slimblade" K72327US
  • Labtec
    • Corded Laser Glow Mouse 1600, rated 5 V 100 mA (P/N 810-000819, M/N M-UAZ149, PID GT83401)
  • Lenovo
    • Wired Optical Mouse Model: MO28UOL
  • Logik
    • Wired Optical Glow Mouse Model: LGGMO10. (B)
  • Logitech
    • B105 Mouse for Laptops (OEM)
    • Cordless Pilot Optical Mouse M/N M-RR95 with Cordless Mouse Receiver M/N C-BA4-MSE
    • G5 Logitech Gaming Mouse (B)
    • G5v2 Logitech Gaming Mouse (B)
    • G500 Logitech Gaming Mouse (B)
    • G700 Logitech Wireless Gaming Mouse (B)
    • LX-700 Cordless Desktop Receiver (B)
    • LX 710 Wireless Mouse - works fine with receiver plugged directly into Raspberry Pi (accompanying keyboard works fine too).
    • M90 optical mouse
    • M185 Wireless Mouse (B)
    • M210 (part of the MK260 set) (B)
    • M305 Wireless Mouse
    • M310 Cordless Mouse
    • M325 Wireless Mouse
    • M505 USB wireless laser, model no: 910-001324 (B)
    • M510 Wireless Mouse (B)
    • M705 Marathon Mouse (Unifying receiver, no powered hub) (B)
    • M-BD58 Wheel Mouse (B)
    • M-BJ58/M-BJ69 Optical Wheel Mouse (B)
    • M-BJ79 (B)
    • M-BT96a Optical Mouse
    • MX320/MX400 laser mouse (B)
    • MX518 Optical wheel mouse (B)
    • Optical USB Mouse (M/N 931643-0403)
    • Performance Mouse MX (B)
    • MX Revolution (B) (Debian "Wheezy" beta 18-June-2012)
    • VX Nano Cordless Laser Mouse for Notebooks
    • Wheel Mouse (M/N BJ58)
  • Medion
    • Mini mouse Model M101-CBJ P/N 40016632 S/N 7BFSA00003445 rated 5 V 100 mA. Works fb on model B with Raspbian Wheezy
  • Microsoft
    • Comfort Curve Mouse 3000 for Business
    • Comfort Mouse 6000 (works when directly connected to Raspberry Pi (B). Does not work when connected through USB Hub (mouse pointer intermittent).
    • Compact optical mouse 500 V2.0 (B)
    • Wheel Optical Mouse (wheel and additional buttons not tested) (B)
    • Microsoft Intellimouse Optical Mouse
    • Microsoft Wireless Laser Mouse 8000
    • Microsoft Wireless Mobile Mouse 1000
    • Microsoft Wireless Mobile Mouse 3500
    • Microsoft Wireless Mobile Mouse 4000
    • Microsoft Wireless Mouse 700 v2.0
    • Microsoft Comfort Mouse 4500
    • Wireless IntelliMouse Explorer 2.0 (unifying receiver, no hub)
  • Razer
    • Boomslang Collectors Edition 2007 (B)
  • Rosewill
    • Rosewill RM-C2U
  • Saitek
    • Notebook Optical Mouse (PM46)
  • Samsung
    • Samsung model:AA-SM3PCPB USB Optical Mouse (draws 50 mA)
  • Sun microsystems
    • Model: FID-638 , SunPN: 371-0788-01
  • Swiftpoint
    • [24] Swiftpoint Mini Wireless Optical Mouse. Does not require any special drivers. Haven't confirmed if charging the mouse requires a powered USB hub or not.
  • Targus
    • AMU2701EUK (B)
  • Technika
    • TKOPTM2 (B)
    • TKD-211
    • TKNM110
  • Tesco
    • Wired optical mouse M211 (B)
  • Verbatiam
    • Mini Nano Optical Mouse 97470 (wireless on non-powered three USB dongle hub) (B)
  • Generic
    • Generic 2.4 GHz Wireless Mouse (ID 040b:2013 Weltrend Semiconductor) (B)

Problem USB Mouse Devices

The following is a list of specific mouse devices that have problems working with the Raspberry Pi

  • A4Tech
    • Model G7-630 Wireless Mouse, 20 mA. Part of wireless keyboard/mouse bundle GL-6630 (GL-6 + G7-630 + RN-10B) - suffers from USB flakeyness. Even on a powered hub. No problems on other computers I have tested it with.
  • HP
    • HP Retractable Mobile Mouse (Optical) HP Product Number XP472AA - errors / boot loop RASPBMC (B)removed mouse, started with no further errors.
  • Logik
    • Logik IMF Blue Trace Wired USB mouse (Model LMWBLU11) - disconnects from the USB port every 20 seconds when using the Raspian distro. Always reconnects to the USB port successfully (B)
  • Logitech
    • Logitech G400 Gaming Mouse - 100% CPU load and laggy mouse cursor when the mouse is moved. MX518 works fine on the same setup, so I suspect it's a polling rate issue. this says the mouse is 1000 Hz out of the box, whereas the 518 is only 125 Hz. Solution found: add usbhid.mousepoll=8 to the kernel commandline.
  • Microsoft
    • Microsoft Touch Mouse - Does not see right clicks, Only left.
  • Razer
    • Naga Wired USB mouse - the mouse seems to present itself as a keyboard because the numpad on the left-hand side of the device works, but the cursor doesn't move.
  • Roccat
    • Kone[+] Wired USB mouse - Nothing happens when moving the mouse, haven't looked further into the issue (B)
  • Trust
    • Optical USB Mouse MI-2250 - Nothing happens when moving the mouse (B)
  • Xenta
    • Multimedia Wireless Keyboard and Mouse Set (Mouse Model: HM-3301) (B) - frequent lost connection giving stuttering mouse cursor indicating USB current not enough for dongle

USB Real Time Clocks

  • Cymbet
    • Cymbet CBC-EVAL-06 USB Real Time Clock (FT2232 to SPI to RV-2123)

Device information at http://www.cymbet.com/pdfs/DS-72-22.pdf Code to access the RTC from Linux: https://github.com/owendelong/Cymbet-RTC Does not require a powered hub.

USB Wi-Fi Adapters

See also: http://www.element14.com/community/docs/DOC-44703/l/raspberry-pi-wifi-adapter-testing

There is a howto on installing the TL-WN722N adapter here, which also acts as a guide for installing others too.

Working USB Wi-Fi Adapters

These adapters are known to work on the Raspberry Pi. This list is not exhaustive, other adapters may well work, but it has not yet been tried.

Note: A Wi-Fi adapter will probably need more power than the Raspberry Pi USB port can provide, especially if there is a large distance from the Wi-Fi adapter to the Wi-Fi Access Point. Therefore, you may need to plug the Wi-Fi adapter into a powered USB hub.

  • 3COM
    • 3CRUSB10075: ZyDAS zd1211rw chipset (!)
  • 7DayShop
    • W-3S01BLK, W-3S01BLKTWIN: Unbranded product available from 7DayShop, in a single or twin pack. [25], [26]. Tested on Debian Wheezy, with the dongle attached directly to the Raspberry Pi along with the wireless keyboard receiver. Shows up as a Ralink RT5370 device, and no drivers or additional software downloads required. Created wpa.conf, edited 'interfaces' file and restarted the networking. The manufacturer portion of the MAC address (7cdd90) is assigned to "Shenzhen Ogemray Technology Co., Ltd."
    • It works without additional software connected directly to a Rev 2 Raspberry Pi, but it stops working after a period of time (3 to 4 hours) with a fully updated Wheezy and all the 'USB workarounds' [27] in place.
  • Alfa
    • AWUS036NEH: Tested on Debian Squeeze (with Ralink firmware package)
    • AWUS036NH: Tested on Arch Linux ARM using the rt2800usb module.
    • AWUS036NH: Tested on Debian Wheezy (with Ralink firmware package). Tested on Raspbian too (drivers from aircrack-ng).
    • AWUS036H (500 mW version): Tested on Raspbian (drivers from aircrack-ng).
    • AWUS036H (1 W version): Tested on Raspbian (drivers from aircrack-ng). Needs USB powered HUB or Rev2 of the board / polyfuse bypass.
    • AWUS036NHA: Tested on Raspbian (drivers from aircrack-ng). Works fine if connected after boot, otherwise Raspberry Pi won't boot up.
  • AirLink101
    • AWLL5088: Tested on Debian Wheezy. This adapter is based on the OEM Edimax EW-7811Un. For automatic installation, See MrEngmanns script listed below under the Edimax device.
  • Asus
    • USB-N10 USB ID 0b05:1786, r8712u staging driver, included on Fedora Remix & Arch, must download for Debian and install firmware - Realtek from non-free Squeeze repository (B) (not needed with latest Raspbian “Wheezy” 2012-07-15: this Asus works N10 out of the box) Does not support nl80211 APIS, so hostapd won't work.
    • USB-N13 USB ID 0b05:17ab, works with Adafruit Occidentalis v0.1 image as it includes kernel with 8192u driver built-in (B)
    • WL-167G v1 USB ID 0b05:1706, Ralink RT2571 working out-of-the-box on Debian image from 2012-04-19. Requires powered hub, otherwise it is detected by OS, but it will not function.
    • WL-167G v3 USB ID 0b05:1791, working out-of-the-box on Linux raspberrypi 3.2.27+ #160 PREEMPT Mon Sep 17. Does not require powered hub.
  • AusPi Technologies
    • AusPi Wireless Adapter [Realtek RTL8188S]. Works without a powered HUB. Tested on OpenELEC (works OOB), RaspBMC (works OOB), XBian (works OOB) and 2012-08-08 Raspbian Wheezy (works OOB). Distributed in Australia by Buy Raspberry Pi Australia.
  • Belkin
    • Belkin Components F5D7050 Wireless G Adapter v3000 [Ralink RT2571W]. On Debian requires the firmware-ralink package from the non-free repository. The usbcore module needs to be added to /etc/modules install instructions.
    • Belkin Components F5D8053 ver.6001 Wireless N Adapter [Realtek RTL8188SU]. Tested on OpenELEC (works OOB), RaspBMC (works OOB), Raspian - 2012-07-15-Wheezy-raspbian (followed instructions here) Powered hub required!
    • Belkin Components F5D8053 ver.6001 Wireless N Adapter [Realtek RTL8188SU]. Works on RaspBMC OOB (with NetworkManager plugin). Works WITHOUT powered hub on 5 V 800 mA power with 6 overvolt (nothing else connected to USB)
    • Belkin Components F7D1101 v1 Basic Wireless Adapter [Realtek RTL8188SU] USB ID 050d:945a, r8712u staging driver, included on Fedora Remix & Arch, must download for Debian and install firmware - Realtek from non-free Squeeze repository (B)
    • Belkin Components F6D4050 V1 [Realtek RT3070] USB ID: 050d:935a Driver: RT3572STA(recommended),RT2800USB,RT2870STA. Tested under Arch using this guide.
    • Belkin Components F6D4050 V1/V2 [Realtek RT3070] USB ID: 050d:935a / 935b Driver: RT3572STA. Tested with Raspbian - See installation instructions - Powered hub not required!
    • Belkin Components F7D2102 "N300" Micro Wireless USB adapter. Tested with Occidentalis 0.1. Tested and working on Rasbian Wheezy (and RaspBMC), driver RTL8192CU, no powered hub needed (dongle directly attached to the onboard ports)
    • Belkin Components F9L1001v1 "N150" Wireless USB Adapter. Tested and working on Rasbian Wheezy WITHOUT powered hub.
    • Belkin Surf Micro WLAN USB-Adapter (Raspbian Wheezy, unpowered hub, "N150")
  • BlueProton
    • BT3 USB ID: 0bda:8187; tested on Debian, Fedora & Arch; rtl8187 driver (B)
  • Buffalo
    • USB ID: 0411:01A2 WLI-UC-GNM - Tested on Raspbmc; rt2800usb driver
  • Conceptronic
    • C300RU. Works out of the box in Raspbian. Causes reboot when plugging on a live Rev. 2 Raspberry Pi
  • DELL
    • Wireless 1450 [Intersil ISL3887]. Works out of the box, but it requires a powered hub (the Raspberry Pi boots with this dongle plugged in, recognizes and configures it, works for some time, but then it crashes randomly under heavy traffic. A powered hub seems to fix the issue).
  • DIGICOM
    • USBWAVE54 [chipset Zydas ZD1211] . [[28]] Works out of the box in OpenELEC. With Raspbian or Debian squeezy/Wheezy works with zd1211-firmware .
    • USBWAVE300C [chipset Ralink 2870] . [[29]] Works out of the box in OpenELEC. With Raspbian or Debian squeezy/Wheezy works with firmware-ralink .
  • D-Link
    • AirPlus G DWL-G122 (rev. E). USB ID 07d1:3c0f, Ralink RT2870. On Debian requires the firmware-ralink package from the Squeeze-firmware non-free repository. (However I experience total crashes on Raspbian 2012-07-15 after a few minutes of load on the WLAN. Will have to investigate via serial console.)
    • AirPlus G DWL-G122 (rev. C). USB ID 07d1:3c03, Ralink RT2571. Working out-of-the-box on Arch image from 2012-04-29.
    • AirPlus G DWL-G122 (rev. B1). USB ID 2001:3c00, Ralink RT2571. Working out-of-the-box on Arch image from 2012-06-13.
    • DWA-110 (Version A1). Requires the ralink package from the non-free repository on Debian.
    • DWA-121 (Version A1). Wireless N 150 Pico. Works out-of-the-box with Raspian Wheezy (2012-09-18) and Raspbmc (2012-11-06) using Network-Manager addon (see Program - Addons)
    • DWA-123 (Version A1). USB ID 2001:3c17, Ralink RT2800. Working out-of-the-box on Arch image from 2012-04-29. (working without UBS Hub - not yet sure if it achieves full speed though.)
    • DWA-131 USB ID 07d1:3303,Realtek RTL8192SU, 802.11n Wireless N Nano. Works out of the box on Raspbian “Wheezy”. Verified with direct USB: no powered USB hub needed. Also verified when Nano used in powered USB hub. Someone had trouble configuring SSID/Passphrase in etc/network/interfaces file. But no problem & very easy to configure using wicd: wicd is a gui interface on LXDE for network configuration. Install it using command-line: apt-get install wicd. Once configured ith wicd to auto-run on boot, no need to turn back to LXDE. Recommended.
    • DWA-140 (Version B1). USB ID 07d1:3c09, Ralink RT2870. On Debian requires the firmware-ralink package from the Squeeze-firmware non-free repository.
    • DWA-140 (Version B2). USB ID 07d1:3c0a, Ralink RT3072. Workaround for faulty firmware binary: Place file rt2870.bin from linux-firmware_1.53.tar.gz in /lib/firmware. Explanation.
    • DWA-160 (Version B1). USB ID 07d1:3c11, Ralink RT2870. On Debian requires the firmware-ralink package from the Squeeze-firmware non-free repository.
    • DWA-160 (Version A2). USB ID 07d1:3a09, Atheros AR9170. (NOTE: I can only get it to work through powered USB hub) requires carl9170-fw firmware [30]
    • WUA-1340 (Version A1). Works with Raspbian Wheezy after installing the firmware-ralink package from the non-free repository on Debian.
  • Edimax
    • EW-7811Un USB ID 7392:7811, RTL8192CU, driver blob download via Element14, works with WPA2-AES-CCMP (howto) (B) - Alternative driver download link that works with Raspian. Note: With current Raspbian (2012-09-18-Wheezy) it is recognized immediately, the default module works fine; the configuration is easy using wireless-essid and wireless-key in /etc/network/interfaces.
    • The EW-7811Un can be powered directly from the Raspberry Pi if the Raspberry Pi is powered using a well regulated power supply.
    • A script-based installation for the EW-7811Un by MrEngman can be found on the Raspberry Pi forums. Tested with Debian Squeeze and Raspbian. An installation guide can be found here.
    • Instructions for getting the EW-7811Un working in Raspbmc (tested RC3) can be found here.
    • Simple step-by-step instructions for EW-7811Un which uses the RTL8192 chipset RPi_edimax_EW-7811Un(B)
    • EW-7318USg USB ID 148f:2573, rt73usb. RT2573 chipset. Works with powered usb-hub or shorted polyfuses.
    • EW-7711UAn, Ralink RT2870, works perfectly on Arch with a powered hub (not tested without yet). Simply required wireless_tools and wpa_supplicant, the drivers/firmware are included in kernel 3.0. I followed the Arch Wireless Setup instructions.
    • edup nano EP-N8508 Use method shown here for Debian. Requires powered USB hub for adequate power. When directly powered by Raspberry Pi, it fails after a few minutes. (B) Unusable with analog audio because when data is being send or recieved the audio get disorted. Use script from here for Wheezy.
  • Eminent
    • EM4575 - rt2800usb driver.
  • EnGenius
    • EUB9603 EXT - Realtek r8712u driver
  • Gigabyte
    • Gigabyte GN-WB32L 802.11n USB WLAN Card. Works with the rt2800usb driver.
  • GMYLE
    • Wireless 11n USB Adapter. Uses RTL8188CUS chipset - cheap on eBay. Installs and works using the install-rtl8188cus-latest.sh script.
  • IOGear
    • GWU625 USB ID 0bda:8172, r8712u staging driver, included on Fedora Remix & Arch, must download for Debian Squeeze and install firmware - Realtek from non-free Squeeze repository. No need to download firmware when using Debian Wheezy (B)
  • Linksys
    • Linksys (Cisco) WUSB100 ver.2 1737:0078, tested on Raspbian; follow Brucalipto.org instructions; not stress tested, but it works without issues for light network load.
    • Linksys (Cisco) WUSB600N, test on Raspbian, details here
    • Linksys WUSB54GC (manufactured 07/2008) No issues! needs powered hub on version 1.0 boards.
  • LogiLink
    • Wireless LAN USB 2.0 Nano Adapter 802.11n LogiLink [31] is working even USB powered.
  • Micronet
    • Micronet SP907NS, 11N Wireless LAN USB Adapter (uses Realtek RTL8188CUS) works plugged directly into Raspberry Pi USB (B) Debian installation instructions IMPORTANT: read the instructions first to avoid problems, and Auto-install script. The script has been used to install other adapters using the RTL8188CUS chip. Updated driver that handles the latest rpi-updates that kill the original driver, download for manual installation, automatically installed by the Auto-install script.
  • MSI
    • 0db0:6861 MSI-6861 802.11g Wi-Fi adapter (US54G): works with external powered USB hub, requires firmware from here, power management must be disabled: iwconfig wlan0 power off
  • Mvix
    • Mvix Nubbin (MS-811N): works out of the box on Raspbian "Wheezy" and does not need a powered USB hub.
  • Netgear
    • N150: Reported as WNA1100 device, uses the Atheros ar9271 chipset. On Debian, requires the firmware-atheros package from the Squeeze-backports non-free repository (!)
    • N150: Some versions reported as Realtek RTL8188CUS device. Read Micronet entry above and use RTL8188CUS script for installation. Works best plugged into powered USB hub.
    • WG111v1: Prism54 chipset. Needs powered hub. Follow info for Prism54 chipset on Debian wiki.
    • WG111v2: Realtek rtl8187 chipset. Seems to draw a lot of power; e.g. I can't power this and a USB thumb drive simultaneously.
    • WNA1000M works with Raspberry Pi Model B Board v. BS1233.However when downloading torrents, when torrent pick up speed system become unresponsive.
  • OvisLink
    • Evo-W300USB: USB ID 148f:2270 Ralink Technology RT2770. apt-get install firmware-ralink
  • Patriot Memory
    • PCUSBW1150 Wireless 11N USB adapter (uses Realtek RTL8188CUS) Install using Micronet script. Works only through powered USB hub.
    • PCBOWAU2-N Wireless 11N USB adapter (uses Realtek RTL8191SU chip) Installed using r8712u Kernel module
  • Ralink
    • inner 02 joggler Wi-Fi USB RT2770F USB-ID 148f:2770 (firmware-ralink required) (only got dhcp on powered hub)
    • RT2070 USB-ID 148f:2070 firmware is already loaded into Raspbian. For Debian, the firmware must be installed (instructions). Needs a powered USB hub.
    • RT3070 USB-ID 148f:3070 firmware is already loaded into Raspbian.
    • RT2501/RT2573 USB-ID 148f:2573 (firmware-ralink required) (B)
    • RT5370 USB-ID 148f:5370 (requires firmware-ralink from Wheezy) RPi_Ralink_WLAN_devices(B). An image of an adapter with this chip can be found here.
  • Rosewill
    • RNX-N180UBE Wireless B/G/N Adapter
      • Realtek RTL8191SU chipset, USB-ID 0bda:8172
      • Tested in Arch, works out of box. Powered USB hub required.
      • Tested in Raspbian, used wicd to configure network settings. Powered USB hub Required.
      • Tested in Raspbmc. Needs package firmware - Realtek and used wicd-curses to configure. Powered USB hub required
    • RNX-G1 Wireless B/G Adapter
      • Realtek RTL8187 chipset, USB-ID 0bda:8187
      • Tested in Arch, works out of box. USB hub required.
    • RNX-MiniN1 (RWLD-110001) Wireless-N 2.0 Dongle (Realtek Semiconductor Corp. RTL8188CUS 802.11n WLAN Adapter)
      • Tested in Raspbian, powered from USB hub.
  • Sagem
    • Sagem Wireless USB stick XG-760N: USB ID 079b:0062, Module is not shipped in Debian image, but it can be "sudo apt-get install zd1211-firmware"
  • Sitecom
    • Sitecom Wi-Fi USB Adapter N300: USB ID 0a5c:5800, Realtek r8712u driver + firmware Realtek. Module available in shipped Raspbian image. NOTE: although this dongle will also work without powered hub, if there is a voltage problem (either on the Raspberry or on the hub, but verified only on the hub so far) this wifi dongle will receive signal perfectly (RX), but not be capable of sending anything (TX) and the MAC address will be permanently set to FF:FF:FF:FF:FF:FF (this is indicative that there is not enough power)
  • SMC
    • SMCWUSBS-N: Hardware detected as rt2800, but it is missing firmware; "sudo apt-get install firmware-ralink" fixed it
    • SMCWUSB-G: Gives "couldn't load firmware" error. "sudo apt-get install zd1211-firmware" fixes it.
  • Sony
    • Sony UWA-BR100 802.11abgn Wireless Adapter [Atheros AR7010+AR9280] (Vendor ID: 0411, Product ID: 017f) - Tested with Raspbian. Needs package firmware-atheros.(B)
  • Tenda
    • USB 11n adapter on a G network: Ralink 2870/3070 driver (!)
    • Tenda W311MI Wireless N Pico USB Adapter (identified as Ralink RT5370 Wireless Adapter; USB-ID: 148f:5370) - Works out-of-the-box for Raspian 2012/09/18 or later. An earlier version gave me problems.
    • Tenda W311U Mini 11N Wireless USB Adapter (USB-ID 148f:3070): Ralink 2870/3070 driver; needs powered hub. Debian installation instructions
    • Tenda W311U+ Wireless USB Adapter - Tested with Raspian.
  • TP-Link
    • TL-WN422G v2 (ath9k_htc) Works OOTB in Debian Wheezy Beta. Runs without powered Hub when plugged into running Raspberry Pi, but the Raspberry Pi won't boot while the stick is plugged in.
    • TL-WN721N (ath9k_htc device with htc_9271.fw file from http://linuxwireless.org/download/htc_fw/1.3/htc_9271.fw); needs powered USB Hub (B) | works OOTB with Wheezy Raspbian (2012-08-16) connected directly to raspberry pi (B) and AP functionality tested with hostapd.
    • TL-WN722N (ath9k_htc device with htc_9271.fw file from http://linuxwireless.org/download/htc_fw/1.3/htc_9271.fw); needs powered USB Hub (B)
    • TL-WN723N (RTL8188SU); works OOTB with Raspbian 2012-09-17, (B) stable with 1 A PSU and without powered USB hub on r2.0.
    • TL-WN821N v3 (ath9k_htc, htc_7010.fw); works out of the box on ArchLinuxARM and on OpenElec (>r11211), Problems with prior OpenElec; needs powered USB Hub (B)
    • TL-WN823N Works out of box on Raspian using powered USB Hub
  • ZyXEL
    • NWD2105 USB ID: 0586:341e, RT3070 chipset, rt2800usb driver (B)
    • G-202 model 0586:3410 ZyXEL Communications Corp. ZyAIR G-202 802.11bg using zd1211rw kernel module and zd1211-firmware package

Problem USB Wi-Fi Adapters

These adapters were tested and found to have issues the Raspberry Pi. Note [32] as a possible solution/explanation for errors while running LXDE.

  • Alfa
    • AWUS036NHA (Vendor ID: 0cf3, Product ID: 9271) - Tested with Raspbian. Works fine if connected after boot. Kills boot process if previously attached. Details here.
  • EDIMAX
    • EW-7811Un (Vendor ID: 7397, Product ID: 7811) - Reports as containing the Realtek RTL8188CUS chipset listed below, no lockup or kernal oops under Wheezy, but dmesg reports constant timeouts trying to initialize the module. This appears to be resolved on 2012-09-18-Wheezy-raspbian and newer versions.
  • Linksys
    • WUSB300N (Vendor ID: 13B1, Product ID: 0029) - Tested with Raspbian, OpenELEC, among others. No Linux chipset support for Marvell 88W8362 at all.
  • LogiLink
    • WL0085 tested under Debian (Squeeze, Wheezy, Raspbian); no stable connection can be established. This gets even worse when X is running.
  • MicroNEXT
    • MN-WD152B (Debian image) modprobe hangs when plugged in, lsusb hangs. udevd errors in the logs. [33] [34]
      • Possible fix: try the new Adafruit Occidentalis v0.1 image (based on Raspbian Wheezy) as it includes the needed 8192cu driver builtin to the kernel
  • Realtek
    • RTL8188CUS USB-ID 0bda:8176, kernel oops in dmesg and freeze when pulled from USB. (B)
  • Trendnet
    • TEW-424UB USB ID: 0bda:8189; tested on Debian, Fedora & Arch; rtl8187 driver; errors with LXDE running (B)
  • TP-Link
    • TL-WN821N USB ID: 0cf3:7015; tested on Debian; requires htc_7010.fw firmware; ath9k_htc driver; errors with LXDE running (B)
    • TL-WN723N USB ID: 0bda:8176; tested on Arch without a powered hub; it seems to draw too much current.

USB Bluetooth adapters

Working Bluetooth adapters

  • Asus USBIA-EG (paired with Asus Blutooth Keyboard/Media Center Remote
    • Verified works error-free in Multiple Distros (Openelec, Raspbian, RaspBMC, Xbian) Latest builds eliminate text echo problems.
  • Cambridge Silicon Radio, Ltd Bluetooth Dongle (HCI mode) - (USB ID 0a12:0001)
    • Example of above is; TOPDIGI UA01 Bluetooth USB Dongle Plug and Play (install bluez package from std repos)
    • Tesco own brand 'Technika' Nano Bluetooth Adaptor has the Cambridge Silicon Radio chipset and works fine, cost £5.97 at time of posting.
    • Hama USB Bluetooth 3.0 adapter (Class 1) ~£10 on amazon.co.uk.
    • Another sample: Product ID: 0a12:0001, pictured here: http://www.element14.com/community/message/58288
    • RiiTek RT-MWK02+ - comes with a USB Bluetooth adapter that works perfectly for both the RiiTek mini Bluetooth keyboard/mouse and other Bluetooth devices. Tested both on builtin USB and on powered USB hub. There are other RiiTek Bluetooth (and non-Bluetooth wireless) devices on the working list. Bluetooth adapter shows up in lsusb as "0a12:0001 Cambridge Silicon Radio" - this is notable as most other sources of this chipset do not seem to be available in the US.
  • D-Link DBT-122, with ID 07d1:f101, using a Broadcom chip
  • IOGear GBU321 (Broadcom BCM2045 Chipset)
    • Works with Raspbian Wheezy directly attached to Raspberry Pi and via powered USB hub.
  • Trust BT-2400p
    • Working well with Raspbian Wheezy directly attached to Raspberry Pi. Using with sma-Bluetooth (SMA Solar Inverter reading software).

Problem Bluetooth adapters

  • Belkin
    • Belkin F8T017. Tested with Raspbian 2012-07-15 and bluez installed with apt-get. When dongle is inserted into Pluscom powered USB hub, my remote PuTTY session scrolls incredibly slowly (testing with ls -R to generate text). Suspect network issue. Lots of errors on dmesg too. Raspberry Pi itself is responsive when using directly. On removal of the device everything goes back to normal.
  • Generic
    • Bluetooth "3.0" Dongle. Doesn't work reliably - eg. after some time it will hang and the device will need to be reset using fcntl. The device id is 1131:1004 Integrated System Solution Corp. Bluetooth Device.
  • Asus USB-BT211

USB Ethernet adapters

Working Ethernet adapters

  • AVM
    • FRITZ!Box WLAN 3030 USB Ethernet Adapter: Works out of the box. No external power source needed.
  • Wintech
    • USB 2.0 LanCard Model: LAU-15 (CK0049C) using the mcs7830 driver. Probably needs more than 100 mA current. [35]
  • LogiLink
    • USB 2.0 UA0144: AX88772 chipset using the asix kernel driver. Tested only on powered USB hub so far.
    • LogiLink Fast EN USB 2.0 to RJ45 Adapter: Test on Wheezy-Raspian (2012-08-16) without USB Hub will be confirmed

lsusb output: Bus 001 Device 004: ID 9710:7830 MosChip Semiconductor MCS7830 10/100 Mbps Ethernet adapter

  • Apple
    • Apple USB Ethernet Adapter using asix kernel driver. Works out of the box on Raspbian, haven't tested on any other OS.
  • Edimax
    • Edimax EU-4230 USB2.0 Fast Ethernet Adapter with 3 port USB hub. Works out of the box. Needs its own power source.
  • D-Link
    • D-Link DUB-E100 Fast Ethernet USB 2.0 Adapter - works out of the box, requires own power supply (from powered USB hub)
  • Sitecom
    • Sitecom LN-030 V2 detected as ASIX AX88772 USB 2.0 Ethernet Adapter works out of the box. Doesn't seem to require any extra power supply.
  • A-Link
    • A-Link NA1GU Gigabit USB 2.0 Ethernet adapter

This adapter works, but it (probably) requires a bit of work. The driver for the chipset (Asix AX88178) included with the Raspbian kernel (v 3.1.9+ Aug 7 2012) does not work. With that driver the device is detected, but it does not seem to be possible to actually put any traffic through it. :-( In order to make it work you need to download the latest driver from the chipset manufacturer. The version I used was "Linux kernel 3.x/2.6.x Driver" v4.4.0, released 2012-05-18. Fortunately this is GNU GPLv2 -licenced source code and not a binary blob, so compiling it for the Raspberry Pi is perfectly doable. The hardest part was in fact getting the Linux source code required, because the repositores contained the source for the wrong kernel version. >:-( Fortunately there is a very useful guide for how to get the sources from github, and preparing that source so that you can compile modules. Unfortunately you will have to compile the kernel (even if you don't actually install it) - which will take the better part of the day on the Raspberry, but once that's done you can unpack the driver source and just run "make && sudo make install". Reboot and you should have a fully working Ethernet adapter.

The adapter seems to work without a powered USB hub, but according to the specifications it can draw up to 190 mA, so there might be stability issues if additional power is not provided.

Problem Ethernet adapters

  • Axago
    • Axago ADE-X1 10/100 Ethernet Adapter (USB: 9710:7830 driver:mcs7830). Adapter working about 10 minutes without problem, but after that kernel write error message to dmesg and no packet is received. Needed to unplug and plug USB again. Tested with and without powered USB hub.

USB Sound Cards

You will usually want the alsa package for sound. In the Debian image for Raspberry Pi (and possibly other distributions) USB sound cards are prevented from loading as the first sound card, which can be an annoyance if it's the only device you have. To disable this behaviour edit /etc/modprobe.d/alsa-base.conf and comment out the last line; options snd-usb-audio index=-2 . If you are not user pi you may need to add your username to the audio group thus: sudo adduser yourusername audio (user pi usually belongs to this group anyway).

USB 3G Dongles

  • Huawei E173
  • Huawei E220
  • Huawei E160 (AT commands only)
  • Franklin U600 from Sprint / VirginMobile
    • Use usb_modeswitch and vendor 0x1fac and product 0x0150/0x0151
  • Digicom Internet Key 7.2 HSUPA MU372-L01 [36]

Tested on Raspbian and Archlinux. Detected as 230d:0001. Works with cdc_acm driver. Install usb_modeswitch. There are 2 "com ports"( /dev/ttyACM0 and /dev/ttyACM1 ) . Tested with Network Manager.Works also perfectly with SAKYS3G [37] tools (!! led is always off !!) and wvdial. A working wvdial.conf: http://ubuntuforums.org/showpost.php?p=10361881&postcount=28 . (for example for Vodafone IT , replace Init3 with this: Init3 = AT+CGDCONT=1,"IP","web.omnitel.it" and replace line Modem = /dev/ttyUSB0 with Modem = /dev/ttyACM1 ) and run with wvdial voda .

USB IR Receivers

SMK Manufacturing, Inc. eHome Infrared Receiver (Works out of the box with OpenELEC)

USB Radio devices

  • FM Radio
    • ADS InstantFM Music - FM radio tuner works fine under Debian.

USB TV Tuners and DVB devices

  • August
    • DVB-T205, based on rtl2832u chipset, working with this driver. Tested with Saorview (Irish DTT service), both HD & SD.
  • DVBSky
    • Mystique SaTiX-S2 Sky USB: Scanning/watching SD and HD works via vdr and streamdev plugin, watching on the Raspberry Pi directly is laggy as hell. DVB-USB and I2C support must be enabled in the kernel. Needs drivers/firmware from here.
  • Sundtek
    • Sundtek MediaTV Digital Home
    • Sundtek MediaTV Pro
    • Sundtek SkyTV Ultimate
    • DVB-C, DVB-T, DVB-S/S2: digital TV works, streaming to Windows / Linux is no problem. Easy installation English
  • Hauppauge
    • Hauppauge NOVA-T Stick (Revision 70xxx) DiBcom DiB0700 chipset, requires powered hub.
    • Hauppauge NOVA-TD Stick (Revision 52xxx) DiBcom DiB0700 chipset, requires powered hub.
    • Hauppauge WinTV-HVR-1950 (tested analog tuner with omxplayer)
    • Hauppauge WinTV-HVR-950Q (tested Digital OTA with TVHeadend in Raspbian)
  • K-World
    • K-World UB499-2T Dual DVB-T USB Tuner. IT9137 chipset. With no other USB devices connected Raspberry Pi can just about power this stick. IR and supplied remote work with XBMC.
  • Technisat
  • Generic

USB Webcams

Debian image is missing v4l kernel modules, so video devices are not available. Kernel and firmware upgrade can possibly be used to fix this[38].

Working USB Webcams

  • Canyon
    • Canyon CNR-WCAM820 - 2 Mpixel camera with manual focus; works with fswebcam and v4l4j on Raspbian Wheezy armhf; problems with 1600x1200 resolution in some apps (timeouts - probably too slow USB); 1280x1024 and lower resolutions works OK
  • Creative
    • Creative VF0470 Live! (works out of the box on ArchLinux)
    • Creative VF0260 Live! Cam Vista IM (works out of the box)
    • Creative VF0640 Live! Cam Socialize (works on Raspbian at 320x240 resolution, 15fps)
    • Webcam Notebook PD1170 (detects, untested)
  • HP
    • Webcam HD-2200 (Amazon) (HP) (Walmart)
    • Webcam HP-3100 - UVCVideo /dev/video0 Needs chmod to 666 to operate. Will work without hub if only device in USB ports. Works with both Arch and Wheezy out of the box
  • Logitech
    • Webcam C100 Model Number V-U0013 (works fine without powered hub - Tested on 2012-08-16-Wheezy-raspbian image - motion detection was good - video streaming was really slow might be unusable)
    • Webcam C200
    • Webcam C270 (with external power)
    • Webcam C310 does not require a powered hub to capture snapshots
    • Webcam C510
    • Webcam C525 (works fine without powered hub)
    • HD Webcam C615 (works fine without powered hub)
    • Webcam C910 (with external power, is uncvideo)
    • Webcam C920 (with powered hub, detected out of box on Raspain as Video0 V4L device)
    • QuickCam Orbit/Sphere USB webcam (ext. power)
    • QuickCam Pro 9000 - powered by Raspberry Pi, working on Debian Wheezy
    • Webcam Pro 9000 (046d:0809), powered by Raspberry Pi (measured ~120 mA capturing at ~5 fps), works on Arch
  • Medion
    • MD86511 - powered by Raspberry Pi, working on Raspbian “Wheezy” from 2012-07-15
  • Microsoft
    • Xbox Live Vision camera (045e:0294), powered by Raspberry Pi, working on Arch
    • LifeCam Cinema 720p USB HD Webcam H5D-00001 - Powered by USB Hub. Working on Raspbian "Wheezy"
    • LifeCam HD-6000 - Powered by Raspberry Pi. Working on Raspbian "Wheezy" (2012-07-15)
    • LifeCam NX-6000 - Powered by Raspberry Pi. Working on Debian "Wheezy"
    • LifeCam VX-7000 - Powered by USB Hub. Working on Raspian "Wheezy"
    • LifeCam VX-3000 - On "Raspbian" Wheezy (though there do appear to be some issues with image quality and getting partial frames and such, with fswebcam)
    • LifeCam VX-800 - Powered by Raspberry Pi. Working out of the box on Raspbian (Amazon) Doesn't work at full 640 * 480 resolution, but it is OK at 352 * 288.
  • Sony
    • PlayStation Eye (for PlayStation 3) (the occasional frame is corrupted/stutters when running at 640x480)
    • PlayStation Eyetoy (for PlayStation 2) (Occasional 'mangled frame' directly connected to Rev 2 Raspberry Pi)
  • Trust
    • 2 MP Auto Focus Webcam (works out of the box on ArchLinux)

Problem USB Webcams

  • Creative
    • WebCam Pro / PD1030 - ov519 driver crashes almost immediately. ("gspca: ISOC data error: [0] len=0, status=-4004")
  • Logitech
    • Webcam Pro 9000 - Has issues capturing images at higher than default resolutions (using motion - Arch and Debian).
    • Webcam Pro 4000 - It uses pwc driver which does not work. Maybe it's because of general Raspberry Pi USB bug.
  • Microsoft
    • Lifecam HD5000 - Picture breaks up at the bottom
    • LifeCam Studio/Cinema - Has UVC issues detailed here [39]. Horizontal lines problem [40]. Stability issues [41].
  • Sony
    • Eye Toy (PlayStation 2) model SLEH 00030 - (OV519 camera). Picture constantly breaks up on xawtv and wxcam under Arch Linux. Noted there were ISOC data error len=0 status=-4004 errors in dmesg. This happens when powered from the Raspberry Pi and when powered from a Pluscom USB hub. Arch was updated on 17th July 2012
  • Trust
    • SPACEC@M 200 - (OV511 camera). Picture stops after a few seconds in xawtv under Arch Linux and xawtv reports libv4l2 errors. This happens when powered from the Raspberry Pi and when powered from a Pluscom USB Hub. Arch was updated on 17th July 2012

USB GPS devices

  • Royaltek
    • Royaltek RGM 2000 SiRF2 using the included serial (TTL) to USB - converter. That uses a Profilic pl2303-chip so you'll need to compile the module or the kernel manually
  • Garmin
  • GlobalSat
    • GlobalSat BU-353 Does not require a powered hub, works fine when directly plugged into the Raspberry Pi. On Raspian, requires the gpsd and gpsd-client packages. For some reason, the gpsd daemon does not always start correctly on boot. You may need to do something like the following to manually restart it:
      sudo killall gpsd; sudo gpsd /dev/ttyUSB0 -F /var/run/gpsd.sock
  • Wintec
    • WBT-200: No problem on Debian
  • Holux
    • Holux M-215: Works fine on Arch, uses Silicon Labs CP210x RS232 serial adaptor driver
  • Bluenext
    • Bluenext BN903S: No problem on Debian image (19-04-2012).

USB UART and USB to Serial (RS-232) adapters

A USB UART adapter is used to access the serial console of the Raspberry Pi from a development host such as a laptop or desktop PC. The USB end connects to the PC and the UART header end connects to the USB. While it is possible to connect the USB end to another Raspberry Pi, this configuration has not been tested unless explicitly mentioned against an individual entry below.

  • FTDI
    • FT232 chip based adapters works for some people, but others find it hangs Linux when the port is opened. The module is ftdi_sio.
    • FT2232D dual RS232/FIFO works (used in various JTAG devices)
  • Prolific
    • PL2303 chip based adaptors works fine on latest Debian tested with minicom and gtkterm

A USB to Serial (RS-232) adapter is used the other way around, ie. the USB end connects to the Raspberry Pi and the RS-232 end (DSUB-9 or DSUB-25 pin) to the other device which may be another computer, (old) modem or printer, or some electronic test equipment.

  • "Best Connectivity" (Possibly also sold under the "Newlink HQ" or "Kenable HQ" labels)
    • FG-U1232-PL2 Based upon the Prolific PL2303X chipset and listed by lsusb as ID 067b:2303 Prolific Technology, Inc. PL2303 Serial Port. Appears as /dev/ttyUSB0, and requires the user to be a member of the dialout group (which pi is for Raspbian Wheezy). Initially tested using an old RS Datalinker setup in "loopback" mode via microcom upto 9600 baud, and gtkterm after installing that from source code. All handshake lines toggled as expected and no characters were lost. Subsequently gtkterm was used to check bi-directional communication with an ancient brother EP44 electronic typewriter (as a printer/dumb terminal) at 1200 baud. Signal lines were again monitored with the Datalinker.

Other, exotic USB devices

USB to Parallel Port/Printer Adapters

  • Prolific
    • PL2305 Chipset with Centronics 36w connector. Originally purchased for use with a netbook and connected to an old Canon BJC-250 printer. Worked fine under RISC OS Raspberry Pi with its in-built BJC-250 driver. Could not install the CUPS drivers etc. for Wheezy-Raspbian initially, but was able to do so for Wheezy-armel. Once I'd updated/upgraded Wheezy all was fine.(See notes at CPM-Spectre-Pi...USBtoParPrntAdapter for more info.)

USB to SATA

  • Nippon Labs
    • 2.5" SATA HDD USB Adapter with silicone HDD sleeve. Model: USB-ADT-25SATA. Works on powered Hub, not directly to Raspberry Pi. Built-in "Y" power adapter.

CAN Bus

Home automation

  • Tellstick (www.telldus.com), installation instructions
    • Depends on libftdi1

Touch Screen

  • ACER T230H touch screen [42]
    • USB TS identifies as "Quanta Computer, Inc. Optical dual-touch panel", module hid_quanta
    • Seems to draw over 200 mA from USB!

Floppy Disk Drive

  • Samsung USB Floppy Drive SFD-321U/HP
    • I suppose a floppy drive might be considered exotic nowadays!
    • LSUSB lists it as Samsung Electro-Mechanics Co. Floppy Disk Drive
    • Only tried connected to a powered USB hub, as the drive is labelled 5 V at 0.5 A on a Raspberry Pi running Debian Wheezy.
    • tail -f /var/log/syslog looking for mount device when plugged in, came up as SDA in testing.
    • sudo mkdir /media/floppy
    • sudo mount /dev/sda /media/floppy
    • Contents of floppy now available in /media/floppy
    • To remove drive, ensure no sessions have the floppy directory as the current working directory.
    • sudo umount /media/floppy

USB Missile Launcher

  • USB Missile Launcher / Rocket Launcher sold in UK by Marks and Spencer, but it is also sold under a range of other names.

USB Docking Stations

  • StarTech USB 3.0 to Dual 2.5"/3.5" SATA HDD Dock (SATDOCK2U3GB)
    • This is an externally powered dual sata HDD docking station, which has USB2.0 compatibility with the Raspberry Pi.
    • Tested with latest Raspbmc and Debian Wheezy Raspbian, 3.1.9+ #168

USB RFID Reader

  • Unbranded 125 kHz EM4100 RFID reader from eBay sellers (< £7), the one with a Windows logo on (easily scratches off for Linux users).
    • Initially would not work when plugged in directly to Raspberry Pi. Worked when connected via an unpowered Trust hub. Worked after Raspberry Pi was modified with 10K resistors over the USB polyfuses (warranty invalidated). Probably would work fine with powered hub.
    • Sends a 10 digit string to current window or console as if it was a keyboard. Can be captured independently of keyboard using Linux event interface (/dev/input), but the kernel in current distributions does not have CONFIG_INPUT_EVDEV selected so kernel rebuild is necessary.

JTAG

  • FTDI2232D dual RS232/FIFO based JTAG (e.g. SheevaPlug JTAGKey USB-ID 9e88:9e8f)
    • works using the Raspberry Pi as a development host

USB 3.0 Multi-Card Reader

  • US Robotics All-In-One Multi-Format Card Reader (Product # USR8420) Accepts 5 cards simultaneously
    • SD/MMC + MS/MS PRO or DUO/DUO PRO + CF/MD + SM + SD/MMC or MS/MS PRO. Useful for backing up cards containing other OS Distros

PS2 / AT to USB Converters

Note that although the adapter might work, PS/2 keyboards were not designed to be low power USB devices, so they might not meet the requirement to work with considerable lowered supply voltage (4.4 volt) provided by the USB ports of the raspberry PI. These keyboards should work when powered by a powered hub.

Tested PS2/AT keybords

All above tested with the famous "blue cube" on a powered USB hub.

  • IBM Model F (please note requires an additional AT to PS2 converter)
  • Dell AT101w
  • Northgate Ominikey Ultra T (please note requires an aditonal AT to PS2 converter)
  • 04d9:1400 Holtek Semiconductor, Inc. PS/2 keyboard + mouse controller
    • Working: Ipex RT215KTW PS/2 keyboard
    • Not working: HP SK-2502 PS/2 keyboard (gets power, but it does not init - three LEDs remain permanently lit. Keyboard + Holtek converter work on a Linux PC, although this keyboard doesn't work with some native PS/2 ports.)

Power adapters

The Raspberry Pi uses a standard Micro USB (type B) power connector, which runs at 5 V. Generally you can use a MicroUSB to USB cable and then either power the Raspberry Pi directly from your main computers USB ports (if they provide enough power), or by using a USB to Mains adaptor. A number of mobile phones use MicroUSB power cables, and these are compatible with the Raspberry Pi in most cases. Below is a list of power adaptors known to work.

Working power Adapters

  • AlcaPower
    • 5 V 2.5 A Model AP5A - Charger/switching with 7 connectors(also Microusb)
  • Ansmann
      • Dual USB charger slim, Model-Nr. 1201-0001
  • Apple
    • 5 V 2.1 A USB charger for iPad2, model A1357
    • 5 V 1.0 A USB Charger for iPod
    • 5 V 1.0 A USB Charger for iPhone 4
  • Amazon
    • 5 V 0.85 A USB charger for Kindle
    • 5 V 2 A Mains to USB A adaptor, Branded "CostMad"
  • Asus
    • 5 V 2.0 A USB charger for Google Nexus 7
  • Belkin
    • 5 V 2.6 A 4 port Ultra-Slim Desktop hub (Model F4U040) (Raspberry Pi running from USB hub port)
    • 5 V 2.5 A 4 port USB Hub (Model F5U404) (Raspberry Pi running from USB hub port)
    • 5 V 3.5 A 7 port USB 2.0 Mobile Powered Hub (Model F4U018) (Raspberry Pi running from USB hub port)
    • 5 V 3.5 A 7 port USB Hub (Model F5U706) (Raspberry Pi running from USB hub port)
    • Mini Surge Protector Dual USB Charger (Model BZ103050-TVL)
    • Universal USB Wall Charger (5 V 1 A) (Model F8Z222uk)
  • Blackberry
    • Charger for Pearl Flip 8220, Bold 9600 (B)
    • Charger for Tour 9630
    • 5 V 0.7 A Model PSM04R-0500CHW1(M), RIM Part Number HDW-17957-003 (B)
    • 5 V 750 mA Model RIM-C-0004aDUUUC-001, RIM Part Number HWD-24481-001 (comes with Blackberry 9300)
    • 5 V 750 mA Model RIM-C-0004ADUUS-001 035D, Single port plug. (Tested with USB B to Micro USB cable from Logitech H760 Headset)
    • 5 V 2 A Model PSAC10R-050QT, RIM Part Number HDW-34725-001
    • 5 V 550 mA curve 8520 charger works with raspberry pi Model B Board v. BS1233. It does not work with Raspbmc image.Symtoms are frequent key board and external hdd disconnects.
  • Deal Extreme
  • Dell
    • USB Hub integrated in Dell monitors (B)
  • The FX Factory
    • 5 V 1 A (1.2 A max) AC Travel Charger Model KJ-USB Mains. Typically provides 4.9 V at 1 A [4]
  • Garmin
    • 5 V 1 A charger (Model: PSA105R-050Q) supplied with Garmin Edge 800 GPS. Requires a USB-A to MicroUSB-B cable. Belkin 6 ft cable (F3U151B06) works.
  • Globe Electric
    • 2-Outlet Tap with Surge Protection and 2 USB Chargers (46082). Rated at 1000 mA. 120 V systems only.
  • Griffin
    • Power Block Model P2417. 5 V 2.1 A
    • Power Block Model P1190R2 Two USB 5 V Outputs, 1 A each
  • Hama
    • 1000 mA Travel Charger for Micro USB universal (barcode nr: 4 007249 935854)
  • HP
    • 5.3 V 2 A Charger for HP Touchpad (B)
  • HTC
    • 5 V 1 A TCP-300 USB phone charger (B)
    • 5 V 1 A TC B250 USB charger (HTC R/N: 79H00096-00M)
    • 5 V 1 A TC E250 USB charger (HTC R/N: 79H00098-02M)
  • i-box (Philex Electronic Ltd)
    • 5 V 1 A USB charger, 1 USB socket, no USB lead supplied, Model: 76971HS/02 (available from ASDA and others in the UK) (B).
  • IDAPT
  • Innergie
    • 15 W Dual USB Adapter. Model: mMini AC15. Output: 5 V, 3 A (max per port), 15 W max. Specification sheet
  • Kodak
    • 5 V 1 A TESA5G1-0501200
    • 5 V 1.0 A K20-AM
  • LG
    • 4.8 V 1 A Travel Adapter
    • 5.1 V 0.7 A Travel Adapter (Model: STA-U34WVI)
    • 5.1 V 0.7 A Travel Adapter (Model: STA-U12ER)
  • Logic
    • 4 port USB Hub (Model LP4HUB10). (Raspberry Pi running from USB Hub port, red power line (+5 V) inside hub cut) (B)
  • LogiLink
    • 5 V 2.1 A Switching power supply, model PA0040 (B)
  • Logitech
    • 5 V 1 A SDC115-USB Remote Control Charger and cable
  • Maplin Electronics
    • 5 V 1 A dual USB power supply, model number H25B-MT-K2
    • Micro USB Power Supply N19HX
  • Medion
    • 5 V 1 A USB power supply for OYO ebook reader
  • Microsoft
      • Zune Zune AC Adapter v2
  • Motorola
  • Nokia
  • Noname
    • 5 V 2.1 A KMS-AC09 4 port USB charger (B) [43]
    • 5.2 V 1 A MW-3NU10GT - no cable, but this one works well (1m): [44]
    • 5 V 1 A Model H-IP008 Serial No. H10T80L068
  • Novatel Wireless
    • 5 V 1.05 A Charger, model number SSW-1811, packaged with Verizon Wireless MiFi device
  • Orange
    • 5 V 0.7 A Charger for Orange San Francisco
  • Palm
    • 5 V 1 A Charger for Palm Pixi+ (B)
  • Pantech
    • 5.0 V 1 A CNR USB with LG DLC100 micro USB cable
  • Petzl
    • 5.0 V 1 A Charger that came with the Tikka core2 XP
  • Phihong
    • Switching Power Supply. Model: PSAC09R-050. Output: 5 V, 1.8 A, microUSB. Digi-key Link
  • PortaPow
    • PortaPow UK Mains Wall Power Supply
  • RS Components'
    • HNP06UK (RS 7263069) Switching Adapter 5.0 V 1200 mA
  • Samsung
    • 5 V 0.7 A Charger for Galaxy S model ETA0U10EBE
    • 5 V 0.7 A Charger for Galaxy SII
    • 5 V 1 A Charger for Galaxy SIII
    • 5 V 1 A Charger for Galaxy Nexus
    • 5 V 0.7 A Charger for Galaxy S Vibrant (SGH-T959)
    • 5 V 0.7 A Travel Adapter model ATADU10EBE
    • 5 V 1 A? Samsung C Series TV USB-port for external HDDs. Running stable with openelec
    • 5 V ?A (Unknown) Samsung Service Port (USB) on LN32A330J1DXZA 720p 32 inch HDTV
    • 5 V Unknown Ampere Samsung UA22D5000 & UA32D5000 TV USB Port. Test with Raspbian Wheezy, Raspbmc, and RPITC
  • Shun Shing
    • 100-240 VAC to 5 VDC 1 A USB power supply, model SP5Q-AU Jaycar
  • Sony Ericsson
    • 5 V 0.7 A Charger CST-80
    • 5 V 0.85 A Greenheart™ Charger EP800. Typically provides 4.8 V at 0.85 A [5].
  • StarTech
    • 4 Port USB 2.0 Hub Raspberry Pi can be powered just by plugging USB input into the Raspberry Pi, don't need power in micro USB port.
  • Travel Charger
  • Technika
    • 5 V 1 A USB Power Adapter, model MPASS01 (B)
  • The Pi Hut
  • Trisonic
    • TS-CP600T - MICRO USB HOME & TRAVEL CHARGER (5 V, 800 mA) $3 at Daiso U.S. stores.
  • TruePower
    • U-Socket 5 V 2.1 A AC Receptacle with Built-in USB ports (2.1 A per USB port) model ACE-7169
  • Voltcraft
    • SPS5-12W, 2500 mA, requires additional USB <-> miniUSB adapter/cable, works perfectly (bought from Conrad Shop)

Problem power Adapters

  • Masterplug
    • Masterplug Surge Protected USB Adaptor 2 x 1 A USB Polished Black - USB ports and Ethernet don't work with this adapter and some screen artefacts using HDMI.
  • Monoprice
    • 5 V, 2 A 3 Outlet Power Surge Protector Wall Tap with 2 Built-In USB Charger - some display artifacts, sometimes unable to find mouse, some failures to boot. Measured to less than 4.75 V between TP1 and TP2 when used with a Monoprice cable.
  • Sony Ericsson
    • 5 V, 850 mA EP800. Some failures to boot, Ethernet loops at boot.

External Battery packs (with 5 V regulated output)

  • Anker Astro3
    • Anker Astro3 10000 mAh with dual 2 A USB output
  • Duracell
    • PPS2 Instant USB Charger
  • Energizer/XPAL
    • XP18000 18000 mAh Power Pack
  • Generic - eBay no brand
    • 6000T Pocket Power 5000 mAh - eBay item 271009959140
    • Power Bank for iPad/iPhone 5000 mAh (looks the same as a New Trent IMP50D or TeckNet iEP380) - eBay item 280914455938
  • New Trent
    • iCurve IMP70D 7000 mAh (Approx 12 hours from full charge)
    • IMP120D 12000 mAh
  • Sinoele
    • Movpower - Power Bank 5200 mAh (8 hours with Wi-Fi active)
  • TeckNet
    • iEP387 Dual-Port 7000 mAh External Power Bank (The charging lead can be used to connect the Tecknet to the Raspberry Pi. Ran the Raspberry Pi with Wi-Fi dongle and wireless keyboard receiver for over 9 hours of light use.)
    • iEP392 Dual-Port 12000 mAh External Power Bank (1 A port, ~16.5 hours)
    • Rayovac PS60 5 V 800 mAh
  • VINZO
    • Power Bank 5000 mAh Grey Output 5 V 1000 mA
  • Kodak Power Pack KP1000

Display adapters

Note that active converter boxes may draw power through the HDMI port, and thus will put an extra load on your PSU, and also increase the current running through the Raspberry Pi's primary input fuse. HDMI ports (and the raspberry PI) are designed so that they deliver a very limited amount of power (50 mA) to the TV/Monitor/display-adapter and much more isn't in theory allowed. In fact there is a diode (D1) in series with the power line which can only handle 200 mA, if the adapter tries to draw much more than that the diode might fail. Therefore only externally powered adapters are to be recommended. Despite this, many people report success with these high powered devices.

HDMI->DVI-D

There are three kinds of DVI. There is DVI-D, a digital signal fully compatible with HDMI, so a passive cable can be used. There is DVI-I, which is a connector with both analog pins and digital pins. An HDMI to DVI-D adapter fits in a DVI-I female connector. Finally, there is DVI-A. This a fairly rare connection, but occasionally it will be found on some monitors and is an analog interface, in fact the same as VGA!

Some adapters like Farnell part AK-CBHD03-BK are HDMI to DVI-I, which, while not fitting in a DVI-D monitor, are still compatible. The analog pins simply must be bent.

The HDMI to DVI-D cable provided by Apple with the 2010 Mac Mini worked. It does not appear this adapter can be purchased separately.

  • The Pi Hut
  • Other Variants
    • AmazonBasics HDMI to DVI Adapter Cable (model SK231) works and is inexpensive.
    • A generic HDMI-to-DVI converter from eBay. Works well, but it's probably the cause of some power loss between the Raspberry Pi and the monitor, causing this problem. A setting of config_hdmi_boost=5 in /etc/boot solved this. Note that config_hdmi_boost=4, as suggested in the troubleshooting guide, helped, but it did not solve the problem completely.

