Difference between revisions of "BeagleBoardUbuntu"

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m (Advanced)
m (Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image: 2016-01-14)
Line 61: Line 61:
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 
  cd armv7-multiplatform
 
  cd armv7-multiplatform
  git checkout origin/v4.3.x -b tmp
+
  git checkout origin/v4.4.x -b tmp
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:  Kernel v4.1.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.1.y
 
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:  Kernel v4.1.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.1.y
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
 
  cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
 
  cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
  git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.1.y -b tmp
+
  git checkout origin/ti-linux-rt-4.1.y -b tmp
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
  
Line 76: Line 76:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2016-01-14
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.4.0-armv7-x3 kernel
 +
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 
*2015-12-11
 
*2015-12-11
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.2-armv7-x1 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.2-armv7-x1 kernel
Line 86: Line 91:
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
*2015-10-09
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.2.3-armv7-x2 kernel
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.10-ti-r21 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.10-ti-r21 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.10-ti-r21 kernel
 
  
 
Services Active:
 
Services Active:
Line 101: Line 101:
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/elinux/ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/elinux/ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
+
  sha256sum ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
  5a7323392ddfd0854ffd8ebf778b07d3ff1d22243fa6889aa2f9c334a7455bbd ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
+
  3f2fa9b8c95ae5f52d2f285f51de5d1d2195fddf28032b10f079c8356ade1f52 ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
  
 
Unpack Image:
 
Unpack Image:
  tar xf ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
+
  tar xf ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
  cd ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11
+
  cd ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14
  
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
Line 153: Line 153:
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  cd omap-image-builder
 
  cd omap-image-builder
  git checkout v2015.12 -b tmp
+
  git checkout v2016.01 -b tmp
  
 
Stable:
 
Stable:
Line 166: Line 166:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2016-01-14
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.4.0-armv7-x3 kernel
 +
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 
*2015-12-11
 
*2015-12-11
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.2-armv7-x1 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.2-armv7-x1 kernel
Line 178: Line 183:
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/elinux/ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/elinux/ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
+
  sha256sum ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
  53dd0b0c0a5044fbaac4e09c7d3435b438e0033943bbf364b046a4b26eeb6a1f ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
+
  a8b5995584caf58a37e1b454724b4b4e300a21bfd72e2156f30052a104d2b035 ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
  
 
Unpack image:
 
Unpack image:
  tar xf ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2015-12-11.tar.xz
+
  tar xf ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
  cd ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2015-12-11
+
  cd ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14
  
 
Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...
 
Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...
Line 209: Line 214:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2016-01-14
 +
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 
*2015-12-11
 
*2015-12-11
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
*2015-11-13
 
*2015-11-13
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
*2015-10-09
 
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.10-ti-r21 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb*
+
  sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
  4f20ca6faa7423586647bc41efea4bbc25ecd4ce414996bbeaa80fbd29b414f7 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  cf6cae65a5cceb0bf777a6c9a9826c24991d1a9d9b8dfb3c9d86c980d5628982 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  2092f9447f0174e137804a3f009eea91e2f8712535ff606b622b1d27c07a4cff BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  2b02acd35c419b6ae9f91f5b5f99bff8ef918ac9200bea74f10e397c90d2e918 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
  
 
=== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 ===
 
=== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 ===
Line 250: Line 255:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2016-01-14
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 
*2015-12-11
 
*2015-12-11
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
*2015-11-13
 
*2015-11-13
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
*2015-10-09
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.10-ti-r21 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb*
+
  sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
  383770393802389222448d462208e12cadceca24820a67f0ce3f3b4659e0e698 bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  9fb1dad893f59dd520b77ebb2561e774154ba150486b0c5073ff14ff238d3a04 bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  b9a2fafe3ad34b119b9af1aeb5556746dd977d5735753d2e9e888eb6c2e4f0f2 bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  2164ad445759eb5933aafb286213e393f031dc29d67fb0c1b3d1abcdcf65c406 bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
  
 
== raw microSD img ==
 
== raw microSD img ==
Line 290: Line 295:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2016-01-14
 +
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 
*2015-12-11
 
*2015-12-11
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
*2015-11-13
 
*2015-11-13
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
*2015-10-09
 
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.10-ti-r21 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb*
+
  sha256sum bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
  ede8691798e0ecfd1a15b062831f43245a53c6f4ee257700a9826324d05b0a08 bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  4ffbb35026f3f25925d65895da4d17d69aa5133e4d2f7afcf093672073a5fa82 bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  96eba0c548c75da9fa40bfc86fecccbd2e9c1f00ea0e6a2472f270a8b2a86fa6 bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  991888ec1ce4fb66e6d6b3d3ab4715983f0082f67508d2bd74581dfb843e3747 bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
  bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
  
 
=== OMAP5432 uEVM ===
 
=== OMAP5432 uEVM ===
Line 328: Line 333:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2016-01-14
 +
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 
*2015-12-11
 
*2015-12-11
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
*2015-11-13
 
*2015-11-13
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
*2015-10-09
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.10-ti-r21 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb*
+
  sha256sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
  54b295327abf543759e6fcae2e1a5988a7de6d5351029c6cf37f957768288fa8 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  89759c74dd879900a7757c1abfdcf101f3ee40527c835f86d40159025ddd4d96 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  757e1c9e555271dd200cf00b2876115b7a17148fcc68a7ecf88e427e0281568e omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  a7130cc1a143aec3f35b6869ef722fd987b8e0f3e7e51590c3a3d80e82de93f8 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
  
 
=== BeagleBoard-X15 ===
 
=== BeagleBoard-X15 ===
Line 366: Line 371:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
 +
*2016-01-14
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
 
*2015-12-11
 
*2015-12-11
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
 
*2015-11-13
 
*2015-11-13
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
*2015-10-09
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.10-ti-r21 kernel
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2015-12-11/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb*
+
  sha256sum bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
  f5adac22bcb1499dfca8b7b1417a28a8eefbb131ff9de73253a98e8968c581cf bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap
+
  871a6e0022f14db643c37e81ad0684bb6111e52d90a6184b29d597c4a1b0f7fb bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
  d4d4c84fe84a42620fac0bf6f984a81aefd0bbc98f8ef4dbb0dd73d6ce89a4eb bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  938cb6d2c5876bccf7dfa897a22d4a56a21f4ea05bff78cdde589060700ac9a2 bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
 
Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.bmap \
+
  sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
  bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
+
  bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  unxz bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img.xz
+
  unxz bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
  sudo dd if=./bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2015-12-11-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
+
  sudo dd if=./bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX
  
 
= Method 2: Use the NetInstall method=
 
= Method 2: Use the NetInstall method=

Revision as of 22:03, 15 January 2016

(For BeagleBoardAngstrom, click here.) (Should Beagleboard:Ubuntu On BeagleBone Black be merged into this page?)

This page is about running a Linux distribution (ARM EABI) Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Ubuntu distribution from the SD card. Since much of this page is generic, it has also been extended to help support devices such as the PandaBoard and BeagleBone.

  • For the best experience, make sure you have an LCD/HDMI monitor attached to the BeagleBoard's HDMI port, 2 GB/4 GB/8 GB SD card, and a known good USB 2.0 hub with mouse and keyboard.

Help

If you need any help:

  • Ubuntu related help:
    • #ubuntu-arm: Ubuntu's ARM IRC on Freenode (logs -> year -> month -> day -> #ubuntu-arm.html)
  • When requesting help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Required Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All older BeagleBoard (classic) Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Omap Serial Changes

boot.scr/boot.cmd changes:

With 2.6.35:

console=ttyS2,115200n8

With 2.6.36/37+:

console=ttyO2,115200n8

Serial console login: /etc/init/ttyO2.conf

start on stopped rc RUNLEVEL=[2345]
stop on runlevel [!2345]

respawn
exec /sbin/getty 115200 ttyO2

Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v4.4.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-rt-4.1.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Ubuntu (14.04.3)

Default username/password:

  • username: ubuntu
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.4.0-armv7-x3 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.2-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.0-armv7-x0 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm.local (Bone: via usb) ubuntu@192.168.7.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/elinux/ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
3f2fa9b8c95ae5f52d2f285f51de5d1d2195fddf28032b10f079c8356ade1f52  ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
cd ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • BeagleBone White/Black/Green - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2016.01 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_trusty_armhf

Testing:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_xenial_armhf

Ubuntu Testing (xenial)

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.4.0-armv7-x3 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.2-armv7-x1 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.3.0-armv7-x0 kernel
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/elinux/ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
a8b5995584caf58a37e1b454724b4b4e300a21bfd72e2156f30052a104d2b035  ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz

Unpack image:

tar xf ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14.tar.xz
cd ubuntu-xenial-console-armhf-2016-01-14

Then follow the directions shown above with the other images...

Flasher

eMMC: BeagleBone Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
cf6cae65a5cceb0bf777a6c9a9826c24991d1a9d9b8dfb3c9d86c980d5628982  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
2b02acd35c419b6ae9f91f5b5f99bff8ef918ac9200bea74f10e397c90d2e918  BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
9fb1dad893f59dd520b77ebb2561e774154ba150486b0c5073ff14ff238d3a04  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
2164ad445759eb5933aafb286213e393f031dc29d67fb0c1b3d1abcdcf65c406  bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBone White/Black/Green

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
4ffbb35026f3f25925d65895da4d17d69aa5133e4d2f7afcf093672073a5fa82  bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
991888ec1ce4fb66e6d6b3d3ab4715983f0082f67508d2bd74581dfb843e3747  bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bone-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

OMAP5432 uEVM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
89759c74dd879900a7757c1abfdcf101f3ee40527c835f86d40159025ddd4d96  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
a7130cc1a143aec3f35b6869ef722fd987b8e0f3e7e51590c3a3d80e82de93f8  omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./omap5-uevm-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2016-01-14
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.15-ti-rt-r40 kernel
  • 2015-12-11
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.13-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2015-11-13
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.1.12-ti-r29 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-01-14/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb*
871a6e0022f14db643c37e81ad0684bb6111e52d90a6184b29d597c4a1b0f7fb  bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap
938cb6d2c5876bccf7dfa897a22d4a56a21f4ea05bff78cdde589060700ac9a2  bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz

Linux: (bmaptool 3.2)

sudo bmaptool copy --bmap bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.bmap \
bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz /dev/sdX

Linux: (dd)

unxz bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img.xz
sudo dd if=./bbx15-ubuntu-14.04.3-console-armhf-2016-01-14-2gb.img of=/dev/sdX

Method 2: Use the NetInstall method

You will need a 1GB/2GB/4GB/8GB SD card or greater.

Standard system : ~700 MB

Report Bugs/Issues to: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/issues (anywhere else will be ignored..)

Download the netinstall script:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
cd netinstall

Currently supported Ubuntu distributions:

--distro oneiric (11.10)
--distro precise-armhf (12.04)
--distro quantal (12.10)
--distro raring (13.04)
--distro saucy (13.10)

Device: <board> selection:

*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx  - omap3-beagle
*BeagleBoard xMA/B/C   - omap3-beagle-xm
*BeagleBone Ax         - am335x-bone-serial
*BeagleBone (DVI cape) - am335x-bone-video
*BeagleBone Black      - am335x-boneblack
*PandaBoard Ax     - omap4-panda
*PandaBoard A4+    - omap4-panda-a4
*PandaBoard ES     - omap4-panda-es

Installation script for new <board> selection: (slowly migrating all devices to this method)

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb <board> --distro <distro>

So for the xM: with quantal:

sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro quantal
  • Other Options:
    • --firmware : installs firmware
    • --serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port

Place SD card into BeagleBoard and boot:

Configure the network:

usb0: USB net <- (usually the OTG port)
eth0: USB net <- (usually the smsc95xx adapter on the BeagleBoard and PandaBoard)
wlan0: Wifi <- Your USDB-Wi-Fi device.. 

See my notes for my testing procedure: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/blob/master/test.Ubuntu

Troubleshooting: If booting fails..

  • Hold the user button down to force booting from MMC
  • Upgrade X-loader and U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot
  • Clear U-boot's Environment Variables in NAND:
nand erase 260000 20000

NetInstall assumptions:

Assume asll <default>'s... Thanks you preseed.conf!!!

Method 3: Manual Install (no automatic scripts)

Note, this section used to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Advanced

Install Latest Kernel Image

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.1.x-ti

This is slated to replace the v3.8.x tree in Debian Jessie, cape manager support is enabled.

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.1
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.1.y
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --stable
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --stable

Mainline (lts)

4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + SGX
--bone-kernel --lts
4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT + SGX
--bone-rt-kernel --lts

Mainline

4.3.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --testing

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install the "4.1.x" lts/bone kernel: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Mainline_.28lts.29

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

Swapfile

Using a File for Swap Instead of a Partition

On the Beagleboard you should expect to require a swap file given the limitation of how little RAM is available (between 256 MB and 512 MB). Some system programs like apt-get will only run properly when some swap space is present (due to 256 MB not being enough RAM).

Some images (such as those from Linaro.org) do not come with a swap partition or any swap space allocated.

Under Linux, swap space can be either a dedicated partition or a swap file. Both can be mounted as swap which the OS can access.

Creating a Swapfile

The following commands will create a 1 GB file, limit access only to root, format it as swap and then make it available to the OS:

sudo mkdir -p /var/cache/swap/   
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/cache/swap/swapfile bs=1M count=1024
sudo chmod 0600 /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo mkswap /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo swapon /var/cache/swap/swapfile 

To tell the OS to load this swapfile on each start up, edit the /etc/fstab file to include the following additional line:

/var/cache/swap/swapfile    none    swap    sw    0   0

To verify that the swapfile is accessilble as swap to the OS, run "top" or "htop" at a console.

Ubuntu Software

Wi-Fi Networking (command line)

/etc/network/interfaces

It is relatively easy to configure a Wi-Fi card from the command line.

You will need to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file. There are several guides available via Google.

This is a particularly useful guide https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=202834

A sample /etc/network/interfaces file for a WPA2 encrypted access point is:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto wlan0
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
wpa-driver wext
wpa-ssid <NAME OF AP>
wpa-ap-scan 1
wpa-proto RSN
wpa-pairwise CCMP
wpa-group CCMP
wpa-key-mgmt WPA-PSK
wpa-psk <INSERT KEY XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX>

Your Wi-Fi card will automatically load these settings upon startup and initialize wireless network access.

Lightweight window managers

If you intend to use Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard you can install JWM or IceWM to improve performance.

JWM in particular uses little RAM. On a BeagleBoard with 256 MB, using JWM will leave about 60 MB free in which to run applications.

Web Apps

Midori

Given that the BeagleBoard has fewer resources than a desktop a lightweight browser is more responsive. Midori is a lightweight browser that still supports flash, etc. It is available from the standard repositories: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midori_%28web_browser%29

Surveillance

Motion

If you have a video source (webcam, IP cam, etc.) which appears as /dev/video0, etc. then you can use the Linux surveillance software "motion" to monitor the video stream and record periods of activity.

Motion is also available from the standard repositories: http://www.debian-administration.org/article/An_Introduction_to_Video_Surveillance_with_%27Motion%27 Using a 960x720 resolution webcam with a 15 fps rate under the UVC driver the Rev C BeagleBoard under Xubuntu reports ~60% CPU utilisation.

To make the BeagleBoard automatically start recording on boot, do the following:

  • Auto Login - run "gdmsetup" from a terminal and select a user to automatically login
  • Sessions - make sure you don't save any previous X Windows sessions so that it doesn't prompt you for which one you want
  • motion.conf - edit /etc/motion/motion.conf to use the settings you want (that is, video output directory, record only video, record in MPEG-4, set frame rate, etc). Do this with "sudo medit /etc/motion/motion.conf" at a prompt.
  • Boot script - create a new script in /etc/rc2.d called "S65motion_client" and set permissions appropriately ("sudo chmod 777 /etc/rc2.d/S65motion_client"). Then edit the file so it contains the following lines:
#! /bin/sh
/usr/bin/motion -c /etc/motion/motion.conf

This will now launch the motion client as root when you boot up.

Also note that unless your BeagleBoard can remember the time (battery backed up clock installed), the timestamps will not be correct until you update the time. If your BeagleBoard has an Internet connection this can be achieved using the ntpdate application.

Robotics

ROS

ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.

There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Trusty armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:

http://wiki.ros.org/indigo/Installation/UbuntuARM

Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).

For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.