Difference between revisions of "BeagleBoardUbuntu"

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(Added a section on useful software for a BB+Ubuntu set up)
(Method 3: Manual Install (no automatic scripts))
 
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[[Category:Development Boards]]
 
[[Category:Development Boards]]
 
[[Category: BeagleBoard]]
 
[[Category: BeagleBoard]]
This page is about running a (ARM EABI) [http://www.ubuntu.com/ Ubuntu] distribution at [[BeagleBoard]]. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Ubuntu distribution from [[BeagleBoard#MMC.2FSD_boot|SD card]].
+
''(For BeagleBoardAngstrom, click [[BeagleBoardAngstrom|here]].)''
 +
''(Should [[Beagleboard:Ubuntu On BeagleBone Black]] be merged into this page?)''
  
Note: for the best experience, make sure you have an LCD attached to the HDMI port, 2GB/4GB/8GB SD card, and a known good usb2.0 hub with mouse and keyboard.
+
This page is about running a Linux distribution (ARM [https://wiki.debian.org/ArmEabiPort EABI]) [http://www.ubuntu.com/ Ubuntu] on the [[BeagleBoard]]. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Ubuntu distribution from the [[BeagleBoard#MMC.2FSD_boot|SD card]]. Since much of this page is generic, it has also been extended to help support devices such as the [[PandaBoard]] and [[BeagleBone]].
 +
 
 +
* For the best experience, make sure you have an LCD/HDMI monitor attached to the BeagleBoard's HDMI port, 2 GB/4 GB/8 GB SD card, and a known good USB 2.0 hub with mouse and keyboard.
  
 
= Help =
 
= Help =
Line 12: Line 15:
  
 
*Kernel related help:
 
*Kernel related help:
** [http://groups.google.com/group/beagleboard Email Beagleboard user group] *Recommended method
+
** [https://groups.google.com/group/beagleboard Email Beagleboard user group] *Recommended method
** ''#beagle'': Beagle irc on freenode, accessible also by [http://beagleboard.org/discuss web interface] ([http://www.beagleboard.org/irclogs/index.php logs])
+
** ''#beagle'': Beagle IRC on Freenode, accessible also by [http://beagleboard.org/discuss web interface] ([http://www.beagleboard.org/irclogs/index.php logs])
** [https://launchpad.net/~beagleboard-kernel Launchpad Project "Beagleboard Kernel"]
+
** Kernel Trees
*** [https://code.launchpad.net/~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/2.6-stable Launchpad Stable Kernel 2.6.32 src]
+
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform/ v4.17.x kernel branch]
*** [https://code.launchpad.net/~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/2.6-dev Launchpad Development Kernel 2.6.33 src]
+
*** [https://github.com/RobertCNelson/linux-dev Development Kernel source code]
*** [https://code.launchpad.net/~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/2.6-mainline Launchpad Mainline Kernel git src]
 
****Unless you know what your doing, do NOT use the 2.6-mainline branch...
 
** [http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntuKernel Kernel Testing Results]
 
  
 
*Ubuntu related help:
 
*Ubuntu related help:
** ''#ubuntu-arm'': Ubuntu's arm irc on freenode ([http://irclogs.ubuntu.com/ logs] -> year -> month -> day -> #ubuntu-arm.html)
+
** ''#ubuntu-arm'': Ubuntu's ARM IRC on Freenode ([http://irclogs.ubuntu.com/ logs] -> year -> month -> day -> #ubuntu-arm.html)
  
*When asking for help, please provide some debugging information:
+
*When requesting help, please provide some debugging information:
 
** U-Boot Version installed on board
 
** U-Boot Version installed on board
 
** Kernel Version: uname -a
 
** Kernel Version: uname -a
Line 30: Line 30:
 
*** Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)
 
*** Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)
  
= Recommended Beagle Software =  
+
= Required Beagle Software =  
* Recent x-loader/MLO (1.4.4ss)
 
** All Bx C2/3/4 Boards should upgrade there MLO from here: [http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Upgrade_X-loader_and_U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-boot]
 
  
* Recent U-Boot (2010.03-rc1)
+
Mainline U-Boot:
** u-boot.bin from here: http://www.angstrom-distribution.org/beagleboard-demo-image-available
+
* All older BeagleBoard (classic) Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions
** Or this one I've archived: [http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Upgrade_X-loader_and_U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-boot]
+
* XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
*** Version 2009.01 (factory installed on C2/3's) and earlier will not work with this guide
+
* Directions: [http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Upgrade_X-loader_and_U-boot Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot]
*** Version 2009.11-rc1-00601-g3aa4b51 (factory installed on C4's) should be upgraded
 
*** 'mmc init' change [http://git.denx.de/?p=u-boot.git;a=commit;h=a85693b3bd4431b05b7df608b6f7733c0f80c53e]
 
  
=Demo Image=
+
= Omap Serial Changes =
==Karmic 9.10==
 
  
Built with:
+
boot.scr/boot.cmd changes:
  
sudo ./rootstock --fqdn beagleboard --login ubuntu --password temppwd --imagesize 2G \
+
With 2.6.35:
  --seed wget,nano,linux-firmware,wireless-tools,usbutils --dist karmic --serial ttyS2 \
+
  console=ttyS2,115200n8
--kernel-image http://rcn-ee.net/deb/kernel/beagle/karmic/v2.6.32.11-x13/linux-image-2.6.32.11-x13_1.0karmic_armel.deb
 
  
Get prebuilt image:
+
With 2.6.36/37+:
 +
console=ttyO2,115200n8
  
wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/ubuntu-9.10.2-minimal-armel.tar.7z
+
Serial console login: /etc/init/ttyO2.conf
  mirrors:
+
start on stopped rc RUNLEVEL=[2345]
  wget http://ynezz.ibawizard.net/beagleboard/ubuntu-9.10.2-minimal-armel.tar.7z
+
stop on runlevel [!2345]
  wget http://vivaphp.net/beagle/ubuntu-9.10.2-minimal-armel.tar.7z
+
   
 +
  respawn
 +
  exec /sbin/getty 115200 ttyO2
  
Unpack it:
+
= Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image =
  
7za x ubuntu-9.10.2-minimal-armel.tar.7z
+
== Demo Image ==
tar xf ubuntu-9.10.2-minimal-armel.tar
 
cd ubuntu-9.10.2-minimal-armel
 
  
Quick Install script
+
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBoard xM: Kernel source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform
  ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --ignore_md5sum
+
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
*Bug: --ignore_md5sum is needed
+
cd armv7-multiplatform
 +
git checkout origin/v5.4.x -b tmp
 +
./build_kernel.sh
 +
* '''Advanced Users only''': BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/PocketBeagle:  Kernel v4.19.x source, used in these demo images: https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev/tree/ti-linux-4.19.y
 +
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
 +
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
 +
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.19.y -b tmp
 +
./build_kernel.sh
  
*Additional Options
+
=== Ubuntu (18.04.4) ===
** --rootfs <ext3 default>
 
** --swap_file <swap file size in MB's>
 
  
md5sum: 0bf198beac0a0358bc2c0097c6dddec7  ubuntu-9.10.2-minimal-armel.tar.7z
+
Default username/password:
 +
*username: ubuntu
 +
*password: temppwd
  
== Lucid 10.04 ==
+
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
[http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntuLucid Lucid Bug Tracker]
+
Services Active:
 +
Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
 +
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) http://192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) http://192.168.6.2
 +
SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm.local (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.6.2
 +
Getty, Serial Port
  
Built with:
+
Default user: ubuntu pass: temppwd
sudo ./rootstock --fqdn beagleboard --login ubuntu --password temppwd --imagesize 2G \
 
--seed wget,nano,linux-firmware,wireless-tools,usbutils --dist lucid --serial ttyS2 \
 
--script fixup.sh --components "main universe multiverse" \
 
--kernel-image http://rcn-ee.net/deb/kernel/beagle/lucid/v2.6.32.11-l13/linux-image-2.6.32.11-l13_1.0lucid_armel.deb
 
  
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/elinux/ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
  
  wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/rootfs/ubuntu-10.04-minimal-armel.tar.7z
+
Verify Image with:
  mirrors (updating):
+
  sha256sum ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
  wget http://ynezz.ibawizard.net/beagleboard/ubuntu-10.04-minimal-armel.tar.7z
+
  abe086f9132dfe8e8b9df8d14da225e0ce89a082abc92515de8a2ac63fc54ae2 ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
wget http://vivaphp.net/beagle/ubuntu-10.04-minimal-armel.tar.7z
 
  
Unpack it:
+
Unpack Image:
 +
tar xf ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
 +
cd ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12
  
7za x ubuntu-10.04-minimal-armel.tar.7z
+
If you don't know the location of your SD card:
  tar xf ubuntu-10.04-minimal-armel.tar
+
  sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc
cd ubuntu-10.04-minimal-armel
 
  
Quick Install script for Beagle Bx, C2 & C3
+
You should see something like:
./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot beagle
 
  
Quick Install script for Beagle C4 (forces 720Mhz)
+
  Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...
  ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --uboot beagle_c4
 
 
 
*Additional Options
 
** --rootfs <ext3 default>
 
** --swap_file <swap file size in MB's>
 
 
 
md5sum: 71c9f2372283752a7f410075001c1d76  ubuntu-10.04-minimal-armel.tar.7z
 
 
 
= NetInstall Method =
 
 
 
This is a new section for Lucid, slated for release April 29th
 
 
 
Note: Rootstock in Lucid is broken.. Bug [https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/532733 532733] so the NetInstall is going to be the perfered method for anything over a minimal image.
 
 
 
Known Bugs:
 
 
 
Bug [https://bugs.launchpad.net/bugs/566639 566639]: omap install ends up with security.ubuntu.com urls in sources.list after install
 
 
 
== Official Ubuntu Kernel ==
 
 
 
Directions: [https://wiki.ubuntu.com/ARM/BeagleNetInstall BeagleNetInstall]
 
 
 
== Community Kernel ==
 
 
 
https://code.launchpad.net/~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/debian-di
 
 
bzr branch lp:~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/debian-di
 
cd debian-di
 
./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --distro lucid --firmware
 
 
 
*Options:
 
**--distro : squeeze, lucid
 
**--firmware : installs firmware
 
**--serial-mode : debian-installer uses Serial Port
 
 
 
Note: The default options work for most people, but if you'd like to tweak boot settings, edit these before running the script.  
 
 
   
 
   
  NetInstall boot Settings:
+
  fdisk -l:
  gedit ./debian-di/scripts/dvi.cmd
+
  Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes '''<- x86 Root Drive'''
  gedit ./debian-di/scripts/serial.cmd
+
  Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes '''<- MMC/SD card'''
 
   
 
   
  Normal Boot Settings:
+
  lsblk:
  gedit ./debian-di/scripts/dvi-normal-lucid.cmd
+
  NAME  MAJ:MIN RM  SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
  gedit ./debian-di/scripts/serial-normal-lucid.cmd
+
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk
 +
├─sda1  8:1    0 446.9G  0 part / '''<- x86 Root Partition'''
 +
├─sda2  8:2    0    1K  0 part
 +
└─sda5  8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
 +
  sdd      8:48  1  3.7G  0 disk
 +
├─sdd1  8:49  1    64M  0 part
 +
└─sdd2  8:50  1  3.6G  0 part
  
Assumptions:
+
* In this example, we can see via mount, '''/dev/sda1''' is the x86 rootfs, therefore '''/dev/sdd''' is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...
Continue with out Kernel Modules <yes>
 
Partition <Guided - use the largest continuous free space>
 
  
Status:
+
Install Image:
As of bzr revision 10: The install completes successfully and it'll reboot into your new image..
 
  
Todo:
+
Quick install script for [board]
  Limit the number of times nand erase is called..
+
  sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board
(Currently when ubuntu's NetInstall see's "OMAP3 Beagle Board" thru /proc/cpuinfo it overwrites the nand flash, I've worked around that with this script...  But I'd like to find a way to only erase nand right before reboot.. --[[User:RobertCNelson|RobertCNelson]] 01:25, 23 April 2010 (UTC))
 
  
= RootStock: Build an Ubuntu root file system =
+
board options:
 +
*BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx          - omap3-beagle
 +
*BeagleBoard xM                  - omap3-beagle-xm
 +
*All BeagleBone Variants          - beaglebone
 +
*OMAP5432 uEVM                    - omap5-uevm
 +
*BeagleBoard-X15 (BeagleBone AI)  - am57xx-beagle-x15
  
== Ubuntu Version's ==
+
So for the BeagleBoard xM:
This guide only covers the latest Ubuntu stable (lucid) release and notes for the testing (lucid+1) dists. Notes for older release's can be found here:
+
sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm
  
* Jaunty, aka Ubuntu 9.04, is the old-stable version (armv5 optimized)
+
Advanced: Build Image:
** TODO: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntuJaunty
 
* Karmic, aka Ubuntu 9.10, is the recent stable version  (armv6 optimized)
 
** TODO: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntuKarmic
 
* Lucid, aka Ubuntu 10.04 is the upcoming Ubuntu version, not released yet (April 28 2010). Currently listed here as 'testing'. (armv7 optimized)
 
  
== Install RootStock ==
+
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
 +
cd omap-image-builder
 +
git checkout v2020.03 -b tmp
  
This is based off Ubuntu's RootStock Project; [https://launchpad.net/project-rootstock RootStock] script.
+
Stable:
  
Debian Squeeze
+
  ./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_bionic_armhf
  (unsupported as tested on 4/28/2010, qemu segfaults)
 
  
Karmic (9.10)
+
== Flasher ==
sudo apt-get install (FIXME: rootstock minimum requirements)
 
bzr branch lp:project-rootstock
 
cd project-rootstock
 
bzr revert -r 94  (Commit 95, isn't supported by Karmic's QEMU)
 
*qemu: unknown parameter 'aio' in 'file=/tmp/tmp.QxNNQAxEyv/qemu-armel-201004221701.img,aio=native,cache=none'
 
  
Lucid (10.04)
+
=== eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC ===
sudo apt-get install rootstock
 
  
== RootStock ==
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io  First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON.  Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
  
=== RootStock: Useful seed Packages ===
+
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 +
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
  
Useful Packages:
+
This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
linux-firmware,wireless-tools :wifi adapters..
 
ntpdate :sync real time clock from network
 
  
GUI's (broken bug: FIXME)
+
Notes:
xfce4:  xfce4,gdm,xubuntu-gdm-theme,xubuntu-artwork
+
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
 +
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
  
=== RootStock: Running ===
+
User: ubuntu
 +
pass: temppwd
  
Rootstock Command line:
+
Image Updated:
sudo ./rootstock --fqdn <hostname> --login <rootuser> --password <rootuserpasswd> --imagesize <qemu image size> \
+
*2020-03-12
--seed <packages> --dist <jaunty/karmic> --serial <ttySx>  --kernel-image <http>
+
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
Basic Lucid (10.04) Beagleboard minimal image:
+
Get prebuilt image:
  sudo ./rootstock --fqdn beagleboard --login ubuntu --password temppwd --imagesize 2G \
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
--seed wget,nano,linux-firmware,wireless-tools,usbutils --dist lucid --serial ttyS2 \
 
--components "main universe multiverse" \
 
--kernel-image http://rcn-ee.net/deb/kernel/beagle/lucid/v2.6.32.11-l13/linux-image-2.6.32.11-l13_1.0lucid_armel.deb
 
  
Upon Completion, you should have:
+
Verify Image with:
  armel-rootfs-<date>.tgz  -> Root file System, dump to ext2/3 partition of SD card
+
  sha256sum bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
  vmlinuz-2.6.<version>    -> Boot Image, use mkimage to create uImage and dump to the first fat16 partition of SD card
+
  2bc7f92df84dbd89c1cdd790ec794926a5d6b0f0b891143085d77141170518e2  bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
initrd.img-2.6.<version> -> Boot initramfs, use mkimage to create uInitrd and dump to the first fat16 partition of SD card
 
  
== Partition SD Card ==
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.
+
  http://etcher.io
  Standard Console System : ~286MB
 
+ Desktop environment (lxde,gdm) : ~479MB
 
  
Starting with an empty SD card and using gparted, create:
+
Linux: (dd)
  50 MiB Primary Partition, fat16/fat32
+
  xzcat bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
Rest as ext2/ext3/ext4/btrfs
 
  
Gparted Example: http://nishanthmenon.blogspot.com/2008/08/how-to-boot-beagle.html
+
=== eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI ===
  
For Reference:
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.
Disk /dev/sdd: 2038 MB, 2038431744 bytes
 
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 247 cylinders
 
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
 
Disk identifier: 0x0008e471
 
 
    Device Boot      Start        End      Blocks  Id  System
 
/dev/sdd1              1          6      48163+  6 FAT16
 
  /dev/sdd2              7        247    1935832+  83  Linux
 
  
== Copy Root File System to SD Card ==
+
Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)
 +
https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh
  
Mount your SD card's larger root file system partition (assuming /dev/sdX2) and 'untar' the rootfs into it.
+
This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.
  
mkdir -p ./tmp
+
Notes:
sudo mount /dev/sdX2 ./tmp
+
* If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
sudo tar xfp armel-rootfs-*.tgz -C ./tmp
+
* If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.
sudo umount ./tmp
 
  
== Boot Partition ==
+
User: ubuntu
 +
pass: temppwd
  
Requirements:
+
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
  sudo apt-get install uboot-mkimage
+
Get prebuilt image:
 +
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
=== U-Boot uImage ===
+
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
0c359f2b5e9d27d167f55877d3abfea0af2fe721463136f354dfd5d72be8a541  am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
U-Boot needs a compatible kernel image to boot. To do this, we are using mkimage from (uboot-mkimage) to create an image from the vmlinuz kernel file.  
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
  http://etcher.io
  
  mkimage -A arm -O linux -T kernel -C none -a 0x80008000 -e 0x80008000 -n "Linux" -d ./vmlinuz-* ./uImage
+
Linux: (dd)
 +
  xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
=== U-Boot uInitrd ===
+
== raw microSD img ==
  
This step is Optional, but it helps with the lucid experience.
+
=== BeagleBoard xM ===
  
mkimage -A arm -O linux -T ramdisk -C none -a 0 -e 0 -n initramfs -d ./initrd.img-* ./uInitrd
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
=== Boot Scripts ===
+
User: ubuntu
The version of U-Boot installed or recommended to install uses boot scripts by default.  This allows users to easily switch between multiple SD cards with different OS's with different parameters installed.  Ubuntu/Debian requires a slight modification to the bootargs line vs. Angstrom, 'ro' vs 'rw'.
+
pass: temppwd
  
add/create ubuntu.cmd
+
Auto partition resize:
setenv bootcmd 'mmc init; fatload mmc 0:1 0x80300000 uImage; bootm 0x80300000'
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools
  setenv bootargs 'console=tty0 console=ttyS2,115200n8 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootwait rootfstype=ext3 ro vram=12M omapfb.mode=dvi:1280x720MR-16@60'
+
  git pull
  boot
+
./grow_partition.sh
FIXME: rootfstype shouldn't be needed anymore...
+
sudo reboot
  
With Optional uInitrd:
+
Image Updated:
create ubuntu.cmd:
+
*2020-03-12
setenv bootcmd 'mmc init; fatload mmc 0:1 0x80000000 uImage; fatload mmc 0:1 0x81600000 uInitrd; bootm 0x80000000 0x81600000'
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
setenv bootargs 'console=tty0 console=ttyS2,115200n8 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootwait ro vram=12M omapfb.mode=dvi:1280x720MR-16@60'
+
*2019-04-10
boot
+
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
  
Use mkimage create to actual *.scr file for U-Boot:
+
Get prebuilt image:
 +
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
  mkimage -A arm -O linux -T script -C none -a 0 -e 0 -n "Ubuntu 10.04" -d ./ubuntu.cmd ./ubuntu.scr
+
Verify Image with:
 +
  sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
a3d8780a69ceca6c5462c80c5a061dbba7df91d9111e08e718ecf55420302b91  bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
=== Copy to Boot Partition ===
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
http://etcher.io
  
Mount your SD card fat16/fat32 partition (assuming /dev/sdX1) and copy the uImage, boot.scr, and optional uInitrd to the first partition.
+
Linux: (dd)
 +
xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
mkdir -p ./tmp
+
=== All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle===
sudo mount /dev/sdX1 ./tmp
 
sudo cp ./uImage ./tmp/uImage
 
sudo cp ./uInitrd ./tmp/uImage
 
 
Beagle:
 
sudo cp ./ubuntu.scr ./tmp/boot.scr
 
 
IGEPv2:
 
sudo cp ./ubuntu.scr ./tmp/boot.ini
 
 
sudo umount ./tmp
 
  
== Ubuntu Bugs & Tweaks ==
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
= Ubuntu Rootfs Install =
+
User: ubuntu
This section describes how you create a Ubuntu root file system for your BeagleBoard.
+
pass: temppwd
  
Note:
+
Auto partition resize:
* Jaunty, aka Ubuntu 9.04, is the old-stable version (armv5 optimized)
+
cd /opt/scripts/tools
* Karmic, aka Ubuntu 9.10, is the recent stable version (armv6 optimized)
+
  git pull
* Lucid, aka Ubuntu 10.04 is the upcoming Ubuntu version, not released yet (in Feb 2010). Therefore it is listed here as 'testing'. (armv7 optimized)
+
./grow_partition.sh
 +
sudo reboot
  
==Development PC: Root File System==
+
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
===Build Image===
+
Get prebuilt image:
[https://launchpad.net/project-rootstock rootstock] is Ubuntu's new name for Oliver's <ogra> depreciated [https://wiki.ubuntu.com/ARM/RootfsFromScratch build-arm-rootfs] script.
+
wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
Note: Lucid & Proxy Support is currently in bzr trunk and will release with lucid...
+
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
4c41976f1f574a4786002482167fe6443d8c9f1bced86a174459ffeba1f5b780  bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
====rootstock installation====
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Note: Use latest debootstrap, if the one posted here is no longer available.
+
http://etcher.io
  
=====Building Jaunty or Karmic rootfs=====
+
Linux: (dd)
Jaunty (9.04) and Debian:
+
  xzcat bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  sudo apt-get install qemu
 
wget http://ports.ubuntu.com/pool/main/d/debootstrap/debootstrap_1.0.20~jaunty1_all.deb
 
sudo dpkg -i debootstrap_1.0.20~jaunty1_all.deb
 
wget http://launchpad.net/project-rootstock/trunk/0.1/+download/rootstock-0.1.3.tar.gz
 
tar xf rootstock-0.1.3.tar.gz
 
cd rootstock-0.1.3
 
  
Karmic (9.10) and Lucid (10.04):
+
=== BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI===
sudo apt-get install rootstock
 
  
=====Building Lucid rootfs=====
+
This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io
  
Karmic (9.10)
+
User: ubuntu
bzr branch lp:project-rootstock
+
pass: temppwd
cd project-rootstock
 
bzr revert -r 94  (Commit 95, isn't supported by Karmic's QEMU)
 
*qemu: unknown parameter 'aio' in 'file=/tmp/tmp.QxNNQAxEyv/qemu-armel-201004221701.img,aio=native,cache=none'
 
  
Lucid (10.04)
+
Auto partition resize:
  sudo apt-get install rootstock
+
cd /opt/scripts/tools
 +
git pull
 +
./grow_partition.sh
 +
  sudo reboot
  
====rootstock seed package hints====
+
Image Updated:
 +
*2020-03-12
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
 +
*2019-04-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
 +
*2018-12-10
 +
** BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
  
