Android-4.0.3 r1

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1. abi

  • cpp
The content of this directory is not clear what it is about as it contains several C++ files.

2. bionic

Bionic is mainly a port of the BSD C library to our Linux kernel with the following additions/changes:
- no support for locales
- no support for wide chars (i.e. multi-byte characters)
- its own smallish implementation of pthreads based on Linux futexes
- support for x86, ARM and ARM thumb CPU instruction sets and kernel interfaces
  • libc
This directory contains the different architecture that is supported to use bionic, namely - ARM (under the arch-arm/) and x86 (under the arch-x86/ directory). In order to understand in detail on how to add functions or port it to different architecture you want to read the file OVERVIEW.TXT under the docs/ folder
  • libdl
This directory what looks like a ‘stub’ program that are being used during linking process. The main function of the program is to open a library and read the symbol. The file that contains the main functionality is dlfcn.c under the /bionic/linker/ directory
  • libm
Contains Math library. Several architecture are supported inside this directory.
  • libstdc++ - minimal version of standard C++ library
  • libthread_db - special library used by gdb/gdbserver
  • linker - this directory contains utility that is used during linking process. The tool is called Android Dynamic Linker what is does is it assign fix addresses to the library to reduce the size of the library and also increases the loading speed. .

3. bootable

  • bootloader/legacy
This directory contains a sample bootloader for a fictional SoC. The sample code is to show on how to implement a bootloader for a particular SoC. The directory contains a file called fastboot_protocol.txt which outlines the Fastboot protocol implemented by vendor. There is a good detail explanation about the code in the README file. Inside this directory there are few legacy source code for bootloader for armv6 and msm7k. There is also source code for loading bootloader via USB
  • diskinstaller
There is no README file or any such file inside this directory that give some information about the content. Looking at the source code it seems to be code written to write image files into partition, not sure for what kind of devices.
  • editdisklbl - tool to write file block to a partition
  • recovery
This directory contains code for creating recovery program. The code inside shows the different things that needs to be implemented. This can be used as a boilerplate to create your own custom recoveries like the ClockworkMod.
  • applypatch - Applies binary patches to files
  • edify - Contains code that parse update scripts. The language is call ‘edify’ (this is used in conjuction with the updater sub-project)
  • etc - contains sample update script (the file is called update-script)
  • minelf - contains source library that is used by the updater sub-project
  • minui - contains graphical library to be used by the recovery project.The library are mostly utilized for displaying information
  • minzip - library utilized in the recovery project+
  • mtdutils - library utilized for reading & writing to the Flash memory
  • res - contains images that are used as background in the recovery project
  • testdata - test .zip files for testing the update process
  • tools - library that contains misc function that are used by the recovery project. Some interesting function that allow checking of “unclean” reboot.
  • updater - This contains the executable to run the update script

4. build

The main entry point of the build system resides here -, if you follow the instruction in you will see that the first step before you do anything to build Android is to use the command source build/
The script will check few things to make sure all the needed application available in the local machine. It also setup the devices that can be built, which is extracted from the directory device
  • core
This directory contains the heart of the build system, it consists of a number of files with the .mk extension (Makefile). The entry point of the build is the file
  • combo - contains additional .mk build file. In particular file to select Java compiler, setting architecture (ARM,x86,etc) build environment.
  • tasks - contains .mk file for checking API compatibility, cts and sdk add on
  • libs
This directory contain a program which is written to replace the “cp” command to be used in Android. Not sure what is the rationale behind the use of this program.
  • target
This directory contains configuration for the target device that you are planning to build for. Looking at the content of this directory it looks like it is being used for emulators. The files inside this directory looks similar with the device directory where it contains .mk file for board specifics.
  • board
Contains board specific .mk files
  • emulator - according to README "The "emulator" product defines an almost non-hardware-specific target without a kernel or bootloader"
  • generic - according to README "It can be used to build the entire user-level system, and will work with the emulator"
  • generic_armv5 - according to README "generic_armv5 product defines a non-hardware-specific target without a kernel or bootloader. It is not a product "base class"; no other products inherit from it or use it in any way."
  • generic_x86 - according to README "It can be used to build the entire user-level system, and will work with the IA version of the emulator"
  • vbox_x86 - according to README "The vbox_x86 product defines a non-hardware-specific target intended to run on the VirtualBox emulator. Most of the Android devices (networking, phones, sound, etc) do not work."
  • product - contains product specific .mk files
  • tools
This directory contains a number of tools that can be used as part of the build process. [need to investigate later whether the tools inside this directory is used as part of the build process - document tools that are used in the build process].
  • acp - modified version for Android build system of cp utility
  • apicheck - script to run the apicheck application
  • atree - this project is a program for file listing or something like the ‘ls’ command. (inside out/host/linux-86/bin)
  • bin2asm - this project is a program for file listing or something like the ‘ls’ command. (inside out/host/linux-86/bin)
  • check_prereq - (inside out/target/product/<device>/system/bin)
  • droiddoc - this project is no more active and replaced by doclava which resides in the project under external/ project
  • fs_config - this project is part of the host tools (inside out/host/linux-86/bin)
  • fs_get_stats - this project is to retrieve the target file stats for a specific file
  • releasetools - this project contains python scripts that can be used to sign your .apk, create an OTA file and other release related tasks
  • rgb2565 - this project is to convert image to a 565raw format (inside out/host/linux-86/bin)
  • signapk - this project is to sign your .apk file, the project is written in Java code (inside out/host/linux-86/framework)
  • zipalign - according to the README file “The purpose of zipalign is to ensure that all uncompressed data starts with a particular alignment relative to the start of the file. This allows those portions to be accessed directly with mmap() even if they contain binary data with alignment restrictions.” (inside out/host/linux-86/bin)

5. cts

This directory contains compatibility test suite ( The test coverage are broken down into different folders to cover different parts of Android.
  • apps
This directory contains applications test suites. The test cases are written in Java and it test different device functionality from application layer such as - USB, sensors, camera, bluetooth, etc
  • cts-usb-accessory - test case for testing USB accessory feature
  • CtsVerifier - tool to verify the different test results
  • development
[contains script file but it does not make sense how it is used in the Android build system]
  • libs
according to the README file classes were extracted from the project. Looking at the description of the project it is a command line test utility for Java
  • tests
This directory contains Java test cases testing different kind of things, mostly on features that are available from Java application.
  • acceleration - graphics acceleration test case
  • accessibilityservice - accessibility test case
  • ApiDemosReferenceTest - Intent test case
  • appsecurity-tests - application security test
  • assets - assets (video, music, etc) used as part of test cases
  • config_demo - configuration demo
  • core - core instrumentation test
  • deviceadmin - test case for binder receiver
  • jni - test case for testing JNI on load
  • ProcessTest - process test case
  • res - resource files that are used as part of the test case
  • SignatureTest - package signature test case
  • src - contains lots of test case for testing different part of the framework
  • tests - lots of test case to test different features and services of the framework
  • tools
This directory contains different kind of tools that are available for you to use. The tools are not used in the build process.
  • cts-api-coverage - Tool that generates a report of what Android framework methods are being called from a given set of APKS.
  • cts-native-xml-generator - Base Class that provides common functionality for all Reference Application Tests.
  • cts-reference-app-lib - disassembler tool
  • device-setup - test device setup tool
  • tradefed-host - from README "cts-tradefed is built on top of the Android Trade Federation test harness. It works in a similar manner to the prior CTS harness, but supports some advanced features"
  • utils - few utilities for test cases
  • dex-tools - Java project that reads .dex file, this is quite useful if you need to understand the .dex file format. In the README file it is stated that Eclipse .classpath is available to make it easier for us to import, but can’t find the file anywhere.
  • dasm - .d file disassembler and assembler
  • dx-tests - according to the dx-tests.html file “It tests the capabilities of the DX converter in a black-box manner, based on the usual specifications for .class files.”
  • host - this folder contains test cases to test some of the host applications such as ADB, Session, etc.
  • signature-tools - This project contains the source code and tests for API signature comparison tools. The project is in Java
  • vm-tests - Dalvik VM test cases
  • vm-tests-tf - Similar to vm-tests except there are few difference files.

6. dalvik

  • dalvikvm
This directory contains the main Dalvik class that execute the .dex files
  • dexdump
The "dexdump" tool is intended to mimic "objdump".
  • dexgen
Home of dexgen, the dex code generator project. It provides API for creating dex classes in runtime which is needed e.g. for class mocking. This solution is based on the dx tool and uses its classes extensively.
  • dexlist
List all methods in all concrete classes in one or more DEX files.
  • dexopt
Command-line DEX optimization and verification entry point.
  • docs
Dalvik documentation
  • dvz
A small utility that request a new Dalvik VM instance to be spawned from the zygote process. stdin, stdout, and stderr are hooked up. This process remains while the spawned VM instance is alive and forwards some signals
  • dx
Home of Dalvik eXchange, the thing that takes in class files and reformulates them for consumption in the VM. It also does a few other things; use "dx --help" to see a modicum of self-documentation.
  • hit
This directory contains program to read HPROF file specific to Android. HPROF is a profiler tool in Android. The application in this directory can be run to read a sample .hprof file in the samples directory.
  • libdex
This directory contains .dex file related tools.
  • libnativehelper
This directory contains support functions for Android's class libraries. These are VM-agnostic native functions that implement methods for system class libraries. All code here:
  • MUST not be associated with an android.* class (that code lives in frameworks/base/).
  • SHOULD be written in C rather than C++ where possible.
Some helper functions are defined in include/nativehelper/JNIHelp.h.
  • opcode-gen
This directory contains sets of defined opcodes and instruction formats for Dalvik.
  • tests
This directory contains test cases to test Dalvik op-codes.
  • tools
This directory contains Dalvik related tools
  • dexdeps -This tool dumps a list of fields and methods that a DEX file uses but does not define. When combined with a list of public APIs, it can be used to determine whether an APK is accessing fields and calling methods that it shouldn't be. It may also be useful in determining whether an application requires a certain inimum API level to execute.
  • dmtracedump - This directory contains the dmtrace tool
  • gdbjithelper - This directory contains an interesting debugging tool to debug certain behaviour that could not be catch easily. There is an instruction on how to use it inside README file
  • hprof-conv - This directory contains an application to strip Android-specific records out of hprof data, back-converting from 1.0.3 to 1.0.2. This removes some useful information, but allows Android hprof data to be handled by widely-available tools (like "jhat").
  • unit-tests
  • vm
This directory contains the core of the Dalvik code.
  • alloc - Memory allocation code for Dalvik are stored here.
  • analysis - This directory contains Dalvik code specifically related to bytecode, it contains code for Dalvik bytecode structural verifier, preparing DEX file for use by the VM, Dalvik classfile verification, bytecode optimizations.
  • arch - Architecture specific code that is used to invoke JNI
  • compiler - Code that setup the necessary infrastructure for Java application, this is used by the interpreter as it contains all the plumbings.
  • hprof - Profiling tool
  • interp - Dalvik interpreter entry point
  • jdwp - Java Debug Wire Protocol support
  • mterp - This is the source code for the Dalvik interpreter. Most of the code are written in Assembly
  • native - Internal native functions
  • oo - The code inside here is specific to check access to fields, methods, type, etc
  • os - few files that are thread related
  • reflect - reflection and proxy code
  • test - test files