HDMI->VGA converter boxes

Most will require use RPi_config.txt. Start off with hdmi_safe=1.

Sanoxy HDMI to VGA converter, $27 from Amazon, no changes required with official Raspbian Wheezy image (2012-Jul-15), note: had already disabled overscan previously

http://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B007KEIRNG -- "Neewer" HDMI to VGA -- some issues discussed below: However, according to user "Tom1989" the same Neewer HDMI to VGA adapter burned out BAT54 Schottky diode D1 on the Raspberry Pi and broke its HDMI output: Serious HDMI Problems. What's that smell? Burning Raspberry!. On that thread, "mahjongg" suggested the NXP (or equivalent) PMEG2010AET as a high-current replacement for D1. The PMEG2010AET has 1 A max forward current, much greater than the BAT54's 200 mA limit which may be exceeded by your HDMI -> VGA converter. Remember that the converter's current must come from your Raspberry Pi power supply and go through the Micro USB cable and polyfuse F3, so you may get extra voltage drops and/or cause F3 to trip depending on how much current the converter uses. As always with board modifications, YMMV. Also on the "Burning Raspberry!" thread, user "pwinwood" reported the Neewer's current to be 400 mA, which is twice the limit of BAT54 diode D1. "pwinwood" also took the Neewer apart and added its own +5 V connection adapted from a USB cable, which bypasses Raspberry Pi's Micro USB cable and polyfuse F3.

  • Link to a gallery with detailed images & steps of the same adapter modification: HERE --by Pinoccio

http://www.amazon.co.uk/KanaaN-Adapter-Converter-Cable-Resolutions/dp/B007QT0NNW -- "Kanaan" HDMI-VGA

http://www.ebay.com/itm/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=130699741793 -- eBay is swarming with $16 converters all like this one.

This adapter -- http://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/300692770623 -- works from 640x480 up to 1920x1080, audio over HDMI works too. Sadly the IC's on the PCB have all been scrubbed. Requires HDMI boost and overscan, config.txt settings for 640x480 @60 Hz:
hdmi_drive=2
hdmi_group=2
hdmi_mode=4
config_hdmi_boost=4
overscan_top=-30
overscan_bottom=-30
overscan_left=-30
overscan_right=-30

According to user "Mortimer" -- HDFuryPro HDMI to YPbBr/VGA Converter found on Amazon -- http://www.amazon.co.uk/Inputs-Component-Video-YPbPr-Converter/dp/B00797ZZ4S/ -- Works with Raspberry Pi. Tested against a Philips 170B 1280x1024 LCD monitor, producing a full native resolution image. Not tested against a Component Video TV yet, and audio has yet to be got working. The config.txt settings used are:
hdmi_drive=2
hdmi_group=2
hdmi_mode=36
disable_overscan=1


According to user "Mortimer" -- HDFury1 1080p HDMI to VGA Converter from HDFury.com. I'm not sure the HDFury1 can be got a hold of easily nowadays, I happened to have access to one to try out. HDFury2, 3 and 4 are available as far as I can tell, but it is very pricey compared to the alternatives. HDFury1 was around £80 when we bought one for a project at work. HDFury2 seems to be around £130, 3 and 4 are getting on towards £200 or more. So not to be recommended as a solution unless you happen to have one lying around. I don't believe there is any relationship between the company that produces these and the HDFuryPro I bought for myself (See above). I didn't alter any config settings, just plugged it in. It doesn't work without having its external power supply connected, as it requires 0.4 A, which is too much draw for the 5 V supply available from the HDMI socket on the Raspberry Pi. Its power LED lights, but no picture is produced. In comparison to the HDFuryPro this picture from this device is sharper, but it is not enough to justify the extra cost. The config.txt settings used are:
hdmi_drive=2
hdmi_group=2
hdmi_mode=36
disable_overscan=1

http://www.amazon.co.uk/gp/product/B007SM7O2U/ref=oh_details_o02_s00_i00 - "Cable Matters"

Here It is another option: http://www.dealextreme.com/p/hdmi-v1-4-male-to-vga-female-converter-adapter-cable-white-15cm-130458, is cheap (it's free shipping from china) and works perfectly, I tested it with an Acer VGA monitor (AL1511), without no change in my XBMC distribution. The config.txt for Raspbian (Flatron VGA monitor 1024 * 768):
hdmi_drive=2
hdmi_group=2
hdmi_mode=16
hdmi_force_hotplug=1
disable_overscan=0


And another one: http://cgi.ebay.pl/ws/eBayISAPI.dll?ViewItem&item=251086464644. It is very cheap, but it works perfectly. No config.txt changes was needed at all. I've booted Raspbian and OpenELEC. Monitor is detected correctly and the optimal resolution is set (Raspbian) or you can change the res in the menu (OpenELEC). The /opt/vc/bin/tvservice is able to read monitor edid data. I tested the adapter using NEC 72VM 15" LCD. (1280x1024 60 Hz, 1024x768 60 Hz, 640x480 works) The adapter is based on Lontium LT8511A chip, but I was unable to get the specification for it. The D1 diode is getting very hot though. Most likely the adapter drives more than 200 mA. The standard RS Components 1.2 A USB power supply is able to provide enough power for the Raspberry Pi and the adapter. I'll try to modify the adapter to connect external power to bypass D1. Marcin.

DVI-D -> VGA active adapters

None are currently listed

Composite->SCART

SCART adapters (SCART plugs with three RCA connectors in the back), will probably work when used with the yellow RCA plug connected to the Raspberry Pi's RCA video output. Additionally using a splitter cable (3.5 mm jack plug on one end, and red-white RCA plugs on the other end) will probably work when plugged into the red and white (left and right audio channels) of the SCART adapter.

  • Generic - works

Composite->VGA converter boxes

SD cards

The SD card is a key part of the Raspberry Pi; it provides the initial storage for the Operating System and files. Storage can be extended through many types of USB connected peripherals.

When the Raspberry Pi is 'switched on', i.e. connected to a power supply, a special piece of code called the bootloader is executed, which reads more special code from the SD card that is used to start up the Raspberry Pi. If there is no SD card inserted, it will not start. Do NOT push in or pull out an SD card while the Raspberry Pi is connected to the power, as this is likely to corrupt the SD card data (you might get away with it, but it is best not to).

The SD card must be formatted, or written to, in a special way that means the Raspberry Pi can read the data it needs to start properly. If you are new to this check the instructions, or buy a pre-formatted SD card.

One advantage to using an SD card like this is that you can have several SD cards, each with a different operating system, or a different purpose. Simply power off, switch cards, and reconnect the power. You have a different computer to play with.

Which SD card?

SD card sizes

SD cards come in three physical sizes (see picture). The Raspberry Pi needs the largest one. The miniSD card and the MicrSD card can be used in a Raspberry Pi, but you will need an adapter / holder to fit it.

SD cards come in a range of storage sizes. You need one of type SDHC, but there are other types of SDSC, SDXC and SDIO which will not work in a Raspberry Pi (confirmation needed). The SDHC type comes in memory sizes of up to 32 GB.

There are other properties of SD cards that are not covered here. Read the Wikipedia article for those details.

Other SD card content

See the following links for other information:

Technical Information

Note that manufacturers change their designs over time, even as the specs stay the same. (E.g. an ACME 8 GB class 4 card manufactured in 2011 might work, while one manufactured in 2012 might not.) For this reason, please specify product numbers in the lists below, when possible.

You can also attach the following fields from your card's CID:

cd /sys/class/mmc_host/mmc?/mmc?:*
echo "man:$(cat manfid) oem:$(cat oemid) name:$(cat name) hwrev:$(cat hwrev) fwrev:$(cat fwrev)"

please merge with http://elinux.org/RPi_Performance#SD_card

Preinstalled SD cards

A wide range of branded SD cards preinstalled with operating systems are available from The Pi Hut's Raspberry Pi Store.

Kingston and other verified SD cards preinstalled with the latest Raspbian operating system are available from many other websites Amazon UK and eBay UK.

