Difference between revisions of "BeagleBoardUbuntu"

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m (Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image: 2016-09-20)
(Method 3: Manual Install (no automatic scripts))
 
(31 intermediate revisions by the same user not shown)
Line 18: Line 18:
 
** ''#beagle'': Beagle IRC on Freenode, accessible also by [http://beagleboard.org/discuss web interface] ([http://www.beagleboard.org/irclogs/index.php logs])
 
** ''#beagle'': Beagle IRC on Freenode, accessible also by [http://beagleboard.org/discuss web interface] ([http://www.beagleboard.org/irclogs/index.php logs])
 
** Kernel Trees
 
** Kernel Trees
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform/ v3.17.x kernel branch]
+
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform/ v4.17.x kernel branch]
 
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/linux-dev Development Kernel source code]
 
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/linux-dev Development Kernel source code]
  
Line 55: Line 55:
  
 
= Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image =
 
= Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image =
 +
 
== Demo Image ==
 
== Demo Image ==
  
Line 60: Line 61:
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
 
  cd armv7-multiplatform
 
  cd armv7-multiplatform
  git checkout origin/v4.8.x -b tmp
+
  git checkout origin/v5.4.x -b tmp
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:  Kernel v4.4.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.4.y
+
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/PocketBeagle:  Kernel v4.19.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.19.y
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
 
  cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
 
  cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
  git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.4.y -b tmp
+
  git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.19.y -b tmp
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
 
  ./build_kernel.sh
  
=== Ubuntu (16.04.1) ===
+
=== Ubuntu (18.04.4) ===
  
 
Default username/password:
 
Default username/password:
Line 75: Line 76:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2016-09-20
+
*2020-03-12
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.8.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
+
*2019-04-10
*2016-06-09
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.1-armv7-x4 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
+
*2018-12-10
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
*2016-05-12
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
 
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
 
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
 
  
 
Services Active:
 
Services Active:
 
  Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
 
  Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
  Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) http://192.168.7.2
+
  Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) http://192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) http://192.168.6.2
  SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm.local (Bone: via usb) ubuntu@192.168.7.2
+
  SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm.local (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.6.2
 
  Getty, Serial Port
 
  Getty, Serial Port
  
Line 100: Line 98:
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/elinux/ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/elinux/ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
+
  sha256sum ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
  81f7d63bd2f3c80697807bd3f1d8ca50b5e7347379f5236356a27b78a426b025 ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
+
  abe086f9132dfe8e8b9df8d14da225e0ce89a082abc92515de8a2ac63fc54ae2 ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
  
 
Unpack Image:
 
Unpack Image:
  tar xf ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20.tar.xz
+
  tar xf ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
  cd ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20
+
  cd ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12
  
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
 
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
Line 141: Line 139:
 
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx          - omap3-beagle
 
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx          - omap3-beagle
 
*BeagleBoard xM                  - omap3-beagle-xm
 
*BeagleBoard xM                  - omap3-beagle-xm
*BeagleBone White/Black/Green    - beaglebone
+
*All BeagleBone Variants          - beaglebone
 
*OMAP5432 uEVM                    - omap5-uevm
 
*OMAP5432 uEVM                    - omap5-uevm
*BeagleBoard-X15                 - am57xx-beagle-x15
+
*BeagleBoard-X15 (BeagleBone AI)  - am57xx-beagle-x15
  
 
So for the BeagleBoard xM:
 
So for the BeagleBoard xM:
Line 152: Line 150:
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 
  cd omap-image-builder
 
  cd omap-image-builder
  git checkout v2016.09.1 -b tmp
+
  git checkout v2020.03 -b tmp
  
 
Stable:
 
Stable:
  
  ./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_xenial_armhf
+
  ./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_bionic_armhf
  
 
== Flasher ==
 
== Flasher ==
  
=== eMMC: BeagleBone Black/Green ===
+
=== eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
  
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
Line 177: Line 175:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2016-09-20
+
*2020-03-12
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
*2016-06-09
+
*2019-04-10
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
*2016-05-12
+
*2018-12-10
** BeagleBone Black/Green: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/flasher/BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
+
  sha256sum bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
  858a73e303496048b7238a1282bc4e8be442ac92f31dbcdcbdaa2a9b56ca7b20 BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  2bc7f92df84dbd89c1cdd790ec794926a5d6b0f0b891143085d77141170518e2 bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 195: Line 193:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat BBB-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
=== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 ===
+
=== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On bootup the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and hdmi connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
  
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
Line 214: Line 212:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2016-09-20
+
*2020-03-12
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
*2016-06-09
+
*2019-04-10
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
*2016-05-12
+
*2018-12-10
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/flasher/bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
+
  sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
  4f626fb8c3d2a030ccbaabb3bfac00e6174956dc5dd6c6785f6bd49dd6b528fc bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  0c359f2b5e9d27d167f55877d3abfea0af2fe721463136f354dfd5d72be8a541 am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 232: Line 230:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat bbx15-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
 
== raw microSD img ==
 
== raw microSD img ==
Line 238: Line 236:
 
=== BeagleBoard xM ===
 
=== BeagleBoard xM ===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
 
 
User: ubuntu
 
pass: temppwd
 
 
 
Auto partition resize:
 
cd /opt/scripts/tools
 
git pull
 
./grow_partition.sh
 
sudo reboot
 
 
 
Image Updated:
 
*2016-09-20
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.8.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
 
*2016-06-09
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.1-armv7-x4 kernel
 
*2016-05-12
 
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.6.0-rc7-armv7-x2 kernel
 
 
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
 
 
 
Verify Image with:
 
sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
 
aa71275317208ed6c465db3a4e926642c0e459c0ed3d45e06f87cab56e5ed914  bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
 
 
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
http://etcher.io
 
 
 
Linux: (dd)
 
xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
 
 
 
=== BeagleBone White/Black/Green ===
 
 
 
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager
 
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 284: Line 248:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2016-09-20
+
*2020-03-12
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
*2016-06-09
+
*2019-04-10
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
*2016-05-12
+
*2018-12-10
** BeagleBone White/Black/Green: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
+
  sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
  18e80cb64f8f998832bec12b73c1f68e86949607120af73ddc936de8677eded0 bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  a3d8780a69ceca6c5462c80c5a061dbba7df91d9111e08e718ecf55420302b91 bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 302: Line 266:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat bone-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
=== OMAP5432 uEVM ===
+
=== All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 318: Line 282:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2016-09-20
+
*2020-03-12
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
*2016-06-09
+
*2019-04-10
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
*2016-05-12
+
*2018-12-10
** OMAP5432 uEVM: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
+
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
+
  sha256sum bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
  77db0b96d14c9ff68a58c378feeb532d8844e4377e99acdb67fbc28034930f59 omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  4c41976f1f574a4786002482167fe6443d8c9f1bced86a174459ffeba1f5b780 bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 336: Line 300:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat omap5-uevm-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
=== BeagleBoard-X15 ===
+
=== BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI===
  
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on linux or on windows: https://wiki.ubuntu.com/Win32DiskImager
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
 
User: ubuntu
 
User: ubuntu
Line 352: Line 316:
  
 
Image Updated:
 
Image Updated:
*2016-09-20
+
*2020-03-12
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.21-ti-r45 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
*2016-06-09
+
*2019-04-10
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.12-ti-r30 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
*2016-05-12
+
*2018-12-10
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.4.9-ti-r25 kernel
+
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2016-09-20/microsd/bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb*
+
  sha256sum am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
  e4d16b0ac2d6de7b0630334da8c8222729fb5a02cbf3c4f52297a528edaf1ee0 bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz
+
  cd253167b43186c14c02e9e85ede006cd51336d5f8beae5b96765f494c24bd91 am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 370: Line 334:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat bbx15-ubuntu-16.04.1-console-armhf-2016-09-20-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
 
 
= Method 2: Use the NetInstall method=
 
 
 
You will need a 1GB/2GB/4GB/8GB SD card or greater.
 
Standard system : ~700 MB
 
  
Report Bugs/Issues to: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/issues
+
= Method 2: Manual Install (no automatic scripts)=
(anywhere else will be ignored..)
 
 
 
Download the netinstall script:
 
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall.git
 
cd netinstall
 
 
 
Currently supported Ubuntu distributions:
 
--distro oneiric (11.10)
 
--distro precise-armhf (12.04)
 
--distro quantal (12.10)
 
--distro raring (13.04)
 
--distro saucy (13.10)
 
 
 
Device: <board> selection:
 
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx  - omap3-beagle
 
*BeagleBoard xMA/B/C  - omap3-beagle-xm
 
*BeagleBone Ax        - am335x-bone-serial
 
*BeagleBone (DVI cape) - am335x-bone-video
 
*BeagleBone Black      - am335x-boneblack
 
*PandaBoard Ax    - omap4-panda
 
*PandaBoard A4+    - omap4-panda-a4
 
*PandaBoard ES    - omap4-panda-es
 
 
 
Installation script for new <board> selection: (slowly migrating all devices to this method)
 
sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb <board> --distro <distro>
 
 
 
So for the xM: with quantal:
 
sudo ./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm --distro quantal
 
 
 
*Other Options:
 
**--firmware : installs firmware
 
**--serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port
 
 
 
Place SD card into BeagleBoard and boot:
 
 
 
Configure the network:
 
usb0: USB net <- (usually the OTG port)
 
eth0: USB net <- (usually the smsc95xx adapter on the BeagleBoard and PandaBoard)
 
wlan0: Wifi <- Your USDB-Wi-Fi device..
 
 
 
See my notes for my testing procedure: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/netinstall/blob/master/test.Ubuntu
 
 
 
Troubleshooting: If booting fails..
 
*Hold the user button down to force booting from MMC
 
*Upgrade X-loader and U-boot [http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Upgrade_X-loader_and_U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot]
 
*Clear U-boot's Environment Variables in NAND:
 
nand erase 260000 20000
 
 
 
NetInstall assumptions:
 
Assume asll <default>'s... Thanks you preseed.conf!!!
 
 
 
= Method 3: Manual Install (no automatic scripts)=
 
  
 
Note, this section used to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:
 
Note, this section used to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:
Line 470: Line 377:
 
  --bone-xenomai-channel --stable
 
  --bone-xenomai-channel --stable
  
== 4.1.x-ti ==
+
== 4.9.x-ti ==
This is slated to replace the v3.8.x tree in Debian Jessie, cape manager support is enabled.
+
beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
  beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.1
+
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.9.y
  Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.1.y
+
 
 +
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
 +
--ti-channel --lts-4_9
 +
 
 +
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
 +
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_9
 +
 
 +
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
 +
--ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_9
 +
 
 +
== 4.14.x-ti ==
 +
  beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.14
 +
  Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.14.y
 +
 
 +
4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
 +
--ti-channel --lts-4_14
  
  4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
+
  4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
  --ti-channel --stable
+
  --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_14
  
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
+
== Mainline (4.9.x lts) ==
--ti-rt-channel --stable
 
  
== Mainline (lts) ==
+
4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
 +
--bone-kernel --lts-4_9
  
  4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + SGX
+
  4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
  --bone-kernel --lts
+
  --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_9
  
4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT + SGX
+
== Mainline (4.14.x lts) ==
--bone-rt-kernel --lts
 
  
== Mainline ==
+
  4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
  4.3.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
+
  --bone-kernel --lts-4_14
  --bone-kernel --testing
 
  
== Debian 8: jessie ==
+
4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
  sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp
+
  --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_14
  
 
Reboot with your new Kernel Image.
 
Reboot with your new Kernel Image.
Line 647: Line 567:
 
ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.
 
ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.
  
There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Trusty armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:
+
There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Bionic armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:
  
http://wiki.ros.org/indigo/Installation/UbuntuARM
+
http://wiki.ros.org/melodic/Installation/Ubuntu
  
 
Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).
 
Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).
  
 
For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.
 
For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.

Latest revision as of 08:47, 13 March 2020

(For BeagleBoardAngstrom, click here.) (Should Beagleboard:Ubuntu On BeagleBone Black be merged into this page?)

This page is about running a Linux distribution (ARM EABI) Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Ubuntu distribution from the SD card. Since much of this page is generic, it has also been extended to help support devices such as the PandaBoard and BeagleBone.

  • For the best experience, make sure you have an LCD/HDMI monitor attached to the BeagleBoard's HDMI port, 2 GB/4 GB/8 GB SD card, and a known good USB 2.0 hub with mouse and keyboard.

Help

If you need any help:

  • Ubuntu related help:
    • #ubuntu-arm: Ubuntu's ARM IRC on Freenode (logs -> year -> month -> day -> #ubuntu-arm.html)
  • When requesting help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Required Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All older BeagleBoard (classic) Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Omap Serial Changes

boot.scr/boot.cmd changes:

With 2.6.35:

console=ttyS2,115200n8

With 2.6.36/37+:

console=ttyO2,115200n8

Serial console login: /etc/init/ttyO2.conf

start on stopped rc RUNLEVEL=[2345]
stop on runlevel [!2345]

respawn
exec /sbin/getty 115200 ttyO2

Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v5.4.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.19.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Ubuntu (18.04.4)

Default username/password:

  • username: ubuntu
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) http://192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) http://192.168.6.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm.local (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.6.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/elinux/ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
abe086f9132dfe8e8b9df8d14da225e0ce89a082abc92515de8a2ac63fc54ae2  ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
cd ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • All BeagleBone Variants - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 (BeagleBone AI) - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2020.03 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_bionic_armhf