7. development

  • apps
This directory contains application that are not part of the deployed app in the OS. There are some useful application such as widget builder, etc
  • BluetoothDebug - Prints Bluetooth intents to logcat
  • BuildWidget - Define a simple widget that shows the Wiktionary "Word of the day."
  • CustomLocale - Displays the list of system locales as well as maintain a custom list of user locales
  • Development - Development app that sets settings for developer
  • Fallback - A fall back activity that registers itself for common intents which may possibly not otherwise be handled.
  • FontLab - Font picker like application
  • GestureBuilder - Gesture builder application
  • launchperf - launch performance (instrumentation) examples
  • NinePatchLab - application to change views to different colours
  • OBJViewer - object viewer (image, etc)
  • SdkSetup - Entry point for SDK SetupWizard.
  • WidgetPreview - Widget preview application
  • build
  • tools - contains few .mk files that are used to build - SDK, package up Java stub intermediates
  • cmds
This directory contains the monkey tool that allows you to inject key events into an app.
  • data
This directory contains network carrier information.
  • docs
This directory contains copyright templates
  • host
This directory contains Windows binary files for USB.
  • ide
This directory contains IDE specific information/configuration for formatting Android code. Eclipse, EMacs, IntelliJ and XCode are the IDEs supported.
  • eclipse - Eclipse specific formatter
  • emacs - emacs configuration
  • intellij - intellij configuration
  • xcode - xcode configuration
  • libraries
From the README.txt - Stereo Camera Libraries for Android. This SDK component contains static libraries for computing the depth map of a pair of stereo images. To use the libraries, simply copy them as static libraries into your project.
  • ndk
This directory contains NDK (Native Development Kit) header and interface files and it is not build as part of the Android build process.
  • platforms - contains symbols of different NDK versions, including some samples source code
  • samples - sample source files to show how to use the NDK
  • sources - contains 'glue' native app for native Activity
  • tests - contain test files and also script to run the test application
  • pdk
This directory contains PDK (Platform Development Kit) for Android. The PDK is deprecated as before it used to contain information about NDK but in current version it is not used anymore
  • samples
This directory contains Android application sample files. There are a lot of sample projects that can be used by developers.
  • AccelerometerPlay - contain Accelerometer sample source code
  • ActionBarCompat - contain ActionBar sample source code
  • Alarm - contain Alarm sample source code
  • AliasActivity - contain Activity sample source code
  • AndroidBeamDemo - contain beam sample source code
  • ApiDemos - from README "The API Demos application includes a variety of small applications that illustrate the use of various Android APIs"
  • BackupRestore - contain sample app on how to do backup and restore
  • BasicGLSurfaceView - contain sample app on using SurfaceView
  • BluetoothChat - contain Bluetooth sample source code
  • BluetoothHDP - A sample application that demonstrates how to communicate with a Bluetooth Health Device Profile (HDP) device. This feature is available on Android 4.0 (API level 14) or above platforms.
  • BrowserPlugin - from README "The sample plugin is intended to give plugin developers a point of reference to see how an android browser plugin is created and how to use the available APIs."
  • BusinessCard - Sample application that demonstrates how to launch the built-in contact picker from within an activity. This sample also uses reflection to ensure that the correct version of the contacts API is used, depending on which API level the application is running under.
  • Compass - App on using the Compass
  • ContactManager - A sample application that demonstrates how to manually query the system contacts provider using the new ContactsContract API, as well as manually insert contacts into a specific account
  • CrossCompatibility - from _index.html "This sample demonstrates how to design an application that is compatible across different Android versions. Applications should degrade gracefully on older platform versions, dropping features or providing when the platform support needed by features or functionality isn't available."
  • CubeLiveWallpaper - from _index.html "This sample demonstrates how to create a live wallpaper and bundle it in an .apk that users can install on their devices."
  • FixedGridLayout - Sample app on using fixed grid layout
  • GlobalTime - sample app on using global time
  • HeavyWeight - basic "heavy-weight" application, which will not be killed by Android while it is in the background.
  • HelloActivity - basic hello activity app
  • Home - from _index.html "This is a sample Home application. The Home application that users use to launch applications by default is an ordinary application itself. A user can install additional Home applications and pick which one to use as the default Home. This is a sample of such an alternative."
  • HoneycombGallery - from _index.html "This is a demo application highlighting how to use some of the new APIs in Honeycomb"
  • JetBoy - from _index.html "JetBoy is a sample game that demonstrates the use of the class to implement an interactive music soundtrack in an application. JetBoy uses JET content created with JetCreator and game-generated events fed to JetPlayer to adapt the soundtrack to the user actions. Listen to how the melody picks up when you start shooting asteroids, how you are congratulated when you hit several asteroids in a row, or destroy enough of them in the allotted time."
  • LunarLander - from _index.html "A sample game. Your objective: to land on the moon."
  • MailSync - does not contain any source code only configuration file
  • MultiResolution - from _index.html "A sample application that shows how to use resource directory qualifiers to show different resources to different screen configurations (layout orientation, screen resolution, screen density, etc.)"
  • MySampleRss - sample RSS application
  • NFCDemo - sample NFC application
  • NotePad - Notepad application
  • Obb - basic demonstration of how to manage an OBB file
  • RandomMusicPlayer - from _index.html "A simple music player that illustrates how to make a multimedia application that manages media playback from a service. It allows the user to play music available on the device or specify a URL from which the media should be streamed. It also illustrates how to use the notification system to indicate an ongoing task and how to deal with audio focus changes."
  • RenderScript - from _index.html "A set of samples that demonstrate how to use various features of the Renderscript APIs."
  • RSSReader - The example demonstrates forking off a thread to download data in the background and post the results to a ListView in the UI.
  • SampleSyncAdapter - from _index.html "This sample demonstrates how an application can communicate with a cloud-based service and synchronize its data with data stored locally in a content provider. The sample uses two related parts of the Android framework — the account manager and the synchronization manager (through a sync adapter). It also demonstrates how to provide users the ability to create and edit synchronized contacts using a custom editor"
  • SearchableDictionary - from _index.html "A sample application that demonstrates Android's search framework."
  • SimpleJNI - simple JNI sample app
  • SipDemo - from _index.html "This is a demo application highlighting how to make internet-based calls with the SIP API. The application uses a walkie-talkie style interface, allowing you to only be heard when the button is pushed down."
  • SkeletonApp - from readme.txt "This directory contains the full implementation of a basic application for the Android platform, demonstrating the basic facilities that applications will use"
  • Snake - from _index.html "This is an implementation of the classic Game "Snake", in which you control a serpent roaming around the garden looking for apples. Be careful, though, because when you catch one, not only will you become longer, but you'll move faster. Running into yourself or the walls will end the game."
  • SoftKeyboard - from _index.html "This application is an example of writing an input method for a software keyboard. This code is focused on simplicity over completeness, so it should in no way be considered to be a complete soft keyboard implementation. Its purpose is to provide a basic example for how you would get started writing an input method, to be fleshed out as appropriate."
  • SpellChecker - from _index.html "A set of samples that demonstrate how to create/use spell checker APIs."
  • Spinner - from _index.html "This sample is a simple application that serves as an application under test for the SpinnerTest test application example."
  • SpinnerTest - from _index.html "This sample is the test application for the Activity Testing tutorial. It tests the Spinner example application."
  • StackWidget - from _index.html "This sample shows how to construct a simple collection widget. This particular example shows how to create a widget containing a StackView ; however, only minimal changes are required to include a ListView, GridView or AdapterViewFlipper instead."
  • Support4Demos - from _index.html "The Support v4 Demos application contains a variety of small sample code showing how to use key features of the Android API 4+ Support Library. This library contains code that you can build in to your application to access new features and common utilities while being able to run down to version 1.6 (API 4) of the platform."
  • Support13Demos - from _index.html "The Support v13 Demos application contains a variety of small sample code showing how to use key features of the Android API 13+ Support Library. This library contains code that you can build in to your application to access new features and common utilities while being able to run down to version 3.2 (API 13) of the platform."
  • TicTacToeLib - from _index.html "This application is an example of an Android library project, a type of project that lets you store and manage shared code and resources in one place, then make them available to your other Android applications."
  • TicTacToeMain - this sample project is used with TicTacToeLib project
  • ToyVpn - from _index.html "ToyVPN is a sample application that shows how to build a VPN client using the VpnService class introduced in API level 14."
  • training - from _index.html "A sample app demonstrating best practices to support multiple screen sizes and densities."
  • TtsEngine - from _index.html "This sample demonstrates how to create a text to speech engine that users can install on their devices."
  • USB - from _index.html "A set of samples that demonstrate how to use various features of the USB APIs."
  • VoicemailProviderDemo - from _index.html "This is a simple sample application that demonstrates how to use voicemail content provider APIs to insert new voicemail records."
  • VoiceRecognitionService - from _index.html "A sample application that demonstrates Android's pluggable voice recognition framework."
  • WeatherListWidget - from _index.html "This sample demonstrates how to create a list-based widget specifically backed by a content provider."
  • WiFiDirectDemo - from _index.html "This is a demo application highlighting how to make peer to peer network connections with the Wi-Fi Direct APIs. The application allows you to transfer jpeg images from the gallery after a succesful connection."
  • Wiktionary - from _index.html "A sample application that demonstrates how to create an interactive Android home screen widget that launches an application activity."
  • WiktionarySimple - from _index.html "A sample application that demonstrates how to create an interactive widget for display on the Android home screen."
  • XmlAdapters - from _index.html "This sample demonstrates the use of XML adapters."
  • scripts - some Google App Engine specific scripts.
  • app_engine_server - this directory contains a number of script for Google App Enginer, this could be a helper code that are used by Google engineer to do file manipulation in the cloud using Google App Engine.
  • sdk
This directory contains .properties file related to SDK, can’t figure out what exactly it is used for as there aren’t that much information inside.
  • sdk_overlay
Overlay resource files that are used for different device
  • frameworks - contain specific framework configuration file that are overlaid
  • packages - contains res config file for overlaid value
  • testrunner
Command line utility for running Android testst helps automate the instructions for building and running tests
  • test_defs - contains few test suites
  • tests - contains .mk and .py files for running the test cases
  • tools
  • a3dconvert - Android 3D format conversion tool
  • apkcheck - This directory contains Android APK Checker utitlity.This compares the set of classes, fields, and methods used by an Android application against the published API. It identifies and reports the use of any unpublished members or methods.
  • axl - TCP and HTTP tests, the testcase is written in Python.
  • elftree - EFL format dump
  • emulator - This directory contains the modules related to hardware OpenGL ES emulation
  • etc1tool - contains graphics conversion code and some other misc functions
  • findunused - Ruby script to find unused strings, reference, etc
  • glesv2debugger - Debugger for debugging GLES2
  • hosttestlib - Command line interface for running DeviceTest tests
  • idegen - automatically generates Android IDE configurations for IntelliJ IDEA and Eclipse. Your IDE should be able to compile everything in a reasonable amount of time with no errors.
  • jdwpspy - Code to spy on Java JDWP protocol in Android
  • labpretest - The script is designed to emulate a typical automated test lab session. It puts a device into bootloader mode, reboots into bootloader mode, determines device type, erases user cache, flashes a generic userdata image, updates the bootloader image, updates the radio image, updates the system image and reboots, sets up for a monkey run and finally runs a random monkey test. It will repeat this based on an optional parameter(-i) or default to 100 times. It will detect if it is in a low battery situation and wait for it to charge again.
  • line_endings - utility to convert files to either unix or dos line endings
  • mkstubs - is small tool that takes a given JAR and filters all the private stuff we don't want to expose, e.g.: remove all private members, only include a subset of classes, exclude specific classes, fields or methods.
  • templates - This directory contains Android source code templates for building Android application.
  • yuv420sp2rgb - from source code comment "YUV 4:2:0 image with a plane of 8 bit Y samples followed by an interleaved U/V plane containing 8 bit 2x2 subsampled chroma samples. except the interleave order of U and V is reversed."
  • tutorials - this directory contain a Notepad tutorial application development tutorial.
  • NotepadCodeLab - Lab exercise on creating Android Notepad application

8. device

  • common
This directory contains gps information and also a script that allows you to extract proprietary binary files from your phone to be part of the build process.
  • generic
This directory contains the generic device configuration that is called ‘goldfish’. This is the device classification used when building the emulator.
  • google
This directory contains the Android Accessories Kit code. It contains a demokit Android app that allows you to control the ADK board. The ADK firmware can be check out here There is a good article about this
  • moto
Motorola specific hardware files
  • sample
This directory contains a full example of writing your own Android platform shared library, without changing the Android framework. It also shows how to write JNI code for incorporating native code into the library, and a client application that uses the library. This example is ONLY for people working with the open source platform to create a system image that will be delivered on a device which will include a custom library as shown here. It can not be used to create a third party shared library, which is not currently supported in Android.
  • samsung
This directory contains Samsung specific configuration
  • ti
This directory contains TI Pandaboard configuration for build process.

9. docs

Contains tutorials, references, and miscellaneous information relating to the Android Open Source Project (AOSP). The current iteration of this site is fully static HTML (notably lacking in javascript and doxygen content), and is and/or was maintained by skyler (illustrious intern under Dan Morrill and assistant to the almighty JBQ).

10. external

  • android-mock
Android Mock is a wrapper for EasyMock (2.4) which allows for real Class mocking on an Android (Dalvik) VM. All methods on Android Mock are syntactically equivalent to EasyMock method calls, and will delegate calls to EasyMock, while performing the required transformations to avoid Dalvik VM troubles.
  • antlr
From the project website
ANTLR, ANother Tool for Language Recognition, is a language tool that provides a framework for constructing recognizers, interpreters, compilers, and translators from grammatical descriptions containing actions in a variety of target languages.
  • apache-harmony
Apache Harmony software is a modular Java runtime with class libraries and associated tools.
  • apache-http
HTTP API for Java from Apache
  • apache-xml
From project website
Xalan-Java is an XSLT processor for transforming XML documents into HTML, text, or other XML document types. It implements XSL Transformations (XSLT) Version 1.0 and XML Path Language (XPath) Version 1.0 and can be used from the command line, in an applet or a servlet, or as a module in other program.
  • astl
ASTL (Android STL) is a slimmed-down version of the regular C++ STL.
  • bison
This directory contains the Bison parser generator.
  • blktrace
This directory contains Block IO Tracing. blktrace was integrated into the mainline kernel between 2.6.16 and 2.6.17-rc1. The website
  • bluetooth
This directory contains project for Bluetooth communication
  • bluez - Bluetooth protocol stack for Linux
  • glib - GLib is the low-level core library that forms the basis for projects such as GTK+ and GNOME. It provides data structure handling for C, portability wrappers, and interfaces for such runtime functionality as an event loop, threads, dynamic loading, and an object system.
  • hcidump - Bluetooth analyzer project
  • bouncycastle
This directory contains ported version of encryption project. The document in patches/README outlined the changes made to use it in Android
  • bsdiff
This directory contains bsdiff and bspatch project. These are tools for building and applying patches to binary files. The project can be found in
  • bzip2
This directory contains bzip-1.0.6 from According to the file no changes were made
  • chromium
This directory contains the Chromium project.
  • clang
This directory contains Clang project. This is a compiler front-end for the C family of languages (C, C++, Objective-C, and Objective-C++) which is built as part of the LLVM compiler infrastructure project.
  • collada
This directory contains code for the COLLADA project COLLADA is a royalty-free XML schema that enables digital asset exchange within the interactive 3D industry
  • dbus
This directory contains D-Bus project. D-Bus is a simple system for interprocess communication and coordination.
  • dhcpcd
This is a DHCP client daemon project.
  • dnsmasq
This directory contains the Dnsmasq project - a lightweight, easy to configure DNS forwarder and DHCP server -
  • doclava
This directory contains the Doclava project - a custom Javadoc doclet used to generate documentation. Project page for this
  • dropbear
This directory contains Dropbear, a smallish SSH 2 server and client.
  • e2fsprogs
Is a set of utilities for maintaining the ext2, ext3 and ext4 file systems.
  • easymock
This directory contains easymoch project - a Java library that provides an easy way to use Mock Objects in unit testing with JUnit and TestNG. Project page -
  • elfutils
This directory contains varieties of tools and libraries that are related to ELF file.
  • embunit
This directory contains embunit - a unit testing framework for Embedded C System. Project page -
  • emma
This directory contains emma project - Java coverage tool
  • esd
This directory contains audio header files
  • expat
This directory contains Expat, a C library for parsing XML, written by James Clark. Expat is a stream-oriented XML parser.
  • eyes-free
This directory contains source code to test XML layout for accessibility
  • fdlibm
This directory contains FDLIBM (Freely Distributable LIBM). It is a C math library for machines that support IEEE 754 floating-point arithmetic. In this release, only double precision is supported.
  • flac
This directory contains the source for FLAC project - Free Lossless Audio Codec -
  • freetype'
This directory contains code for Freetype project FreeType 2 is a software font engine that is designed to be small, efficient, highly customizable, and portable while capable of producing high-quality output (glyph images).
  • fsck_msdos
This directory contains MS-DOS file system check code.
  • genext2fs
genext2fs generates an ext2 filesystem as a normal (non-root) user. It does not require you to mount the image file to copy files on it, nor does it require that you become the superuser to make device nodes.
  • giflib
This contains the GIF library
  • grub
This is GNU GRUB, the GRand Unified Bootloader. GRUB is intended to provide important bootloader features that are missing from typical personal computer BIOSes
  • gtest
Google's framework for writing C++ tests on a variety of platforms (Linux, Mac OS X, Windows, Windows CE, Symbian, and etc).
  • guava
Guava-libraries are a grab bag of utility libraries published by Google as open source, including among other things the Google collections libraries.
  • harfbuzz
HarfBuzz, an OpenType Layout engine library.
  • hyphenation
Hyphen - hyphenation library to use converted TeX hyphenation patterns
  • icu4c
ICU is a mature, widely used set of C/C++ and Java libraries providing Unicode and Globalization support for software applications -
  • iproute2
This directory contains iproute2, it is a collection of utilities for controlling TCP / IP networking and traffic control in Linux
  • ipsec-tools
This directory contains IPsec-Tools project, it is a port of KAME's IPsec utilities to the Linux-2.6 IPsec implementation. Project website
  • iptables
This directory contains iptables project, it is a user space application program that allows a system administrator to configure the tables provided by the Linux kernel firewall
  • javasqlite
This directory contains the Java JDBC wrapper project for SQLLite.
  • javasisst
This directory contains Javassist project. Javassist (JAVA programming ASSISTant) makes Java bytecode manipulation simple. It is a class library for editing bytecodes in Java; it enables Java programs to define a new class at runtime and to modify a class file when the JVM loads it.
  • jdiff
This directory contains JDiff Doclet project. The JDiff doclet is used to generate a report describing the difference between two public Java APIs. Project page
  • jhead
This directory contains the jhead project. jhead is an Exif Jpeg header manipulation tool. Project website
  • jpeg
This directory contains project for JPEG image compression and decompression.
  • jsilver
This directory contains Java wrapper project for the ClearSilver project - ClearSilver is a fast, powerful, and language-neutral HTML template system.
  • jsr305
This directory contains the JSR 305 specification implementation. JSR 305 is an Annotations for Software Defect Detection in Java. Project website
  • junit
This directory contains JUnit project. This project is a Java testing framework, project website
  • kernel-headers
This directory contains header files for the Linux Kernel.
  • libffi
This directory contains libffi project. The libffi library provides a portable, high level programming interface to various calling conventions. This allows a programmer to call any function specified by a call interface description at run time. Project website
  • libgsm
This directory contains GSM 06.10 13 kbit/s RPT/LTP implementation. According to the README: “......we are publishing an implementation of the European GSM 06.10 provisional standard for full-rate speech transcoding, prI-ETS 300 036, which uses RPE/LTP (residual pulse excitation/long term prediction) coding at 13 kbit/s”
  • liblzf
This directory contains liblzf project. This project is an extremely fast compression algorithm. Project website
  • libnfc-nxp
This directory contains NFC library from NXP Semiconductors.
  • libnl-headers
This directory contains network related library. [ Not sure what this project do ?? ]
  • libpcap
This directory contains source code for libpcap, a system-independent interface for user-level packet capture. libpcap provides a portable framework for low-level network monitoring. Applications include network statistics collection, security monitoring, network debugging,etc. Project website
  • libphonenumber
This directory contains Google's phone number handling library. Project website
  • libpng
This directory contains library source code for manipulating .png file format.
  • pibvpx
This directory contains source for vpx Multi-Format Codec SDK. Project website
  • libxml2
This directory contains source library for manipulating XML.
  • libyuv
According to "libyuv is an open-source library for yuv conversion and scaling. Specifically libyuv is optimized for SSE2/SSSE3 and Neon and has demonstrated speed up to 10x to 16x compared to C code."
  • libxslt
This directory contains source code for XSLT toolkit. This project is part of the XML toolkit from the GNOME project. Project website
  • llvm
This directory contains the LLVM project. LLVM project is a Low Level Virtual Machine, a toolkit for the construction of highly optimized compilers,optimizers, and runtime environments. There is an interesting read inside the file that shows some of the issues on the reason why Google can’t push to upstream and also some indication on how to sync to upstream.
  • lohit-fonts
This directory contains open source font project called Lohit, it is for Telugu language. The project is hosted in
  • markdown
This directory contains the Markdown project. Markdown is a text-to-HTML conversion tool for web writers. Markdown allows you to write using an easy-to-read, easy-to-write plain text format, then convert it to structurally valid XHTML (or HTML). Project page
  • mesa3d
This directory contains Mesa 3D project. Mesa is an open-source implementation of the OpenGL specification - a system for rendering interactive 3D graphics. Project website
  • mksh
This directory contains the minimum implemention of the mkshrc application for Android.
  • mockwebserver
This directory contains a library for testing HTTP and HTTPS clients. Project page
  • mtpd
This directory contains VPN related files
  • netcat
From README file:
“Netcat is a simple Unix utility which reads and writes data across network connections, using TCP or UDP protocol. It is designed to be a reliable "back-end" tool that can be used directly or easily driven by other programs and scripts. “
  • netperf
This directory contains Hewlett Packard netperf tool. According to the project page - “Netperf is a benchmark that can be use to measure various aspect of networking performance.”
  • neven
There isn’t much information can be found inside this directory about the project. Reading through the source code and also the filenames it looks like a face recognition library.
  • nist-sip
This directory contains code for VOIP implementation
  • oauth
This directory contains code for the oauth authentication project code.
  • opencv
This directory contains an optimized port of OpenCV for Android
  • openssl
This directory contains OpenSSL project code for Android. The file contains information on how to port the latest version of OpenSSL
  • oprofile
According to the README file
“This is an alpha release version of oprofile, a transparent low-overhead system-wide profiler.“
  • pcre
This is a Perl-compatible regular expression library project
  • ping
This directory contains code for the ping command
  • ping6
This directory contains code for the ping command for IPv6
  • ppp
This directory contains code for the ppp protocol
  • proguard
This directory contains ProGuard code. ProGuard is a Java class file shrinker, optimizer, obfuscator, and preverifier
  • protobuf
This directory contains Protobuf code. Protobuf is a Google's data interchange format project. Link to the project page -
  • qemu
This directory contains the QEMU project ( ).
  • qemu-pc-bios
This project has the source code to build two binaries: bios.bin and vgabios-cirrus.bin, which are required for x86 emulation in the Android emulator: platform/external/qemu.
  • quake
This directory contains source for the Quaker games. The Quake games in this directory is optimized to run on Android
  • safe-iop
This directory contains source code for the safe-iop project ( ). This library provides a collection of (macro-based) functions for performing safe integer operations across platform and architecture with a straightforward API.
  • skia
Skia ( ) is a complete 2D graphic library for drawing Text, Geometries, and Images. Features include: 3x3 matrices w/ perspective, antialiasing, transparency, filters, shaders, xfermodes, maskfilters, patheffects.
  • sonivox
Sonivox is an embedded audio synthesis project, it contains source code as well binary files for the music. There is quite a lot of documentation inside the /docs folder
  • speex
Project website according to their website
Speex is an Open Source/Free Software patent-free audio compression format designed for speech. The Speex Project aims to lower the barrier of entry for voice applications by providing a free alternative to expensive proprietary speech codecs. Moreover, Speex is well-adapted to Internet applications and provides useful features that are not present in most other codecs. Finally, Speex is part of the GNU Project and is available under the revised BSD license.
  • sqlite
Project website according to their website
SQLite is a software library that implements a self-contained, serverless, zero-configuration, transactional SQL database engine. SQLite is the most widely deployed SQL database engine in the world. The source code for SQLite is in the public domain
  • srec
SREC embedded speech recognition engine. There is a doc/ folder containing few .pdf documentation. On reading the documentation the library is from a company NUANCE PROFESSIONAL SERVICES
  • srtp
Provides an implementation of the Secure Real-time Transport Protocol (SRTP), the Universal Security Transform (UST), and a supporting cryptographic kernel. From the documentation it shows that this project was from Cisco
  • stlport
STLport is a full ANSI C++ Standard library. Project website
  • strace
Strace 4.0, a system call tracer for SunOS 4.x, Linux, System V release 4, Solaris 2.x and Irix 5.x. Project website -
  • svox
From the documentation
SVOX Pico system is a software solution aimed at enabling Text-to-Speech (TTS) functionalities in low CPU/memory platforms. The Pico core system will be deployed as a set of libraries accessible through an API available to application developers. While benefitting from SVOX knowhow and ‘lessons learned’, SVOX Pico is an entirely new TTS system designed from scratch and coded in native ANSI-C. This document describes the Pico core system in terms of the underlying design principles, its architecture and main components, and some guidelines for developers who would like to extend Pico’s functionality. (website redirected to Nuance Professional Services website)
  • tagsoup
Project website, from the website
This is the home page of TagSoup, a SAX-compliant parser written in Java that, instead of parsing well-formed or valid XML, parses HTML as it is found in the wild: poor, nasty and brutish, though quite often far from short. TagSoup is designed for people who have to process this stuff using some semblance of a rational application design. By providing a SAX interface, it allows standard XML tools to be applied to even the worst HTML. TagSoup also includes a command-line processor that reads HTML files and can generate either clean HTML or well-formed XML that is a close approximation to XHTML.
  • tcpdump
From the README file
This directory contains source code for tcpdump, a tool for network monitoring and data acquisition. This software was originally developed by the Network Research Group at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. The original distribution is available via anonymous ftp to, in tcpdump.tar.Z. More recent development is performed at,
  • tinyalsa
From the README file
A small library to interface with ALSA in the Linux kernel. The aims are:
  • Provide a basic pcm and mixer API
  • If it's not absolutely needed, don't add it to the API
  • Avoid supporting complex and unnecessary operations that could be dealt with at a higher level
  • tinyxml
From readme.txt file
In brief, TinyXml parses an XML document, and builds from that a Document Object Model (DOM) that can be read, modified, and saved.
  • tremolo
Tremolo is an ARM optimised version of the Tremor lib from For those that don't know, the Tremor lib is an integer only library for doing Ogg Vorbis decompression.
  • v8
Javascript engine from Google
  • valgrind
Project website,from the documentation:
The Valgrind tool suite provides a number of debugging and profiling tools that help you make your programs faster and more correct. The most popular of these tools is called Memcheck. It can detect many memory-related errors that are common in C and C++ programs and that can lead to crashes and unpredictable behaviour
  • webkit
Project website from the website:
WebKit is an open source web browser engine. WebKit is also the name of the Mac OS X system framework version of the engine that's used by Safari, Dashboard, Mail, and many other OS X applications. WebKit's HTML and JavaScript code began as a branch of the KHTML and KJS libraries from KDE.
  • webp
Project website -, according to README file:
WEBP decoder: is a simple library for decoding WEBP image files.
  • webrtc
Project website -, from the website
WebRTC is a free, open project that enables web browsers with Real-Time Communications (RTC) capabilities via simple Javascript APIs. Our mission: To enable rich, high quality, RTC applications to be developed in the browser via simple Javascript APIs and HTML5.
  • wpa_supplicant
wpa_supplicant is a free software implementation of an IEEE 802.11i supplicant for Linux, FreeBSD, NetBSD and Microsoft Windows. In addition to being a full-featured WPA2 supplicant, it also implements WPA and older wireless LAN security protocols.
  • wpa_supplicant_6
Looking at the files this folder contains similar project to wpa_supplicant except it could be that the version is older. One thing is obvious there is an extra project included in this folder as per the README file, the project is hostapd 0.6.x
  • wpa_supplicant_8
Similar to wpa_supplicant_6 but the version for hostapd is also older (??)
  • xmlwriter
Inside this folder there is only 1 file and the author’s website is
  • yaffs2
Project website -, from the website "YAFFS (Yet Another Flash File System) is now in its second generation and provides a fast robust file system for NAND and NOR Flash. It is widely used with Linux and RTOSs, in consumer devices."
  • zlib
Project website -, from the website "A Massively Spiffy Yet Delicately Unobtrusive Compression Library"