Working SD cards

  • 7DAYSHOP.COM
    • 8 GB Professional SDHC Class 10 (man:0x000027 oem:0x5048 name:SD08G hwrev:0x3 fwrev:0x0)
  • Adata
    • 2 GB SD Class 2 Speedy (8B0947 printed on back) This card works with every distro I tried. May be old, may not be the fastest, but it is very stable.
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (BH1109416141G)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 2 (MMB3F08GWMCA-GE)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 (MicroSD with adapter)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 (MMAGR08GUDCA-DB)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (AUSDH8GCL10-R)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (ASDH8GCL10-R) Tested on 2012-06-18-wheezy-beta.zip
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (P-SDH8G10-EC from BJ's USA tested on Raspbian)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (16GSDHC10)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (microSD with adapter AUSDH16GCL10-RA1)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (ASDH32GCL10-R) Tested on Wheezy-beta with latest kernel and firmware and Raspbian Wheezy
  • Apacer
    • 8 GB microSDHC Class 10 (with adapter)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6
  • Centon
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 4 (1447 printed on back)
  • CnMemory
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 (Silver/Black label says 'High Capacity Card') 84209_8GB_SDHC, bought from Maplins. No error messages seen, but operation is much slower than with a SanDisk 4 GB Class 4 card.
  • Dane-Elec
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 4
    • 16 GB Pro 200X Class 10 DEMS16GB2683ENBA
  • Dikom
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (serial 207H3MD016IBSD)
  • Duracell
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (labelled Pro Photo 200x)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (man:0x00001d oem:0x4144 name:SD hwrev:0x1 fwrev:0x0) (~4.6 MB/s read, ~4.4 MB/s write on debian6-19-04-2012, following RPi_Performance#SD_card)
  • Emtec
    • 2 GB SD man:0x000027 oem:0x5048 name:SD02G hwrev:0x2 fwrev:0x0
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (EKMSD4G60XHCN)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (EKMSD16G150XHC) (less than half as fast as SanDisk 16 GB Class 10)
  • Extrememory
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (man:0x000012 oem:0x3456 name:F0F0F hwrev:0x1 fwrev:0x0)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (man:0x000003 oem:0x5344 name:SMI hwrev:0x1 fwrev:0x0)
  • Eye-Fi
    • 4 GB Wi-Fi SDHC (Wi-Fi doesn't work)
  • Fugi
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (P10NM00580A) (man:0x000073 oem:0x4247 name:NCard hwrev:0x1 fwrev:0x0)
  • Hama
    • 2 GB SD Class 2
    • 8 GB SDHC High Speed Pro Class 6
  • Hema (Dutch dept. store)
    • 4 GB
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4
  • Goodram
    • 8 GB microSDHC Class 4
    • 16 GB microSDHC Class 4 (SDU16GHCAGRR10)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10
  • HP
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 (doesn't reboot during first time startup process, but restart again and fine after that).
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10
  • ICIDU
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 10 (also had no issues)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (image write had issues, might be my inexperience. It boots & shows Xserver)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (had no issues whatsoever, the comment above might be a dud.)
    • 8 GB microSDHC Class 10
    • 16 GB microSDHC Class 10 (20 MB/sec)
    • 32 GB microSDHC Class 10 (20 MB/sec)
  • Integral
    • 4 GB SDHC Ultima Pro Class 10
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 SD-K04G (Purple label). Also type SD-MO4G.
    • 8 GB SDHC Ultima Pro Class 6 (Works - initial error -110, but it boots within 5 seconds with no further errors or issues)
    • 8 GB SDHC Ultima Pro Class 10 (20 MB/s) (Works - initial error -110, but it boots within 5 seconds with no further errors or issues)
    • 16 GB SDHC Ultima Pro Class 6
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 Ultima Pro (20 MB/s)
    • 32 GB SDHC Ultima Pro Class 10 (20 MB/s) - Slow to initially boot past the Rainbow Screen.
  • Joyflash
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (LTSD1112016GB)
  • Kingmax
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 2
    • 4 GB microSDHC Class 4 (KM04GMCSDHC4) won`t reboot when it`s hot
    • 8 GB microSDHC Class 4 (KM08GMCSDHC41A) won`t reboot when it`s hot
  • Kingston
    • 2 GB SD
    • 2 GB microSD (N0185-002.A00LF) + Adapter (File system .img written via Transcend microSDHC "USB stick-like" adapter - P3-102510)
    • 4 GB microSD Class 4
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (SD4/4 GB) (Writes at 4.8 MB/s, Reads at 9 MB/s)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 10 (SD10V/4 GB)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 (SD4/8 GB) (Works reliably with Raspbian 28-10-2012 and previous Debian releases) (Writes at 4.8 MB/s, Reads at 9 MB/s)
    • 8 GB microSDHC Class 4 (SDC4/8 GB)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 (SD6/8 GB) (errors on boot, boots Debian OK)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (SD10G2/8 GB, SD10V/8 GB, ultimateX 100X, ultimateX 120X)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 4 (SD4/16 GB)
    • 16 GB microSDHC Class 10 (SDC10/16 GB)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (SD10G2/16 GB, ultimateX 100X)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (SD4/16GBET)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (SD10V)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (SD10G2/32 GB, ultimateX 100X)
    • 64 GB SDXC Class 10 (SDX10V/64 GB)
  • Kodak
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 2
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4
  • Kruidvat
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (actually cheaper then the class 4 in my store)
  • Lexar
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (Boots consistently and no error messages in log after 1/2 hour use ) (works with Raspbmc)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 Platinum II (from Microcenter)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Premium Series
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Platinum II
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6 Platinum II
    • 32 GB microSDHC HIGH-SPEED Class 10 (from Amazon)
    • 128 GB SDXC UHS-I Card LSD128CTBNA400 (from Amazon)
  • Master
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 [man:0x000003 oem:0x5344 name:SMI hwrev:0x1 fwrev:0x0]
  • Mushkin
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (MKNSDHCU1-16GB) [45]
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (MKNSDHCC10-32GB) [46]
  • MyMemory
  • NovaTech
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (Integral Branded)
  • OCZ
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Gold Series (08110596-8GB-6) tested with Debian Squeeze (official Raspberry Pi distribution debian6-19-04-2012.zip)
  • Optima
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (Pro-Speed)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 - working from 2012-09-18
  • Patriot
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 (PSF8GSDHC10-PC)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 LX Series (PSF8GSDHC10-PC1)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (PSF16GMCSDHC10)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 LX Series (PSF16GSDHC10) (19.3 MB/s read, 9.3 MB/s write)
    • 16 GB microSDHC Class 10 (PSF16GMSHC10) (requires recent kernel update for boot)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (PSF32GSDHC10)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 UHS-1 (PEF32GSDHC10U1) (20.4 MB/s read, 12.1 MB/s write)
  • Peak
    • 4 GB microSDHC Class 4 (MMBTR04GUBCA-ME) tested with Arch
  • Philips
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 (FM08SD35B)
  • Platinum
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 (man:0x00006f oem:0x0000 name:SMI hwrev:0x1 fwrev:0x0)
    • 64 GB SDCX Class 10
  • Play.com
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 (S4E3CD04GEFAA 0907090121106)
  • PNY
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 Optima (SD-K04G 0834TT1297Y)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4. Micro SD card with adapter.
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10. Micro SD card with adapter.
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 4
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (P-SDHC16G10-GE)
      • See the note for P-SDHC16G10-EF. Works with Wheezy, does not work with Squeeze, Arch, or Fedora Remix.
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (P-SDHC16G10-EF)
      • Works with Debian Wheezy
      • Does not work with Debian Squeeze (debian6-19-04-2012: mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt).
      • Does not work with Arch Linux Arm (archlinuxarm-29-04-2012: no video is displayed, solid red power light, tiny green light)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 Pro-Elite (P-SDH16U1-30-GE). Works with Raspbmc, haven't tested others.
  • pqi
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6
      • Works with official debian6-19-04-2012
  • PRETEC
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (8DK52-122ME)
  • Samsung
    • 4 GB SDHC
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 (MB-SS8GAEU)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (MB-MP8GA, MB-SP8GA/EU, MB-SP8GA/AM)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6 (MB-SSAGAEU)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (MB-SPAGA AKA MB-SPAGAEU)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (MB-SSBGA, MBSSBGVEOBGA-SH) fine with Debian Wheezy, but it does not work with Debian Squeeze (debian6-19-04-2012: mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt).
  • SanDisk
    • 2 GB SD, white "SanDisk for Wii" branded, no class mentioned
    • 2 GB SD (with a circle 2 --probably class 2), writes at 3.5 MB/s
    • 2 GB SD Class 2 (BE0816113150D)
    • 2 GB SD Class 4 Ultra (15 MB/s)
    • 2 GB SD Class 4 Ultra II
    • 2 GB SD Ultra II (BE0719111366D)
    • 2 GB SD Extreme III (BE0715105083B)
    • 2 GB SD Extreme III (BE0804212046D) - 20 MB/s - Class 6
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 2 (BH0820113475D) - Tested with RPITC (Based on Raspbian Wheezy)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (SDSDB-004G-B35)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (SDSDB-004G-BT35). Confirmed working with stock debian6-19-04-2012.img
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (BH1210821913G)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (SDSDH2-004G-AC11, BH1127216239D) Costco 2-pack, booting Wheezy 2012-07-15
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 Ultra (SDSDH-004G-U46) won`t reboot when it`s hot
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 Ultra II
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 Extreme III labelled as 30 MB/s works with (B) 2012-10-28-Wheezy-raspbian
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra 30 MB/s BH1200421822D)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra (SDSDH-004G-U46 - BH1136121837G, BH1130521822D)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (BH10297143382G)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 (writes at ~1.5 MB/s)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 Ultra labelled as 15 MB/s (BI1024716014G)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 micro - MMAGR08GUDCA-DB
      • also SDSDH-008G-U46 - BI1131222083D see update from andrew.blake
      • except SDSRH-008G-A11 could be problematic, see below
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra labelled as 20 MB/s (BI11321422083D)
    • 8 GB SDHC-I Class 6 Ultra labelled as 30 MB/s (SDSDH2-008G-AC11)
      • requires updated Squeeze or Wheezy beta
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (BI11017514367G)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (B11209116254G) - Managed to get it working with Raspbian R3 rpi_pisces_r3.zip however does not work with official Squeeze nor Arch linux.
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (30 MB/s HD Video) - working with new bootcode.bin. Confirmed on 2012-07-10 for Debian Squeeze 2012-04-19 and Arch Linux 2012-06-13 images (BI1130916254G).
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Ultra(30 MB/s) (SDSDU-008G-U46) - Works with stock debian6-19-04-2012 or Raspbian images but not with OpenELEC r11212 (works with OpenELEC r11493)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Ultra(30 MB/s) (SDSDU-008G-UDQ46) - Works with stock 2012-09-18-Wheezy-Raspbian
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (SDSDX-008G-X46/BI1218822414G) - Works with stock 2012-08-16-Wheezy-Raspbian
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme Pro (95 MB/s UHS-I) (SDSDXPA-008G-X46) - Works with stock 2012-07-15-Wheezy-Raspbian
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 4
    • 16 GB SDGC Class 4 (SDSDB-016G-B35) - working with bootcode.bin. Confirmed on 2012-07-15 for Debian Squeeze 2012-04-19
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra (30 MB/s) (BL1133921933G) - Work with OpenELEC r11324
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 Ultra(30 MB/s) (SDSDU-016G-U46) - Work with stock debian6-19-04-2012 image. Gave Kernel Panic with stock debian6-19-04-2012 image. Worked fine with Wheezy image.
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (30 MB/s HD Video) (SDSDX3-016G-X46) - Works with 2012-06-18-wheezy-beta.img and updated firmware (tested 2012-07-02)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (45 MB/s U1) (BL1203322025G) - Works with 2012-08-16-wheezy-raspbian.img (tested 2012-09-15). Doesn't work with stock debian6-19-04-2012 image, but it does work with a freshly compiled kernel.
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (45 MB/s) (SDSDX-016G-X46) (UPC 619659062224) - Works with 2012-09-18-wheezy-raspbian.img (tested 17/10/2012). Working with Raspbmc RC5 if writing standalone image; working with Raspbian “Wheezy”.
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (45 MB/s) (SDSDXPA-016G-FPP) - Working with latest RaspBMC image (tested 12/09/2012) Amazon Link
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme Pro (95 MB/s UHS-I) (SDSDXPA-016G-A75) - Doesn't work with stock debian6-19-04-2012 image, but it does work with a freshly compiled kernel.
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 4
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 6
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 Ultra (30 MB/s) - Works with stock debian6-19-04-2012 image
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (45 MB/s UHS-I) (SDSDX-032G-X46) - works with arch-04-29-image and latest firmware (booting problems without firmware update)
    • 64 GB SDXC Class 10 Extreme (45 MB/s UHS-I) (SDSDX-064G-X46) - works with 2012-07-15-Wheezy-Raspbian
    • microSDHC / microSDXC
      • 4 GB microSDHC Class 2
      • 4 GB microSDHC Class 4
      • 8 GB microSDHC Class 2
      • 8 GB microSDHC Class 4
      • 8 GB microSDHC Class 6 Mobile Ultra (SDSDQY-008G-U46A) working with the latest firmware, won`t reboot when it`s hot
      • 8 GB microSDHC Class 10 Ultra(30 MB/s) (SDSDQU-008G-U46) tested and working on Raspbian Wheezy (and RaspBMC)
      • 16 GB microSDHC Class 10 Mobile Ultra (SDSDQUA-016G-U46A) working with the latest firmware
      • 32 GB microSDHC Class 4 (SDSDQM-032G-B35)
      • 64 GB microSDXC Class 6 Mobile Ultra (SDSDQY-064G-A11A) (boots up much more consistently with latest firmware)
  • Silicon Power
    • 4 GB microSDHC Class 6 (SP004GBSTH006V10-SP)
    • 8 GB microSDHC Class 10 (S608G1202)
    • 16 GB microSDHC Class 10 (SP016GBSTH010V10)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (SP016GBSDH010V10)
  • Sony
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (SF-4B4) (Write 6 MB/s, Read 20 MB/s)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (SF-4N4)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 (Write 11.8 MB/s, Read 17.4 MB/s)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (SF-32NX/TQ) (Max read speed of ~94 MB/s, min write speed of ~10 MB/s) - Works with archlinuxarm-29-04-2012 dd image with latest firmware update (as of 10-06-2012)
  • Strontium
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (SD-T08G 1045 US6923 G (White Shell - SKU 8 886450 703492))
  • Super Talent
    • 32 GB Secure Digital High Capacity SDHC Card (Class 10), Model SDHC32-C10 SKU: 116-557-001 (works with Raspbmc RC4 and 2012-07-15-Wheezy-Raspbian))
  • TDK
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (1008WW5261B)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (80-56-10275-004G,Debian works BUT mmc0 errors when booting Fedora)
    • 4 GB microSDHC Class 4 (80-56-10301-004G)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 (S404G1113) - Works with Debian Wheezy (2012-06-18 beta), not tried latest OpenELEC yet.
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 - Works with Raspbian 2012-07-15
    • SanDisk 64 GB Class 10 Ultra SDXC UHS-I FFP (3A114807)
  • Toshiba
    • 8 GB mircoSDHC SD-C08GJ(BL3A
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 SD-T16G (1046 US7022 C)
  • Transcend
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 - we've found these to work without any errors and offer reasonable performance
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (TS4GSDHC4 - BH1130821915G)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 (TS4GSDHC6) - no problems. (does not work with Raspbmc as of 6/1/12)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 10 (TS4GSDHC10E)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 (TS8GSDHC4) (man:0x000003 oem:0x5344 name:SD08G hwrev:0x8 fwrev:0x0) - works with both Debian "squeezy" and Raspbian "Wheezy" distributions.
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 (~5.8 MB/s read/write following RPi_Performance#SD_card)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 (TS8GSDHC6-P2 - MMBFG08GWACA-M6)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (TS8GSDHC10) Transcend 8G class 10
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6 (TS16GSDHC6)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (TS16GSDHC10)(TS16GSDHC10E)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (TS32GSDHC10)(TS32GSDHC10E)
    • 64 GB SDXC Class 10 (TS64GSDXC10)
  • Verbatim
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (43961)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 4 (44020)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (43962)
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 6 (44032)
  • Traveler
    • 4 GB High Speed Memory Card - no class mentioned. No problems. Tested with Raspbian.
  • V-Gen
    • 8 GB microSDHC - no class mentioned. No problems.(man:0x000073 oem:0x4247 name:NCard hwrev:0x1 fwrev:0x0). Tested with Raspbian Wheezy & Raspbmc.
  • Veho (http://www.veho-uk.com)
    • 8 GB "Ultra Fast" Class 6. (man:0x00001b oem:0x534d name:00000 hwrev:0x1 fwrev:0x0) 7.8 MB/s. Slow but tested with Arch Linux.
  • W Photo (Walgreens photo)
    • 1 GB SD memory card. Works with Raspbmc, have not tested others.
    • 2 GB SD memory card. Works with Raspbian, not tested with others.