Useful Packages:
+
Get prebuilt image:
linux-firmware,wireless-tools :wifi adapters..
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
ntpdate :sync real time clock from network
 
 
 
GUI's
 
xfce4:  xfce4,gdm,xubuntu-gdm-theme,xubuntu-artwork
 
 
 
WiFi Hints: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntuNetwork
 
 
 
====running rootstock====
 
 
 
Rootstock Command line:
 
sudo ./rootstock --fqdn <hostname> --login <rootuser> --password <rootuserpasswd> --imagesize <qemu image size> \
 
--seed <packages> --dist <jaunty/karmic> --serial <ttySx>  --kernel-image <http>
 
 
 
Basic Karmic (9.10) Beagleboard xfce4 image:
 
  sudo ./rootstock --fqdn beagleboard --login ubuntu --password temppwd --imagesize 2G --dist karmic \
 
--serial ttyS2 --seed xfce4,gdm,xubuntu-gdm-theme,xubuntu-artwork \
 
--kernel-image http://rcn-ee.net/deb/kernel/beagle/karmic/v2.6.32.7-x7.1/linux-image-2.6.32.7-x7.1_1.0karmic_armel.deb
 
 
 
Upon Completion, you should have:
 
armel-rootfs-<date>.tgz  -> Root file System, dump to ext2/3 partition of SD card
 
vmlinuz-2.6.<version>    -> Boot Image, use mkimage to create uImage and dump to the first fat16 partition of SD card
 
 
 
Lucid (10.04) Testing:
 
 
 
Major Changes:
 
 
 
gcc-4.4: https://launchpad.net/ubuntu/lucid/+source/gcc-4.4
 
  gcc -v: --with-arch=armv7-a --with-tune=cortex-a8 --with-float=softfp --with-fpu=vfpv3-d16
 
 
 
Basic Lucid (10.04) Beagleboard image:
 
* latest rootstock: bzr branch lp:project-rootstock
 
* fixup script: wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/tools/fixup.sh && sudo chmod +x fixup.sh
 
* Kernel: http://rcn-ee.net/deb/kernel/beagle/lucid/v2.6.32.7-l7.1/linux-image-2.6.32.7-l7.1_1.0lucid_armel.deb
 
sudo ./rootstock --fqdn beagleboard --login ubuntu --password temppwd --imagesize 2G --dist lucid \
 
--script fixup.sh --serial ttyS2 \
 
--kernel-image http://rcn-ee.net/deb/kernel/beagle/lucid/v2.6.32.7-l7.1/linux-image-2.6.32.7-l7.1_1.0lucid_armel.deb
 
 
 
==Development PC: Format SD Card==
 
 
 
You will need a 1GB SD card or greater.
 
Standard Console System : ~286MB
 
+ Desktop environment (lxde,gdm) : ~479MB
 
 
 
Starting with an empty SD card and using gparted, create:
 
50 MiB Primary Partition, fat16/fat32
 
Rest as ext2/ext3
 
 
 
Gparted Example: http://nishanthmenon.blogspot.com/2008/08/how-to-boot-beagle.html
 
 
 
For Reference:
 
Disk /dev/sdd: 2038 MB, 2038431744 bytes
 
255 heads, 63 sectors/track, 247 cylinders
 
Units = cylinders of 16065 * 512 = 8225280 bytes
 
Disk identifier: 0x0008e471
 
 
    Device Boot      Start        End      Blocks  Id  System
 
/dev/sdd1              1          6      48163+  6  FAT16
 
/dev/sdd2              7        247    1935832+  83  Linux
 
 
 
==Development PC: Setup SD Partition's==
 
 
 
Requirements:
 
 
 
sudo apt-get install uboot-mkimage
 
 
 
===Create uImage for U-Boot===
 
U-Boot needs a compatible kernel image to boot.  To do this, we are using mkimage from (uboot-mkimage) to create an image from the vmlinuz kernel file.
 
 
 
mkimage -A arm -O linux -T kernel -C none -a 0x80008000 -e 0x80008000 -n "Linux" -d ./vmlinuz-* ./uImage
 
 
 
===Create U-Boot boot image===
 
The version of U-Boot installed or recommended to install uses boot scripts by default.  This allows users to easily switch between multiple SD cards with different OS's with different parameters installed.  Ubuntu/Debian requires a slight modification to the bootargs line vs. Angstrom, 'ro' vs 'rw'.
 
 
 
Add/Edit ubuntu.cmd
 
setenv bootcmd 'mmc init; fatload mmc 0:1 0x80300000 uImage; bootm 0x80300000'
 
setenv bootargs 'console=ttyS2,115200n8 console=tty0 root=/dev/mmcblk0p2 rootwait rootfstype=ext3 ro vram=12M omapfb.mode=dvi:1280x720MR-16@60'
 
boot
 
 
 
''Note: If you created an ext2 root filesystem then change "ext3" above to "ext2"''
 
  
Use mkimage create to actual *.scr file for U-Boot:
+
Verify Image with:
 +
sha256sum am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
 +
cd253167b43186c14c02e9e85ede006cd51336d5f8beae5b96765f494c24bd91  am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz
  
  mkimage -A arm -O linux -T script -C none -a 0 -e 0 -n "Ubuntu 9.10" -d ./ubuntu.cmd ./ubuntu.scr
+
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 +
  http://etcher.io
  
===Copy uImage and boot.scr===
+
Linux: (dd)
Mount your SD card fat32 partition (assuming /dev/sdX1) and copy the uImage and boot.scr to the first partition.
+
xzcat am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
Note: if your system automounts the mmc card, just issue "sudo umount /dev/sdX1 && sudo umount /dev/sdX2"
+
= Method 2: Manual Install (no automatic scripts)=
  
mkdir -p ./tmp
+
Note, this section used to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:
sudo mount /dev/sdX1 ./tmp
 
sudo cp ./uImage ./tmp/uImage
 
 
Beagle:
 
sudo cp ./ubuntu.scr ./tmp/boot.scr
 
 
IGEPv2:
 
sudo cp ./ubuntu.scr ./tmp/boot.ini
 
 
sudo umount ./tmp
 
  
===Copy the Ubuntu rootfs===
+
== Beagle/Beagle xM ==
Mount your SD card's ext3 partition (assuming /dev/sdX2) and 'untar' the rootfs into it.
+
http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard
  
mkdir -p ./tmp
+
== BeagleBone ==
  sudo mount /dev/sdX2 ./tmp
+
  http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone
sudo tar xfp armel-rootfs-*.tgz -C ./tmp
 
sudo umount ./tmp
 
  
=== Karmic: (9.10) boot fixup ===
+
== BeagleBone Black ==
util-linux-ng 2.16 causes this
+
http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black
  
Edit /etc/fstab
+
== Panda/Panda ES ==
mkdir -p ./tmp
+
  http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard
sudo mount /dev/sdX2 ./tmp
 
sudo gedit ./tmp/etc/fstab
 
add:
 
/dev/mmcblk0p2  /  ext3  errors=remount-ro  0  1
 
 
 
''Note change the above "ext3" to "ext2" if the root filesystem is ext2''
 
 
 
Add/Edit /etc/e2fsck.conf
 
sudo gedit ./tmp/etc/e2fsck.conf
 
 
 
[problems]
 
 
# Superblock last mount time is in the future (PR_0_FUTURE_SB_LAST_MOUNT).
 
0x000031 = {
 
    preen_ok = true
 
    preen_nomessage = true
 
}
 
 
# Superblock last write time is in the future (PR_0_FUTURE_SB_LAST_WRITE).
 
0x000032 = {
 
    preen_ok = true
 
    preen_nomessage = true
 
}
 
 
 
Add karmic updates to /etc/apt/sources.list
 
 
 
sudo gedit ./tmp/etc/apt/sources.list
 
 
 
  deb http://ports.ubuntu.com/ubuntu-ports karmic-updates main universe
 
 
 
Finally
 
cd ./tmp
 
sync
 
cd ..
 
sudo umount ./tmp
 
 
 
You can now place the SD card into the BeagleBoard and start up the BeagleBoard.
 
 
 
Please be patient as the first boot can take a couple of minutes.
 
 
 
You should be presented with a x-window login screen. If you logged into X windows but do not get a full desktop with window management then execute the command "x-session-manager" at the terminal.
 
 
 
==Development PC or Beagleboard: System Setup on the (ext2/ext3) Partition==
 
 
 
===Enable Network Access===
 
 
 
Modify /etc/network/interfaces
 
auto eth0
 
iface eth0 inet dhcp
 
 
 
Manual: From the Command line
 
sudo ifconfig eth0 up
 
sudo dhclient eth0
 
 
 
or:
 
sudo ifconfig -a
 
sudo dhclient ethX
 
 
 
Additional Network Setup Information can be found [[BeagleBoardUbuntuNetwork|HERE]]
 
  
 
= Advanced =
 
= Advanced =
  
==Install Kernel Image==
+
==Install Latest Kernel Image==
  
===Script File===
+
General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:
Every Kernel upload going further on rcn-ee.net will now have an 'install-me.sh' file in the same directory..
+
sudo apt-get update
 +
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
 +
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
 +
sudo reboot
  
  example: http://www.rcn-ee.net/deb/kernel/beagle/karmic/v2.6.32.7-x7.1/
+
Latest kernel script
   
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/
  wget http://rcn-ee.net/deb/kernel/beagle/karmic/v2.6.32.7-x7.1/install-me.sh
+
  git pull
sudo /bin/bash install-me.sh
+
  sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>
  
Note: vmlinuz symbolic link (yes <or> no)...
+
== 3.8.x ==
 +
This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy
 +
beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
  
Reboot with your new uImage
+
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
 +
--bone-channel --stable
  
== Upgrade X-loader and U-boot ==
+
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
 +
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable
  
Compatible with Bx,C2/3/4
+
== 4.9.x-ti ==
 +
beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
 +
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.9.y
  
Requires MMC card..
+
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
 +
--ti-channel --lts-4_9
  
  bzr branch lp:~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/omap-flasher
+
  4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
  cd omap-flasher
+
  --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_9
./mk_mmc.sh --mmc /dev/sdX
 
  
  1: Place MMC card in Beagle
+
  4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
2: Push/Hold User Button
+
  --ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_9
  3: Apply Power
 
4: After U-boot loads, let off User Button
 
5: Wait for Flashing to end
 
6: Power down, remove/edit boot.scr from MMC card
 
  
Depending on what's in NAND, you might still have to stop and do this:
+
== 4.14.x-ti ==
 +
beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.14
 +
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.14.y
  
  nand erase 260000 20000
+
  4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
  reset
+
  --ti-channel --lts-4_14
  
What the script does:
+
  4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
  fatload mmc 0:1 0x80200000 x-load.bin.ift
+
  --ti-rt-channel --lts-4_14
  nandecc hw
 
nand erase 0 80000
 
nand write 0x80200000 0 20000
 
nand write 0x80200000 20000 20000
 
nand write 0x80200000 40000 20000
 
nand write 0x80200000 60000 20000
 
 
fatload mmc 0:1 0x80300000 u-boot.bin
 
nandecc sw
 
nand erase 80000 160000
 
nand write 0x80300000 80000 160000
 
nand erase 260000 20000
 
reset
 
  
== SGX Video Acceleration ==
+
== Mainline (4.9.x lts) ==
  
Use a "corporate email" and download the latest (3.01.00.02):
+
4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
  http://software-dl.ti.com/dsps/dsps_public_sw/sdo_sb/targetcontent/gfxsdk/latest/index_FDS.html
+
  --bone-kernel --lts-4_9
  
=== Kernel Modules ===
+
4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
''An older version of these instructions was adapted for the IGEPv2 platform - if you are following this tutorial and have an IGEPv2, consider using http://wiki.jmaustin.org/wiki/IgepSGXUbuntu instead''
+
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_9
  
Use the "build_sgx_module.sh" script in 2.6-stable, module source is now in the *.bin
+
== Mainline (4.14.x lts) ==
  
  https://code.launchpad.net/~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/2.6-stable
+
  4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
 +
--bone-kernel --lts-4_14
  
Directions:
+
4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
  bzr branch lp:~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/2.6-stable
+
  --bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_14
cd 2.6-stable
 
. build_kernel.sh
 
. build_sgx_modules.sh
 
  
Copy the *.uImage and extract the matching *.modules.tar.gz from the deploy directory to your SD card.
+
Reboot with your new Kernel Image.
  
Copy the GFX_Linux_SDK.tar.gz examples to either your SD card or another media (large file) then boot your omap board.
+
== Xorg Drivers ==
  
Run depmod:
+
Script:
  sudo depmod -a omaplfb
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/
 +
git pull
  
Tweak System Libraries:
+
BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:
  sudo ln -sf /usr/lib/libXdmcp.so.6.0.0 /usr/lib/libXdmcp.so.0
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
  sudo ln -sf /usr/lib/libXau.so.6.0.0 /usr/lib/libXau.so.0
+
  ./ti-omapdrm.sh
  
=== Startup Script ===
+
BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 +
./ti-tilcdc.sh
  
For 3.01.00.02
+
== SGX Drivers ==
  
Copy /opt/pvr/pvr script:
+
=== SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black ===
  
Jaunty:
+
Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...
sudo cp /opt/pvr/pvr /etc/rcS.d/S60pvr.sh
 
sudo chmod +x /etc/rcS.d/S60pvr.sh
 
  
Karmic/Lucid:  
+
Install the "4.1.x" lts/bone kernel:
sudo cp /opt/pvr/pvr /etc/init.d/pvr
+
http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Mainline_.28lts.29
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/pvr
 
sudo update-rc.d pvr defaults
 
  
Note, if your updating..
+
Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)
  cat /opt/pvr/pvr | sudo tee /etc/init.d/pvr > /dev/null
+
  git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
 +
cd bb-kernel/
 +
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
 +
./sgx_create_package.sh
  
=== Test SGX with a DEMO ===
+
Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install
 +
sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
 +
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
 +
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
 +
sudo reboot
  
In GFX_Linux_SDK:
+
Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded
  cd OGLES/SDKPackage/Binaries/CommonX11/Demos/ChameleonMan
+
debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
  ./OGLESChameleonMan
+
  omaplfb                12065  0
 +
  pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb
  
=== Trouble Shooting ===
+
== Xorg Drivers ==
  
  sudo rm /etc/powervr-esrev
+
Script:
sudo depmod -a omaplfb
+
  cd /opt/scripts/tools/
  sudo /etc/init.d/pvr restart
+
  git pull
  
== DSP ==
+
BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 +
./ti-omapdrm.sh
  
This is still a major work in progress...
+
BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:
 +
cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
 +
./ti-tilcdc.sh
  
== Xorg omapfb Drivers ==
+
= Swapfile =
  
By default Ubuntu will try to use the FBDEV video driver, however for the beagleboard we can take advantage of a more software optimized driver (still not using the sgx video hardware) using the NEON extensions of the Cortex-A8 core.
+
== Using a File for Swap Instead of a Partition ==
  
cat /var/log/Xorg.0.log | grep FBDEV
+
On the Beagleboard you should expect to require a swap file given the limitation of how little RAM is available (between 256&nbsp;MB and 512&nbsp;MB). Some system programs like apt-get will only run properly when some swap space is present (due to 256&nbsp;MB not being enough RAM).
(II) FBDEV: driver for framebuffer: fbdev
 
(II) FBDEV(0): using default device
 
(II) FBDEV(0): Creating default Display subsection in Screen section
 
(==) FBDEV(0): Depth 16, (==) framebuffer bpp 16
 
(==) FBDEV(0): RGB weight 565
 
  
Login into Ubuntu and open a new terminal, xorg has to be running..
+
Some images (such as those from Linaro.org) do not come with a swap partition or any swap space allocated.
  
