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=== BeagleBone ===
=== BeagleBone ===
=== BeagleBone Black ===
=== Panda/Panda ES ===
=== Panda/Panda ES ===

Revision as of 07:20, 5 May 2013

This page is about running a (ARM EABI) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.

Note: Debian armel deb's are compiled for armv4t, this allows debian to support a larger number of arm devices with a single port, at only the sacrifice of speed.


If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall


git clone git://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --uboot beagle_cx
BeagleBoard xM --uboot beagle_xm
BeagleBone (serial) --uboot bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --uboot bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard --uboot panda
PandaBoard ES  --uboot panda_es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB
+ Desktop environment (GNOME) : ~2.9GB

Debian Wheezy

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot "board" --distro wheezy-armhf

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot beagle_xm --distro wheezy-armhf
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

Debian Wheezy snapshot

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Default root user/password

  • user: root
  • password: root

Image Updated:

  • 2013-04-26
    • Beagle/Panda/Panda ES: v3.7.10-x10 kernel
    • BeagleBone: v3.2.42-psp27 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.8.8-bone14 kernel (--uboot bone_dtb)
  • 2013-03-28:
    • Beagle/Panda/Panda ES: v3.7.10-x10 kernel
    • Bone: v3.2.33-psp26 kernel (--uboot bone_dtb = v3.8.4-bone9)
  • 2013-02-16:
    • Beagle/Panda/Panda ES: v3.7.8-x8 kernel
    • Bone: v3.2.33-psp26 kernel (--uboot bone_dtb = v3.8-rc7-bone4)

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm/
SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm
Getty, Serial Port

Get prebuilt image:

wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/wheezy/debian-wheezy-console-armhf-2013-04-26.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum debian-wheezy-console-armhf-2013-04-26.tar.xz
8a1c4ff53f3b2a42419ee1c7c1f47e40  debian-wheezy-console-armhf-2013-04-26.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xJf debian-wheezy-console-armhf-2013-04-26.tar.xz
cd debian-wheezy-console-armhf-2013-04-26

Install Image:

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot "board"

"board" options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx - beagle_bx
  • BeagleBoard Cx/Dx - beagle_cx
  • BeagleBoard xM - beagle_xm
  • BeagleBone Ax - bone
  • BeagleBone/Black - bone_dtb
  • PandaBoard Ax - panda
  • PandaBoard ES - panda_es

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot beagle_xm
  • Additional Options
    • --rootfs <ext4 default>
    • --swap_file <swap file size in MB's>
    • --addon pico <ti pico projector>
    • --svideo-ntsc <use ntsc over dvi for video)
    • --svideo-pal <use pal over dvi for video)

Debian Configuration

Serial Ports


edit /etc/inittab and add:

S:2345:respawn:/sbin/getty 115200 ttyS2

For root access over the serial port add ttyS2 to /etc/securetty


edit /etc/inittab and add:

S:2345:respawn:/sbin/getty 115200 ttyO2


See BeagleBoard Debian WiFi install info.

SGX Video Acceleration

SGX armel/armhf v3.4.x+

  • Note: This is a still a work in progress, but so far all the basic sgx demos seem to work on my Beagle xM C... Thanks to TI for the special armhf binaries!!! --RobertCNelson 19:48, 17 July 2012 (UTC)
  • Test with: Precise/12.04 armhf demo image with v3.4.5-x1, desktop was lxde via: "sudo apt-get install lxde lxde-core lxde-icon-theme"

Re-Build Kernel and SGX Kernel Modules

git clone git://github.com/RobertCNelson/stable-kernel.git
cd stable-kernel
git checkout origin/v3.7.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh (and then follow the directions as the script runs...)

Build kernel


Build SGX modules


Insert SD card, make sure to modify MMC in system.sh


Place SD card into the device and boot...

cd /opt/sgx
sudo tar xf GFX_4.0*_libs.tar.gz
sudo ./install-sgx.sh 

Reboot, check modules (lsmod):

Module                  Size  Used by
bufferclass_ti          5727  0 
omaplfb                11512  0 
pvrsrvkm              165208  2 bufferclass_ti,omaplfb

