Difference between revisions of "BeagleBoardDebian"

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[[Category: Linux]]
 
[[Category: Linux]]
 
[[Category: OMAP]]
 
[[Category: OMAP]]
This page is about running a (ARM EABI) [http://www.debian.org/ Debian] distribution at [[BeagleBoard]]. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Debian distribution from [[BeagleBoard#MMC.2FSD_boot|SD card]]. To prepare the SD card and install (ARM EABI) Debian on it, [http://bellard.org/qemu/ QEMU] on host PC will be used, following Aurélien Jarno's excellent [http://www.aurel32.net/info/debian_arm_qemu.php Debian on an emulated ARM machine] howto.
+
[[Category:Development Boards]]
 +
[[Category: BeagleBoard]]
 +
This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) [https://www.debian.org/ Debian] distribution at [[BeagleBoard]]. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from [[BeagleBoard#MMC.2FSD_boot|SD card]]. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.
  
Note: Debian armel deb's are compiled for armv4t, this allows debian to support a larger number of arm devices with a single port, at only the sacrifice of speed. For a more optimized and faster system checkout: [http://mojo.handhelds.org/ Mojo Project] (armv5el & armv6el-vfp editions).  The OMAP3530 on the Beagle Board is armv7-a. See [[BeagleBoardHandheldsMojo|Handhelds Mojo (ARM) at BeagleBoard]] (formerly known as Ubuntu (ARM)) page, too.
+
Note: Original Beagleboards work with the Debian Console image booted via holding user button down. Last tested 05/2020. Ref: https://github.com/beagleboard/Latest-Images/issues/48
  
= Recommended Kernel =
+
= Help =
So like any big document, it's hard to keep everything up to date.  So if your trying Debian/Mojo for the first time, here's what i recommend, (and it's the same thing i'm running on the build beagle.)
 
  
Considered Stable: 2.6.27-oer4 : for lenny http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/kernel/lenny/v2.6.27-2a3408b-oer4/
+
If you need any help:
  
Uboot: 2008-rc2 or +
+
*Kernel related help:
 +
** [https://groups.google.com/group/beagleboard Email Beagleboard user group] *Recommended method
 +
** ''#beagle'': Beagle irc on freenode, accessible also by [http://beagleboard.org/discuss web interface] ([http://www.beagleboard.org/irclogs/index.php logs])
 +
** Kernel Trees
 +
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform/ v5.4.x kernel branch]
 +
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel/ BeagleBone]
 +
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/linux-dev Development Kernel source code]
  
Currently Testing with Build Beagle: http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/kernel/beagle/lenny/v2.6.28-401b285-oer5/
+
*When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
 +
** U-Boot Version installed on board
 +
** Kernel Version: uname -a
 +
** pastebin dmesg
 +
*** Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)
  
= Native Install via debian-installer (NON QEMU based) =  
+
= Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black =
Note: This install method requires an LCD+usb(keyboard,etc), and uboot 2008-rc2 (Upgrading u-boot (2.6.27's and later)) or later..
+
* http://beagleboard.org/source
  
Testing First Release:
+
= Recommended Beagle Software =
  
==PC: Format SD Card==
+
Mainline U-Boot:
 +
* All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
 +
* XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
 +
* Directions: [http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Upgrade_X-loader_and_U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot]
  
You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.
+
= Debian NetInstall =
Standard System : ~455MB
 
+ Desktop environment (GNOME) : ~2.9GB
 
  
Starting with an empty SD card and using gparted, create:
+
Scripts:
  50 MiB Primary Partition, fat32
+
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
  Leave remaining space for the Debian-Installer
+
  cd netinstall
  
==PC: Setup SD uboot Partition==
+
Device Options:
 +
BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
 +
BeagleBoard-xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
 +
BeagleBoard-X15 --dtb am57xx-beagle-x15
 +
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
 +
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
 +
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
 +
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
 +
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
 +
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es
  
Mount your SD card fat32 partition. (/media/disk/)
+
You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.
 +
Standard System : ~455MB
  