11. frameworks

  • base
  • api - contains xml files with information about Java classes
  • build - contains .mk (makefile) files with Dalvik heap information
  • cmds - contains .mk (makefile) files with Dalvik heap information
  • am - contains the am utility source
  • app_process - application for launch Dalvik app
  • backup - reading the source it looks like a backup utility (?)
  • bmgr - Backup Manager java application
  • bootanimation - contains the boot animation code that normally we see when starting up our phone
  • bu - backup utility written in Java
  • bugreport - utility to dump information to a local socket called "dumpstate"
  • dumpstate - utility helper to dump information about the kernel and Android
  • dumpsys - utility helper to dump all services that are currently managed in Android
  • ime - IME input method helper class
  • input - utility helper for sending key events to device
  • installd - utility helper for commands such as ping, etc
  • ip-up-vpn - from the comment in the source code - The primary goal is to create a file with VPN parameters
  • keystore - from the comment in the source code - The primary goal is to create a file with VPN parameters
  • pm - package manager utility for Java classes
  • location - according to, contains classes that define Android location-based and related services.
  • rawbu - data backup utility
  • screencap - screen capture utility
  • screenshot - similar to screencap
  • sensorservice - main program for starting the sensors
  • service - command line utility for accessing to services
  • servicemanager - main service utility in Android
  • stagefreight - Android multimedia framework
  • surfaceflinger - main class to run the surfaceflinger service
  • svc - Java based service command utility
  • system_server - main entry of system server process.
  • core - contains system Java API such as database, bluetooth, package manager, speech, etc. This directory contains both Java and C/C++ code for the API
  • java - Java code containing system API
  • jni - JNI code for the system API
  • res- Resource files for system API
  • tests- Java unit test for system API
  • data - contains resources for internal application such as - fonts, sounds, videos, etc
  • etc- permission files for hardware specific resources
  • fonts- fonts file
  • keyboards- keyboard and USB based device keyboard mapping files
  • sounds- sound files
  • videos- video files
  • common - DRM framwork common code
  • drmserver - DRM server code
  • java - programming interface for the DRM framework
  • jni - native interface for DRM framework
  • libdrmframework -
  • graphics - according to provides low level graphics tools such as canvases, color filters, points, and rectangles that let you handle drawing to the screen directly.
  • icu4j - comment from the source code "Ported with minor modifications from ICU4J 4.2's class"
  • include - include files for most of the internal services
  • android_runtime - header files for android runtime process
  • binder - header files for binder device driver
  • camera - camera specific header files
  • cpustats - from README file "This is a static library of CPU usage statistics, originally written for audio but most are not actually specific to audio."
  • diskusage - directory size utility headers
  • drm - DRM framework header files
  • gui - sensors header files
  • media - media (sound and video) header files
  • powermanager - power management header files
  • private - from README "This folder contains private include files. These include files are part of the private implementation details of various framework components."
  • storage - storage header files
  • surfaceflinger - surface flinger header files
  • ui - UI specific header files such as - keyboard handling, graphic buffers, etc
  • utils - various utilities header files - ashmem, file map, etc
  • libs - additional library available to be used by the internal services
  • binder - binder library
  • camera - camera library
  • cpustats - cpu statistics library
  • diskusage - disk usage library
  • gui - GUI library
  • hwui - HW graphics library
  • rs - Renderscript library
  • storage - storage library
  • surfaceflinger_client -
  • ui - UI library (graphics buffer,frame buffer)
  • usb - wrapper class for the USB Manager to support USB accessories.
  • keystore - implementation of KeyStore (secured storage for key-value pairs).
  • media - media framework related API and libraries
  • java
  • android/drm -
  • android/media - from package.html "Provides classes that manage various media interfaces in audio and video. The Media APIs are used to play and, in some cases, record media files. This includes audio (e.g., play MP3s or other music files, ringtones, game sound effects, or DTMF tones) and video (e.g., play a video streamed over the web or from local storage)."
  • android/mtp - from package.html "Provides APIs that let you interact directly with connected cameras and other devices, using the PTP (Picture Transfer Protocol) subset of the MTP (Media Transfer Protocol) specification. Your application can receive notifications when devices are attached and removed, manage files and storage on those devices, and transfer files and metadata from the devices."
  • jni - native layer interface for camera,audio,video, etc services (native layer for services in android/ folder)
  • libdrm - DRM core library
  • libeffects - Visualizer library
  • libmedia - Adio media library
  • libmediaplayerservice - Media player library
  • libstagefright - Stagefright library
  • mediaserver - Media server library
  • mtp - Media Transfer Protocol library
  • tests - Test suites for all the different available libraries
  • native - This directory contains header files that are required by NDK along with Android framework code for looper, native activity, sensor, configuration and few others
  • nfc-extras - Provides additional methods for Card Emulation and management
  • obex - Bluetooth file transfer implementation
  • opengl - according to README "This directory contains OpenGL ES and EGL extension specifications that have been or are being defined for Android."
  • include - different header files for OpenGL and EGS
  • java - contains wrapper Java source
  • libagl - EGL library code
  • libs - library source code for OpenGL and EGL
  • specs - This directory contains OpenGL ES and EGL extension specifications that have been or are being defined for Android.
  • tests - contains test files
  • tools - tools for generating OpenGL code
  • packages - Contains built in application
  • BackupRestoreConfirmation - Backup/restore confirmation dialog
  • DefaultContainerService - Service copies a downloaded apk to a file passed in as a ParcelFileDescriptor
  • SettingsProvider - Settings application provider
  • SharedStorageBackup - external storage backup
  • SystemUI - Internal System Settings UI
  • VpnDialogs - VPN dialog
  • WAPPushManager - from the source code "The WapPushManager service is implemented to process incoming WAP Push messages and to maintain the Receiver Application/Application ID mapping."
  • policy - implementation (Java) of some of the security that are build inside Android (password unlocker, lock pattern, etc)
  • sax - SAX implementation (Java)
  • services - Android internal service implementation eg:- power manager, sensor service, surface flinger, etc.
  • audioflinger - contains audio flinger service code
  • camera - contains camera service code
  • input - contains input related service code
  • java - contains code that make all the different service available as a service in Java runtime
  • jni - contains the different JNI interface for the different service
  • powermanager - power manager service
  • sensorservice - sensor service
  • surfaceflinger - surface flinger service
  • tests - contains test cases and resources
  • telephony - telephony sample implementation including RIL (Radio Interface Layer).
  • test-runner - unit test mock for some of the internal API (Java)
  • tests - Java test cases for most of the internal services (Java)
  • ActivityTests - test case for Activity
  • appwidgets - test case for application widget
  • backup - test case for backup
  • BandwidthTests - bandwidth test case
  • BatteryWaster - battery testing test case
  • BiDiTests - bi-directional test case
  • BrowserPowerTest - test case for testing power consumption for browser
  • BrowserTestPlugin - browser plugin test case
  • CoreTests - a number of small test cases to test small features
  • DataIdleTest - test to dumps data usage to instrumentation out, used for measuring data usage for idle devices.
  • DpiTest - dpi test case
  • DumpRenderTree - test case for testing rendering and orientation of the screen
  • DumpRenderTree2 - similar to DumpRenderTree test
  • FixVibrateSetting - vibrate settings test
  • FrameworkPerf - framework performance test
  • GridLayoutTest - test case for grid layout
  • HugeBackup - backup test case for testing big backup
  • HwAccelerationTest - hardware acceleration test case
  • ImfTest - different Activity test case
  • LargeAssetTest - Skeleton to test large-asset handling. The asset in question is one million four-byte integers, in ascending numeric order.
  • LocationTracker - test for starting and stopping location tracker service, as well as displaying the current location data
  • LotsOfApps - empty shell test case
  • LowStorageTest - disk full test case
  • permission - permission test case
  • RenderScriptTests - render script test case
  • SmokeTest - from README "The tests in this folder are a very controlled set of tests that will be run by the build system on every single build. They are intended to run very quickly. Please use caution when adding tests here."
  • SslLoad - SSL test case
  • StatusBar - status bar test case
  • TileBenchmark - test for profiling the webview's scrolling, with simple controls on how to scroll, and what content to load.
  • TransformTest - view transformation test case
  • tools - internal tools that are used by Android
  • aapt - Android Asset and Packaging tool
  • aidl - Android Interface Definition Language tool
  • layoutlib - from README "Layoutlib is a custom version of the android View framework designed to run inside Eclipse. The goal of the library is to provide layout rendering in Eclipse that are very very close to their rendering on devices."
  • localize - Localization tool
  • makekeycodes - Keycode tool
  • obbtool - Opaque Binary Blob (OBB) tool
  • orientationplot - from README "This directory contains a simple python script for visualizing the behavior of the WindowOrientationListener."
  • preload - contains tool that allows to preload Java classes
  • validatekeymaps - tool to validate key maps
  • velocityplot - script to plots debug log output from VelocityTracker.
Provides APIs for RTP (Real-time Transport Protocol), allowing applications to manage on-demand or interactive data streaming. In particular, apps that provide VOIP, push-to-talk, conferencing, and audio streaming can use these APIs to initiate sessions and transmit or receive data streams over any available network.
Provides classes to manage Wi-Fi functionality on the device.
  • compile
the directory contains few sub-directory - libbcc (A Versatile Bitcode Execution Engine for Mobile Devices), linkloader (this is a ‘plugin’ for LLVM), slang (compiler for Renderscript language)
  • ex
  • carousel - UI carousel implementation that is used internally by Android
  • chips - common class for receipient from contact, emails, etc
  • common - common class (Java) that are used internally by Android such as - contacts, widgets, io, etc
  • variablespeed - media player specific classes
  • media - video editor application
  • libvideoeditor - library for video editor
  • opt
  • calendar - helper classes for Calendar app
  • emoji - emoticons helper function
  • inputmethodcommon - input functionality function helper
  • mailcommon - subset of mail helper function
  • vcard - vcard function helper
  • support
support UI classes for different Android version

12. hardware

  • broadcom
Broadcom wireless device drivers (binary format).
  • invensense
Invsense Sensors source code
  • libhardware
  • libsensors - MPL sensors family
  • mlsdk - ML Inverse family SDK
  • libhardware
contain Android HAL library function, the following blog post explain nicely about HAL
  • include - include files for Android HAL for different devices
  • modules - from "Default (and possibly architecture dependents) HAL modules go here, eventually should contain *just* the HAL hub (hardware.c), everything in it should be rewritten as modules."
  • audio - audio hardware HAL
  • gralloc - Graphics Memory Allocator Module
  • hwcomposer - from "Skeleton for the "hwcomposer" HAL module."
  • nfc - Default NFC HW HAL
  • tests - test code to test the hardware modules
  • libhardware_legacy
legacy hardware HAL implementation for audio, power, vibrator, wifi, etc
  • msm7k
Qualcomm MSM7000 hardware source code
  • qcom
Qualcomm specific code for media and GPS
  • gps - files in this directory defines the implementation for GPS hardware abstraction layer
  • media - contains media source code that made available by Qualcomm
  • ril
Radio Inteface Layer (RIL) interface and sample interface. RIL is the layer for radio based communication like the phone call
  • include - RIL include files
  • libril - library used for RIL
  • mock-ril - Mock up RIL
  • reference-ril - RIL reference implementation code
  • rild - RIL daemon
  • ti
Texas Instruments OMAP3 and OMAP4 hardware source code - media framework, camera, security,etc

13. libcore

  • dalvik
VM runtime for Android
  • dom
Java test classes for DOM
  • expectations
Contains information about the test cases
  • include
Some C/C++ include files that used for Array and String handling
  • json
JSON based Java implementation
  • junit
JUnit source code
  • luni
Contains test source code for loading .jar and .dex files
  • support
Contains support class file for testing Dalvik
  • xml
XML pull and push implementation

14. ndk

  • build
Contains build scripts to build the different libraries available in NDK along with helper files
  • awk - a number of awk scripts that helps to extract information from an application's manifest - i.e. AndroidManifest.xml
  • core - makefile that are used to build the NDK
  • gmsl - GNU Make Standard Library
  • tools - from DEV-SCRIPTS-USAGE.TXT "directory contains a number of shell scripts, which we will call the "dev-scripts", that are only used to develop the NDK itself, i.e. they are un-needed when using ndk-build to build applicative native code."
  • docs
Contains NDK related documentation
  • sources
NDK source code and library source
  • android - contains code for cpufeatures and sources of the special libthread_db that will be statically linked against gdbserver binary
  • cxx-stl
contains C++ standard template library source
  • gabi++ - according to docs/CPLUSPLUS-SUPPORT.html "This is a new minimalistic runtime that provides the same headers than the system one, with the addition of RTTI (RunTime Type Information) and exception handling support"
  • gnu-libstdc++ - contains the headers and prebuilt binaries for the GNU libstdc++-v3 C++ Standard Template Library implementation.
  • stlport - contains a port of STLport for Android, which provides a simple STL implementation.
  • system - according to docs/CPLUSPLUS-SUPPORT.html "The system runtime only provides a very small number of C++ standard headers."
  • host-tools
contains varieties of tools for host machine (Linux)
  • make-3.81 - make build source
  • nawk-20071023 - awk source code
  • ndk-stack - tool that allows you to filter stack traces as they
  • sed-4.2.1 - sed tool source code
  • toolbox - A brain-dead 'echo' toolbox program for Windows
  • tests
from README file "This directory contains scripts and sources to perform automated testing of the NDK. Before making a new NDK release, please run tests/ to ensure that everything is working properly."
  • awk - contains test files for testing awk scripts
  • build - contains scripts for NDK test cases
  • device - contains test cases for NDK - such as cpu features, libraries
  • standalone - standalone simple test cases
  • toolchains
Build file for building the toolchain both for x86 and ARM based platform
  • arm-linux-androideabi-4.4.3 - prepare the NDK to build with the arm-eabi-4.4.0 toolchain
  • x86-4.4.3 - prepare the NDK to build with the x86-4.4.3 toolchain

15. packages

  • apps
Standard Android application that are available as part of the AOSP - Camera, SMS, Dialer, Launcher, etc
  • BasicSmsReceiver - Very basic SMS application
  • Bluetooth - Bluetooth application
  • Browser - Browser application
  • Calculator - Calculator application
  • Calendar - Calendar application
  • Camera - Camera application
  • CellBroadcastReceiver - 2 main services . CellBroadcastConfigService --> This service manages enabling and disabling ranges of message identifiers that the radio should listen for. It operates independently of the other services and runs at boot time and after exiting airplane mode and CellBroadcastAlertService - This service manages enabling and disabling ranges of message identifiers that the radio should listen for. It operates independently of the other services and runs at boot time and after exiting airplane mode.
  • CertInstaller - The main class for installing certificates to the system keystore. It reacts to the INSTALL_ACTION intent
  • Contacts - Contacts application
  • DeskClock - DeskClock application
  • Email - Email application
  • Exchange - Exchange application
  • Gallery - Gallery application
  • Gallery2 - Gallery 3D application
  • HTMLViewer - Wraps a WebView widget within an Activity. When launched, it uses the URI from the intent as the URL to load into the WebView.
  • KeyChain - Security key chain application
  • Launcher2 - Android main launcher
  • Mms - Mms application
  • Music - Music player
  • MusicFX - MusicMX Player
  • Nfc - NFC related application
  • PackageInstaller - Service available internally in Android. This activity is launched when a new application is installed via side loading
  • Phone - Phone application
  • Protips - Widget appears on your home screen to provide helpful tips.
  • Provision - application that sets up provisioning.
  • QuickSearchBox - Quick search box application
  • Settings - Settings application
  • SoundRecorder - SoundRecorder application
  • SpareParts - parts updater such as battery,3G, etc
  • SpeechRecorder - SpeechRecorder application
  • Stk - SIM Toolkit application
  • Tag - An Activity which handles a broadcast of a new tag that the device just discovered.
  • VideoEditor - Video editor application
  • VoiceDialer - Voice dialer application
  • experimental
Experimental apps that are not part of the AOSP such as RPC, Bugreport, Security tool, etc
  • AndroidVendorSecurityTool - An app developed for removing the recent DroidDream malware from infected devices. Currently on market and pushed directly to affected devices.
  • BugReportSender - from README.txt "A utility (currently hosted on Bazaar) to share bugreports from the /sdcard to any recipient (usually via Gmail)"
  • CameraPreviewTest - from README.txt "A small test app to exercise the camera in various modes in much the same way that GTalk video chat does."
  • DreamTheater - Sample application on using DreamTheater
  • droiddreamclean - utility to clean rogue application
  • ExampleImsFramework - from README.txt "Demonstrates how to implement an IMS framework on top of Android."
  • LoaderApp - application for loading different application
  • procstatlog - This program is as dumb as possible -- it reads a whole bunch of data from /proc and reports when it changes.
  • RpcPerformance - from README.txt "A small test utility to run certain low-level microbenchmarks (particularly related to IPC and RPC performance, such as no-op Binder calls and certain file I/O operations).
  • StrictModeTest - from README.txt "A small test utility to intentionally violate StrictMode in different ways, and let you try out the various penalties."
  • UiAutomation - UI automation service
  • UiAutomationDemo - demo for UI automation service
  • providers
Contains content providers for the different data available in the framework
  • ApplicationsProvider - Fetches the list of applications installed on the phone to provide search suggestions.
  • CalendarProvider - Calendar provider
  • ContactsProvider - Contacts provider
  • DownloadProvider - Download provider
  • DrmProvider - DRM provider
  • GoogleContactsProvider - Google contents provider
  • MediaProvider - Media provider
  • TelephonyProvider - Telephones provider
  • UserDictionaryProvider - Dictionary provider
  • inputmethods
Contains implementation (part of the framework) specifically for writing input method components.
  • LatinIME-
  • OpenWnn- from README.txt "OpenWnn is a IME(Input Method Editor) package which works on Android's IMF(Input Method Framework). This version contains Japanese IME."
  • PinyinIME- another implementation of the input method components
  • wallpapers
This directory contains wallpapers that comes by default. Developers who wants to create their own wallpaper can leverage of the existing code. Some of the wallpapers available - Basic, Galaxy4, MagicSmoke, etc. The wallpaper application is written in Java.