Blit Test:

ubuntu@omap:/usr/bin/armhf/es5.0$ ./sgx_blit_test 
------------------ SGX 3D Blit test -----------------
----------------------- Start -----------------------
Call PVRSRVConnect with a valid argument:
Get number of devices from PVRSRVEnumerateDevices:
.... Reported 1 devices
.... Device Number  | Device Type
            0000    | PVRSRV_DEVICE_ID_SGX
Attempt to acquire device 0:
Getting SGX Client info
.... ui32ProcessID:1133
Display Class API: enumerate devices
PVRSRVEnumerateDeviceClass() returns 1 display device(s)
Display Class API: open device
Display Class API: Get display info
.... Name:PowerVR OMAP Linux Display Driver
.... MaxSwapChains:1
.... MaxSwapChainBuffers:1
.... MinSwapInterval:0
.... MaxSwapInterval:1
Display Class API: enumerate display formats
.... Display format 0 - Pixelformat:1
Display Class API: enumerate display dimensions
.... Display dimensions 0 - ByteStride:2560 Width:1280 Height:720
Attempt to create memory context for SGX:
.... Shared heap 0 - HeapID:0x7000000 DevVAddr:0x1000 Size:0x87fe000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 1 - HeapID:0x7000001 DevVAddr:0xc800000 Size:0xfff000 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 2 - HeapID:0x7000002 DevVAddr:0xe400000 Size:0x7f000 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 3 - HeapID:0x7000003 DevVAddr:0xf000000 Size:0x3ff000 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 4 - HeapID:0x7000004 DevVAddr:0xf400000 Size:0x4ff000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 5 - HeapID:0x7000005 DevVAddr:0xfc00000 Size:0x1ff000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 6 - HeapID:0x7000006 DevVAddr:0xdc00000 Size:0x7ff000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 7 - HeapID:0x7000007 DevVAddr:0xe800000 Size:0x7ff000 Attr:0x2014200
.... Shared heap 8 - HeapID:0x7000008 DevVAddr:0xd800000 Size:0x3ff000 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 9 - HeapID:0x7000009 DevVAddr:0x8800000 Size:0x0 Attr:0x2024200
.... Shared heap 10 - HeapID:0x700000a DevVAddr:0x8800000 Size:0x3fff000 Attr:0x2014200
Display Class API: get the system (primary) buffer
Display Class API: map display surface to SGX
Attempt to create transfer context for SGX:
Do a SRCCOPY blit to the bottom right quadrant of the display:
(bottom right quadrant should be red on blue background):
Do a SRCCOPY blit to the top left quadrant of the display:
(top left quadrant should be striped (r/g/b/w) on blue background):
Do a CUSTOMSHADER blit to the top right quadrant of the display:
(top right quadrant should be yellow):
0xb6acd000 (host) 0xf407000 (device): Device mem for custom shader program
0xb6acb000 (host) 0xf408000 (device): Device mem for texture
USE custom shader program: 0x28841001.c0000000	mov.end o0, sa0
Do a SRCCOPY blit with COLOUR DOWNSAMPLING from ARGB8888 to RGB565
and then present the RGB565 to the bottom right quadrant of the screen
(bottom right quadrant should be a red gradient):
Free the off screen surfaces:
Destroy the transfer context:
Display Class API: unmap display surface from SGX
Destroy Device Memory Context
Display Class API: close the device
Release SGX Client Info:
Disconnect from services:
------------------ SGX 3D Blit test -----------------
------------------------ End ------------------------

SGX Legacy armel only upto v3.2.x

NOTE: this only works on BeagleBoard hardware, BeagleBone stuff is in development..

Requirements: stable-kernel (the Demo Images hosted on rcn-ee.net meet this requirement)


Note: Due to a bug (seems to only effect older Beagle Bx/Cx boards, use v3.0.8-x3 based kernels)

wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/oneiric/v3.0.8-x3/install-me.sh
/bin/bash install-me.sh

SDK unPackage Script

Download the latest version of the "create_sgx_package.sh" script

wget https://raw.github.com/RobertCNelson/tools/master/x86/ti_omap/create_sgx_package_2.6.37.sh
wget https://raw.github.com/RobertCNelson/tools/master/x86/ti_omap/create_sgx_package_3.2.x.sh

Make script executable

chmod a+x ./create_sgx_package_*.sh

Run script


After Successfully running:

:~/temp$ ls
GFX_X_XX_XX_XX_libs.tar.gz                      : -> Copy to Beagle (System Libs)
GFX_Linux_SDK.tar.gz                            : -> Copy to Beagle (DEMO's)

Beagle: GFX_*_libs.tar.gz

tar xf GFX_4_00_00_01_libs.tar.gz  (extracts install-SGX.sh and run-SGX.sh)
./install-SGX.sh (copies necessary SGX libs and startup script)
./run-SGX.sh (force run the new init script, or you can just reboot...)