Flasher

eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
2bc7f92df84dbd89c1cdd790ec794926a5d6b0f0b891143085d77141170518e2  bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
0c359f2b5e9d27d167f55877d3abfea0af2fe721463136f354dfd5d72be8a541  am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
a3d8780a69ceca6c5462c80c5a061dbba7df91d9111e08e718ecf55420302b91  bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
4c41976f1f574a4786002482167fe6443d8c9f1bced86a174459ffeba1f5b780  bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
cd253167b43186c14c02e9e85ede006cd51336d5f8beae5b96765f494c24bd91  am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Method 2: Manual Install (no automatic scripts)

Note, this section used to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Advanced

Install Latest Kernel Image

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.9.y
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
--ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_9

4.14.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.14
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.14.y
4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_14
4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_14

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_9
4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.14.x lts)

4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_14
4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_14

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install the "4.1.x" lts/bone kernel: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Mainline_.28lts.29

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

Swapfile

Using a File for Swap Instead of a Partition

On the Beagleboard you should expect to require a swap file given the limitation of how little RAM is available (between 256 MB and 512 MB). Some system programs like apt-get will only run properly when some swap space is present (due to 256 MB not being enough RAM).

Some images (such as those from Linaro.org) do not come with a swap partition or any swap space allocated.

Under Linux, swap space can be either a dedicated partition or a swap file. Both can be mounted as swap which the OS can access.

Creating a Swapfile

The following commands will create a 1 GB file, limit access only to root, format it as swap and then make it available to the OS:

sudo mkdir -p /var/cache/swap/   
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/cache/swap/swapfile bs=1M count=1024
sudo chmod 0600 /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo mkswap /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo swapon /var/cache/swap/swapfile 

To tell the OS to load this swapfile on each start up, edit the /etc/fstab file to include the following additional line:

/var/cache/swap/swapfile    none    swap    sw    0   0

To verify that the swapfile is accessilble as swap to the OS, run "top" or "htop" at a console.

Ubuntu Software

Wi-Fi Networking (command line)

/etc/network/interfaces

It is relatively easy to configure a Wi-Fi card from the command line.

You will need to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file. There are several guides available via Google.

This is a particularly useful guide https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=202834

A sample /etc/network/interfaces file for a WPA2 encrypted access point is:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto wlan0
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
wpa-driver wext
wpa-ssid <NAME OF AP>
wpa-ap-scan 1
wpa-proto RSN
wpa-pairwise CCMP
wpa-group CCMP
wpa-key-mgmt WPA-PSK
wpa-psk <INSERT KEY XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX>

Your Wi-Fi card will automatically load these settings upon startup and initialize wireless network access.

Lightweight window managers

If you intend to use Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard you can install JWM or IceWM to improve performance.

JWM in particular uses little RAM. On a BeagleBoard with 256 MB, using JWM will leave about 60 MB free in which to run applications.

Web Apps

Midori

Given that the BeagleBoard has fewer resources than a desktop a lightweight browser is more responsive. Midori is a lightweight browser that still supports flash, etc. It is available from the standard repositories: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midori_%28web_browser%29

Surveillance

Motion

If you have a video source (webcam, IP cam, etc.) which appears as /dev/video0, etc. then you can use the Linux surveillance software "motion" to monitor the video stream and record periods of activity.

Motion is also available from the standard repositories: http://www.debian-administration.org/article/An_Introduction_to_Video_Surveillance_with_%27Motion%27 Using a 960x720 resolution webcam with a 15 fps rate under the UVC driver the Rev C BeagleBoard under Xubuntu reports ~60% CPU utilisation.

To make the BeagleBoard automatically start recording on boot, do the following:

  • Auto Login - run "gdmsetup" from a terminal and select a user to automatically login
  • Sessions - make sure you don't save any previous X Windows sessions so that it doesn't prompt you for which one you want
  • motion.conf - edit /etc/motion/motion.conf to use the settings you want (that is, video output directory, record only video, record in MPEG-4, set frame rate, etc). Do this with "sudo medit /etc/motion/motion.conf" at a prompt.
  • Boot script - create a new script in /etc/rc2.d called "S65motion_client" and set permissions appropriately ("sudo chmod 777 /etc/rc2.d/S65motion_client"). Then edit the file so it contains the following lines:
#! /bin/sh
/usr/bin/motion -c /etc/motion/motion.conf

This will now launch the motion client as root when you boot up.

Also note that unless your BeagleBoard can remember the time (battery backed up clock installed), the timestamps will not be correct until you update the time. If your BeagleBoard has an Internet connection this can be achieved using the ntpdate application.

Robotics

ROS

ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.

There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Bionic armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:

http://wiki.ros.org/melodic/Installation/Ubuntu

Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).

For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.