xvinfo -display :0.0
+
Under Linux, swap space can be either a dedicated partition or a swap file. Both can be mounted as swap which the OS can access.
X-Video Extension version 2.2
 
screen #0
 
  no adaptors present
 
  
=== Drivers ===
+
=== Creating a Swapfile ===
  
Note: Backport from Karmic
+
The following commands will create a 1 GB file, limit access only to root, format it as swap and then make it available to the OS:
  
Note: These are built with neon optimizations: http://git.debian.org/?p=collab-maint/xf86-video-omapfb.git;a=blob;f=debian/rules;h=c2f0d5391c96c5abb60b1e691ad86bb27e0c17d8;hb=HEAD (line 48/49)
+
sudo mkdir -p /var/cache/swap/ 
 +
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/cache/swap/swapfile bs=1M count=1024
 +
  sudo chmod 0600 /var/cache/swap/swapfile
 +
sudo mkswap /var/cache/swap/swapfile
 +
sudo swapon /var/cache/swap/swapfile
  
Jaunty:
+
To tell the OS to load this swapfile on each start up, edit the /etc/fstab file to include the following additional line:
wget -c http://rcn-ee.homeip.net:81/dl/deb-sbuild/jaunty/xorg-drivers/xserver-xorg-video-omap3_0.1.1-2_armel.deb
 
sudo dpkg -i xserver-xorg-video-omap3_0.1.1-2_armel.deb
 
  
Karmic:
+
  /var/cache/swap/swapfile    none    swap    sw    0  0
  sudo apt-get install xserver-xorg-video-omap3
 
  
=== xorg.conf ===
+
To verify that the swapfile is accessilble as swap to the OS, run "top" or "htop" at a console.
  
Only Jaunty and Karmic:
+
= Ubuntu Software =
  
/etc/X11/xorg.conf
+
== Wi-Fi Networking (command line) ==
  
Section "Monitor"
+
=== /etc/network/interfaces ===
    Identifier "Configured Monitor"
 
EndSection
 
 
Section "Screen"
 
    Identifier "Default Screen"
 
    Device "Configured Video Device"
 
    #Limited by SGX?
 
    DefaultDepth 16
 
EndSection
 
 
Section "Device"
 
    Identifier "Configured Video Device"
 
    Driver "omapfb"
 
    Option "fb" "/dev/fb0"
 
EndSection
 
 
 
To verify it was correctly installed, reboot and:
 
 
 
cat /var/log/Xorg.0.log | grep omapfb
 
(II) LoadModule: "omapfb"
 
(II) Loading /usr/lib/xorg/modules/drivers//omapfb_drv.so
 
(II) Module omapfb: vendor="X.Org Foundation"
 
(II) omapfb: Driver for OMAP framebuffer (omapfb) and external LCD controllers:
 
(WW) Error opening /sys/devices/platform/omapfb/ctrl/name: No such file or directory
 
(II) omapfb(0): VideoRAM: 1800KiB (SDRAM)
 
(II) omapfb(0): Creating default Display subsection in Screen section
 
(**) omapfb(0): Depth 16, (--) framebuffer bpp 16
 
(==) omapfb(0): RGB weight 565
 
(==) omapfb(0): Default visual is TrueColor
 
(--) omapfb(0): Virtual size is 1280x720 (pitch 1280)
 
(**) omapfb(0):  Built-in mode "current"
 
(==) omapfb(0): DPI set to (96, 96)
 
(II) omapfb(0): DPMS enabled
 
(II) omapfb(0): Video plane capabilities:
 
(II) omapfb(0): Video plane supports the following image formats:
 
(II) omapfb(0): XVideo extension initialized
 
 
 
Login into Ubuntu and open a new terminal, xorg has to be running..
 
 
 
xvinfo -display :0.0
 
X-Video Extension version 2.2
 
screen #0
 
  Adaptor #0: "OMAP XV adaptor"
 
    number of ports: 1
 
    port base: 56
 
    operations supported: PutImage
 
    supported visuals:
 
      depth 16, visualID 0x21
 
    number of attributes: 1
 
    etc..
 
 
 
== S-Video ==
 
Sorry I don't have an S-Video TV, and this is documented in the source, so it would be really great if someone could fill this section in... --[[User:RobertCNelson|RobertCNelson]] 21:32, 13 July 2009 (UTC)
 
 
 
=== NTSC ===
 
 
 
Please use v2.6.29-oer44.1:
 
 
 
=== PAL ===
 
 
 
Please use v2.6.29-oer44.1:
 
 
 
== Building Kernel ==
 
 
 
https://launchpad.net/~beagleboard-kernel
 
 
 
Register on launchpad.net, install bzr
 
sudo apt-get install bzr
 
 
 
Download SRC
 
bzr branch lp:~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/2.6-stable (2.6.32)
 
bzr branch lp:~beagleboard-kernel/+junk/2.6-dev (2.6.32)
 
 
 
Build Kernel
 
. build_kernel.sh
 
  
Build SGX Modules
+
It is relatively easy to configure a Wi-Fi card from the command line.
. build_sgx_modules.sh
 
  
Build Deb File
+
You will need to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file. There are several guides available via Google.
. build_deb.sh
 
  
= Bugs & Workarounds =
+
This is a particularly useful guide https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=202834
  
==Karmic==
+
A sample /etc/network/interfaces file for a WPA2 encrypted access point is:
  
Root on external USB, fsck always errors's on boot, fsck.ext3 never fixes it, and no real time clock on board (Rev Bx and C2 (C3 has backup battery hookup))
+
auto lo
 +
iface lo inet loopback
 +
auto wlan0
 +
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
 +
wpa-driver wext
 +
wpa-ssid <NAME OF AP>
 +
wpa-ap-scan 1
 +
wpa-proto RSN
 +
wpa-pairwise CCMP
 +
wpa-group CCMP
 +
wpa-key-mgmt WPA-PSK
 +
wpa-psk <INSERT KEY XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX>
  
mount -o remount,rw /
+
Your Wi-Fi card will automatically load these settings upon startup and initialize wireless network access.
  
Script found here:
+
== Lightweight window managers ==
  
nano /etc/e2fsck.conf
+
If you intend to use Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard you can install JWM or IceWM to improve performance.
[problems]
 
 
# Superblock last mount time is in the future (PR_0_FUTURE_SB_LAST_MOUNT).
 
0x000031 = {
 
    preen_ok = true
 
    preen_nomessage = true
 
}
 
 
# Superblock last write time is in the future (PR_0_FUTURE_SB_LAST_WRITE).
 
0x000032 = {
 
    preen_ok = true
 
    preen_nomessage = true
 
}
 
  
= Ubuntu Software =
+
JWM in particular uses little RAM. On a BeagleBoard with 256&nbsp;MB, using JWM will leave about 60&nbsp;MB free in which to run applications.
  
 
== Web Apps ==
 
== Web Apps ==
  
 
=== Midori ===
 
=== Midori ===
Given that the BeagleBoard has fewer resources than a desktop a light weight browser is more responsive. Midori is a light weight browser that still supports flash etc
+
Given that the BeagleBoard has fewer resources than a desktop a lightweight browser is more responsive. Midori is a lightweight browser that still supports flash, etc. It is available from the standard repositories:
It is available from the standard repositories.
 
 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midori_%28web_browser%29
 
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midori_%28web_browser%29
  
Line 791: Line 542:
  
 
=== Motion ===
 
=== Motion ===
If you have a video source (webcam, IP cam etc) which appears as /dev/video0 etc then you can use the Linux Surveillance software "motion" to monitor the video stream and record periods of activity.
+
If you have a video source (webcam, IP cam, etc.) which appears as /dev/video0, etc. then you can use the Linux surveillance software "motion" to monitor the video stream and record periods of activity.
  
