Difference between revisions of "Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian"

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m (Debian Image Testing Snapshots: 2016-09-26)
m (BeagleBoard-X15 weekly)
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microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)
 
microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-18/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-18-4gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-18-4gb*
+
  sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
  47f5ed42228d3c363e2f17e7f84b1a5a738a8a2992668fef866eee62c97b672e bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-18-4gb.img.xz
+
  ac63cd8096ff64f25b877790aed578ede7a23302a6f8f94da46df0cb88d8cba3 bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
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Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-18-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
 
= Debian Image Testing Snapshots =
 
= Debian Image Testing Snapshots =

Revision as of 08:20, 27 September 2016

This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_60"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_60-b27)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.60-b23, mixed mode)

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To set up the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup. *Note, img files with the words "eMMC-flasher" already had this enabled...*

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been set up to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

echo 'something' | sudo tee /etc/privilegedfile

Timezone

By default this image is set up to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2016.04.24~bpo70+20160424+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_*_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Adding bb.org-overlays to jessie console image

Currently by default, the console image doesn't include the *.dtbo overlays.

Install build requirements: (add's 145Mb to the console image)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core device-tree-compiler

Clone bb.org-overlays repo:

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
cd ./bb.org-overlays/
./install.sh

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Output of the autobuilder can be found at http://builds.beagleboard.org.

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

BeagleBoard-X15 weekly

Bug tracker: http://bugs.elinux.org/projects/beagleboard-x15

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15) Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
ac63cd8096ff64f25b877790aed578ede7a23302a6f8f94da46df0cb88d8cba3  bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

Historical Archive mirror (not as fast as rcn-ee.com (linode))

https://rcn-ee.online/rootfs/bb.org/testing/


2016-09-26

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Classic

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/machinekit/bone-debian-7.11-machinekit-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-7.11-machinekit-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
a8e7546b05c2c49f38c9bbe197729b5a8bba6fb2fade0aa4f5b0d181e1bb3801  bone-debian-7.11-machinekit-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-7.11-machinekit-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Based on Debian Jessie (new)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/machinekit/bone-debian-8.6-machinekit-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.6-machinekit-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
00299ac50776657a49fe994ce2d7e79c9894e2fca59026f4ffa67f0e30c5d61f  bone-debian-8.6-machinekit-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.6-machinekit-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot lxqt

2016-09-26 notes

* U-Boot: v2016.09
* Kernel: 4.4.21-ti-r47

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone Black/Green 4GB eMMC)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/lxqt-4gb/BBB-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
fbf1313c7f10e18f80356558996493b9b37b80a30d63f9e6a0495a4dd1c20f4f  BBB-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBone Green)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
bd737d995e096809770e2007871caaa37ab4a63ac0a0f3921d0f3dd7b4b89e85  bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
71e70c1b21d7c00255646c8d268dfbc08c3e41157c26d7da6f22bfee4c490556  bbx15-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
ac63cd8096ff64f25b877790aed578ede7a23302a6f8f94da46df0cb88d8cba3  bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot iot

Flasher: (iot) (BeagleBone Black/Green eMMC)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/iot/BBB-blank-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
691d913094383016b0bc9be10cd6dd114c143931edffecb290ccbd97594a15f2  BBB-blank-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (iot) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBone Green)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/iot/bone-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
7a14cc4204d1e193c371d25cb5fe34b9c6edc00f22960dd737e7e521114e1d4e  bone-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot console

Flasher: (console) (BeagleBone Black/Green eMMC)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/console/BBB-blank-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb*
abc7b1933b002ce0a0ae0063cf2df164d9018be5be610a533303db3b1804baf3  BBB-blank-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBone Green)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/console/bone-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb*
e17d002b50247507598b758b6ffe47577fc61bf2f2359947ac6e6186f8c8072a  bone-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/console/bbx15-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb*
57e6d552cbd2ac65144fb7b622b417cb5c7a61968ec8eedd0b6b5aa37e9ae666  bbx15-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2016-09-26-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Stretch testing

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch

microSD/Standalone: (testing) (Bone's)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2016-09-26/stretch-iot/bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb*
789db3d6f9afe7503efa29e96344aa854ed727ca273ed90093a6df37e11d2677  bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2016-09-26-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.1.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.1
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-rt-linux-4.1.y
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_1
4.1.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_1

4.4.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.4
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-rt-linux-4.4.y
4.4.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black/BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_4

Mainline (4.1.x lts)

4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_1
4.1.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_1

Mainline (4.4.x lts)

4.4.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black
--bone-kernel --lts-4_4
4.4.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_4

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp