Difference between revisions of "Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian"

From eLinux.org
Jump to: navigation, search
m (Debian Image Testing Snapshots: 2017-01-29)
m (BeagleBoard-X15 weekly: 2017-01-29)
Line 204: Line 204:
 
microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)
 
microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)
 
Get prebuilt image:
 
Get prebuilt image:
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-22/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-22-4gb.img.xz
+
  wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz
  
 
Verify Image with:
 
Verify Image with:
  sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-22-4gb*
+
  sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
  b124e8adbf04a945a75edaa24634dab4e4c9c997b2849a59257c02d7cc4afe76 bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-22-4gb.img.xz
+
  a20f2e1ed19fdd1335584d011beb49bbac565de5f21ab2d3f9e3d606b855b547 bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz
  
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
 
Windows/Mac/Linux gui
Line 214: Line 214:
  
 
Linux: (dd)
 
Linux: (dd)
  xzcat bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-22-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
+
  xzcat bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX
  
 
= Debian Image Testing Snapshots =
 
= Debian Image Testing Snapshots =

Revision as of 08:11, 30 January 2017

This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_60"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_60-b27)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.60-b23, mixed mode)

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To set up the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup. *Note, img files with the words "eMMC-flasher" already had this enabled...*

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Optional, update Flasher Scripts:

cd /opt/scripts/
git pull

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been set up to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

echo 'something' | sudo tee /etc/privilegedfile

Timezone

By default this image is set up to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2016.04.24~bpo70+20160424+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_*_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Adding bb.org-overlays to jessie console image

Currently by default, the console image doesn't include the *.dtbo overlays.

Install build requirements: (add's 145Mb to the console image)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core device-tree-compiler

Clone bb.org-overlays repo:

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
cd ./bb.org-overlays/
./install.sh

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Output of the autobuilder can be found at http://builds.beagleboard.org.

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

BeagleBoard-X15 weekly

Bug tracker: http://bugs.elinux.org/projects/beagleboard-x15

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15) Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
a20f2e1ed19fdd1335584d011beb49bbac565de5f21ab2d3f9e3d606b855b547  bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

2017-01-29

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Based on Debian Jessie

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/machinekit/bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
95045687b7eb5c0de40426a58a5f9f4fee70246c76320a8b8be374e74dabe294  bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.7-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot lxqt

2017-01-29 notes

* U-Boot: v2017.01
* Kernel: 4.4.44-ti-r85

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (All BeagleBone Variants with a 4GB eMMC)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/lxqt-4gb/BBB-blank-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
f1c9bfbc42829843433bc06a0d0f7d8c0c3b618171d6ea9761c3f8a903d7b3c9  BBB-blank-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
5a3bc47621827acf0ac5ceeb18ff49633b312864f4cb6cfeea97001156535869  bone-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
a20f2e1ed19fdd1335584d011beb49bbac565de5f21ab2d3f9e3d606b855b547  bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.7-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-2gb) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/lxqt-2gb/bone-debian-8.7-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.7-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb*
337e1acf6b9919e0eb3a76221befc3b165af2de6a69a99ca2c339de0a37dd4a7  bone-debian-8.7-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.7-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-xm-4gb) (BeagleBoard xM)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/lxqt-xm-4gb/bbxm-debian-8.7-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-debian-8.7-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
2cb183fd6ad8faa4d3c66de02ba07b480268b3b459cc7e1575ab194ccfce2707  bbxm-debian-8.7-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-debian-8.7-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot iot

Flasher: (iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/iot/BBB-blank-debian-8.7-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.7-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
94a1526cc7304daef1aeda618f383ed40580e8ee477cd9b20ff526b8a0460315  BBB-blank-debian-8.7-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.7-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/iot/bone-debian-8.7-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.7-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
158b9de088443f1ce36edc4a23df4e00c0454e1a4d813326aac5e723ac461f4e  bone-debian-8.7-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.7-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot console

microSD/Standalone: (console) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/console/bone-debian-8.7-console-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.7-console-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb*
f7d571c3265596d914be159192fd3b691726d6a1d1e00d835bbc3d77d4d703de  bone-debian-8.7-console-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.7-console-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/console/bbx15-debian-8.7-console-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.7-console-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb*
7f3a2632a4d45e7d16bc1fadee97f18b13fc13b222a4d852d9d9417791723c83  bbx15-debian-8.7-console-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.7-console-armhf-2017-01-29-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Stretch testing

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch

2017-01-29 notes

* U-Boot: v2017.01
* Kernel: 4.9.6-ti-r17

microSD/Standalone: (testing) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/stretch-iot/bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
897bbe4c71f0296d2a2621a8efcb350c65a7764912569596149d768247f46d3b  bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (testing) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-29/stretch-iot/bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb*
90b054a7e3c51bd097c0f0e1287ffad6fb67ce4d3f4a99eb677b2d433c6ac56c  bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-29-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.4.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.4
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-rt-linux-4.4.y
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
--ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_4

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.4.x lts)

4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants
--bone-kernel --lts-4_4
4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_4

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants
--bone-kernel --lts-4_9

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp