Sparse is a static type-checking program written specifically for the Linux kernel, written by Linus Torvalds. Support for running sparse is in the kernel build system.
That is, you can type "make C=1" and
sparse will be executed on the C files that would
be compiled. Type "make C=2" to run
sparse on all C files in the kernel source tree.
- Mailing list: http://vger.kernel.org/vger-lists.html#linux-sparse
- Git snapshots: http://www.codemonkey.org.uk/projects/git-snapshots/sparse/
- LWN.net article: http://lwn.net/Articles/87538/
- sparse presentation: http://developer.osdl.org/dmo/sparse/
Usage notes from Randy Dunlap
From the "Quick sparse HOWTO, by Randy Dunlap: (located at http://www.xenotime.net/linux/doc/sparse_howto.txt)
====================================================================== Quick sparse HOWTO Randy Dunlap 2004-JULY-25 in kernel tree, 'make help' says: make C=1 [targets] Check all c source with checker tool To build & install sparse: "checker tool" is built as "check" but then installed as "sparse". a. unpack the tarball or export the bk tree b. cd path/to/sparse c. make d. make install # default location is in user's $HOME/bin ...then do your target build, e.g., make allmodconfig # or defconfig or whatever make C=1 all >build.out 2>&1 # to capture all messages ...
Usage notes from Linus Torvalds
>>[Where to get sparse? I tried to google for it but "sparse" is >> very common word (as in sparse matrix). And theres no >> kernel/people/linus on kernel.org...] ... If you search for "sparse checker linux" you'll find a number of hits.. Once you have it, just do make make install as your regular user, and it will install sparse in your ~/bin directory. After that, doing a kernel make with "make C=1" will run sparse on all the C files that get recompiled, or with "make C=2" will run sparse on the files whether they need to be recompiled or not (ie the latter is fast way to check the whole tree if you have already built it).
Use sparse on a C normal project
Running sparse on a C project is quite easy if you use the cgcc wrapper script installed with the sparse package. Just call cgcc instead of your normal gcc.
For make use
With configure use
./configure CC=cgcc make