RC-1 (Files dated Nov)
+
== Debian 10 (buster) ==
cd /media/disk/
 
wget http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/kernel/CC-v2.6.27-2a3408b-oer4
 
wget http://ftp.nl.debian.org/debian/dists/testing/main/installer-armel/current/images/versatile/netboot/initrd.gz
 
mv CC-v2.6.27-2a3408b-oer4 uImage
 
gzip -d initrd.gz
 
dd if=initrd of=initrd.pad ibs=8388608 conv=sync
 
  
 +
Quick Install script for "board"
 +
sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro stretch
  
RC-2 (Files dated Jan23)
+
So For the BeagleBoard xM:
  cd /media/disk/
+
  sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro stretch
wget http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/kernel/CC-v2.6.28-9a6536c-oer8
 
wget http://ftp.debian.org/debian/dists/sid/main/installer-armel/current/images/versatile/netboot/initrd.gz
 
mv CC-v2.6.28-9a6536c-oer8 uImage
 
gzip -d initrd.gz
 
dd if=initrd of=initrd.pad ibs=8388608 conv=sync
 
  
==Beagleboard==
+
*Options:
 +
**--firmware : installs firmware
 +
**--serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port
  
Mount SD card
+
= Demo Image =
For Kernel 2.6.26 and 2.6.27
 
setenv bootcmd 'mmcinit; fatload mmc 0:1 0x80300000 uImage; fatload mmc 0:1 0x81600000 initrd.pad; bootm 0x80300000'
 
setenv bootargs 'console=ttyS2,115200n8 console=tty0 ramdisk_size=8192 root=/dev/ram0 rw rootfstype=ext2 initrd=0x81600000,8M video=omapfb:mode:1280x720@60'
 
saveenv
 
boot
 
 
For Kernel 2.6.28 and higher using DSS2
 
setenv bootcmd 'mmcinit; fatload mmc 0:1 0x80300000 uImage; fatload mmc 0:1 0x81600000 initrd.pad; bootm 0x80300000'
 
setenv bootargs 'console=ttyS2,115200n8 console=tty0 ramdisk_size=8192 root=/dev/ram0 rw rootfstype=ext2 initrd=0x81600000,8M omap-dss.def_disp=lcd omapfb.video_mode=1280x720MR-24@60'
 
saveenv
 
boot
 
  
The debian-installer should load via the framebuffer, if the screen remains blank, try different resolutions for the bootargs:
+
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBoard xM: Kernel source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform
 +
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 +
cd armv7-multiplatform
 +
git checkout origin/v5.4.x -b tmp
 +
./build_kernel.sh
 +
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/PocketBeagle:  Kernel v4.19.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.19.y
 +
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
 +
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
 +
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.19.y -b tmp
 +
./build_kernel.sh
  
video=omapfb:mode:1280x720@60
+
== Debian (buster) ==
Modes:
 
"640x480@60""800x600@60""1024x768@60""1280x720@60"480p60""576p50""720p50""720p60""1080p24""1080p25""1080p30",
 
  
Continue the install without loading kernel modules? : <yes>
+
Default username/password:
 +
*username: debian
 +
*password: temppwd
  
DON'T Select "Guided - use entire disk" <- Loose the fat boot partition.
+
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
Recommended: Select Guided - Use the largest continuous free space
+
Services Active:
 +
Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
 +
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) http://192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) http://192.168.6.2
 +
SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) debian@192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) debian@192.168.6.2
 +
Getty, Serial Port
  
Example:
+
Default user: debian pass: temppwd
Partition #2 of SCSI1 (0,0,0) (sda) as ext3
 
Partition #5 of SCSI1 (0,0,0) (sda) as swap
 
  
  Continue without installing a kernel? : <yes>
+
Get prebuilt image:
 +
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/elinux/debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
  
  Standard System
+
Verify Image with:
 +
  sha256sum debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
 +
b6f1ca53d67554d0381ca59fe9ecd50b5013a073abd2b2e133aa8be1784cdbc6  debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
  
  No BootLoader: <ok>
+
Unpack Image:
 +
  tar xf debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
 +
cd debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12
  
