Beagleboard:BeagleBoneBlack Debian

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Revision as of 10:24, 9 January 2017 by RobertCNelson (talk | contribs) (BeagleBoard-X15 weekly: 2017-01-08)
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This page is about running the armhf port of Debian distribution at BeagleBoard. The latest release beagleboard.org image can be found at: http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

Contents

Checking The Debian Image Version

You should check the version of the image on the microSD/eMMC by opening the ID.txt file in the FAT partition.

root@beaglebone:~# cat /etc/dogtag
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-03-19

This file can also be accessed via a PC (Windows/Mac/Linux) via either mounting the FAT partition directly off the microSD card or via the usb interface (flash drive).

Installing

Oracle Java 8

Information:

http://www.oracle.com/technetwork/java/javase/downloads/jdk8-downloads-2133151.html

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install oracle-java8-installer

Verify:

debian@beaglebone:~$ java -version
java version "1.8.0_60"
Java(TM) SE Runtime Environment (build 1.8.0_60-b27)
Java HotSpot(TM) Client VM (build 25.60-b23, mixed mode)

TI PRU Code Generation Tools

http://software-dl.ti.com/codegen/non-esd/downloads/download.htm#PRU

Install:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install ti-pru-cgt-installer

Older rootfs (when above package doesn't exist):

wget http://downloads.ti.com/codegen/esd/cgt_public_sw/PRU/2.1.1/ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
chmod +x ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh
sudo ./ti_cgt_pru_2.1.1_armlinuxa8hf_busybox_installer.sh

FAQ

Expanding File System Partition On A microSD

By default the microSD image is only about 2GB in size, to fully expand the partition to the full size of your microSD card simple run.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./grow_partition.sh
sudo reboot

On the next reboot, [df -h] should show the full microSD card size.

Flashing eMMC

To set up the standalone microSD image to automatically flash the eMMC on powerup. *Note, img files with the words "eMMC-flasher" already had this enabled...*

In /boot/uEnv.txt:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
#cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Change to:

##enable BBB: eMMC Flasher:
cmdline=init=/opt/scripts/tools/eMMC/init-eMMC-flasher-v3.sh

Optional, update Flasher Scripts:

cd /opt/scripts/
git pull

and reboot the system, it'll flash the eMMC on the next bootup. (make sure to remove the microSD after flashing is complete)

Kernel Upgrade

We can't ship support for everything on release day, so we push out new kernels as fixes, support for new capes, etc are posted on the beagleboard.org mainline list.

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh
sudo reboot

Installing kernel headers

If you want to build a kernel module natively, you'll need to install the correct kernel headers.

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r`

In a Makefile, perform:

sudo apt-get install linux-headers-$(shell uname -r)

Loading custom capes

Due to limitations in debian wheezy's userspace, the use of an initramfs, and having firmware builtin to the kernel. It is currently not possible to load "custom" capes via: capemgr.enable_partno=xyz. Instead an init script has been set up to load the cape/capes as soon as possible.

Built-in Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPIDEV1

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
slot #7: dtbo 'BB-SPIDEV1-00A0.dtbo' loaded; converting to live tree

Custom External Cape:

capemgr.enable_partno=BB-SPI1-01

slot #7: Requesting part number/version based 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo
slot #7: Requesting firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo' for board-name 'Override Board Name', version '00A0'
failed to load firmware 'BB-SPI1-01-00A0.dtbo'
loader: failed to load slot-7 BB-SPI1-01:00A0 (prio 0)

Workaround:

add "CAPE=BB-SPI1-01" to /etc/default/capemgr

Privileged echo

As a normal user, you can not "sudo echo 'something' >> /etc/privilegedfile"

echo 'something' | sudo tee /etc/privilegedfile

Timezone

By default this image is set up to display time in utc mode. If you would like to change this to your local region.

dpkg-reconfigure tzdata

or:

echo "Europe/Zurich" > /etc/timezone 
dpkg-reconfigure -f noninteractive tzdata

Jessie Timezone

List of available timezones:

timedatectl list-timezones

Set timezone:

sudo timedatectl set-timezone America/North_Dakota/Center

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb

W: GPG error: http://debian.beagleboard.org wheezy-bbb Release:
The following signatures were invalid:
KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840246 KEYEXPIRED 1418840304

Note this directions are version dependent, so double check your version:

debian@beaglebone:~$ cat /etc/dogtag 
BeagleBoard.org BeagleBone Debian Image 2014-05-14

2014-05-14 GPG error: Disable: http://debian.beagleboard.org repo:

sudo nano /etc/apt/sources.list

Change:

deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main

To:

#deb [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://debian.beagleboard.org/packages wheezy-bbb main
sudo apt-get update

2014-05-14 GPG error: Optional enable: http://repos.rcn-ee.com/

Download archive-keyring:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/repos/debian/pool/main/r/rcn-ee-archive-keyring/rcn-ee-archive-keyring_2016.04.24~bpo70+20160424+1_all.deb
sudo dpkg -i rcn-ee-archive-keyring_*_all.deb

Add repo to /etc/apt/sources.list

sudo sh -c "echo 'deb [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"
sudo sh -c "echo '#deb-src [arch=armhf] http://repos.rcn-ee.com/debian wheezy main' >> /etc/apt/sources.list"

Update packages:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install npm c9-core-installer --reinstall

Adding bb.org-overlays to jessie console image

Currently by default, the console image doesn't include the *.dtbo overlays.

