BCM2835 datasheet errata
Back to RPi_Hardware#Components
- 1 BCM 2835 datasheet errata
BCM 2835 datasheet errata
It has a couple of typos. Some more serious than others.
Let's gather those datasheet typos and errors here.
The quality of the datasheet is high. It looks like it contains the information that programmers need.
It also "does the right thing" with reserved bits. Many datasheets specify "write: don't care, read as zeroes". Broadcom specifies the reserved bits the other way around: "Write zeroes, read: don't care".
This is the correct way to do it. If you expand the hardware the hardware may be enhanced and do "different things" if you write ones to the previously "reserved" bits. If you follow the datasheet, and write zeroes as specified to the reserved bits, the hardware guys can make sure you're not going to run into surprises. And by specifying "read: don't care" you can allow future hardware to provide status bits there.
the BCM2835 on the RPI
Not really an erratum, but not worth it to make a whole page for this. The Raspberry Pi runs the BCM2835 with a core clock of 250MHz. This is relevant for the peripheral modules like I2C and SPI for calculating the desired clock rate. The I2C section on page 34 mentions 150MHz as a "nominal core clock".
Switch on option for linking, so cross-references and table of contents can be jumped through.
p7 footnote typo
precuations should be precautions.
The register names are AUX_SPI0_.... and AUX_SPI1_.... . The "description" is then SPI 1 ... and SPI 2 ....
These modules are in fact SPI1 and SPI2, and NOT SPI0 and SPI1. This is confusing as indeed there is a different module called SPI0 (documented on page 148 and onwards).
"AUX is IDLE:" should read "SPI is idle". (and for consistency below the line "Interrupts", SPI is Idle should be spelled "SPI is idle".
The table on page 25 has the bit numbers wrong. Some bits are mentioned twice, some not at all.
I'm guessing it should be something like:
|31:24||TX FIFO level||The number of data units in the transmit data FIFO||R/W||0|
|23:16||RX FIFO level||The number of data units in the receive data FIFO.||R/W||0|
|15:10||-||Reserved, write zero, read as don’t care||R/W||0|
|9||TX Full||If 1 the transmit FIFO is full
If 0 the transmit FIFO can accept at least 1 data unit.
|8||TX Empty||If 1 the transmit FIFO is empty R/W 0
If 0 the transmit FIFO holds at least 1 data unit.
|7||RX Empty||If 1 the receiver FIFO is empty R/W 0
If 0 the receiver FIFO holds at least 1 data unit.
|6||Busy||Indicates the module is busy transferring data.||R/W||0|
|5:0||Bit count||The number of bits still to be processed. Starts with 'shift-length' and counts down.||R/W||0|
The register reads as 0x280 after reset. Two bits high would be consistent with TX empty and RX empty. However, bits 7 and 9 does not match the original datasheet, nor my guess.....
The Peek register is documented here as being at 0x7e21508c, whereas the table on page 8 shows 0x7e215094.
The IO register is documented as 0x7e2150a0 (with automatic deassert) and 0x7e2150b0, whereas the table on page 8 shows 0x7e215090.
I strongly suspect that the CDIV counter is only 14 bits wide. The bottom bit doesn't work as per specifications, and because the "0" results in 32768, the top bit doesn't either. An easy implementation would implement the 0 value as the maximum divisor. Not as "half the maximum".
Another option is that SCL = cor clock * 2 / CDIV and that the counter is 15 bits after all. (only the lowest bit missing).
harware instead of hardware (second paragraph)
address 0x7e20 0000 is listed twice as gpfsel0.
There is a spurious ) in "..clear registers) are used..."
The level registers have "0 = GPIO pin n is HIGH" which should be "1 = GPIO pin n is HIGH"
In the "BSCSL SDA / MOSI" row of the "Special function legend" table, it says "salve" instead of "slave"
The table, legend for table 6-31, started on page 103 shows in red: TXD0, RXD0, CTS0, RTS0 which should be TXD1, RXD1, CTS1, RTS1.
The table, legend for table 6-31, has no mention of any of the SD1_x functions included in the previous table
top line: device should be devise.
Typo: wrirng -> writing.
Near the bottom of the page RXR. This bit would be useful if it signified more than half full. There is a space in "( full)" that would hint at that the word "half" was taken away. Another hint is that it says that the bit clears when "sufficient" data is read from the FIFO. The word sufficient is redundant when this is the "full and active" bit.
The way it is written now, this bit is just the same as bit RXF, except that the TA bit is anded into this one.
Two options. The hardware was changed (detecting "half full" was difficult?) and the documentation was changed accordingly. Or the hardware does what I expect: set this bit when more than half full.
There is a CSPOL bit described here, wereas there are also CSPOL[0,1,2] described on page 153. How do these combine???
The CDIV value is documented as "must be a power of 2". This is not true. I can perfectly set the register to 833 (not a power of 2) and get 250MHz/833 = 300kHz.
Maybe "must be a multiple of 2" was meant???
SPI_FIFO is misspelled as SPIFIFO in the last line of 10.6.2.
The registers base addresses -> the registers' base address or The base address of the registers is 0x7e21_4000.
top line. Two typos:
On mini UART and and PL011 UART
One mini UART and one PL011 UART
13.4 register view
The base address is listed as 0x7e20100 . This should be 0x7e201000.
The last entry of section 15.1.
The entries in the table should specify the choice that Broadcom made when instantiating the USB controller IP from Synopsys.
Possibly the "choice" hasn't been specified. Or maybe the "0=32, 1..5=512, 6,7=768" is the option that was chosen?