Motion is also available from the standard repositories.
+
Motion is also available from the standard repositories:
 
http://www.debian-administration.org/article/An_Introduction_to_Video_Surveillance_with_%27Motion%27
 
http://www.debian-administration.org/article/An_Introduction_to_Video_Surveillance_with_%27Motion%27
Using a 960x720 resolution webcam with 15 fps rate under the UVC driver the Rev C BeagleBoard under Xubuntu reports ~60% CPU utilisation.
+
Using a 960x720 resolution webcam with a 15&nbsp;fps rate under the UVC driver the Rev C BeagleBoard under Xubuntu reports ~60% CPU utilisation.
  
To make the BeagleBoard automatically start recording on boot do the following:
+
To make the BeagleBoard automatically start recording on boot, do the following:
  
 
* Auto Login - run "gdmsetup" from a terminal and select a user to automatically login  
 
* Auto Login - run "gdmsetup" from a terminal and select a user to automatically login  
* Sessions - make sure you don't save any previous xwindows sessions so that it doesn't prompt you for which one you want
+
* Sessions - make sure you don't save any previous X Windows sessions so that it doesn't prompt you for which one you want
* motion.conf - amend /etc/motion/motion.conf to the settings you want (ie video output directory, record only video, record in mpeg4, set frame rate etc). Do this with "sudo medit /etc/motion/motion.conf" at a prompt.
+
* motion.conf - edit /etc/motion/motion.conf to use the settings you want (that is, video output directory, record only video, record in MPEG-4, set frame rate, etc). Do this with "sudo medit /etc/motion/motion.conf" at a prompt.
* Boot script - create a new script in /etc/rc2.d called "S65motion_client" and set permissions appropriately ("sudo chmod 777 /etc/rc2.d/S65motion_client"). Then edit the file so it has the following text in it:
+
* Boot script - create a new script in /etc/rc2.d called "S65motion_client" and set permissions appropriately ("sudo chmod 777 /etc/rc2.d/S65motion_client"). Then edit the file so it contains the following lines:
  
 
  #! /bin/sh
 
  #! /bin/sh
Line 809: Line 560:
 
This will now launch the motion client as root when you boot up.
 
This will now launch the motion client as root when you boot up.
  
Also note that unless your BeagleBoard can remember the time (battery backed up clock installed) the timestamps will not be correct until you update the time. If your BeagleBoard has an Internet Connection this can be achieved with the ntpdate app.
+
Also note that unless your BeagleBoard can remember the time (battery backed up clock installed), the timestamps will not be correct until you update the time. If your BeagleBoard has an Internet connection this can be achieved using the ntpdate application.
 +
 
 +
== Robotics ==
 +
 
 +
=== ROS ===
 +
ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.
 +
 
 +
There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Bionic armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:
 +
 
 +
http://wiki.ros.org/melodic/Installation/Ubuntu
 +
 
 +
Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).
 +
 
 +
For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.

Latest revision as of 08:47, 13 March 2020

(For BeagleBoardAngstrom, click here.) (Should Beagleboard:Ubuntu On BeagleBone Black be merged into this page?)

This page is about running a Linux distribution (ARM EABI) Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard. BeagleBoard will boot the (ARM EABI) Ubuntu distribution from the SD card. Since much of this page is generic, it has also been extended to help support devices such as the PandaBoard and BeagleBone.

  • For the best experience, make sure you have an LCD/HDMI monitor attached to the BeagleBoard's HDMI port, 2 GB/4 GB/8 GB SD card, and a known good USB 2.0 hub with mouse and keyboard.

Help

If you need any help:

  • Ubuntu related help:
    • #ubuntu-arm: Ubuntu's ARM IRC on Freenode (logs -> year -> month -> day -> #ubuntu-arm.html)
  • When requesting help, please provide some debugging information:
    • U-Boot Version installed on board
    • Kernel Version: uname -a
    • pastebin dmesg
      • Copy from serial port or use "dmesg | pastebinit" (sudo apt-get install pastebinit)

Required Beagle Software

Mainline U-Boot:

  • All older BeagleBoard (classic) Ax, Bx, Cx and Dx boards are required to upgrade to at least these U-Boot versions
  • XM Boards have no NAND, so MLO/u-boot.img is always required on the first partition
  • Directions: Upgrade X-loader and U-Boot

Omap Serial Changes

boot.scr/boot.cmd changes:

With 2.6.35:

console=ttyS2,115200n8

With 2.6.36/37+:

console=ttyO2,115200n8

Serial console login: /etc/init/ttyO2.conf

start on stopped rc RUNLEVEL=[2345]
stop on runlevel [!2345]

respawn
exec /sbin/getty 115200 ttyO2

Method 1: Download a Complete Pre-Configured Image

Demo Image

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/armv7-multiplatform.git
cd armv7-multiplatform
git checkout origin/v5.4.x -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh
git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/ti-linux-kernel-dev.git
cd ti-linux-kernel-dev
git checkout origin/ti-linux-4.19.y -b tmp
./build_kernel.sh

Ubuntu (18.04.4)

Default username/password:

  • username: ubuntu
  • password: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel
    • BeagleBoard-X15: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Services Active:

Note: Depending on your internal network these may work out of the box
Apache, Port 80: http://arm.local/ (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) http://192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) http://192.168.6.2
SSH, Port 22: ssh ubuntu@arm.local (Bone: via usb) (Windows/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.7.2, (Mac/Linux) ubuntu@192.168.6.2
Getty, Serial Port

Default user: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/elinux/ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
abe086f9132dfe8e8b9df8d14da225e0ce89a082abc92515de8a2ac63fc54ae2  ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz

Unpack Image:

tar xf ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12.tar.xz
cd ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12

If you don't know the location of your SD card:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --probe-mmc

You should see something like:

Are you sure? I don't see [/dev/idontknow], here is what I do see...

fdisk -l:
Disk /dev/sda: 500.1 GB, 500107862016 bytes <- x86 Root Drive
Disk /dev/sdd: 3957 MB, 3957325824 bytes <- MMC/SD card

lsblk:
NAME   MAJ:MIN RM   SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda      8:0    0 465.8G  0 disk 
├─sda1   8:1    0 446.9G  0 part /  <- x86 Root Partition
├─sda2   8:2    0     1K  0 part 
└─sda5   8:5    0  18.9G  0 part [SWAP]
sdd      8:48   1   3.7G  0 disk 
├─sdd1   8:49   1    64M  0 part 
└─sdd2   8:50   1   3.6G  0 part 
  • In this example, we can see via mount, /dev/sda1 is the x86 rootfs, therefore /dev/sdd is the other drive in the system, which is the MMC/SD card that was inserted and should be used by ./setup_sdcard.sh...

Install Image:

Quick install script for [board]

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb board

board options:

  • BeagleBoard Ax/Bx/Cx/Dx - omap3-beagle
  • BeagleBoard xM - omap3-beagle-xm
  • All BeagleBone Variants - beaglebone
  • OMAP5432 uEVM - omap5-uevm
  • BeagleBoard-X15 (BeagleBone AI) - am57xx-beagle-x15

So for the BeagleBoard xM:

sudo ./setup_sdcard.sh --mmc /dev/sdX --dtb omap3-beagle-xm

Advanced: Build Image:

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/omap-image-builder.git
cd omap-image-builder
git checkout v2020.03 -b tmp

Stable:

./RootStock-NG.sh -c rcn-ee_console_ubuntu_bionic_armhf

Flasher

eMMC: All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants with eMMC: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
2bc7f92df84dbd89c1cdd790ec794926a5d6b0f0b891143085d77141170518e2  bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

eMMC: BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io First press and hold the boot select button (next to the microSD card), then apply power. On boot-up the board should indicate it has started the flashing procedure visually via a Cylon Sweep pattern shown on the 4 LED's next to the Ethernet jack. Progress is reported on both the serial debug and HDMI connectors, once completed all 4 LED's should be full ON. Simply remove power, remove the microSD card and Ubuntu will now boot directly from eMMC.

