Difference between revisions of "RPi 购买指南"
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DGM distribution is the authorised Farnell distributor for Dubai.
DGM distribution is the authorised Farnell distributor for Dubai.
Revision as of 07:04, 28 July 2013
购买指南 - 购买 Raspberry Pi 的建议。
SD 卡设置 - 如何准备 SD 卡并将其用于启动 Raspberry Pi 的相关信息。
基础设置 - 购买 / 选择其他硬件及设置他们的相关帮助。
新手指南 - 当一切就绪后，请参考本文。
高级设置 - 如果你想了解更多有关设置 Raspberry Pi 的信息，请参考本文。
故障排除 - 如果一切就绪后仍旧无法正常工作，请参考本文。
Raspberry Pi 的分销商们将会竭尽全力将其运往世界各地(但会受原产国出口法律和当地进口法律的限制)。
派睿电子 (Farnell) 也被拒绝直接销售给某些欧盟的消费者。据我所知，他们并没有给出详细原因。
购买 Raspberry Pi 主要有三种选择：直接从分销商处购买、从分销商的附属公司或子公司处购买以及从第三方经销商处购买。哪个选项对于您而言更合适，是根据您所处的地理位置、您购买的数量和订单紧迫性决定的。
所有分销商处的新订单将会发 512MB 第二版的 Raspberry Pi。然而，一些第三方分销商可能仍旧有老款型号的库存。
http://www.farnell.com/ 派睿电子 (Farnell) 是两家主要分销商之一。截至2012年11月21日，他们主要欧洲业务部已将其标记为脱销，且标记为需要3个星期才能交付。根据论坛的情况来看，派睿电子经常提前发货。
对于欧洲客户来说，需要选择是“个人购买”还是“业务采购”。如果客户选择了业务采购，则会跳转到派睿电子 (Farnell) 的常规网站订购。如果客户选择了个人购买，则会转到一个专门用于销售 Raspberry Pi 及其相关产品的网站，但该网站并不显示库存状态。派睿电子 (Farnell) 的网站声明，若消费者没有之前申请的账户是无法使用业务采购选项的。但并没有明确说明是否对所有国家都是如此。对于某些国家的消费者将被引导到第三方经销商。Raspberry Pi 的库存编码是 2191863。
http://www.element14.com The "Element14" brand is used by a number of different operations within the Premier Farnell group and is also used for the groups "social" operation. In the Asia-Pacific region the Element 14 brand has completely replaced the previous "Premier Electronics" brand for asia and the previous "Farnell" brand for australia and new-zealand. In Europe, the Element14 brand is used in paralell with the Farnell brand. In North america the Element14 brand is used in parallel with the Newark brand.
http://www.newark.com/ Newark is the main American branch of the Premier Farnell group (Farnell's parent company). As of 2012-11-21, they are out of stock of Raspberry Pi's, but claim 1321 Expected to ship 2012-11-26 and Further stock expected to ship 2012-12-20.
e络盟 (Element14) 澳大利亚/新西兰分部
http://au.element14.com/ http://nz.element14.com/ On Element14's Australian operation (which also serves New Zealand) as of 2012-11-21 availability is listed as "please call" and "supplier lead time" is listed as 30 days. The order code for the Raspberry Pi is 2191863.
e络盟 (Element14) 亚洲分部
http://cn.element14.com/ http://hk.element14.com/ http://in.element14.com/ http://cn.element14.com/ http://kr.element14.com/ http://my.element14.com/ http://ph.element14.com/ http://sg.element14.com/ http://tw.element14.com/ http://th.element14.com/ Element14 have warehouses in Singapore and Shanghi. It appears that some countries are served from both warehouses while others are served from only one or the other. UK stock is also listed on these sites. As of 2012-11-21, Element14's Asian operation has 331 Raspberry Pi's in stock in Shanghi and 617 Raspberry Pi's in stock in Singapore. The order code for the Raspberry Pi is 2191863.
http://cpc.farnell.com/ CPC is a branch of the Premier Farnell group in the UK based in Preston. As of 2012-11-21, they have 3100 Raspberry Pi's in stock. The order code for the Raspberry Pi is SC12590.
http://www.mcmelectronics.com/ MCM is a branch of the Premier Farnell group in the US based in Centerville, Ohio. As of 2012-11-21, they are out of stock and give an estimated ship date of 2012-12-07.
http://rswww.com/ RS are the other main distributor. Like Farnell they have a consumer site and business option with the consumer option taking users to a dedicated Raspberry Pi store while the business option takes them back to the regular RS site. They do not state whether consumers must use the consumer site or not. The order code for the Raspberry Pi is 756-8308. As of 2012-11-21, the Raspberry Pi is listed as "Temporarily out of stock - back order for despatch 21/12/2012".
RS has delayed existing orders on several occasions and are reported on the forum as being very difficult to communicate with.
新联电子 (Allied electronics)
http://www.alliedelec.com/ Allied electronics is the US sister company of RS. The order code for the Raspberry Pi is 70229569. They website does not give a predicted dispatch date and state that "the estimated delivery time is uncertain and will likely take several months".
Reports from the forum are that Allied are easier to communicate with than RS, but they do not appear to be being kept will informed of the stock situation by RS.
韵动电子 (Egoman Technology Corp)
http://www.egoman.com.cn/ On 1st February 2013 the Raspberry Pi Foundation announced they had "granted Egoman Technology Corp a licence to produce and distribute Pis in China and Taiwan" and to differentiate these boards, they would only be produced with red PCBs - Red Pi at night. "Egoman are aiming to make these Pis widely available in China, Hong Kong, Macau and Taiwan."
There are now many companies reselling the Raspberry Pi.
http://www.maplin.co.uk/ Maplin sells the Raspberry Pi in the UK but only as part of a kit including power supply, keyboard and mouse, programmed 4 GB SD card, HDMI cable and wireless dongle. As of 2012-11-21, they list their Raspberry Pi kit as in stock for home delivery and also in stock in some stores.
Farnell now direct consumers in many countries to "approved retailers" rather than selling to them directly. Some of these suppliers specialise in the Raspberry Pi while others are general Farnell resellers.
http://www.modmypi.com/ ModMyPi Ltd are the official reseller of the Raspberry Pi for Farnell in both Czech Republic and Austria. They are based in the UK but ship globally, covering the entire EU, Japan, the US and Australia. They maintain high stock levels of the Raspberry Pi at all times, and sell many other Raspberry Pi Accessories, Cases, Breakout Boards, Hacking Tools and Peripherals in addition to a range of customisable Raspberry Pi set up kits. They stock both the Model A and Model B Raspberry Pi for 24 hour dispatch.
http://www.electrocomponentes.com/ Electrocomponentes S.A sells Farnell producs in Argentina.
Arabian Electric & Electronics Est.
email@example.com Arabian Electric & Electronics Est sells Farnell products in Bahrain.
http://www.minifo.com/ Minifo is a Raspberry Pi retailer in Belgium. As of 2012-11-21, they list the Raspberry Pi as in stock, but they do not state how much stock they have.
http://www.electromin.cl/ Electromin S.A. sells Farnell producs in Chile.
http://www.farnell.com/distributors/cyprus_bet.htm Betatech Ltd sells Farnell products in Cyprus.
http://www.gs.com.eg/ Grand soloutions sells Farnell producs in Egypt. Unfortunately, searching their website by Farnell part number seems to be currently broken.
http://www.partco.biz/ Partco sells the Raspberry Pi, Arduino and a selection of electronic components in Finland. As of 2012-11-21, they list the Raspberry Pi as in stock, but they do not state how much stock they have.
http://www.kubii.fr/ kubii sells the Raspberry Pi, together with a selection of accessories. The website was created when Farnell changed their distribution policy.
Málna PC Magyarország
http://malnapc.hu/ Málna PC Magyarország is a Raspberry Pi reseller in Hungary.
Midbaejarradio EHF is the authorised Farnell distributor for Iceland.
http://www.lion.co.il/h?q=RASPBERRY Lion sells the Raspberry Pi in Israel. As of 2012-11-21, they do not appear to have stock.
International Oilfield Supplies
http://www.farnell.com/distributors/malta_int.htm International Oilfield Supplies are the authorised Farnell distributor for Malta.
http://www.farnell.com/distributors/pakistan_mak.htm Makkays is the authorised Farnell distributor for Pakistan.
http://www.kamami.pl/ kamami sells the Raspberry Pi in Poland.
http://www.mixtronica.com/ Mixtronica sell Farnell products in Portugal.
Computer and Engineering Specialists Co
http://www.farnell.com/distributors/saudiarabia_ces.htm CESCO Group is an authorised Farnell distributor for Saudi Arabia.
http://www.dialogue.sk/index.php?page=textaktual&id=71 Dialogue s.r.o sells the Raspberry Pi and accessories in Slovakia.
IC elektronika d.o.o.
http://www.ic-elect.si/ IC elektronika d.o.o. sells Farnell products in Slovenia.
http://www.eexpress.co.za/ Electrocomp express sells Farnell products in South Africa. As of 2012-11-21, they list the Raspberry Pi as awaiting delivery and do not give a lead time.
Orel Solutions (PVT) Ltd
http://www.farnell.com/distributors/srilanka_osp.htm Orel Solutions (PVT) Ltd is the authorised Farnell distributor for Sri Lanka.
Mikro-Kit Elektronik AB
https://www.microkit.se/ Mikro-Kit Elektronik AB sells the Raspberry Pi (and it would appear other farnell producs too) in Sweeden. As of 2012-11-21, they list the Raspberry Pi as out of stock with expected delivery 2012-12-11.
http://www.digitec.ch/ Digitec sells the Raspberry Pi in Switzerland.
http://www.yildirimelektronik.com/ Yildrim sells Farnell products in Turkey.
http://www.farnell.com/distributors/unitedarabemirates_dgm.htm DGM distribution is the authorised Farnell distributor for Dubai.
http://www.pi-supply.com Pi Supply is a UK company that makes add on boards for the Raspberry Pi. They also have a shop where you can purchase a Raspberry Pi. They will ship Worldwide. You can find the Model A here and the Model B here.
The Pi Hut
http://thepihut.com/ The Pi Hut is a UK based company selling both the Raspberry Pi computer, and many vital accessories for the Raspberry Pi. The Pi Hut ship worldwide, and keep a high level of Raspberry Pi stock
http://www.newit.co.uk/ Newit are a British company selling a variety of ARM hardware and accessories, including the Raspberry Pi. As of 2012-11-21, they list the Raspberry Pi as in stock, but they do not state how much stock they have.
http://www.makershed.com/ Makershed is a US company that sells various stuff aimed at hardware hackers including the Raspberry Pi. As of 2012-11-21, they list the Raspberry Pi as out of stock.
http://www.tandyonline.co.uk/ Tandy is a UK company that sells a small selection of electronics stuff. As of 2012-12-08, Tandy has both 256MV rev 1.1 boards and 512MB rev 2 boards in stock.
Note that the current Tandy is a division of adslnation and other than buying the name has little relationship to the Tandy of old.
http://www.adafruit.com/ Adafruit is a US company that makes a variety of boards for hardware hackers and tinkerers, some specifically designed for use with the Raspberry Pi. They sell the Raspberry Pi separately, as well as part of a large starter kit including everything needed to start experimenting with the Raspberry Pi and external hardware on the GPIO. They also currently include a free Raspberry Pi with orders over $350.
SNOOTLAB http://snootlab.com/ Sells products in French as well as English. They also sell a number of different components and products such as Arduinos too.
PotentialLabs, is an Embedded Systems Research and Development Lab based out of Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. They also sell the the Raspberry Pi [http://potentiallabs.com/cart/raspberry-pi ], Raspberry Pi Quick Start Kits and other Raspbery Pi accessories through their online store http://potentiallabs.com/cart.
Tenettech http://www.tenettech.com/product/2184/raspberry-pi Tenettech is Bangalore based company who sells software/hardware based solutions in India. They sell Raspberry Pi and Raspberry Pi kit (which include the Raspberry Pi, SD card, card reader, HDMI cable, and video cable).
http://www.shopavies.com AVIES Tech is a US company that provides installation and integration solutions for a variety of media centric hardware. They also carry the Raspberry Pi and related accessories.
Li2 Innovations Li2 Innovations is an Indian company based out of Bangalore. They sell hobby electronic boards, kits and spares. The Raspberry Pi model B is available here. They also sell other accessories for the Raspberry Pi.
The foundation has chosen to license manufacture of the Raspberry Pi, which should provide several advantages including:
- The involvement of RS Components and Premier Farnell means that build volume can be increased much, much faster than would have been possible otherwise. Due to costs and working capital, the foundation would have been limited to batches of only 10k Raspberry Pi's; the Raspberry Pi will now be being built to match demand.
- Both Premier Farnell and RS Components have worldwide distribution networks, so wherever you are in the world, you will be able to buy from a local distributor. It’s a much better way for you to buy than getting them all shipped from the Foundation in the UK.
- Both RS Components and Premier Farnell will be taking preorders, something which the foundation would otherwise be unable to do.
- The foundation will still receive a percentage from the sale of every Raspberry Pi sold, which will be put straight back into the charity.
- Primarily, by removing the focus on dealing with manufacture, distribution and sales, this frees up the limited resources of the foundation to focus on the original aims and goals of the project.
Additional detail is available in the video interview between Eben Upton and SlashDot here (2012-02-28).
Unfortunately the switch to licensed manufacture has also resulted in a marked reduction in transparency of the process as Farnell and RS consider detailed information of what is going on to be confidential.
What You Get In The Box
1. Pre-Assembled Raspberry Pi board
2. A sheet containing a combination of regulatory information and some very brief instructions.
1. The board will be supplied assembled (since most of the components are not suitable for home builds, including the BGApackage mounted SoC and PoP memory). 2. The board has the GPIO header pins for the primary GPIO header (but not the secondary GPIO header added on the revision 2 boards) populated. The SoC JTAG may or may not be present depending on when the board was manufactured and at which factory but aren't really of use to end users anyway due to the lack of Broadcom documentation. The LAN JTAG header does not seem to be present on any boards. 3. All other connectors will be assembled in place.