Install build requirements: (add's 145Mb to the console image)

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install build-essential git-core device-tree-compiler

Clone bb.org-overlays repo:

git clone https://github.com/beagleboard/bb.org-overlays/
cd ./bb.org-overlays/
./install.sh

Debian Build Instructions

You'll want a fairly beefy ARM system to run this script.

git clone git://github.com/beagleboard/image-builder.git
cd image-builder
./beagleboard.org_image.sh

Output of the autobuilder can be found at http://builds.beagleboard.org.

Debian Releases

http://beagleboard.org/latest-images

BeagleBoard-X15 weekly

Bug tracker: http://bugs.elinux.org/projects/beagleboard-x15

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15) Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
e5d29dce52352afdac347c413278528937d0f5e038e16494a90f95d4ae83558d  bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Debian Image Testing Snapshots

2017-01-08

BBW/BBB (All Revs) Machinekit

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Classic

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/machinekit/bone-debian-7.11-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-7.11-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
d27996fe4145937cc2764774a4a9fa86b669d27aa0bebb0e180553d53e15c7b3  bone-debian-7.11-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-7.11-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (machinekit) Based on Debian Jessie (new)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/machinekit/bone-debian-8.6-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.6-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
22898af99d90523fe3c885780778861eb560cc91d9ab545440ceb18c875d6a83  bone-debian-8.6-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.6-machinekit-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot lxqt

2017-01-08 notes

* U-Boot: v2017.01-rc3
* Kernel: 4.4.40-ti-r80

Flasher: (lxqt-4gb) (All BeagleBone Variants with a 4GB eMMC)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/lxqt-4gb/BBB-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
48abb83e94851883ce45de181c9c6b2b8dbf94a3dafda46ed48c62ac3073160e  BBB-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/lxqt-4gb/bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
fe2548dc62f764b9990966e484f1b0e27e3298d86f4271e76c32520aedd43d71  bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-4gb) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/lxqt-4gb/bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
e5d29dce52352afdac347c413278528937d0f5e038e16494a90f95d4ae83558d  bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.6-lxqt-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-2gb) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/lxqt-2gb/bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb*
be17fc4c50e4c808f5997fc632b75690776ae02bbe17b9f4a09fe065f990bf78  bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.6-lxqt-2gb-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (lxqt-xm-4gb) (BeagleBoard xM)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/lxqt-xm-4gb/bbxm-debian-8.6-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbxm-debian-8.6-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
6246fb5a6d7857bd1f7d7dcc40247213ab027fba9370398c22ec575c988193f6  bbxm-debian-8.6-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbxm-debian-8.6-lxqt-xm-4gb-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot iot

Flasher: (iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/iot/BBB-blank-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum BBB-blank-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
36adb3f4c98a6229246b1aa0152c15f56876e750bd6ac5b928b478d240da47f8  BBB-blank-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat BBB-blank-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (iot) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/iot/bone-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
c51deb3a2840d2b7a8d8535198ead0cb922b6968dfeaccd8eff82a788bc79ef4  bone-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.6-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Jessie Snapshot console

microSD/Standalone: (console) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/console/bone-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb*
c24803f37029f9838971e435f892a698b82d2d34086ddb227b166eda7aac5bcc  bone-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (console) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/console/bbx15-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb*
272f84e988d1d4e4c190f5ed0cd4856b423f0bb926dbc5201f0aa0579ed74846  bbx15-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-8.6-console-armhf-2017-01-08-2gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Stretch testing

https://wiki.debian.org/DebianStretch

2017-01-08 notes

* U-Boot: v2017.01-rc3
* Kernel: 4.9.0-ti-r13

microSD/Standalone: (testing) (All BeagleBone Variants)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/stretch-iot/bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
2951733dba3ce561e99296d01cd025da5072e820f8f2157078ce29170ef8bbb5  bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bone-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

microSD/Standalone: (testing) (BeagleBoard-X15)

Get prebuilt image:

wget https://rcn-ee.com/rootfs/bb.org/testing/2017-01-08/stretch-iot/bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Verify Image with:

sha256sum bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb*
7acc303d22f8675bcd70f92aa135ed8ab40b3b4474fc85346225a2475094d2d1  bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz

Windows/Mac/Linux gui

http://etcher.io

Linux: (dd)

xzcat bbx15-debian-stretch-iot-armhf-2017-01-08-4gb.img.xz | sudo dd of=/dev/sdX

Kernel Options

General apt syntax for searching and installing a specific kernel:

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-cache search linux-image | grep <branch>
sudo apt-get install linux-image-<specific version>
sudo reboot

Latest kernel script

cd /opt/scripts/tools/
git pull
sudo ./update_kernel.sh <OPTIONS>

3.8.x

This is the first beagleboard.org long term kernel tree with capemanager support, it's been the default install for Debian Wheezy

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/3.8
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support
--bone-channel --stable
3.8.x BeagleBone/BeagleBone Black FULL Cape Support + Xenomai
--bone-xenomai-channel --stable

4.4.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.4
Based on: http://git.ti.com/gitweb/?p=ti-linux-kernel/ti-linux-kernel.git;a=shortlog;h=refs/heads/ti-rt-linux-4.4.y
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + RT
--ti-rt-channel --lts-4_4
4.4.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15 + Xenomai
--ti-xenomai-channel --lts-4_4

4.9.x-ti

beagleboard.org patchset: https://github.com/beagleboard/linux/tree/4.9
4.9.x-ti All BeagleBone Variants and BeagleBoard-X15
--ti-channel --lts-4_9

Mainline (4.4.x lts)

4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants
--bone-kernel --lts-4_4
4.4.x All BeagleBone Variants + RT
--bone-rt-kernel --lts-4_4

Mainline (4.9.x lts)

4.9.x All BeagleBone Variants
--bone-kernel --lts-4_9

Debian 8: jessie

sudo apt-get install linux-image-armmp