Known good (and pre-loaded) cards will be available for sale from RS and element14 at a later date (TBA).

Problem SD cards

Make sure that you buy your card from a reliable source. There are many cheap Chinese copies of (brand name) SD-Cards on the market, [49] in addition they are often mislabeled as having greater capacity than they really have. For example they might be sold as being 4 GB, but they are actually 2 GB (or even less).

There were initially issues with most Class 10 SDHC cards, apparently due to a bug in the Broadcom bootloader.[50]

This seems to have been fixed in sdhci.c: [51] Further feedback will be useful.

If you add an SD card here, please also mention the kernel date and the date you tried it. This allows people to estimate how likely it is that a driver-fix in the kernel has been fixed. (i.e. I think some/most of the cards here work fine now, because a problem in the kernel driver has been fixed).

  • Acumem
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 (many errors on 6/7/2012)
  • Adata
    • 2 GB Speedy (MMAGF02GWMCA -NA)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 - Sometimes boots
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6 (Possibly SD5MY168G0, label with gold <> black gradient) - Doesn't boot
  • Agfa
    • 16 GB MicroSDHC class 6 (as written on SD-Adapter, MicroSD card itself no-name? ENAAJK121960): mixed results, such a card was working on another Raspberry Pi.
  • Amazon Basics
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (many errors on 6/7/2012)
  • Delkin Devices
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 "Delkin pro" -- Note: works with Fedora Beefy Miracle 17
  • GSkill
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10
  • Integral
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultima Pro (SH016GAA2BB)
    • 4 GB SDHC class 4 (S404G1115)
  • Kingston
    • 2 GB SD looks like this - it boots the kernel, but it damages the filesystem.
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 - Boots kernel, but it won't run init (times out)
    • 8 GB/Go SDHC Class 10 - SD10V/8 GB Very slow writing images to card and then either won't boot, or boots very slowly
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 4 (SDC4/16 GB) - Reported earlier as not working. Stable and works well with all Debian/Raspbian releases
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (SD10V/16 GB) - Starts boot OK, but then gets stuck in mmc0 timeouts.
  • Memory2GO
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 (S404G1029) - I/O Errors leading to Kernel Panic on startup.
  • Micro Center
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 — hasn't worked with any of the images I've tried; appears to be completely unrecognized
  • MyMemory.com
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10
  • Optima
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 4 - Does not boot with Raspbian Wheezy 2012-07-15 - works with 2012-09-18
  • Panasonic
  • Patriot
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 (PS8GSDHC10-BC) - repeatable corruption after 1 or 2 reboots with 2012-07-15-Wheezy-Raspbian
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (PSF8GSDHC10)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (PSF8GSDHC10-PC) - won't even boot 2012-08-16-Wheezy-Raspbian (mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt, followed by continuous I/O errors, timeouts, etc.). It seems functional in Arch, but sometimes it freezes at the beginning of boot (blinking underscore).
  • Platinum
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 8 (O08G840 M3100487 TW)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 (article code 177117) - Does not boot with Raspbian Wheezy 2012-09-12
  • PNY
    • 8 GB Optima SDHC 120 HD Class 4 SD-K08G 0928 WF3673 - mmc -110 errors at init time on 6/12/12
    • 8 GB Premium SDHC Class 4 - mmc - mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 Professional (P-SDHC32G10-EF) from play.com (mmc0 timeout with Debian, error -84 whilst initialising sd card with Fedora and QtonPi. Arch seems to work, gets to the login prompt)
    • 2 GB card SD-M02G
  • Polaroid
    • 16 GB SDHC C10 (P-SDHC16GB10-EFPOL) - mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt on debian6-19-04-2012
  • PRETEC
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 233x - mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt, Sometimes does not boot, kernel panic, ...
  • Reekin
    • 4 GB HighSpeed SH4GC6M16MIN9C0812TE (old) don't boot ! (11/07/2012)
  • Samsung
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (MB-SS4G MBSS4GMBDDBA-DD) doesn't boot with 2012-07-15-wheezy-raspbian - OK light partially lit.
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 10 (MB-SSBGA, MBSSBGVEOBGA-SH) does not work with Debian Squeeze (debian6-19-04-2012: mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt), but it works fine with Debian Wheezy
  • SanDisk
    • 2 GB SD Extreme III (BE0722702998D) (man:0x000003 oem:0x5344 name:SD02G hwrev:0x8 fwrev:0x0) - tested with Raspbian (build 2012-07-15) and Raspbmc installer (build 2012-07-13)
    • 2 GB SD (BE0916214253D)
    • 2 GB Ultra || 15 MB/s (BE0828713280D)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 2 - Debian and XBMC boot, but Fedora gets a lot of mmc0 note long write sync errors and then hc_xfer_timeout errors at the login prompt.
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 2 "Limited Edition" (8H825413279G) - Error -110 whilst initialising sd card
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (BH1030216016G) - Doesn't boot.
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 4 (BH1031116016G) - Doesn't boot.
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 Extreme (BH0822411730D)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 Extreme III (30 MB/s) (BH0822712362G)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (SDSDX-004G-X46) (30 MB/s HD Video) doesn't boot (also not with new kernel.img and start.elf 17-06-2012 or "Wheezy"-beta)
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (30 MB/s HD Video) (Doesn't boot) - Works with new kernel.img and start.elf [52]
    • 4 GB microSDHC Class 6 Mobile Ultra (tried 15-06-2012 with kernel 19-04-2012) error -84 transferring data, kernel panic: no init found
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra (B11201421964G)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra (SDSDH-008G-U46 - BI1131222083D) - Boots kernel, but it won't run init (mmc timeout waiting for interrupt) see update from andrew.blake
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra labelled as 30 MB/s (BI1208721965G)) - Boots kernel, but it won't run init (mmc timeout waiting for interrupt)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra labelled as 30 MB/s SDSRH-008G-A11 - Boots kernel, but it won't run init (mmc timeout waiting for interrupt)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra labelled as 30 MB/s SDSDH-008G-T11 - Boots kernel, but it won't run init (debian6-19-04-2012: mmc timeout waiting for interrupt), but works fine with Debian Wheezy on 6/22/12
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra I (BI1201221964G) - Boots kernel, but it won't run init (mmc timeout waiting for interrupt)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 6 Extreme (BI1101116253G)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (BI1108716254G)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (BI1201416254G) - Still doesn't work with Debian Wheezy beta (2012-06-18)
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (BI1201516254G) [amazon.co.uk]+amazon.fr works with Wheezy 19/09/2012
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (BI1200916252D/SDSDX-008G-X46) - Tried with Debian "Squeeze"(19/04/2012), Debian "Wheezy"(18/06/2012) and Arch Linux(13/06/2012). None works. With Debian "Wheezy" Green LED stays ON continuously, with the other two it turns on very faint.
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme Pro- Works with updated kernel/firmware, stock debian6-19-04-2012 boots kernel, but it won't run init (mmc timeout waiting for interrupt).
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 10 Extreme (30 MB/s HD Video) (SDSDX3-016G-X46) - Doesn't boot with debian6-19-04-2012.img, or newer firmware (tested 2012-06-17).
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra (BL1202021933G)
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6 Ultra I (BL1205921933G) - Boots kernel, but it won't run init (mmc timeout waiting for interrupt)
  • Silicon Power
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (SP008GBSDH010V10) - Boots kernel, but it won't run init (mmc timeout waiting for interrupt) - Tested 20/11/2012, 2012-10-28-wheezy-raspbian.img with Nov 20 kernel.
    • 32 GB SDHC Class 6 (LS2N732GQON03ASP) - boots debian6-19-04-2012.img, but frequent slow response / system hangs.
  • TDK
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 (S404G1041) - Tried (end May 2012) with new kernel.img and start.elf [53] but still won't run init.
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6 (S404G1046) [Barcode: 4 902030 784447] - Tried (4th June 2012) with debian6-19-04-2012.img and with replacement kernel.img and start.elf from github [54] but still got 'Error -84' and 'Kernel panic - not syncing: No init found'
  • Transcend
    • 2 GB MicroSD (MMAGR02GUECA-MB) - reads fine initially after image was written on a PC, gives mmc0 timeout errors reading back data after writing a large amount (in this case with 'pacman -Syu'). Still seems to work, but is *very* slow after this happens, even across reboots.
    • 32 GB MicroSD (TS32GUSDHC4) - Doesn't boot.
    • 2 GB SD (6451AG 2G O2DS1)
    • 16 GB SD Class10 (TS16GSDHC10U1) - Doesn't Boot, show that "kernel panic - not syncing attempted to kill init"
  • Veho
    • 4 GB SDHC Class 6
  • Verbatim
    • 16 GB SDHC Class 6 (47178) - Raspbian Pisces RC3 - boots, but after login: mmc timeout waiting for interrupt
    • 8 GB microSD Class 10 (44012) - ArchLinux - boots, but after system update develops segmentation faults
    • 8 GB SDHC Class 10 (Premium) - Tested with September release of Raspbian and Debian Wheezy - both fail to boot with mmc errors.

The usual warnings against less reputable sellers (such as Ebay merchants) apply.


Note that the following error is sometimes accompanied with a non-working SD card after booting (on Debian):

mmc0: timeout waiting for hardware interrupt

Benchmarks

Foreign Language Translations

References

  1. http://www.raspberrypi.org/forum/absolute-beginners/cheap-powered-usb-hub-uk/#p76452
  2. http://www.raspberrypi.org/forum/troubleshooting/keyboard-creates-kernal-panic/page-2
  3. http://www.raspberrypi.org/forum/troubleshooting/keyboard-creates-kernal-panic/page-2
  4. http://www.cpmspectre.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/raspberry_pi/MoinMoinExport/USBPowerSupplies.html
  5. http://www.cpmspectre.pwp.blueyonder.co.uk/raspberry_pi/MoinMoinExport/USBPowerSupplies.html