==Install complete==
+
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
Reboot (aka remove power)
+
sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc
  
Uboot update bootcmd & bootargs
+
You should see something like:
setenv bootcmd 'mmcinit; fatload mmc 0:1 0x80300000 uImage; bootm 0x80300000'
 
setenv bootargs 'console=ttyS2,115200n8 console=tty0 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootdelay=2 rootfstype=ext3 ro video=omapfb:mode:1280x720@60'
 
saveenv
 
boot
 
  
Debian will fix the ext3 partition, it'll try to reboot, after halting remove and reapply power.
+
Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...
 +
 +
fdisk -l:
 +
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes '''<- x86 Root Drive'''
 +
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes '''<- MMC/SD card'''
 +
 +
lsblk:
 +
NAME  MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
 +
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk
 +
├─sda1  8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  '''<- x86 Root Partition'''
 +
├─sda2  8:2    0    1K  0 part
 +
└─sda5  8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
 +
sdd      8:48  1  3.7G  0 disk
 +
├─sdd1  8:49  1    64M  0 part
 +
└─sdd2  8:50  1  3.6G  0 part
  
==Login & Install kernel-image==
+
* In this example, we can see via mount, '''/dev/sda1''' is the x86 rootfs, therefore '''/dev/sdd''' is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...
  
cd /home/<user>
+
Install Image:
sudo apt-get install uboot-mkimage
 
wget http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/lenny/v2.6.27-2a3408b-oer4/linux-image-2.6.27-oer4_1.0lenny_armel.deb
 
sudo dpkg -i linux-image*
 
  
Extract linux-image's vmlinuz-*
+
Quick install script for [board]
  dpkg -x linux-image* ./temp
+
  sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board
  
Mount fat32 partition
+
board options:
sudo mount /dev/mmcblk0p1 /mnt
+
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx          - omap3-beagle
 +
*BeagleBoard xM                  - omap3-beagle-xm
 +
*All BeagleBone Variants          - beaglebone
 +
*OMAP5432 uEVM                    - omap5-uevm
 +
*BeagleBoard-X15 (BeagleBone AI)  - am57xx-beagle-x15
  
Build uboot compatible image and copy to fat32 boot partition
+
So for the BeagleBoard xM:
  sudo mkimage -A arm -O linux -T kernel -C none -a 0x80008000 -e 0x80008000 -n "Linux" -d ./temp/boot/vmlinuz-*  /mnt/uImage
+
  sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
  
Clean up
+
Advanced: Build Image:
rm -rfd temp
 
  
Sync, umount Partitions and Reboot
+
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 +
cd omap-image-builder
 +
git checkout v2020.03 -b tmp
  
= QEMU install method via debian-installer (emulated arm core via Desktop PC)=
+
Stable:
  
Install QEMU on your host PC. This assumes that your host PC is running Debian as well. If not, install QEMU the way your host PC distribution uses.
+
./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_buster_armhf
apt-get install qemu
 
Note: If your debian armel image crashes while fscking the partition, rebuild qemu from trunk.
 
  
==PC: Format SD Card==
+
= Flasher =
  
You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.
+
== eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC ==
Standard System : ~455MB
 
+ Desktop environment (GNOME) : ~2.9GB
 
  
Starting with an empty SD card and using gparted, create:
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.
  50 MiB Primary Partition, fat32
 
  Leave remaining space for the Debian-Installer
 
  
==PC: Preparation==
+
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 +
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
  
Create a working directory to keep your files organized.
+
This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
  
mkdir debian-armel
+
Notes:
cd debian-armel/
+
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
wget ftp://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/dists/lenny/main/installer-armel/current/images/versatile/netboot/initrd.gz
+
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
wget ftp://ftp.us.debian.org/debian/dists/lenny/main/installer-armel/current/images/versatile/netboot/vmlinuz-2.6.26-1-versatile
 
  
==PC: Install Debian in QEMU==
+
User: debian
 +
pass: temppwd
  
Quick Note: Debian Lenny is undergoing Beta/RC testing so these debian installers are currently way out of date, so it will tell you their are unavailable kernel modules, just ignore the question and continue. These modules will be provided later, with the provided linux-image deb.
+
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
To install (ARM EABI) Debian inside QEMU:
+
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
  sudo qemu-system-arm -M versatilepb -kernel vmlinuz-2.6.26-1-versatile -initrd initrd.gz -m 256 -hda /dev/sdX -append "root=/dev/ram mem=256M"
+
Verify Image with:
Note: root/sudo access is required to access /dev/sdX directly (verify mmc card with fdisk -l)
+
  sha256sum bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
12a449c3426d811765e8ef0236ae3ddc74fc645a482640984435452929ebf55d  bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
Partition disks, default settings should work for most: Guided - use the largest continuous free space
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
http://etcher.io
  
[[Image:Beagleboarddebian-partitiondisk.png]]
+
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
==PC: Running Debian in QEMU (Optional)==
+
== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI ==
Note: This section is only useful for people with out a usb-network device for their beagle who would like to install additional applications, otherwise just skip to the next subsection to install your linux-kernel by copying files from your desktop pc to a SD card.
 
  
  sudo qemu-system-arm -M versatilepb -kernel vmlinuz-2.6.26-1-versatile -m 256 -hda /dev/sdX -append "root=/dev/sda2 mem=256M"
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.
  
Note: Time will be incorrect.  
+
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 +
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
  
sudo apt-get install ntpdate
+
This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
ntpdate pool.ntp.org
 
  
Install default deb packages for linux-image & linux-headers.
+
Notes:
 +
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
 +
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
  
Stable  2.6.27
+
User: debian
wget http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/lenny/v2.6.27-2a3408b-oer4/linux-image-2.6.27-oer4_1.0lenny_armel.deb
+
pass: temppwd
wget http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/lenny/v2.6.27-2a3408b-oer4/linux-headers-2.6.27-oer4_1.0lenny_armel.deb
 
sudo dpkg -i *.deb
 
  
Note: It's easier to download these straight to the sd card after you've mounted the SD card to copy uImage to the FAT partition.
+
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
==PC: Linux Kernel Preparation ==
+
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
Install uboot-mkimage utility
+
Verify Image with:
  sudo apt-get install uboot-mkimage
+
sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
  b2d4600cfbeaad90e9d634f8f9671be1223d235e6581aac82897d3f28076d338  am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
Remount SD card, Ubuntu remounts SD card like this:
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
/media/disk/ <fat32>
+
  http://etcher.io
  /media/disk-1/ <ext3>
 
  
Download Kernel-Image
+
Linux: (dd)
  cd /media/disk-1/home/<user>/
+
  xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
wget http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/lenny/v2.6.27-2a3408b-oer4/linux-image-2.6.27-oer4_1.0lenny_armel.deb
 
  
Extract linux-image's vmlinuz-*
+
= raw microSD img =
dpkg -x linux-image* ./temp
 
  
Build uboot compatiable image and copy to /media/disk/ <fat32 boot partition>
+
== BeagleBoard xM ==
mkimage -A arm -O linux -T kernel -C none -a 0x80008000 -e 0x80008000 -n "Linux" -d ./temp/boot/vmlinuz-*  /media/disk/uImage
 
  
Clean up
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
rm -rfd temp
 
  
Sync, umount Partitions and Install sd card in beagleboard
+
User: debian
 +
pass: temppwd
  
=Beagleboard First Boot, uboot, general notes=
+
Auto partition resize:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools
 +
git pull
 +
./grow_partition.sh
 +
sudo reboot
  
Insert SD Card and power up Beagleboard.
+
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
  
==Boot==
+
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
Using a terminal program, stop u-boot and add these commands:
+
Verify Image with:
  setenv bootcmd 'mmcinit; fatload mmc 0:1 0x80300000 uImage; bootm 0x80300000'
+
  sha256sum bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
setenv bootargs 'console=ttyS2,115200n8 console=tty0 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootdelay=2 rootfstype=ext3 ro video=omapfb:mode:1280x720@60'
+
  864cd6a45179e87c68087150597e18a1c12c81621da7735ee8d5c35094423845 bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  saveenv
 
  boot
 
  
video=omapfb:mode:1280x720@60
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
  Modes:
+
  http://etcher.io
"640x480@60""800x600@60""1024x768@60""1280x720@60"480p60""576p50""720p50""720p60""1080p24""1080p25""1080p30",
 
  
The Beagleboard will reboot 3-4 times while the ext3 filesystem is repaired. (may have to remove power etc)
+
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
=== Upgrading u-boot (2.6.27's and later) ===
+
== All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle==
  
Using gparted, create a new 50MB Primary fat32 Parition on blank SD card.
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
wget http://www.angstrom-distribution.org/demo/beagleboard/u-boot.bin
+
User: debian
cp u-boot.bin /media/disk
+
pass: temppwd
  
uboot
+
Auto partition resize:
  mmcinit
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools
  fatload mmc 0 0x80200000 u-boot.bin
+
  git pull
  nand unlock
+
  ./grow_partition.sh
nand ecc sw
+
  sudo reboot
nand erase 80000 160000
 
nand write.i 0x80200000 80000 160000
 
  reset
 
  
==Debian on Beagleboard==
+
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
Debian on BeagleBoard uses the following configuration:
+
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
* Console log = Serial Terminal
+
Verify Image with:
* User Console = HDMI port + usb (keyboard, mouse, etc)
+
sha256sum bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
6d898c473edc8a50597ed7da8342c899d88e07b8a6b4c7c143257e947cb5f52d  bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
If you want to log in with the serial port, you will have to add to /etc/inittab
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
  S:2345:respawn:/sbin/getty 115200 ttyS2
+
http://etcher.io
  
And if you want to log in as root on the serial port, add ttyS2 to /etc/securetty.
+
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
===Xorg===
+
== BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI==
Modify /etc/X11/xorg.conf
 
Section "Device"
 
Identifier "Configured Video Device"
 
Option "UseFBDev" "true"
 
Driver "fbdev"
 
EndSection
 
  
[[Image:Beagleboarddebian-GNOME.jpg]]
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
Note: 'fbdev' is normally *slow* since it completely relies on the system cpu to update the framebuffer.  Once the video processing core's driver is released this will no longer be an issue.
+
User: debian
 +
pass: temppwd
  
=Current Issues=
+
Auto partition resize:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools
 +
git pull
 +
./grow_partition.sh
 +
sudo reboot
  
#Swap disabled: change /dev/hda5 -> /dev/mmcblk0p5 in /etc/fstab (artifact of qemu install to /dev/hdaX)
+
Image Updated:
#RTC seems to be not enabled: use ntpdate when ethernet works, or issue date MMDDHHMMYYYY
+
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
=Advanced: Building a Native Debian Kernel=
+
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
Note, these are just general build hints.
+
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
24bfaeac8d90ebd36790ba4c04a4117fe8c2e7aa28de5d1ff0a5ab164e32bb90  am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
==Install Dependencies==
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
   
+
  http://etcher.io
apt-get install git-core kernel-package fakeroot build-essential curl libncurses-dev
 
  
==u-boot==
+
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
There is a debian package for this now:
 
apt-get install uboot-mkimage
 
  
If you must build from upstream:
+
= Debian Configuration =
wget -nc http://beagleboard.googlecode.com/files/u-boot_beagle_revb.tar.gz
 
tar -xf u-boot_beagle_revb.tar.gz
 
cd u-boot/
 
make CROSS_COMPILE= distclean
 
make CROSS_COMPILE= omap3530beagle_config
 
make CROSS_COMPILE= tools
 
  
Add /tools/ to $PATH
+
==Install Latest Kernel Image==
PATH=/home/<user>/u-boot/tools:"${PATH}"
 
  
==Linux Kernel==
+
General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:
 +
sudo apt-get update
 +
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
 +
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
 +
sudo reboot
  
  git clone git://git2.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tmlind/linux-omap-2.6.git
+
Latest kernel script
  cd linux-omap-2.6/
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git checkout -b beagle <tag you wish to use>
+
git pull
 +
  sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>
  
Patch Kernel with patches you need:
+
== 4.19.x-ti ==
  patch -p1 < ~/dl/patches/*.patch
+
beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.19
 +
  Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.19.y
  
Setup Kernel .config
+
4.19.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
  make CROSS_COMPILE= distclean
+
  --ti-channel --lts-4_19
  
Copy or Make your defconfig
+
  4.19.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
  cp ~/dl/defconfig .config
+
  --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_19
or
 
  make CROSS_COMPILE= menuconfig
 
  
Create Debian linux-image* & linux-headers* Package
+
== Mainline (4.19.x lts) ==
make-kpkg --cross_compile - clean
 
fakeroot make-kpkg --cross_compile - kernel_image kernel_headers
 
  
Create U-boot uImage
+
4.19.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
  make CROSS_COMPILE= uImage
+
  --bone-kernel --lts-4_19
  
= Deb Builder =
+
4.19.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
 +
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_19
  
Auto builds for lenny, sid, and mojo's; linux-image and linux-headers's in appropriate schroot's.
+
== Debian 9: stretch ==
 +
sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp
  
[http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/kernel/  Latest Images]
+
Reboot with your new Kernel Image.
[http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/kernel/changes.txt  Changelog]
 
  
= Rebuilding *.deb Kernel's from Source =
+
== Xorg Drivers ==
  
Note, this is done native on the BeagleBoard...
+
Script:
 
+
cd /opt/scripts/tools/
GIT Checkout, Beagleboard patches, and defconfig.
+
  git pull
 
 
Requires:
 
  sudo aptitude install git-core gcc wget kernel-package fakeroot build-essential
 
  
For this example lets look at: http://cgit.openembedded.net/cgit.cgi?url=openembedded/commit/&id=2d2df68f89a7f8dffd87cb9db42cad8c46891c28
+
BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 +
./ti-omapdrm.sh
  
All build that i do are logged here: http://www.rcn-ee.com/deb/kernel/changes.txt
+
BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 +
./ti-tilcdc.sh
  
==Retrieve the GIT checkout==
+
== SGX Drivers ==
  
GIT Checkout: 15f75b6226c2d3b82062bb721e7cb9a1d6f35efd  or Shorthand: 15f75b6
+
=== SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black ===
  
git-clone git://git2.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tmlind/linux-omap-2.6.git
+
[[BeagleBoneBlack/SGX_%2B_Qt_EGLFS_%2B_Weston|A page is dedicated for the installation and use of the graphics accelerator]].
cd linux-omap-2.6/
 
 
or if you already downloaded it..
 
 
cd linux-omap-2.6/
 
git pull
 
 
git checkout 15f75b6
 
git checkout -b v2.6.28-15f75b6
 
git archive --format=tar --prefix=v2.6.28-15f75b6/ v2.6.28-15f75b6 | gzip > ../v2.6.28-15f75b6.tar.gz
 
git checkout master
 
git branch v2.6.28-15f75b6 -D
 
cd ..
 
  
==Copy patches and defconfig==  
+
= Building Kernel =
  
Open linux-omap**.bb: http://cgit.openembedded.net/cgit.cgi?url=openembedded/tree/packages/linux/linux-omap_git.bb&id=2d2df68f89a7f8dffd87cb9db42cad8c46891c28
+
Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:
  
This contains 20+ patches need to form a specific (oe) Openembedded release, too keep things neat and simple for my beagle builder, I'll usually combine this into a single diff located here along with the defconfig. http://rcn-ee.homeip.net:81/dl/omap/beagle/v2.6.28-15f75b6-oer9/
+
== Beagle/Beagle xM ==
 +
http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard
  
wget http://rcn-ee.homeip.net:81/dl/omap/beagle/v2.6.28-15f75b6-oer9/v2.6.28-15f75b6-oer9.diff
+
== BeagleBone ==
  wget http://rcn-ee.homeip.net:81/dl/omap/beagle/v2.6.28-15f75b6-oer9/defconfig
+
  http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone
  
==Rebuild Deb==
+
== BeagleBone Black ==
 +
http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black
  
Extract Kernel Source
+
== Panda/Panda ES ==
  tar -xf v2.6.28-15f75b6.tar.gz
+
  http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard
cd v2.6.28-15f75b6/
 
  
Apply Patch
+
= Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 =
patch -p1 < ../v2.6.28-15f75b6-oer9.diff
 
  
Copy Defconfig
+
[http://www.jeremycole.com/blog/2011/03/09/beagleboard-upgrading-from-debian-5-to-debian-6/ Upgrading] from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.
cp ../defconfig .config
 
  
Testing Changes
+
= Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy) =
make menuconfig
 
  
Clean
+
Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...
make-kpkg --cross_compile - clean
 
  
Build
+
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
  fakeroot make-kpkg --cross_compile - kernel_image kernel_headers
+
  sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
(and wait 2hr 15mins)
+
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
 +
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade

Latest revision as of 21:01, 29 May 2020

This page is about running a (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABIhf) Debian distribution from SD card. Debian's NetInstall will be used to install Debian onto your Beagle.

Note: Original Beagleboards work with the Debian Console image booted via holding user button down. Last tested 05/2020. Ref: https://github.com/beagleboard/Latest-Images/issues/48

Help

If you need any help:

  • When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Official BeagleBoard.org Images for shipping with BeagleBone Black

Recommended Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All old Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions.
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Debian NetInstall

Scripts:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Device Options:

BeagleBoard --dtb omap3-beagle
BeagleBoard-xM --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
BeagleBoard-X15 --dtb am57xx-beagle-x15
BeagleBone (serial) --dtb am335x-bone-serial
BeagleBone (video via cape) --dtb am335x-bone-video
BeagleBone Black --dtb am335x-boneblack
PandaBoard (A1->A3) --dtb omap4-panda
PandaBoard (A4->Ax) --dtb omap4-panda-a4
PandaBoard ES  --dtb omap4-panda-es

You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.

Standard System : ~455MB

Debian 10 (buster)

Quick Install script for "board"

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb "board" --distro stretch

So For the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro stretch
  • Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v5.4.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.19.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Debian (buster)

Default username/password:

  • username: debian
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) http://192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) http://192.168.6.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh debian@arm.local (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) debian@192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) debian@192.168.6.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: debian pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/elinux/debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
b6f1ca53d67554d0381ca59fe9ecd50b5013a073abd2b2e133aa8be1784cdbc6  debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
cd debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • All BeagleBone Variants - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 (BeagleBone AI) - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2020.03 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_debian_buster_armhf

Flasher

eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
12a449c3426d811765e8ef0236ae3ddc74fc645a482640984435452929ebf55d  bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Debian will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: debian pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
b2d4600cfbeaad90e9d634f8f9671be1223d235e6581aac82897d3f28076d338  am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
864cd6a45179e87c68087150597e18a1c12c81621da7735ee8d5c35094423845  bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
6d898c473edc8a50597ed7da8342c899d88e07b8a6b4c7c143257e947cb5f52d  bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: debian pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
24bfaeac8d90ebd36790ba4c04a4117fe8c2e7aa28de5d1ff0a5ab164e32bb90  am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-debian-10.3-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX


Debian Configuration

Install Latest Kernel Image

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

4.19.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.19
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.19.y
4.19.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_19
4.19.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_19

Mainline (4.19.x lts)

4.19.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_19
4.19.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_19

Debian 9: stretch

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

A page is dedicated for the installation and use of the graphics accelerator.

Building Kernel

Note, this section use to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6

Upgrading from Debian 5 to Debian 6 report and tutorial.

Upgrading from Debian 6 (Squeeze) to Debian 7 (Wheezy)

Note, this only goes over "armel" -> "armel"... For users wishing to switch from "armel" -> "armhf" just re-install...

sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo sed -i -e "s/squeeze/wheezy/g" /etc/apt/sources.list
sudo apt-get update ; sudo apt-get install -y apt aptitude udev dpkg
sudo aptitude update ; sudo aptitude -y safe-upgrade ; sudo aptitude -y dist-upgrade