Script for reference: (this is the script that writes to the eMMC)

https://github.com/RobertCNelson/boot-scripts/blob/master/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

This script will only take about 5-6 Minutes after power on.

Notes:

  • If only two LED's stay lit and nothing happens, the board has crashed due to lack of power. Retry with a 5Volt DC power supply connected.
  • If the 4 LED's blink a constant pattern, the eMMC write has failed. First REMOVE ALL capes, then retry again.

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/flasher/am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
0c359f2b5e9d27d167f55877d3abfea0af2fe721463136f354dfd5d72be8a541  am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-eMMC-flasher-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

raw microSD img

BeagleBoard xM

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard xM: v5.4.24-armv7-x20 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.31-armv7-x31 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard xM: v4.19.8-armv7-x11 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
a3d8780a69ceca6c5462c80c5a061dbba7df91d9111e08e718ecf55420302b91  bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • All BeagleBone Variants and PocketBeagle: v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
4c41976f1f574a4786002482167fe6443d8c9f1bced86a174459ffeba1f5b780  bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

BeagleBoard-X15 and BeagleBone AI

This image can be written to a 2GB (or larger) microSD card, via 'dd' on Linux or on Windows/Mac/Linux: https://etcher.io

User: ubuntu pass: temppwd

Auto partition resize:

cd /opt/scripts/tools
git pull
./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

Image Updated:

  • 2020-03-12
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.19.94-ti-r36 kernel
  • 2019-04-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.108-ti-r104 kernel
  • 2018-12-10
    • BeagleBoard-X15 (and BeagleBone AI): v4.14.79-ti-r84 kernel

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/2020-03-12/microsd/am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb*
cd253167b43186c14c02e9e85ede006cd51336d5f8beae5b96765f494c24bd91  am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat am57xx-ubuntu-18.04.4-console-armhf-2020-03-12-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Method 2: Manual Install (no automatic scripts)

Note, this section used to have a lot of details, but maintenance of the two wiki's became a pain, so for now on we will just link to my other pages:

Beagle/Beagle xM

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBoard

BeagleBone

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone

BeagleBone Black

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/BeagleBone+Black

Panda/Panda ES

http://eewiki.net/display/linuxonarm/PandaBoard

Advanced

Install Latest Kernel Image

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.9.y
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_9
4.9.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
--ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_9

4.14.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.14
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-linux-4.14.y
4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_14
4.14.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_14

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_9
4.9.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.14.x lts)

4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_14
4.14.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_14

Reboot with your new Kernel Image.

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

SGX Drivers

SGX BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black

Note, these are FBDEV only, no xorg/x11/etc...

Install the "4.1.x" lts/bone kernel: http://elinux.org/BeagleBoardUbuntu#Mainline_.28lts.29

Build SGX userspace for 4.1.x (must be done on an x86, due to the TI 5.01.01.02 blob extractor)

git clone https://github.com/RobertCNelson/bb-kernel.git
cd bb-kernel/
git checkout origin/am33x-v4.1 -b tmp-sgx
./sgx_create_package.sh

Copy ./deploy/GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz to BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black and install

sudo tar xfv GFX_5.01.01.02.tar.gz -C /
cd /opt/gfxinstall/
sudo ./sgx-install.sh
sudo reboot

Verify omaplfb & pvrsrvkm loaded

debian@arm:~$ lsmod | grep omaplfb
omaplfb                12065  0 
pvrsrvkm              178782  1 omaplfb

Xorg Drivers

Script:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull

BeagleBoard/PandaBoard:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-omapdrm.sh

BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black:

cd /opt/scripts/tools/graphics/
./ti-tilcdc.sh

Swapfile

Using a File for Swap Instead of a Partition

On the Beagleboard you should expect to require a swap file given the limitation of how little RAM is available (between 256 MB and 512 MB). Some system programs like apt-get will only run properly when some swap space is present (due to 256 MB not being enough RAM).

Some images (such as those from Linaro.org) do not come with a swap partition or any swap space allocated.

Under Linux, swap space can be either a dedicated partition or a swap file. Both can be mounted as swap which the OS can access.

Creating a Swapfile

The following commands will create a 1 GB file, limit access only to root, format it as swap and then make it available to the OS:

sudo mkdir -p /var/cache/swap/   
sudo dd if=/dev/zero of=/var/cache/swap/swapfile bs=1M count=1024
sudo chmod 0600 /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo mkswap /var/cache/swap/swapfile 
sudo swapon /var/cache/swap/swapfile 

To tell the OS to load this swapfile on each start up, edit the /etc/fstab file to include the following additional line:

/var/cache/swap/swapfile    none    swap    sw    0   0

To verify that the swapfile is accessilble as swap to the OS, run "top" or "htop" at a console.

Ubuntu Software

Wi-Fi Networking (command line)

/etc/network/interfaces

It is relatively easy to configure a Wi-Fi card from the command line.

You will need to edit the /etc/network/interfaces file. There are several guides available via Google.

This is a particularly useful guide https://ubuntuforums.org/showthread.php?t=202834

A sample /etc/network/interfaces file for a WPA2 encrypted access point is:

auto lo
iface lo inet loopback
auto wlan0
iface wlan0 inet dhcp
wpa-driver wext
wpa-ssid <NAME OF AP>
wpa-ap-scan 1
wpa-proto RSN
wpa-pairwise CCMP
wpa-group CCMP
wpa-key-mgmt WPA-PSK
wpa-psk <INSERT KEY XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX>

Your Wi-Fi card will automatically load these settings upon startup and initialize wireless network access.

Lightweight window managers

If you intend to use Ubuntu on the BeagleBoard you can install JWM or IceWM to improve performance.

JWM in particular uses little RAM. On a BeagleBoard with 256 MB, using JWM will leave about 60 MB free in which to run applications.

Web Apps

Midori

Given that the BeagleBoard has fewer resources than a desktop a lightweight browser is more responsive. Midori is a lightweight browser that still supports flash, etc. It is available from the standard repositories: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Midori_%28web_browser%29

Surveillance

Motion

If you have a video source (webcam, IP cam, etc.) which appears as /dev/video0, etc. then you can use the Linux surveillance software "motion" to monitor the video stream and record periods of activity.

Motion is also available from the standard repositories: http://www.debian-administration.org/article/An_Introduction_to_Video_Surveillance_with_%27Motion%27 Using a 960x720 resolution webcam with a 15 fps rate under the UVC driver the Rev C BeagleBoard under Xubuntu reports ~60% CPU utilisation.

To make the BeagleBoard automatically start recording on boot, do the following:

  • Auto Login - run "gdmsetup" from a terminal and select a user to automatically login
  • Sessions - make sure you don't save any previous X Windows sessions so that it doesn't prompt you for which one you want
  • motion.conf - edit /etc/motion/motion.conf to use the settings you want (that is, video output directory, record only video, record in MPEG-4, set frame rate, etc). Do this with "sudo medit /etc/motion/motion.conf" at a prompt.
  • Boot script - create a new script in /etc/rc2.d called "S65motion_client" and set permissions appropriately ("sudo chmod 777 /etc/rc2.d/S65motion_client"). Then edit the file so it contains the following lines:
#! /bin/sh
/usr/bin/motion -c /etc/motion/motion.conf

This will now launch the motion client as root when you boot up.

Also note that unless your BeagleBoard can remember the time (battery backed up clock installed), the timestamps will not be correct until you update the time. If your BeagleBoard has an Internet connection this can be achieved using the ntpdate application.

Robotics

ROS

ROS (Robot Operating System) provides libraries and tools to help software developers create robot applications. It provides hardware abstraction, device drivers, libraries, visualizers, message-passing, package management, and more. ROS is licensed under an open source, BSD license.

There are currently builds of ROS for Ubuntu Bionic armhf. These builds include most but not all packages, and save a considerable amount of time compared to doing a full source-based installation:

http://wiki.ros.org/melodic/Installation/Ubuntu

Alternatively ROS can be installed from source and is generally easy to do so (although slow).

For more information about ROS, see www.ros.org.