To use the Raspberry Pi, a user will typically require some accessories. All of the Raspberry Pi vendors listed above sell some accessories, but the exact range varies. Accessories you should consider include.
- USB Power Supply (UK/EU/US Compatible; 5V, 700mA-1500mA(1.5A))
- SD card. Most distributors are selling pre-prepared SD cards which are usually 4 GB. Software is available to prepare your own SD cards.
- There is a wide choice of cases, most distributors will have some but shopping around for one you like is suggested.
- There are a variety of AddOn/Expansion Boards now available, see that page for more details.
See Typical Hardware You Will Need for details about other items you may require.
The price is $35USD before shipping, duty, and tax, about $60 after.
Although the foundation is UK based, the guide price of the units are in USD since the Raspberry Pi components are sourced in USD$.
The price is $25USD (~£16GBP) for model A, and $35USD (~£23GBP) for model B.
Items will be subject to local tax (that is, UK will have 20% VAT added) and shipping cost is not included.
See the following update on RS Components and Farnell global pricing (2012-03-13).
Clones & Copies
The foundation plans to release all the required schematics and plans to reproduce the Raspberry Pi hardware, so clones and copies will be welcome.
However, since the unit is built around the Broadcom SoC, the interested party will require suitable sized orders to obtain them. The foundation were fortunate enough to be supported in this aspect by Broadcom to enable the project to be feasible.
- The foundation have built an initial run of 10,000 Model-B units.
- Due to extreme demand, the units were NOT sold directly from the shop (see #Licensed Manufacture below).
- You may buy a Raspberry Pi from Farnell or from RS Components
- A limit of one unit per person was applied for the first batch and some time afterwards
* There were reports that several people ordered multiple units at launch, however it appears that Farnell removed any excess items when they reviewed and confirmed the order for shipping dates. This has also appears to apply for the pre-orders they have taken. Many customers also ordered from both Farnell and RS.
1st Batch Order FAQ
NOTE: While every attempt has been made to provide accurate information, this FAQ is not official and is based on what information is available at the time of writing.
Post-Launch FAQ by Farnell, see their attached docx file for details.
- Q - Couldn't this have been handled better, I couldn't get on the site to order and they sold too quickly?
- Both distributors were indeed unprepared for the volume of traffic the launch generated (they were warned by the foundation before hand).
- Chances are if the foundation had gone with their original plan of selling through their own shop, the situation would have been far worse, with no option of pre-order either.
- The distributors only have 5,000 units each to sell, reports have estimated the registered interest/pre-orders totalling over 2 million (no official figures available yet). Even if it is half of that, it means the number of available units was less than 1% of the demand.
- Q - If interest was obviously so high, why only build 10,000 units?
- There is a big risk involved with building a large batch of units and selling them, and 10,000 units would take well over $250,000 in capital investment. For a very small charity, that is a massive task in itself. Much of that funding came from the Foundation Trustees' own personal investment.
- Thankfully, the massive bonus of licensing out manufacture, is that the build rate is no longer limited by the foundation's own funding, which means there will be many more units available much sooner.
- Q - I've been unable to register an account with the distributor, as I am not a company?
- There have been several reported problems with individuals placing orders (that is, not having company accounts or details).
- Both distributors "should" take orders from individuals. However, it appears each of the different localised sites may have different requirements so this will be investigated to ensure that this is corrected if needed.
- Often, many of the company related fields on application are optional. If in doubt, contact their sales team for help.
- Q - Worldwide launch? It was not available here!
- The distributors decided to make the units only available from selected locations. It appears the foundation were not made aware of this beforehand.
- Considering the small number of available units, it would have been unlikely to have improved the situation.
- Worldwide availability will be monitored, it is expected that they will be made available as soon as possible.
- Q - The price for the Raspberry Pi from Farnell versus the price from RS Components is different, why?
- Please see the following page for details about RS Components and Farnell global pricing (2012-03-13).
- Q - I've only been able to register my interest, what now?
- Be patient, both distributors have said they will contact people when they have more details (alternatively keep an eye on their sites for news).
- RS Components, in particular have only taken people's details, and according to the above press-release will wait until they receive their allocated 5,000 units.
- Q - I registered on the Raspberry Pi Site's Mailing List, but I didn't get an email
- Unfortunately, the mail server had problems with sending out the 100K+ emails in time, it is believed the email was often marked as spam by a lot of email systems so was rejected or returned on-mass, or sent to Junk folders. Yes, this system should have been tested, but the foundation were keen not to send unnecessary emails to people prior to launch.
- The email contained the same information about the announcement as was publicly posted on the website (2012-02-28) before launch day, no additional or extra information was given through the email.