On successful install:

Stopping PVR
Starting PVR
Starting SGX fixup for ES2.x (or ES3.x) (or ES5.x xM)

Reboot for good measure

sudo reboot

Beagle: GFX_Linux_SDK.tar.gz

tar xf GFX_Linux_SDK.tar.gz
cd GFX_Linux_SDK
tar xf OGLES.tar.gz

Test SGX with a DEMO

cd OGLES/SDKPackage/Binaries/CommonX11/Demos/EvilSkull

Trouble Shooting

sudo rm /etc/powervr-esrev
sudo depmod -a omaplfb
sudo /etc/init.d/pvr restart



The following Gstreamer elements will be installed:

 $ gst-inspect | grep dsp
 dvdspu:  dvdspu: Sub-picture Overlay
 dsp:  dspdummy: DSP dummy element
 dsp:  dspvdec: DSP video decoder
 dsp:  dspadec: DSP audio decoder
 dsp:  dsph263enc: DSP video encoder
 dsp:  dspmp4venc: DSP MPEG-4 video encoder
 dsp:  dspjpegenc: DSP video encoder
 dsp:  dsph264enc: DSP video encoder
 dsp:  dspvpp: DSP VPP filter
 dsp:  dspipp: DSP IPP

Please note that h264 encoder (dsph264enc) will not work because of missing h264venc_sn.dll64P DSP part. According to this message, it is not available due to a licensing restriction.

Requirements: Kernel built with: "CONFIG_TIDSPBRIDGE=m", for reference, here is what rcn-ee.net's image/deb's are configured for:

ubuntu@arm:~$ zcat /proc/config.gz | grep TIDSP

On the xM: if 3.2.x is too jerky, try 3.4.x and use the create_dsp_package.sh script, as the module changed..

Download the latest version of the "create_dsp_package.sh" script

wget https://raw.github.com/RobertCNelson/tools/master/x86/ti_omap/create_dsp_package.sh

Make script executable

chmod a+x ./create_dsp_package.sh

Package script:


Copy DSP_Install_libs.tar.gz to Beagle

Setup network...


ubuntu@arm:~$ tar xf DSP_Install_libs.tar.gz


ubuntu@arm:~$ ./install-DSP.sh

What got installed:

ubuntu@arm:~$ ls -lh /lib/dsp/
total 7.1M
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 1.3M Dec  3 10:56 baseimage.dof
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  51K Dec  3 10:56 conversions.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  13K Dec  3 10:56 dctn_dyn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 2.5M Dec  3 10:56 h264vdec_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 481K Dec  3 10:56 jpegdec_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 229K Dec  3 10:56 jpegenc_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 767K Dec  3 10:56 m4venc_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 890K Dec  3 10:56 mp4vdec_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 707K Dec  3 10:56 mpeg4aacdec_sn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  15K Dec  3 10:56 qosdyn_3430.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  14K Dec  3 10:56 ringio.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 9.1K Dec  3 10:56 TSPA_Object_Code_Software_License_Agreement.txt
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root  53K Dec  3 10:56 usn.dll64P
-rwxr-xr-x 1 root root 245K Dec  3 10:56 vpp_sn.dll64P

Building gst-dsp stuff:

If you installed this image via the demo images or netinstall, the gst-dsp build script is installed:

Update arm tools directory to the latest:

ubuntu@arm:~$ cd /boot/uboot/tools/
ubuntu@arm:/boot/uboot/tools$ sudo ./update.sh

Otherwise, install via git:

git clone git://github.com/RobertCNelson/tools.git

Change to the pkgs directory

ubuntu@arm:~$ cd /boot/uboot/tools/pkgs
(or if just cloned)
ubuntu@arm:~$ cd ~/tools/pkgs

Build gst-dsp stuff..


Start dspbridge (or just reboot)

sudo /etc/init.d/dsp_init start

Test dspbridge

sudo dsp-test


sudo gst-launch playbin2 uri=file://(file)

Example: (using http://www.bigbuckbunny.org/index.php/download/ 854x480 mp4 )

Note: it seems broken in Ubuntu precise armhf...
sudo gst-launch playbin2 uri=file:///home/USER/big_buck_bunny_480p_surround-fix.avi

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM




BeagleBone Black


Panda/Panda ES


Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade