Android Testing

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This page has information about various tests you can perform on Android

Google provides a number of resources for testing applications, including monkey, the logger, and the compliance test suite (CTS)

For an overview of Android application testing and resources provided by Google, see:

Android Test Framework

Google provides an integrated test framework for testing Android applications, based on the JUnit test framework from java.

See Android Testing Fundamentals

Application testing resources

  • monkeyrunner
    • The monkeyrunner tool provides an API for writing programs that control an Android device or emulator from outside of Android code. It allows you to write a program, which runs on your host machine that can interact with an application running in the emulator or on a target device.
    • With monkeyrunner, you can write a Python program that installs an Android application or test package, runs it, sends keystrokes to it, takes screenshots of its user interface, and stores screenshots on the host.
  • Monkey is a user interface and application tester for Android applications.
    • It is a command-line tool that sends pseudo-random streams of keystrokes, touches, and gestures to a device.
    • This tool in unrelated to the monkeyrunner tool mentioned above. (It runs on the target, and monkeyrunner-based programs run on the development host machine.)
  • Robotium test framework
    • Robotium is a test framework created to make it easy to write powerful and robust automatic black-box test cases for Android applications. With the support of Robotium, test case developers can write function, system and acceptance test scenarios, spanning multiple Android activities.
    • Robotium has full support for Activities, Dialogs, Toasts, Menus and Context Menus.
  • Roboelectric test framework
    • Roboelectric allow you to test-drive the development of your Android app inside the JVM on your workstation in seconds, instead of in the emulator on on a device (which can be slow)
    • Robolectric allows you to test most Android functionality including layouts and GUI behavior, services, and networking code. It has more flexibility than Google's testing framework in some areas.
  • Ranorex test framework
    • Ranorex provides a .Net based test automation framework which allows to record test scenarios directly on real mobile devices as well as on desktop machines.
    • Ranorex easily instruments the apk and deploys the instrumetned apk directly on the devices, starts the application automatically, performs all recorded actions (keystrokes, touch events, device button events, validations) and closes the application automatically.


There are a number of benchmarks you can use to test operating system, hardware and graphics performance.

For information about performance testing and benchmarks, see: Android Benchmarks

Compliance Test Suite

Google provides a suite of tests to validate that a device complies with the Android standard.

See Android Compliance Test Suite for more informaton.