16. prebuilt

  • android-arm
Contains prebuilt gdbserver and QEMU kernel
  • android-sh
  • android-x86
x86 based QEMU kernel for emulator
  • common
Common Java open source project that are used during build process
  • darwin-x86
  • darwin-x86_64
  • linux-x86
Contains GCC toolchains for compiling Android along with several open source projects
  • linux-x86_64
  • ndk
Android NDK
  • sdk
Android SDK (.jar file) that normally used by Android apps
  • windows
32bit Windows specific files and libraries
  • windows-x86_64
64bit Windows specific ibraries

17. sdk

This directory contains lots of apps that are not part of operating system. There are quite useful apps that developers can leverage on and can be enhanced further as part of the operating system.
  • androidprefs - Manages the location of the android files (including emulator files, ddms config, debug keystore)
  • annotations - Annotation used in SDK
  • anttasks - Ant tasks specific to build Android application
  • apkbuilder - from readme.txt "The apkbuilder command line tool is deprecated, and is not maintained anymore. It is lacking recent build improvements such as support for Library Projects. Its source code has been moved into sdklib. It is recommended to directly use the class instead."
  • archquery - from "Java command line tool to return the CPU architecture of the host java VM. The goal is to be able to launch SWT based applications (DDMS, Traceview, Android) on any type of OS."
  • assetstudio - Android Assets Studio tool
  • attribute_stats - from README.txt "This program gathers statistics about attribute usage in layout files."
  • avdlauncher - from avdlauncher.c "The AVD Manager is for Windows only. This simple .exe will sit at the root of the Windows SDK and currently simply executes tools\android.bat.Eventually it should simply replace the batch file."
  • bash_completion - from README "This directory contains scripts that are intended to be used with Bourne Again SHell (bash)'s programmable completion."
  • build - contains few scripts for SDK that are used during build process
  • chimpchat - ChimpChat is a host-side library that provides an API for communication with an instance of Monkey on a device.
  • common - from README.txt "contains resource configuration enums. It is used by various tools, but also by layoutlib.jar"
  • ddms - contains the Dalvik Debug Monitor Server (DDMS) code
  • docs - contains short documentation for building SDK, using cupcake SDK, etc
  • draw9patch - graphical application called draw9patch
  • dumpeventlog - utility to connect to a device using ddmlib and dumps its event log as long as the device is connected.
  • eclipse - contains all the necessary files for Android Eclipse plugins
  • emulator - contains Android emulator files - gps, sensors, etc
  • eventanalyzer - connects to a device using ddmlib and analyze its event log.
  • files - contains misc files, such as configuration for ANT build.xml, Windows batch file to find Java
  • hierarchyviewer - hierarchy viewer as part of the Eclipse plugin
  • hierarchyviewer2 - hierarchy viewer as part of the Eclipse plugin
  • icons - few Android related icons
  • ide_common - common classes for Eclipse IDE
  • layoutlib_api - from README.txt "LayoutLib API is a jar describing the API used to load and interact with layoutlib.jar It is to be packaged with clients accessing layoutlib.jar"
  • layoutopt - a simple CLI front-end for the uix library, used to analyze and optimize Android layout files. uix library
  • lint - Command line driver for the rules framework
  • monkeyrunner - The monkeyrunner provides an API for writing programs that control an Android device or emulator from outside of Android code.
  • ninepatch - full representation of a NinePatch
  • rule_api - from README.txt "The Rule API is a library intended for view authors to add designtime support for their custom views in Android layout editors."
  • screenshot - connects to a device to get the screen shot
  • sdklauncher - Android SDK launcher
  • sdkmanager - Android SDK Manager utility
  • sdkstats - sending SDK statistics utility
  • swtmenubar - from README.txt "This project provides a platform-specific way to hook into the default OS menu bar."
  • templates -
  • testapps - from README.txt "This repository contains test applications used by the SDK automated tests."
  • traceview - Traceview utility as part of the Eclipse Plugin

18. system

  • bluetooth
This directory contains source for bluetooth
  • bluedroid - is used to just enable/disable bluetooth hardware module and runs the hciattach
  • bluez-clean-headers - Contains header files that was generated automatically. Contains information necessary for userspace to call into the kernel available to Android. It contains only constants, structures, and macros generated
  • brcm_patchram_plus - Downloads a patchram files in the HCD format to Broadcom Bluetooth based silicon and combo chips and other utility functions.
  • brfpatch - Generates bluetooth firmware
  • data - Bluetooth configuration files
  • tools - Contains few test code to test different Bluetooth communication.
  • core
This directory contains number of utilities that are used by Android for maintenance and also during startups such as - adb, mkbootimg, run-as, fastboot, etc.
  • adb - Android Debug Bridge utility
  • charger - Battery charger
  • cpio - Archiving tool. Refer to buffer-format.txt from the linux kernel docs for explanation of the file format
  • debuggerd - Crash dump on logcat generator. Good explanation about this tool (
  • fastboot - Fastboot utility
  • gpttool - Partition query tool
  • include - Folder and subfolders contains supporting header files. Most of the header files looks like can be found in NDK
  • android - Support routines to send messages to the Android in-kernel log buffer, which can later be accessed through the 'logcat' utility.
  • arch - This directory contains subfolder for different architecture (ARM, x86, ..) but there is only 1 .h file inside them
  • ctest - Very simple unit testing framework.
  • cutils - Contains header files for quite a number of utilities such as - getting CPU info, partition, etc
  • diskconfig - Disk configuration partition
  • mincrypt - SHA and RSA
  • netutils - DHCP and IFC header files
  • pixelfinger - OpenGL rendering
  • private - Contains android_filesystem_config.h containing process information of Android's main application. Contain also OpenGL related information
  • system - Camera, audio and windows header files
  • sysutils - System utilities header files (such as ServiceManager, Socket,
  • usbhost - USB header file containing USB function
  • zipfile - Zip file related header file
  • init - Contains init application source code
  • libctest - C source to run test suites
  • libcutils - Contains utilities source code that are used internally by Android
  • libdiskconfig - Contains disk utilities related to partition, MBR
  • liblinenoise - A small self-contained alternative to readline and libedit. Originally from
  • liblog - Android and Kernel log library that are used internally by Android
  • libmincrypt - SHA and RSA code implementation
  • libnetutils - DHCP implementation code
  • libnl_2 - Netlink Protocol Format (RFC3549), this library is a clean room re-implementation of libnl 2.0
  • libpixelflinger - Library for PixelFinger.
  • libsysutils - Library for system utilities.
  • libusbhost - Contains USB related functions
  • libzipfile - Contains zip related functions
  • logcat - Contains logcat related functions
  • logwrapper - Log application that forks and executes application and redirecting stdout and stderr to the Android logging system
  • mkbootimg - Application to make boot image file
  • netcfg - Network configuration application to enable or disable DHCP, etc
  • nexus - Application to mock and test DHCP and network related functionality
  • rootdir - Contains .rc files for init
  • run-as - Contains run-as application
  • sdcard - Contains sdcard application, it is a program that uses FUSE to emulate FAT-on-sdcard style
  • sh - Contains sh application
  • toolbox - Contains small useful application that are part of the Android operating system
  • extras
Contains extra utility and application such as - timeinfo, fat utility, ext4 utility, etc
  • bugmailer - utility to send bug report
  • ext4_utils - folder contains ext4 utilities
  • fatblock - utility to move file or image to a block device
  • latencytop - latency top utility
  • libpagemap - page map libraries
  • librank - process libaries viewing utility
  • libublock - device block utility
  • micro_bench - micro benchmark utility to measure time for certain operation
  • procmem - utility to show process memory
  • procrank - process rank utility
  • sane_schedstat - schedule statistics utility
  • showmap - show memory map for a particular process
  • showslab - Kernel slab allocator statistics utility
  • sound - Utility to play.wav file
  • su - su utility
  • tests - contains test cases
  • binder - contains test cases
  • bionic - This directory contains a set of tests for Android's Bionic C library.
  • cpueater - CPU eating test
  • directiotest - direct IO test
  • framebuffer - framebuffer test
  • fstest - file system test
  • icachetest - cache test case
  • include - contain header file for test utilities
  • iptables - qtaguid socket test
  • lib - contain implementation code for test utilities
  • memtest - memory test
  • pftest - memory pagefile test
  • schedtest - scheduling test case
  • sdcard - SD card test case
  • timetest - time test case
  • wifi - WiFi load, scan, associate, unload stress test
  • timeinfo - time info
  • media
Audio related samples and utilties
  • audio_effects - header files for audio effects such as bass, equalizer, etc
  • audio_utils - echo reference audio module
  • mca - mobile filter framework source files for SDK
  • wilhelm - OpenSL ES framework
  • netd
Networking daemon and framework such as PPP, DNS Listener.
  • vold
Volume Daemon is a program that can automatically mount your CD-Roms, USB-Memory Sticks, iPods and other removable Media.