Difference between revisions of "BeagleBoardUbuntu"

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m (Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image: 2015-08-17)
m (Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image: 2015-09-11)
Line 58: Line 58:
 
== Demo Image ==
 
== Demo Image ==
  
* '''Advanced Users only''': Beagle xM: Kernel source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform
+
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBoard xM: Kernel source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 
  cd armv7-multiplatform
 
  cd armv7-multiplatform
  git checkout origin/v4.1.x -b tmp
+
  git checkout origin/v4.2.x -b tmp
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:  Kernel v4.1.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.1.y
 
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:  Kernel v4.1.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.1.y
Line 76: Line 76:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2015-09-11
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.2.0-armv7-x1 kernel
 +
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
 
*2015-08-17
 
*2015-08-17
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
+
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
*2015-07-08
 
*2015-07-08
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
 
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
 
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
*2015-06-11
 
** Beagle/Beagle xM: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel
 
** BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
 
  
 
Services Active:
 
Services Active:
Line 101: Line 101:
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/elinux/ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/elinux/ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11.tar.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz
+
  md5sum ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11.tar.xz
  2afc4a3b93e1ed1afca36aa6e5e90761 ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz
+
  45d5d527b665f988861fc05fb0582ac7 ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11.tar.xz
  
 
Unpack Image:
 
Unpack Image:
  tar xf ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17.tar.xz
+
  tar xf ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11.tar.xz
  cd ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17
+
  cd ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11
  
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
Line 153: Line 153:
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  cd omap-image-builder
 
  cd omap-image-builder
  git checkout v2015.08 -b tmp
+
  git checkout v2015.09 -b tmp
  
 
Stable:
 
Stable:
Line 178: Line 178:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2015-09-11
 +
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
 
*2015-08-17
 
*2015-08-17
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
*2015-07-08
 
*2015-07-08
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
*2015-06-11
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
+
  md5sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
  ae1e578f7978fb9b7826842c08534c15 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  1035415e7e603122d740e95806ba8ad0 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  cac8aecffa66578d2e9406e03a4cdf36 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  ffc3e02f89ebd63216b1d39d3f8de673 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
 +
 
 +
=== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 ===
 +
 
 +
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
  
== raw microSD img ==
+
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 +
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
  
=== BeagleBoard (classic) ===
+
This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager
+
Notes:
 +
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
 +
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
 
pass: temppwd
 
pass: temppwd
 
Auto partition resize:
 
cd /opt/scripts/tools
 
git pull
 
./grow_partition.sh
 
sudo reboot
 
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2015-08-17
+
*2015-09-11
** Beagle: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
*2015-07-08
 
** Beagle: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
 
*2015-06-11
 
** Beagle: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bb-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bb-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum bb-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
+
  md5sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
  e608a236e379ea814dd49971a293dba8 bb-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  1b9ac4b3c9dc334ab66ad4e9482b826d bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  e608a236e379ea814dd49971a293dba8 bb-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  c765f0e464ae5201996a3f502718b39e bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bb-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
  bb-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz bb-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./bb-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
 +
 
 +
== raw microSD img ==
  
 
=== BeagleBoard xM ===
 
=== BeagleBoard xM ===
Line 256: Line 255:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2015-09-11
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.2.0-armv7-x1 kernel
 
*2015-08-17
 
*2015-08-17
** Beagle xM: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
 
*2015-07-08
 
*2015-07-08
** Beagle xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
*2015-06-11
 
** Beagle xM: v4.1.0-rc7-armv7-x0 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
+
  md5sum bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
  a5f1bd47ce59c4456b34420f7abc72e2 bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  1549f60ae6145a3ec32c1fadf08e6fcc bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  63d5c01dd42f917d3b0c0e625a3ce81d bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  0530399a6843c4a76d2ec1be51150d13 bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
  bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
  
 
=== BeagleBone White/Black/Green ===
 
=== BeagleBone White/Black/Green ===
Line 294: Line 293:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2015-09-11
 +
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
 
*2015-08-17
 
*2015-08-17
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
*2015-07-08
 
*2015-07-08
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
*2015-06-11
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
+
  md5sum bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
  2b71ceb5cc1846ce4b7a6f4028ea15dc bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  4ee70063414103a09925bb8a288bc140 bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  7b24e7b9d336c3c9237ce81c0d151da5 bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  ed62c963abf00ed6af190890c845c224 bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
  bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
  
 
=== OMAP5432 uEVM ===
 
=== OMAP5432 uEVM ===
Line 332: Line 331:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2015-09-11
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
 
*2015-08-17
 
*2015-08-17
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
*2015-07-08
 
*2015-07-08
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
*2015-06-11
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
+
  md5sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
  4654bd0d7a44bfb704bf23b664f90ca3 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  d41741ea14a2233719ec8ac037532964 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  63e0421ce0327968742887a69fa1a085 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  d61bdef6c45a65ce880b1136e4beba73 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
  
 
=== BeagleBoard-X15 ===
 
=== BeagleBoard-X15 ===
Line 370: Line 369:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2015-09-11
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
 
*2015-08-17
 
*2015-08-17
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
 
*2015-07-08
 
*2015-07-08
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
*2015-06-11
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v3.14.43-ti-r67 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-08-17/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  md5sum bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb*
+
  md5sum bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
  e8933776189249a157286ff9ccd5cc84 bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap
+
  3fb27c0e575e567fffbc0b70f7094250 bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
  0e4f3634134673b24bebfb5fc9e804bd bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  2a9352e1efe722a5557a1ee4b1c1142c bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
  bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-08-17-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
  
 
= Method 2: Use the NetInstall method=
 
= Method 2: Use the NetInstall method=

Revision as of 12:53, 11 September 2015

(For BeagleBoardAngstrom, click here.) (Should Beagleboard:Ubuntu On BeagleBone Black be merged into this page?)

This page is about running a Linux distribution (ARM EABI) Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Ubuntu distribution from the SD card. Since much of this page is generic, it has also been extended to help support devices such as the PandaBoard and BeagleBone.

  • For the best experience, make sure you have an LCD/HDMI monitor attached to the BeagleBoard's HDMI port, 2 GB/4 GB/8 GB SD card, and a known good USB 2.0 hub with mouse and keyboard.

Help

If you need any help:

  • Ubuntu related help:
    • #ubuntu-arm: Ubuntu's ARM IRC on Freenode (logs -> year -> month -> day -> #ubuntu-arm.html)
  • When requesting help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Required Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All older BeagleBoard (classic) Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Omap Serial Changes

boot.scr/boot.cmd changes:

With 2.6.35:

console=ttyS2,115200n8

With 2.6.36/37+:

console=ttyO2,115200n8

Serial console login: /etc/init/ttyO2.conf

start on stopped rc RUNLEVEL=[2345]
stop on runlevel [!2345]

respawn
exec /sbin/getty 115200 ttyO2

Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v4.2.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.1.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Ubuntu (14.04.3)

Default username/password:

  • username: ubuntu
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2015-09-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.2.0-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2015-08-17
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm.local (Bone: via usb) ubuntu@192.168.7.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/elinux/ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

md5sum ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11.tar.xz
45d5d527b665f988861fc05fb0582ac7  ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11.tar.xz
cd ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • BeagleBone White/Black/Green - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2015.09 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_trusty_armhf

Flasher

eMMC: BeagleBone Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2015-09-11
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2015-08-17
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
1035415e7e603122d740e95806ba8ad0  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
ffc3e02f89ebd63216b1d39d3f8de673  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2015-09-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
1b9ac4b3c9dc334ab66ad4e9482b826d  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
c765f0e464ae5201996a3f502718b39e  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-09-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.2.0-armv7-x1 kernel
  • 2015-08-17
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.1.5-armv7-x2 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.1.1-armv7-x1 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
1549f60ae6145a3ec32c1fadf08e6fcc  bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
0530399a6843c4a76d2ec1be51150d13  bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbxm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBone White/Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-09-11
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2015-08-17
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
4ee70063414103a09925bb8a288bc140  bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
ed62c963abf00ed6af190890c845c224  bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

OMAP5432 uEVM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-09-11
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2015-08-17
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
d41741ea14a2233719ec8ac037532964  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
d61bdef6c45a65ce880b1136e4beba73  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2015-09-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.6-ti-r15 kernel
  • 2015-08-17
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.5-ti-r10 kernel
  • 2015-07-08
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.1-ti-r2 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-09-11/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

md5sum bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb*
3fb27c0e575e567fffbc0b70f7094250  bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap
2a9352e1efe722a5557a1ee4b1c1142c  bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.bmap \
bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-09-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

Method 2: Use the NetInstall method

You will need a 1GB/2GB/4GB/8GB SD card or greater.

Standard system : ~700 MB

Report Bugs/Issues to: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/issues (anywhere else will be ignored..)

Download the netinstall script:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Currently supported Ubuntu distributions:

--distro oneiric (11.10)
--distro precise-armhf (12.04)
--distro quantal (12.10)
--distro raring (13.04)
--distro saucy (13.10)

Device: <board> selection:

*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx  - omap3-beagle
*BeagleBoard xMA/B/C   - omap3-beagle-xm
*BeagleBone Ax         - am335x-bone-serial
*BeagleBone (DVI cape) - am335x-bone-video
*BeagleBone Black      - am335x-boneblack
*PandaBoard Ax     - omap4-panda
*PandaBoard A4+    - omap4-panda-a4
*PandaBoard ES     - omap4-panda-es

Installation script for new <board> selection: (slowly migrating all devices to this method)

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb <board> --distro <distro>

So for the xM: with quantal:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro quantal
  • Other Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Place SD card into BeagleBoard and boot:

Configure the network:

usb0: USB net <- (usually the OTG port)
eth0: USB net <- (usually the smsc95xx adapter on the BeagleBoard and PandaBoard)
wlan0: Wifi <- Your USDB-Wi-Fi device.. 

See my notes for my testing procedure: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/blob/master/test.Ubuntu

Troubleshooting: If booting fails..

  • Hold the user button down to force booting from MMC
  • Upgrade X-loader and U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot
  • Clear U-boot's Environment Variables in NAND:
nand erase 260000 20000

NetInstall assumptions:

Assume asll <default>'s... Thanks you preseed.conf!!!

Method 3: Manual Install (no automatic scripts)

Note, this section used to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Advanced

Install Latest Kernel Image

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull

Stable:

./update_kernel.sh

Testing:

./update_kernel.sh --beta-kernel

Custom: (has to be on rcn-ee.net)

./update_kernel.sh --kernel v3.8.13-bone69

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Upgrade X-loader and U-boot

  • Note: the functionality of the "X-Loader" project has been merged as u-boot spl.

Compatibility with older Ax, Bx, Cx, and Dx BeagleBoards

Note: Sometimes on these older boards, you just have to clear out the stored U-Boot environment variables in NAND to make this script work:

nand erase 260000 20000

Or: To fully erase the entire NAND:

nand erase.chip

Requires MMC card:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/flasher.git
cd flasher

For the Beagle Ax/Bx

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot beagle_bx

For the Beagle Cx/Dx

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot beagle_cx
1: Plug-in a serial cable and start the serial terminal program
2: Place MMC card in Beagle
3: Push and hold the user button
4: Plug-in power
5: Wait for U-Boot countdown to finish, then release the user button
6: Wait for flashing/script to end
7: Power down, remove and reformat MMC card to final OS

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/mmcblk0: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

mount:
/dev/sda1 on / type ext4 (rw,errors=remount-ro,commit=0) <- x86 Root Partition
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/mmcblk0 is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by the ./mk_mmc.sh script.

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install sgx modules (3.14.x-ti or 4.1.x kernel):

sudo apt-get install ti-sgx-es8-modules-`uname -r`
sudo depmod -a `uname -r`
sudo update-initramfs -uk `uname -r`

Build SGX userspace for 3.14.x-ti (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev/
git checkout origin/ti-linux-3.14.y -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

Swapfile

Using a File for Swap Instead of a Partition

On the Beagleboard you should expect to require a swap file given the limitation of how little RAM is available (between 256 MB and 512 MB). Some system programs like apt-get will only run properly when some swap space is present (due to 256 MB not being enough RAM).

Some images (such as those from Linaro.org) do not come with a swap partition or any swap space allocated.

Under Linux, swap space can be either a dedicated partition or a swap file. Both can be mounted as swap which the OS can access.

Creating a Swapfile

The following commands will create a 1 GB file, limit access only to root, format it as swap and then make it available to the OS:

sudo mkdir -p /var/cache/swap/   
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/cache/swap/swapfile bs=1M count=1024
sudo chmod 0600 /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo mkswap /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo swapon /var/cache/swap/swapfile 

To tell the OS to load this swapfile on each start up, edit the /etc/fstab file to include the following additional line:

/var/cache/swap/swapfile    none    swap    sw    0   0

To verify that the swapfile is accessilble as swap to the OS, run "top" or "htop" at a console.

Ubuntu Software

Wi-Fi Networking (command line)

/etc/network/interfaces

It is relatively easy to configure a Wi-Fi card from the command line.

You will need to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file. There are several guides available via Google.

This is a particularly useful guide https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=202834

A sample /etc/network/interfaces file for a WPA2 encrypted access point is:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto wlan0
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
wpa-driver wext
wpa-ssid <NAME OF AP>
wpa-ap-scan 1
wpa-proto RSN
wpa-pairwise CCMP
wpa-group CCMP
wpa-key-mgmt WPA-PSK
wpa-psk <INSERT KEY XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX>

Your Wi-Fi card will automatically load these settings upon startup and initialize wireless network access.

Lightweight window managers

If you intend to use Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard you can install JWM or IceWM to improve performance.

JWM in particular uses little RAM. On a BeagleBoard with 256 MB, using JWM will leave about 60 MB free in which to run applications.

Web Apps

Midori

Given that the BeagleBoard has fewer resources than a desktop a lightweight browser is more responsive. Midori is a lightweight browser that still supports flash, etc. It is available from the standard repositories: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midori_%28web_browser%29

Surveillance

Motion

If you have a video source (webcam, IP cam, etc.) which appears as /dev/video0, etc. then you can use the Linux surveillance software "motion" to monitor the video stream and record periods of activity.

Motion is also available from the standard repositories: http://www.debian-administration.org/article/An_Introduction_to_Video_Surveillance_with_%27Motion%27 Using a 960x720 resolution webcam with a 15 fps rate under the UVC driver the Rev C BeagleBoard under Xubuntu reports ~60% CPU utilisation.

To make the BeagleBoard automatically start recording on boot, do the following:

  • Auto Login - run "gdmsetup" from a terminal and select a user to automatically login
  • Sessions - make sure you don't save any previous X Windows sessions so that it doesn't prompt you for which one you want
  • motion.conf - edit /etc/motion/motion.conf to use the settings you want (that is, video output directory, record only video, record in MPEG-4, set frame rate, etc). Do this with "sudo medit /etc/motion/motion.conf" at a prompt.
  • Boot script - create a new script in /etc/rc2.d called "S65motion_client" and set permissions appropriately ("sudo chmod 777 /etc/rc2.d/S65motion_client"). Then edit the file so it contains the following lines:
#! /bin/sh
/usr/bin/motion -c /etc/motion/motion.conf

This will now launch the motion client as root when you boot up.

Also note that unless your BeagleBoard can remember the time (battery backed up clock installed), the timestamps will not be correct until you update the time. If your BeagleBoard has an Internet connection this can be achieved using the ntpdate application.

Robotics

ROS

ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.

There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Trusty armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:

http://wiki.ros.org/indigo/Installation/UbuntuARM

Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).

For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.